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2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 90

Full-Text Articles in Securities Law

Moral Hazard And The Initial Public Offering, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2005

Moral Hazard And The Initial Public Offering, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Rediscovering The Economics Of Loss Causation , Richard Kaplan, Madge Thorsen, Scott Hakala Dec 2005

Rediscovering The Economics Of Loss Causation , Richard Kaplan, Madge Thorsen, Scott Hakala

ExpressO

Abstract This article explores the economic principles and theories underlying loss causation in the context of securities fraud litigation. It explains the difference between “investment loss” and recoverable “inflationary loss” and posits that the latter consists of the difference between inflation in stock prices caused by the fraud at the time of purchase and inflation in the price at the time of sale. It reviews scenarios in which inflationary loss due to fraud may occur and would be recognized as a matter of economic theory as well as a matter of law. It urges that Dura v. Broudo Pharmaceuticals, 125 ...


Accounting Fraud: Pleading Scienter Of Auditors Under The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act, Gideon Mark Dec 2005

Accounting Fraud: Pleading Scienter Of Auditors Under The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act, Gideon Mark

ExpressO

This paper examines the current judicial approach to assessing the scienter of auditors under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act. The paper concludes that the current approach is inadequate and should be modified.


Model Of Time-Inconsistent Misconduct: The Case Of Lawyer Misconduct, Manuel A. Utset Dec 2005

Model Of Time-Inconsistent Misconduct: The Case Of Lawyer Misconduct, Manuel A. Utset

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Fraud On The Market: Short Sellers' Reliance On Market Price Integrity, Douglas A. Smith Dec 2005

Fraud On The Market: Short Sellers' Reliance On Market Price Integrity, Douglas A. Smith

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Irrational Auditor And Irrational Liability, Adam C. Pritchard Nov 2005

The Irrational Auditor And Irrational Liability, Adam C. Pritchard

Law & Economics Working Papers Archive: 2003-2009

This essay argues that less liability for auditors in certain areas might encourage more accurate and useful financial statements, or at least equally accurate statements at a lower cost. Audit quality is promoted by three incentives: reputation, regulation, and litigation. When we take reputation and regulation into account, exposing auditors to potentially massive liability may undermine the effectiveness of reputation and regulation, thereby diminishing integrity of audited financial statements. The relation of litigation to the other incentives that promote audit quality has become more important in light of the sea change that occurred in the regulation of the auditing profession ...


Tracing, Peter B. Oh Nov 2005

Tracing, Peter B. Oh

ExpressO

Tracing is a method that appears within multiple fields of law. Distinct conceptions of tracing, however, have arisen independently within securities and remedial law. In the securities context plaintiffs must “trace” their securities to a specific offering to pursue certain relief under the Securities Act of 1933. In the remedial context victims who “trace” their misappropriated value into a wrongdoer’s hands can claim any derivative value, even if it has appreciated.

This article is the first to compare and then cross-apply tracing within these two contexts. Specifically, this article argues that securities law should adopt a version of the ...


Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai Nov 2005

Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Reform Of Public Company Disclosure In Europa, Roberta S. Karmel Oct 2005

Reform Of Public Company Disclosure In Europa, Roberta S. Karmel

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Casenote: Killing Life Partners: Why Viatical Settlements Constitute Securities – In Light Of The Sec V. Mutual Benefits Corporation And Other Recent Cases Explicitly Rejecting Life Partners, Brian Levin Sep 2005

Casenote: Killing Life Partners: Why Viatical Settlements Constitute Securities – In Light Of The Sec V. Mutual Benefits Corporation And Other Recent Cases Explicitly Rejecting Life Partners, Brian Levin

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


Fighting Fraud On Faith: Federal Securities Regulation And The Limits Of Disclosure, Shannon R. Selden Sep 2005

Fighting Fraud On Faith: Federal Securities Regulation And The Limits Of Disclosure, Shannon R. Selden

ExpressO

In the past ten years, Congress passed three major reform acts to address two diametrically opposed concerns: It first restrained what it believed was an excess of securities fraud litigation, then responded to an explosion of securities fraud. This Article contends that despite the competing provocations and ambitions of the reforms, they share an unwarranted adherence to the principle of disclosure as the best means to attack market malfeasance: The Article examines the basis for and consequences of that undeserved legislative fidelity. Applying behavioral economics and cultural theory to the recent legislation and its underpinnings, the Article concludes that a ...


Markets For Markets: Origins And Subjects Of Information Markets, Miriam A. Cherry, Robert L. Rogers Sep 2005

Markets For Markets: Origins And Subjects Of Information Markets, Miriam A. Cherry, Robert L. Rogers

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


Breaking The Bank: Revisiting Central Bank Of Denver After Enron And Sarbanes-Oxley, Celia Taylor Sep 2005

Breaking The Bank: Revisiting Central Bank Of Denver After Enron And Sarbanes-Oxley, Celia Taylor

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


Is The Dutch Auction Ipo A Good Idea?, Anita I. Anand Aug 2005

Is The Dutch Auction Ipo A Good Idea?, Anita I. Anand

ExpressO

The Google IPO raised the question of whether Dutch auctions are preferable to the traditional bookbuilding method of financing. Some argue that Dutch auctions make public offerings more efficient in terms of price discovery by leaving less money on the table. They further argue that Dutch auctions are more fair, since underwriters do not allocate securities to preferred clients, thereby allowing for a more equitable allocation among institutional and retail investors. I suggest that the Dutch auction is not necessarily more fair and may in fact lead to less efficient capital markets. I argue that reform of the current system ...


Advertisements Misrepresentation And Remedies, Narsimha Rao A.V Aug 2005

Advertisements Misrepresentation And Remedies, Narsimha Rao A.V

Dr. A.V Narsimha Rao

Advertisements, with their effective designs and statements, influence people in their decision-making. With the exaggerated information, advertisments mislead and dissatisfy the consumer, who in turn becomes a bad advertiser. Due to this, the advertisers face embarrassing situations and pay a heavy price for their mistake. So it is essential to formulate a policy for advertising and make sure they work within the legal framework and in accordance with the codes created for the purpose of maintaining advertisement standards.


Preference Determinations Concerning Bankruptcy Reform Act Of 1978 And Securities Act Of 1933, Securities And Exchange Act Of 1934, And Commodity Exchange Act, J. B. Grossman Jul 2005

Preference Determinations Concerning Bankruptcy Reform Act Of 1978 And Securities Act Of 1933, Securities And Exchange Act Of 1934, And Commodity Exchange Act, J. B. Grossman

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


Can Regulation Of Insider Trading Be Effective?, Alexandre Padilla Jun 2005

Can Regulation Of Insider Trading Be Effective?, Alexandre Padilla

ExpressO

While there is a very prolific literature showing that the regulation of insider trading is by and large ineffective when it comes to discourage individuals from trading on non-public information, almost no work has been done on whether insider trading regulation can be effective. This paper attempts to fill that gap by investigating whether the regulation of insider trading can be effective. First, we show why insider trading regulation cannot be effective. Second, we see to what extend the empirical studies are consistent with our analysis.


What Makes Asset Securitization "Inefficient"?, Kenji Yamazaki May 2005

What Makes Asset Securitization "Inefficient"?, Kenji Yamazaki

ExpressO

Despite the damage caused by the recent Enron scandal , the asset securitization market has been vibrant and has become a popular financing alternative . A number of academics emphasize its merits and suggest that it is a more favorable way of financing, and Congress’s proposal to make sales of asset in securitization immune from characterization as secured transactions under the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 2001 (the “Reform Act”) almost materialized when the Enron scandal hit the scene. Conversely, there have been accusations that securitization is not a legitimate way of financing because, for example, it fosters fraudulent transactions.

Why are ...


Demythologizing The Stock Exchange: Reconciling Self-Regulation And The National Market System, Onnig H. Dombalagian May 2005

Demythologizing The Stock Exchange: Reconciling Self-Regulation And The National Market System, Onnig H. Dombalagian

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Praise Of Investor Irrationality, Gregory La Blanc, Jeffrey J. Rachlinski Apr 2005

In Praise Of Investor Irrationality, Gregory La Blanc, Jeffrey J. Rachlinski

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

How should a market filled with investors who chronically make bad investments, but is nevertheless efficient, be regulated? A growing body of evidence suggests that this is the state of most securities markets; investors rely on cognitive processes that produce systematically bad choices, and yet the market remains largely efficient. In fact, cognitive errors might be essential to their efficient operation. Even investors who make systematic errors also often possess real and unique information that can contribute to accurate pricing of securities. If such investors became mindful of their limited ability to distinguish between real information and erroneous information, they ...


Nasd Regulation Of Ipo Conflicts Of Interest - Does Gatekeeping Work?, Royce De R. Barondes Apr 2005

Nasd Regulation Of Ipo Conflicts Of Interest - Does Gatekeeping Work?, Royce De R. Barondes

Faculty Publications

This Article contributes to the debate on the efficacy of third party gatekeeping in regulating the capital markets, by presenting empirical evidence of the efficacy of one kind of gatekeeper, a qualified independent underwriter (QIU). Under NASD rules, when an investment bank participating in a securities offering has one of several enumerated conflicts of interest, the securities cannot be sold at a price higher than that recommended by a QIU. Examining 1,188 IPOs from 1997 through 2000 discloses a negative, statistically significant relationship between IPO initial returns and each of (i) the fact that participating NASD members (or their ...


Voluntary Vs Mandatory Corporate Governance: Towards An Optimal Regulatory Framework, Anita I. Anand Mar 2005

Voluntary Vs Mandatory Corporate Governance: Towards An Optimal Regulatory Framework, Anita I. Anand

ExpressO

This article fills a gap in the legal literature by comparing mandatory corporate governance regimes to voluntary corporate governance regimes. It encourages market participants, including regulators, to acknowledge that firms have incentives to adopt enhanced governance practices voluntarily and to make disclosure about the same. The article argues that an optimal governance regime is a hybrid one in which adoption of best practice guidelines is voluntary but disclosure of corporate governance practices is mandatory. Such a regime is optimal because it balances the benefits and costs to all stakeholders, particularly issuers and investors. The cost analysis should be completed by ...


Legal Lines In Shifting Sand: Immigration Law And Human Rights In The Wake Of September 11, Daniel Kanstroom Mar 2005

Legal Lines In Shifting Sand: Immigration Law And Human Rights In The Wake Of September 11, Daniel Kanstroom

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In March of 2004, a group of legal scholars gathered at Boston College Law School to examine the doctrinal implications of the events of September 11, 2001. They reconsidered the lines drawn between citizens and noncitizens, war and peace, the civil and criminal systems, as well as the U.S. territorial line. Participants responded to the proposition that certain entrenched historical matrices no longer adequately answer the complex questions raised in the “war on terror.” They examined the importance of government disclosure and the public’s right to know; the deportation system’s habeas corpus practices; racial profiling; the convergence ...


Unleashing A Gatekeeper: Why The Sec Should Mandate Disclosure Of Details Concerning Directors' And Officers' Liability Insurance Policies, Sean J. Griffith Mar 2005

Unleashing A Gatekeeper: Why The Sec Should Mandate Disclosure Of Details Concerning Directors' And Officers' Liability Insurance Policies, Sean J. Griffith

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Essay explores the connection between corporate governance and D&O insurance. It argues that D&O insurers act as gatekeepers and guarantors of corporate governance, screening and pricing corporate governance risks to maintain the profitability of their risk pools. As a result, D&O insurance premiums provide the insurer’s assessment of a firm’s governance quality. Most basically, firms with relatively worse corporate governance pay higher D&O premiums. This simple relationship could signal important information to investors and other capital market participants. Unfortunately, the signal is not being sent. Corporations lack the incentive to produce this disclosure ...


Insider Trading: Hayek, Virtual Markets And The Dog That Did Not Bark, Henry G. Manne Mar 2005

Insider Trading: Hayek, Virtual Markets And The Dog That Did Not Bark, Henry G. Manne

ExpressO

This Essay briefly reexamines the great debates on the role of insider trading in the corporate system from the perspectives of efficiency of capital markets, harm to individual investors, and executive compensation. The focus is on the mystery of why trading by all kinds of insiders as well as knowledgeable outsiders was studiously ignored by the business and investment communities before the advent of insider trading regulation. It is hardly conceivable that officers, directors, and controlling shareholders would have remained totally silent in the face of widespread insider trading if they had seen the practice as being harmful to the ...


Insider Trading: Hayek, Virtual Markets, And The Dog That Did Not Bark, Henry G. Manne Mar 2005

Insider Trading: Hayek, Virtual Markets, And The Dog That Did Not Bark, Henry G. Manne

ExpressO

This Essay briefly reexamines the great debates on the role of insider trading in the corporate system from the perspectives of efficiency of capital markets, harm to individual investors, and executive compensation. The focus is on the mystery of why trading by all kinds of insiders as well as knowledgeable outsiders was studiously ignored by the business and investment communities before the advent of insider trading regulation. It is hardly conceivable that officers, directors, and controlling shareholders would have remained totally silent in the face of widespread insider trading if they had seen the practice as being harmful to the ...


Price, Path & Pride: Third-Party Closing Opinion Practice Among U.S. Lawyers (A Preliminary Investigation), Jonathan C. Lipson Mar 2005

Price, Path & Pride: Third-Party Closing Opinion Practice Among U.S. Lawyers (A Preliminary Investigation), Jonathan C. Lipson

ExpressO

This article presents the first in-depth exploration of third-party closing opinions, a common but curious – and potentially troubling -- feature of U.S. business law practice. Third-party closing opinions are letters delivered at the closing of most large transactions by the attorney for one party (e.g., the borrower) to the other party (e.g., the lender) offering limited assurance that the transaction will have legal force and effect.

Hundreds, if not thousands, of legal opinions are delivered every week. Yet, lawyers often complain that they create needless risk and cost, and produce little benefit. Closing opinions thus pose a basic ...


The Legal Status Of “Dump & Sue”: Should Plaintiffs And Their Attorneys Be Prohibited From Trading The Stock Of Companies They Sue? – A Law And Economics Approach, Moin A. Yahya Mar 2005

The Legal Status Of “Dump & Sue”: Should Plaintiffs And Their Attorneys Be Prohibited From Trading The Stock Of Companies They Sue? – A Law And Economics Approach, Moin A. Yahya

ExpressO

There is some evidence that plaintiffs and their attorneys are profitably short-selling the stock of the companies they intend to sue. The status of such short sales is undecided in the law. Lawsuits against companies can cause large drops in market value, and hence such an action by the plaintiff should cause concern. Plaintiffs, however, are not traditional insiders, and they do not owe the shareholders any fiduciary duties. They can therefore consent to their attorneys also short-selling the stock of the defendant corporation. The attorneys need to receive such permission to avoid misappropriating the information concerning their client’s ...


Shareholder Bylaws, Shareholder Nominations, And Poison Pills, Brett H. Mcdonnell Mar 2005

Shareholder Bylaws, Shareholder Nominations, And Poison Pills, Brett H. Mcdonnell

ExpressO

Shareholder bylaws limiting or directing board action raise a tough and fascinating question of statutory interpretation under state law as well as an important policy question. In particular, over the last decade shareholders have sought to use bylaws to limit poison pills and to grant shareholders access to the corporate proxy materials to nominate directors. This paper argues that an expansive, although not unlimited, shareholder power to enact bylaws is both a plausible interpretation of Delaware’s statutory scheme and desirable as a policy matter. Shareholder bylaws that set general rules of corporate governance and procedure should be valid unless ...


Private Standards In Public Law: Copyright, Lawmaking And The Case Of Accounting, Lawrence A. Cunningham Mar 2005

Private Standards In Public Law: Copyright, Lawmaking And The Case Of Accounting, Lawrence A. Cunningham

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Government increasingly leverages its regulatory function by embodying in law standards that are promulgated and copyrighted by non-governmental organizations. Departures from such standards expose citizens to criminal, civil and administrative sanctions, yet private actors generate, control and limit access to them. Despite governmental ambitions, no one is responsible for evaluating the legitimacy of this approach and no framework exists to facilitate analysis. This Article contributes an analytical framework and, for the federal government, nominates the Director of the Federal Register to implement it. Analysis is animated using among the oldest and broadest examples of this pervasive but stealthy phenomenon: embodiment ...