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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Law

Decryptage De La Loi Portant Code Du Numérique Au Bénin, Julien C. Hounkpe Feb 2018

Decryptage De La Loi Portant Code Du Numérique Au Bénin, Julien C. Hounkpe

Julien C. Hounkpe

La République du Bénin est l’un des premiers États africains à procéder à la mise en place d’un véritable Code, qui réunit l’ensemble des dispositions légales applicables à tous les aspects juridiques des activités numériques. Il semble intéressant de fixer le contenu du Code par une lucarne générale puis au moyen de ses innovations essentielles.


Décryptage De La Loi Portant Code Du Numérique En République Du Bénin, Julien Coomlan Hounkpe Feb 2018

Décryptage De La Loi Portant Code Du Numérique En République Du Bénin, Julien Coomlan Hounkpe

Julien Coomlan Hounkpe

La République du Bénin est l’un des premiers États africains à procéder à la mise en place d’un véritable Code, qui réunit l’ensemble des dispositions légales applicables à tous les aspects juridiques des activités numériques. Il semble intéressant de fixer le contenu du Code par une lucarne générale puis au moyen de ses innovations essentielles.


Invading The Driver's Seat: Preventing Overbearing Targeted Advertising In Connected Vehicles, Brandon Amon Feb 2018

Invading The Driver's Seat: Preventing Overbearing Targeted Advertising In Connected Vehicles, Brandon Amon

Hofstra Law Review

No abstract provided.


Free Trade In Electric Power, Joel B. Eisen, Felix Mormann Feb 2018

Free Trade In Electric Power, Joel B. Eisen, Felix Mormann

Utah Law Review

This Article develops the core legal framework of a new electricity trading ecosystem in which anyone, anytime, anywhere, can trade electricity in any amount with anyone else. The proliferation of solar and other distributed energy resources, business model innovation in the sharing economy, and climate change present enormous challenges—and opportunities—for America’s energy economy. But the electricity industry is ill-equipped to adapt to and benefit from these transformative forces, with much of its physical infrastructure, regulatory institutions, and business models relics of the early days of electrification. This Article suggests a systematic rethinking to usher in a new ...


The Price Tag On Designer Babies: Market Share Liability, Boston College Law Review Staff Jan 2018

The Price Tag On Designer Babies: Market Share Liability, Boston College Law Review Staff

Boston College Law Review

The prospect of genetically modifying humans has loomed over the public for decades. Now, science fiction is becoming reality. New technology and expanding research are positioned to make genetic alteration a routine, pre-conception appointment. For several years, China has been experimenting with germline editing on non-viable human embryos. In April 2016, the UK also approved a group of scientists to begin similar research. In the United States, genetic engineering is a multibillion-dollar industry. Although ethical debates over human genetic modification have checked the industry, the potential for clinical trials has become a reality as companies race to dominate the technology ...


Remaking Making: Integrating Self-Replicating Technologies With The Exhaustion Doctrine, Adanna Uwazurike Jan 2018

Remaking Making: Integrating Self-Replicating Technologies With The Exhaustion Doctrine, Adanna Uwazurike

Boston College Law Review

Self-replicating technologies such as genetically modified organisms have unquestionably improved the farming industry. In order to ensure continued innovation in this area, the law has increasingly established protections for this technology. Although the exhaustion doctrine serves as a limit to a patent holder’s rights, the application of the current patent infringement regime may be over-inclusive as self-replicating technologies continue to advance. This Note identifies Bowman v. Monsanto as a recent example of how self-replicating patented products could lead to blanket infringement liability, including for innocent infringers. This Note recommends that the definition of “making” be redefined to include only ...


Contents Jan 2018

Contents

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Say What You Want: How Unfettered Freedom Of Speech On The Internet Creates No Recourse For Those Victimized, Wes Gerrie Jan 2018

Say What You Want: How Unfettered Freedom Of Speech On The Internet Creates No Recourse For Those Victimized, Wes Gerrie

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

In today’s society, virtually everyone relies on online posts in order to make decisions—from what products to purchase to what restaurants to visit. The introduction and increase of online communication has made posting reviews online a simpler, easier, and more efficient process. However, the increase of online communication has threatened the delicate balance between free speech and harmful speech.

A tangled web of recent case law and federal law exists which aggressively protects the free speech of online reviewers. The law has carved out immunity for the website operators that host an online reviewer’s comments, which in ...


Enforcing Constitutional Rights Through Computer Code, Steve Young Jan 2018

Enforcing Constitutional Rights Through Computer Code, Steve Young

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

Lawmaking and enforcement has advanced since Hammurabi first wrote out his legal code thousands of years ago. Today, the American legal system relies on legislatively-enacted federal, state, county, and municipal legal codes, agency-created regulations, the judge-made common law, and various law enforcement entities. This can be a confusing and complex system of rules and their explanations with varying degrees of enforcement. Blockchain technology is an automatic and efficient alternative to written codes that must be humanly-enforced. There has been limited scholarly interest in the implications of a legal application of blockchain technology to a political system but there have been ...


Smart Baby Monitors: The Modern Nanny Or A Home Invader, Sarah Ensenat Jan 2018

Smart Baby Monitors: The Modern Nanny Or A Home Invader, Sarah Ensenat

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

Smart baby monitors exist to help parents protect and watch over their children. The smart baby monitors act as a second set of eyes when parents cannot be in the same room as their children. Low-tech hackers take advantage of gaps in the security of smart baby monitors. A hacker violates a consumer’s privacy by gaining access to private information, viewing the home and its occupants, and even speaking to children through the monitor.

This comment advocates for stricter security legislation for smart baby monitors. Without new legislation, manufacturers of smart baby monitors do not apply or invest in ...


Dating Dangerously: Risks Lurking Within Mobile Dating Apps, Alyssa Murphy Jan 2018

Dating Dangerously: Risks Lurking Within Mobile Dating Apps, Alyssa Murphy

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

In modern society, cell phones have become a virtual extension of most Americans. Advances in cell phone technology have given rise to the popularity of mobile dating applications (“apps”), which are capable of allowing users to date and meet potential partners without leaving the comfort of their own homes. The convenience and allure of mobile dating apps has led to a staggering increase in the number of crimes orchestrated against other users of the apps. Such crimes often include solicitation, stalking, murder, and human trafficking. Unsuspecting and trusting users fall victim to these crimes due to the false sense of ...


Masthead Jan 2018

Masthead

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Trademark Issues Relating To Digitalized Flavor, John T. Cross Jan 2018

Trademark Issues Relating To Digitalized Flavor, John T. Cross

Yale Journal of Law and Technology

Over the past three decades, most people have become accustomed to dealing with music, film, photography, and other expressive media stored in digital format. However, while great strides have been made in digitalizing what we see and hear, there has been far less progress in digitalizing the other senses. This lack of progress is especially evident for the chemical senses of smell and taste. However, all this may soon change. Recently, several groups of researchers have commenced various projects that could store odors and flavors in a digital format, and replicate them for humans.


Block-By-Block: Leveraging The Power Of Blockchain Technology To Build Trust And Promote Cyber Peace, Scott J. Shackelford, Steve Myers Jan 2018

Block-By-Block: Leveraging The Power Of Blockchain Technology To Build Trust And Promote Cyber Peace, Scott J. Shackelford, Steve Myers

Yale Journal of Law and Technology

There has been increasing interest in the transformative power of not only crypto-currencies like Bitcoin, but also the technology underlying them-namely blockchain. To the uninitiated, a blockchain is a sophisticated, distributed online ledger that has the potential, according to Goldman Sachs, to "change 'everything."' From making businesses more efficient to recording property deeds to engendering the growth of 'smart' contracts, blockchain technology is now being investigated by a huge range of organizations and is attracting billions in venture funding. Even the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is investigating blockchain technology to "create an unhackable messaging system."


Whose Song Is That? Searching For Equity And Inspiration For Music Vocalists Under The Copyright Act, Tuneen E. Chisolm Jan 2018

Whose Song Is That? Searching For Equity And Inspiration For Music Vocalists Under The Copyright Act, Tuneen E. Chisolm

Yale Journal of Law and Technology

This article examines some of the inherent inequities that

exist for music vocalists under the United States Copyright Act and related music industry practices, due to the limited scope of protection given to sound recordings and the absence of an express inclusion of nondramatic music performance as a protected work under Section 102(a). It argues for expansion of the rights afforded to include, for music vocalists with respect to nondramatic works, an inalienable copyright, separate from the sound recording copyright, based upon a sole right of authorship in their performance as an applied composition, once fixed. It also argues ...


Social Media Searches And The Reasonable Expectation Of Privacy, Brian Mund Jan 2018

Social Media Searches And The Reasonable Expectation Of Privacy, Brian Mund

Yale Journal of Law and Technology

Under existing law, social media information communicated through behind password -protected pages receives no reasonable expectation of privacy. The Note argues that the Fourth Amendment requires a greater degree of privacy protection for social media data. Judicial and legislative activity provides indicia of a willingness to reconsider citizens' reasonable expectation of privacy and reverse an anachronistic equation of privacy with secrecy.
Government monitoring of private social media pages constitutes a deeply invasive form of surveillance and, if government agents employ covert tactics to gain access to private social media network s, then the Fourth Amendment controls government use of that ...


Don't Fence Me In: Reforming Trade And Investment Law To Better Facilitate Cross-Border Data Transfer, Andrew D. Mitchell, Jarrod Hepburn Jan 2018

Don't Fence Me In: Reforming Trade And Investment Law To Better Facilitate Cross-Border Data Transfer, Andrew D. Mitchell, Jarrod Hepburn

Yale Journal of Law and Technology

The transfer of data across borders support s trade in most service industries around the world as well as the growth of traditional manufacturing sectors. However, several countries have begun to adopt laws impeding the cross-border transfer of data, ostensibly in pursuit of policy objectives such as national security, public morals or public order, and privacy. Such domestic measures create potential concerns under both international trade law and international investment law. Accordingly, recent trade and investment negotiations such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) include specific provisions mandating the permissibility of cross-border data transfer and prohibiting data localization in certain ...


Tackling The Algorithmic Control Crisis -The Technical, Legal, And Ethical Challenges Of Research Into Algorithmic Agents, B. Bodo, N Helberger, K Irion, K Zuiderveen Borgesius, J Moller, B Van De Velde, N Bol, B Van Es, C De Vreese Jan 2018

Tackling The Algorithmic Control Crisis -The Technical, Legal, And Ethical Challenges Of Research Into Algorithmic Agents, B. Bodo, N Helberger, K Irion, K Zuiderveen Borgesius, J Moller, B Van De Velde, N Bol, B Van Es, C De Vreese

Yale Journal of Law and Technology

Algorithmic agents permeate every instant of our online existence. Based on our digital profiles built from the massive surveillance of our digital existence, algorithmic agents rank search results, filter our emails, hide and show news items on social networks feeds, try to guess what products we might buy next for ourselves and for others, what movies we want to watch, and when we might be pregnant. Algorithmic agents select, filter, and recommend products,
information, and people; they increasingly customize our physical environments, including the temperature and the mood .


Going Native: Can Consumers Recognize Native Advertising? Does It Matter?, David A. Hyman, David Franklyn, Calla Yee, Mohammad Rahmati Jan 2018

Going Native: Can Consumers Recognize Native Advertising? Does It Matter?, David A. Hyman, David Franklyn, Calla Yee, Mohammad Rahmati

Yale Journal of Law and Technology

Native advertising, which matches the look and feel of unpaid news and editorials, has exploded online. The Federal Trade Commission has long required advertising to be clearly and conspicuously labeled, and it recently reiterated that these requirements apply to native advertising. We explore whether respondents can distinguish native advertising and "regular" ads from unpaid content, using 16 native ads, 5 ''regular" ads, and 8 examples of news / editorial content, drawn from multiple sources and plat forms. Overall, only 37% of respondents thought that the tested examples of native
advertising were paid content, compared to 81% for "regular" advertising, with variation ...


When Timekeeping Software Undermines Compliance, Elizabeth Tippett, Charlotte S. Alexander, Zev J. Eigen Jan 2018

When Timekeeping Software Undermines Compliance, Elizabeth Tippett, Charlotte S. Alexander, Zev J. Eigen

Yale Journal of Law and Technology

Electronic timekeeping is a ubiquitous feature of the modern workplace. Time and attendance software enables employers to record employees' hours worked, breaks taken, and related data to determine compensation. Sometimes this software also undermines wage and hour law, allowing bad actor employers more readily to manipulate employee time cards, set up automatic default rules that shave hours from employees' paychecks, and disguise edits to records of wages and hours. Software could enable transparency, but when it serves to obfuscate instead, it misses an opportunity to reduce costly legal risk for employers and protect employee rights. This article examines thirteen commonly ...


Live Sports Virtual Reality Broadcasts: Copyright And Other Protections, Marie Hopkins Jan 2018

Live Sports Virtual Reality Broadcasts: Copyright And Other Protections, Marie Hopkins

Duke Law & Technology Review

As virtual reality rapidly progresses, broadcasts are able to increasingly mimic the experience of actually attending a game. As the technology advances and the viewer can freely move about the game and virtual reality can simulate the in-stadium attendance, the virtual reality broadcast nears the point where the broadcast is indistinguishable from the underlying game. Thus, novel copyright protection issues arise regarding the ability to protect the experience through copyright. Although normal broadcasts may be copyrighted, virtual reality broadcasts of live sports could lack protection under the Copyright Act because the elements of originality, authorship, and fixation are harder to ...


Hb 1 - Space Flight, Malissa Caroline Barger, Ethan L. Smith Jan 2018

Hb 1 - Space Flight, Malissa Caroline Barger, Ethan L. Smith

Georgia State University Law Review

The Act limits the civil and criminal liability of a space flight entity for injuries sustained by space flight participants arising from ordinary negligence. The Act defines new terms and provides a statutory waiver form that participants with informed consent must sign. The Act mandates space flight participants sign the waiver before participating in any space flight activity. The Act does not limit the liability of space flight entities for gross negligence or intentional acts, nor does it prevent suits from anyone other than the space flight participant.


Sb 219 - Autonomous Vehicles, W. Perry Hicks, Alan J. Ponce Jan 2018

Sb 219 - Autonomous Vehicles, W. Perry Hicks, Alan J. Ponce

Georgia State University Law Review

The Act amends Georgia’s Motor Vehicles and Traffic Code to create a legal framework for autonomous vehicles to operate in Georgia. Persons responsible for operating fully autonomous vehicles are exempted from holding a driver’s license. In the event of an accident involving an autonomous vehicle, the vehicle must remain at the scene and the operator of the autonomous vehicle must provide necessary information to law enforcement. Minimum liability insurance requirements for autonomous vehicles will be the same as minimum coverages required for the taxi and limousine industry after January 1, 2020. Minimum coverages are set at 250 percent ...


Patent "Trespass" And The Royalty Gap: Exploring The Nature And Impact Of Patent Holdout, Bowman Heiden, Nicolas Petit Jan 2018

Patent "Trespass" And The Royalty Gap: Exploring The Nature And Impact Of Patent Holdout, Bowman Heiden, Nicolas Petit

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

Patent "Trespass" and the Royalty Gap: Exploring the Nature and Impact of Patent Holdout


Rethinking The Dormant Commerce Clause?: Climate Change And Food Security, Michael Barsa Jan 2018

Rethinking The Dormant Commerce Clause?: Climate Change And Food Security, Michael Barsa

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Digital Transformation And Jobs: Building A Cloud For Everyone, Robert Ivanschitz, Daniel Korn Jan 2018

Digital Transformation And Jobs: Building A Cloud For Everyone, Robert Ivanschitz, Daniel Korn

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Revisiting The Intellectual Property Dilemma: How Did We Get To A Strong Wto Ipr Regime?, Julien Chaisse, Xinjie Luan Jan 2018

Revisiting The Intellectual Property Dilemma: How Did We Get To A Strong Wto Ipr Regime?, Julien Chaisse, Xinjie Luan

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

Revisiting the Intellectual Property Dilemma: How Did We Get to a Strong WTO IPR Regime?


Copyrightability Of Artworks Produced By Creative Robots And Originality: The Formality-Objective Model, Shlomit Yanisky-Ravid, Luis Antonio Velez- Hernandez Jan 2018

Copyrightability Of Artworks Produced By Creative Robots And Originality: The Formality-Objective Model, Shlomit Yanisky-Ravid, Luis Antonio Velez- Hernandez

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Accessing Parental Rights For Children With Genetic Material From Three Parents, Daniel R. Green Jan 2018

Accessing Parental Rights For Children With Genetic Material From Three Parents, Daniel R. Green

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Likeness Used As Bait In Catfishing: How Can Hidden Victims Of Catfishing Reel In Relief?, Tyler W. Hartney Jan 2018

Likeness Used As Bait In Catfishing: How Can Hidden Victims Of Catfishing Reel In Relief?, Tyler W. Hartney

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.