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Securities Law Commons

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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 241

Full-Text Articles in Securities Law

Regulatory Effectiveness In Ofcs, Andrew Morriss, Clifford Henson Jul 2015

Regulatory Effectiveness In Ofcs, Andrew Morriss, Clifford Henson

Andrew P. Morriss

The claim that OFCs are lax regulators has two weaknesses. First, it ignores differences between OFCs and onshore jurisdictions that influence the effectiveness of regulatory measures, such as their relative need to protect retail investors and the effectiveness of informal constraints. Second, leading OFCs deploy resources that are comparable to leading onshore jurisdictions by many measures.


Nullifying The Debt Ceiling Threat Once And For All: Why The President Should Embrace The Least Unconstitutional Option, Neil H. Buchanan, Michael C. Dorf Dec 2012

Nullifying The Debt Ceiling Threat Once And For All: Why The President Should Embrace The Least Unconstitutional Option, Neil H. Buchanan, Michael C. Dorf

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

In August 2011, Congress and the President narrowly averted economic and political catastrophe, agreeing at the last possible moment to authorize a series of increases in the national debt ceiling. This respite, unfortunately, was merely temporary. The amounts of the increases in the debt ceiling that Congress authorized in 2011 were only sufficient to accommodate the additional borrowing that would be necessary through the end of 2012. In an economy that continued to show chronic weakness -- weakness that continues to this day -- the federal government would predictably continue to collect lower-than-normal tax revenues and to make higher-than-normal expenditures, which meant ...


Gaming The System: Bio-Economics, Game Theory, & Fisheries Management, Richard A. Grisel Dec 2012

Gaming The System: Bio-Economics, Game Theory, & Fisheries Management, Richard A. Grisel

Richard A Grisel

This paper argues that game theory provides powerful, effective new tools to analyze externalities that occur in the context of strategic, multi-party, interactive decision-making. I will attempt to treat this as a non-technical paper and avoid the complex mathematics better left to economists and mathematicians. Instead, a more achievable goal is to illustrate how high-seas open-access fishing is virtually identical to a game situation, treat the fundamentals of game theory, and demonstrate that game theoretic analyses are well-suited and fruitful for designing effective policy responses to fisheries management, particularly with respect to the straddling stocks problem. Indeed, one seminal fisheries ...


Rethinking Risk, Renee Jones Dec 2012

Rethinking Risk, Renee Jones

Renee Jones

No abstract provided.


Hedge Funds & Poison Pills: Can Typical Hedge Fund Activism Really Be Considered A Reasonable Threat Under Unocal?, Vincent V. Hilldrup Dec 2012

Hedge Funds & Poison Pills: Can Typical Hedge Fund Activism Really Be Considered A Reasonable Threat Under Unocal?, Vincent V. Hilldrup

Vincent V. Hilldrup

At a time when hedge fund returns have been stagnating and failing to meet expectations in the period from 2004-2007, they have also attracted significant amounts of capital as investors have eagerly sought to secure above market returns.1 Pressured to perform in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, hedge funds have turned to shareholder activism as a means of maximizing profits and increasing their returns on investment, seeking to influence corporate policy and, if necessary, hold underperforming managers accountable. With significant amounts of funds available at their disposal, they have the means to pressure management and directly influence ...


Choosing Among Innocents: Should Donations To Charities Be Protected From Avoidance As Fraudulent Transfers, Jeffrey Davis Dec 2012

Choosing Among Innocents: Should Donations To Charities Be Protected From Avoidance As Fraudulent Transfers, Jeffrey Davis

UF Law Faculty Publications

In recent years, the nation has experienced the most severe recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s. A recession is like a low tide. When the water recedes, the crabs, slugs, and urchins appear. Similarly, when the economy recedes, Ponzi schemes appear. People cut back on saving and investing, and many are forced to draw on savings and investments. Deprived of its life's blood, a positive cash flow, a Ponzi scheme dies. This explains why so many Ponzi schemes have failed recently, including the schemes of Bernard Madoff in New York, Tom Petters in Minneapolis, Robert Allen Stanford ...


Social Proposals Under Rule 14a-8: A Fall-Back Remedy In An Era Of Congressional Inaction, Margaret V. Sachs Dec 2012

Social Proposals Under Rule 14a-8: A Fall-Back Remedy In An Era Of Congressional Inaction, Margaret V. Sachs

UC Irvine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Misappropriation Theory In Light Of Carpenter And The Insider Trading And Securities Fraud Enforcement Act Of 1988, Mark A. Clayton Nov 2012

The Misappropriation Theory In Light Of Carpenter And The Insider Trading And Securities Fraud Enforcement Act Of 1988, Mark A. Clayton

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Legal Framework For Soviet Privatization, Olga Floroff, Susan Tiefenbrun Nov 2012

Legal Framework For Soviet Privatization, Olga Floroff, Susan Tiefenbrun

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Racing Syndicates As Securities, Rutheford B. Campbell Jr. Nov 2012

Racing Syndicates As Securities, Rutheford B. Campbell Jr.

Rutheford B Campbell Jr.

It is not difficult to understand why horses like Devil's Bag, Chief's Crown and Spend A Buck are syndicated during their racing careers. The owners of such horses find themselves with an asset worth millions of dollars, but the asset has the potential to decrease significantly in value if the racing fortunes of the horse change. That creates pressure for owners to disinvest, at least partially, and spread the risk of loss. Investors, on the other hand, are often just as anxious to invest. Not only is there the chance of earnings and appreciation if the horse continues ...


The Case Beyond Time, Lyman P.Q. Johnson, David K. Millon Nov 2012

The Case Beyond Time, Lyman P.Q. Johnson, David K. Millon

David K. Millon

The Delaware Supreme Court's opinion in Paramount Communications, Inc. v. Time, Inc.' treats several important questions that arise in connection with hostile corporate takeovers. At the same time, it leaves three critical issues unanswered. In this article, we first briefly describe what the Time decision did, comparing Chancellor William Allen's somewhat discursive Chancery Court opinion with the more peremptory ruling of the Supreme Court. Next, we identify three unarticulated but potentially far-reaching implications of both the Supreme Court's and Chancellor Allen's reasoning that threaten to destabilize seemingly settled doctrine governing the conduct of target company management.


Who "Caused" The Enron Debacle?, David K. Millon Nov 2012

Who "Caused" The Enron Debacle?, David K. Millon

David K. Millon

No abstract provided.


State Takeover Laws: A Rebirth Of Corporationlaw?, David K. Millon Nov 2012

State Takeover Laws: A Rebirth Of Corporationlaw?, David K. Millon

David K. Millon

No abstract provided.


Fair Funds And The Sec's Compensation Of Injured Investors, Verity Winship Nov 2012

Fair Funds And The Sec's Compensation Of Injured Investors, Verity Winship

Florida Law Review

The Fair Fund provision of Sarbanes-Oxley allows the SEC to distribute money penalties to injured investors, heralding a new compensatory role for the agency. The SEC has announced that it will direct money to injured investors whenever possible, but has not articulated clear priorities. This Article fills the gap by introducing terms of debate and proposing a framework for the SEC’s exercise of its discretion. The Article introduces the concept of “public class counsel,” a public actor that has the dual function of deterrence and victim compensation. The concept describes—and suggests limits to—the SEC’s role in ...


Interpreting I.R.C. § 67(E): The Supreme Court's Attempt To Nail Investment Advisory Fees To The "Floor", Lindsay Roshkind Nov 2012

Interpreting I.R.C. § 67(E): The Supreme Court's Attempt To Nail Investment Advisory Fees To The "Floor", Lindsay Roshkind

Florida Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Honor Of Walter O. Weyrauch: The Ubiquity Of Greed: A Contextual Model For Analysis Of Scienter, Ann Morales Olazabal, Patricia Sanchez Abril Nov 2012

In Honor Of Walter O. Weyrauch: The Ubiquity Of Greed: A Contextual Model For Analysis Of Scienter, Ann Morales Olazabal, Patricia Sanchez Abril

Florida Law Review

Some securities fraud plaintiffs contend that greed—in the form of perpetuating a prestigious executive position, ensuring a gainful bonus, or maintaining the appearance of corporate profitability—is a bona fide motive evidencing scienter. But currently, no single judicial standard or analytical rubric guides the analysis of whether allegations of greed indicate scienter in these cases. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (PSLRA) requiresthat the complaint state “with particularity” facts giving rise to a “strong inference” that the defendant acted with the scienter required for the cause of action. Plaintiffs have long established scienter through “motive and opportunity ...


The Elephant In The Room: Dangers Of Hedge Funds In Our Financial Markets, Dustin G. Hall Nov 2012

The Elephant In The Room: Dangers Of Hedge Funds In Our Financial Markets, Dustin G. Hall

Florida Law Review

Hedge funds are our modern titans of industry, and like their predecessors they now represent the best and the worst of the new global economy. These minimally regulated investment entities —in which historically only super-rich investors could have an interest —have recently had profound impacts on financial markets around the world. In early 1992, for example, George Soros, the now-famous hedge fund manager, made it big by using his hedge fund, Soros Fund Management LLC, to leverage a massive bet that the British pound would be ejected from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism. The bet reportedly earned Mr. Soros over ...


The Saudi Securities Law: Regulation Of The Tadawul Stock Market, Issuers, And Securities Professionals Under The Saudi Capital Market Law Of 2003, Gouda, Bushra Ali Gouda Nov 2012

The Saudi Securities Law: Regulation Of The Tadawul Stock Market, Issuers, And Securities Professionals Under The Saudi Capital Market Law Of 2003, Gouda, Bushra Ali Gouda

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

On July 31, 2003, the late King Fahd of Saudi Arabia issued Royal Decree number M/3, officially announcing the constitutive law of the securities industry, the Capital Market Law, and leading the Saudi Kingdom into new territory: capital market regulation. For Saudi businessmen, as well as many attorneys, the question “what are securities laws?” is a fair one. Securities laws are the body of rules that regulate certain subjects and issues pertinent to trade in securities, such as the registration and listing of companies in the stock market, securities professionals, the operation of the securities markets, the regulation of ...


Sec Investigations And Securities Class Actions: An Empirical Comparison, Stephen Choi, Adam Pritchard Nov 2012

Sec Investigations And Securities Class Actions: An Empirical Comparison, Stephen Choi, Adam Pritchard

Law & Economics Working Papers

We compare investigations by the SEC with securities fraud class action filings involving public companies. Using actions with both an SEC investigation and a class action as our baseline, we compare SEC-only investigations with class action-only lawsuits. We find evidence that the stock market reacts more negatively to the class actions relative to SEC investigations. We also find that institutional ownership and stock turnover decline more for class actions compared with SEC investigations. Lastly, the incidence and magnitude of settlements, as well as the incidence of top officer resignation, are greater for class actions relative to SEC investigations. This evidence ...


Securities Law — Rule 10b-5— Purchaser-Seller Requirement — Blue Chip Stamps V Manor Drug Stores, Robert E. Fox Nov 2012

Securities Law — Rule 10b-5— Purchaser-Seller Requirement — Blue Chip Stamps V Manor Drug Stores, Robert E. Fox

Robert Fox

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court's Theory Of The Fund, William Birdthistle Nov 2012

The Supreme Court's Theory Of The Fund, William Birdthistle

All Faculty Scholarship

Just as the firm has long served as the foundational molecule of the U.S. capitalist economy, theories of the firm have for more than a century dominated legal and economic discourse. Ever since Ronald Coase published The Nature of the Firm in 1937 and asked why firms should exist in an efficient market, classicists and neoclassicists have competed to develop theories — predominantly managerialist and contractual — that best explain the structure and behavior of business organizations.

The investment fund, by contrast, has languished at the margins of corporate theory, relegated as simply a minor, if somewhat curious, example of the ...


Symposium Transcript, Selina K. Hewitt Nov 2012

Symposium Transcript, Selina K. Hewitt

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Revising Federal Securityholder Communication Rules To Respond To Pension Funds' Increasing Market Presence, Kenneth R. Lehman Nov 2012

Revising Federal Securityholder Communication Rules To Respond To Pension Funds' Increasing Market Presence, Kenneth R. Lehman

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reves Revisited, Janet Kerr, Karen M. Eisenhauer Nov 2012

Reves Revisited, Janet Kerr, Karen M. Eisenhauer

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Limited Liability Company As A Security, Mark I. Steinberg, Karen L. Conway Nov 2012

The Limited Liability Company As A Security, Mark I. Steinberg, Karen L. Conway

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Are Limited Liability Company Interests Securities?, Mark A. Sargent Nov 2012

Are Limited Liability Company Interests Securities?, Mark A. Sargent

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Collateral Participant Liability Under State Securities Laws, Douglas M. Branson Nov 2012

Collateral Participant Liability Under State Securities Laws, Douglas M. Branson

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Interpreting Nonshareholder Constituency Statutes, Stephen M. Bainbridge Nov 2012

Interpreting Nonshareholder Constituency Statutes, Stephen M. Bainbridge

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Regulatory Conflicts: International Tender And Exchange Offers In The 1990s, John C. Maguire Nov 2012

Regulatory Conflicts: International Tender And Exchange Offers In The 1990s, John C. Maguire

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mandatory Class Action Lawsuits As A Restructuring Technique, Bryant B. Edwards, Jeffrey A. Herbst, Selina K. Hewitt Nov 2012

Mandatory Class Action Lawsuits As A Restructuring Technique, Bryant B. Edwards, Jeffrey A. Herbst, Selina K. Hewitt

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.