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Retirement Security Law Commons

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2013

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 38

Full-Text Articles in Retirement Security Law

Central Falls Retirees V. Bondholders: Assessing Fear Of Contagion In Chapter 9 Proceedings, Maria Hylton Oct 2013

Central Falls Retirees V. Bondholders: Assessing Fear Of Contagion In Chapter 9 Proceedings, Maria Hylton

Faculty Scholarship

Modern Chapter 9 litigation has been characterized by extraordinary protections for municipal bondholders, and Central Falls is no exception. Although not well understood by politicians, fear of contagion has encouraged the adoption of legal arrangements that have limited the bankruptcy courts’ ability to include bondholders in the cost of restructuring municipal debt. This preference for bondholders (and, by extension, their insurers) has meant increased misery for taxpayers and retirees. Given that all of these actors appear to have been complicit to some degree in the creation and maintenance of the fiscally imprudent conditions that triggered bankruptcy and that evidence of ...


Can Pensions Be Restructured In (Detroit’S) Municipal Bankruptcy?, David A. Skeel Jr. Oct 2013

Can Pensions Be Restructured In (Detroit’S) Municipal Bankruptcy?, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This paper, which was written as a White Paper for the Federalist Society, describes and assesses the question whether public employee pensions can be restructured in bankruptcy, with a particular focus on Detroit. Part I gives a brief overview both of the treatment of pensions under state law, and of the Michigan law governing the Detroit pensions. Part II explains the legal argument for restructuring an underfunded pension in bankruptcy. Part III considers the major federal constitutional objections to restructuring, Part IV discusses arguments based on the Michigan Constitution, and Part V assesses several Chapter 9 arguments against restructuring. None ...


Federalism And Fiduciaries: A New Framework For Protecting State Benefit Funds, Richard E. Mendales Sep 2013

Federalism And Fiduciaries: A New Framework For Protecting State Benefit Funds, Richard E. Mendales

Richard E. Mendales

The financial crisis has underlined difficulties faced by states and their subdivisions in paying benefits to their employees. The most spectacular example is Detroit's bankruptcy, but state and local employers across the country face sharp cuts in benefits as their employers fight for solvency. A federal solution such as ERISA is precluded by considerations of federalism and the impracticability of getting major legislation through Congress. This Article proposes an alternative solution: a uniform state code, following other uniform state laws such as the Uniform Commercial Code, that states could adopt to govern both state and local plans. It would ...


Fact Sheet: What Influences Plans To Work After Ages 62 And 65?, Maximiliane E. Szinovacz, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston Sep 2013

Fact Sheet: What Influences Plans To Work After Ages 62 And 65?, Maximiliane E. Szinovacz, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston

Gerontology Institute Publications

Timing of retirement and, implicitly, plans to work in later life have great policy relevance. They affect Social Security expenditures, employers’ pension expenditures, as well as labor force supply and demand. In light of the recent recession, it is particularly important to explore whether economic downturns and workers’ financial status influence their later-life work plans. To answer this question, we analyzed data from the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study (HRS), which included questions about expectations to work full-time after age 62 and age 65.


Letter Regarding Pbgc Request For Information On Missing Participants In Individual Account Plans, Federal Register, Vol. 78, No. 120, June 21, 2013, Ellen A. Bruce, Brian Reilly Aug 2013

Letter Regarding Pbgc Request For Information On Missing Participants In Individual Account Plans, Federal Register, Vol. 78, No. 120, June 21, 2013, Ellen A. Bruce, Brian Reilly

Pension Action Center Publications

On August 19, 2013, the Pension Action Center wrote to the Office of the General Counsel of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation in response to their request for comments on the implementation of a new program to deal with benefits of missing participants in terminating individual account plans.


Testimony Before The Erisa Advisory Council, Ellen A. Bruce Aug 2013

Testimony Before The Erisa Advisory Council, Ellen A. Bruce

Ellen Bruce

I am the director of the Pension Action Center of the Gerontology Institute at the University of Massachusetts Boston. In that capacity, I run the New England Pension Assistance Project (NEPAP), a U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA)-funded pension counseling project, and the Illinois Pension Assistance Project (IPAP) funded by the Retirement Research Foundation. Both of these projects represent low- and moderate-income plan participants who are having difficulty claiming their employer-sponsored retirement income. The AoA funds six pension counseling projects covering 29 states; all of which represent clients in much the same way we do at the Pension Action ...


Gender And Marital Status Differences In Retirement Planning, Maximiliane E. Szinovacz, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston Aug 2013

Gender And Marital Status Differences In Retirement Planning, Maximiliane E. Szinovacz, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston

Gerontology Institute Publications

During the past decades, women have increasingly joined the labor force and worked in their later years. Yet women, especially married women, often have shorter work histories than their male counterparts due to taking time off for child care or care for ailing relatives. Are they also different in their retirement expectations? To answer this question, we explore gender and marital status differences in retirement plans.


Do Inherited Iras Protect Assets Well?, Lindsey Paige Markus, Assistance From Evan D. Blewett Jun 2013

Do Inherited Iras Protect Assets Well?, Lindsey Paige Markus, Assistance From Evan D. Blewett

Evan Blewett

Whether a client has a complex or simple estate plan, failure to properly address a retirement plan (IRA) beneficiary designation may cause havoc. Regardless of what a client’s estate plan may say, the beneficiary designation under the client’s IRA governs.


Breaking The Glass Slipper: Reflections On The Self-Employment Tax, Patricia E. Dilley Jun 2013

Breaking The Glass Slipper: Reflections On The Self-Employment Tax, Patricia E. Dilley

Patricia E Dilley

Lawmakers and their staffs, in drafting tax legislation, often resemble Prince Charming looking for Cinderella with that glass slipper in hand -- rather than start from scratch and draft a completely new tax provision. It is frequently easier, faster, and more reassuring to taxpayers and tax practitioners to use an existing statute or approach and simply amend it slightly to make it fit the need of the new provision. However, problems can arise from this approach.

In the original Grimm Brothers' version of the Cinderella story, for example, the wicked stepsisters were each so anxious to be the chosen one that ...


Hidden In Plain View: The Pension Shield Against Creditors, Patricia E. Dilley Jun 2013

Hidden In Plain View: The Pension Shield Against Creditors, Patricia E. Dilley

Patricia E Dilley

No abstract provided.


Hope We Die Before We Get Old: The Attack On Retirement, Patricia E. Dilley Jun 2013

Hope We Die Before We Get Old: The Attack On Retirement, Patricia E. Dilley

Patricia E Dilley

The American institution of retirement has sustained numerous attacks over the last twenty years, to the extent that it may cease to exist by the time most of today's workers reach their midsixties. Professor Patricia Dilley describes how all of the components of the "three-legged stool" that represents private pensions, personal savings, and Social Security, have declined so significantly in recent years that the combination may not be able to provide support for the elderly in the future, particularly those retired seniors who are in the lower and middle classes. Changes in employment policies, the markets for retirement savings ...


Leverage, Linkage, And Leakage: Problems With The Private Pension System And How They Should Inform The Social Security Reform Debate, Norman P. Stein, Patricia E. Dilley Jun 2013

Leverage, Linkage, And Leakage: Problems With The Private Pension System And How They Should Inform The Social Security Reform Debate, Norman P. Stein, Patricia E. Dilley

Patricia E Dilley

The argument for Social Security privatization is, at bottom, simple: we need more, and better, advance funding of the public retirement system. In particular, we need to commit a portion of FICA tax to privately managed investment accounts, which will purchase investment instruments that promise higher rates of return than the government debt instruments in which the Social Security surplus is currently invested. The privatization debate has centered on the extent to which Social Security faces an impending demographic crisis during the coming decades, whether privatization is fundamentally inconsistent with the idea of social insurance, whether privatization financial projections are ...


Taking Public Rights Private: The Rhetoric And Reality Of Social Security Privatization, Patricia E. Dilley Jun 2013

Taking Public Rights Private: The Rhetoric And Reality Of Social Security Privatization, Patricia E. Dilley

Patricia E Dilley

This Article explores the foundations of the Social Security privatization debate. What is frequently portrayed as a numbers problem to which a "correct" answer can be found is in fact an ideological and political argument about wealth building versus direct income support and about the reality and security of public entitlement as opposed to private property rights. Efforts to use the idea of private property as the basis of rights in the context of the Social Security system and other non-retirement .social welfare programs have proven problematic. This Article suggests that Social Security, far from being a quaint, retrograde souvenir ...


Testimony Before The Erisa Advisory Council, Ellen A. Bruce Jun 2013

Testimony Before The Erisa Advisory Council, Ellen A. Bruce

Pension Action Center Publications

I am the director of the Pension Action Center of the Gerontology Institute at the University of Massachusetts Boston. In that capacity, I run the New England Pension Assistance Project (NEPAP), a U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA)-funded pension counseling project, and the Illinois Pension Assistance Project (IPAP) funded by the Retirement Research Foundation. Both of these projects represent low- and moderate-income plan participants who are having difficulty claiming their employer-sponsored retirement income. The AoA funds six pension counseling projects covering 29 states; all of which represent clients in much the same way we do at the Pension Action ...


Judges “On The Take:” A Formula For Financial Security , Harry A. Halkowich May 2013

Judges “On The Take:” A Formula For Financial Security , Harry A. Halkowich

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Re Marriage Of Olhausen: The Characterization Of State Disability Retirement Benefits After Dissolution, John K. Hoover May 2013

In Re Marriage Of Olhausen: The Characterization Of State Disability Retirement Benefits After Dissolution, John K. Hoover

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Managing Social Security Disability & Other Public Benefits: Development Of A Guide For Consumers And Providers, Stephanie L. Derochers May 2013

Managing Social Security Disability & Other Public Benefits: Development Of A Guide For Consumers And Providers, Stephanie L. Derochers

Muskie School Capstones and Dissertations

One in five Americans has a disability, making it the largest minority group in the U.S. (Soffer, McDonald, & Blanck, 2010). In 2011, 13.4 million working-aged adults received a disability cash benefit from the Social Security Administration (Kregel, 2012).

The Social Security Administration (SSA) is the federal agency responsible for managing, executing and overseeing retirement, survivor, old-age and disability benefits. There are over 1,500 Social Security offices and over 65,000 employees nationwide (SSA, 2013). SSA manages at least five disability benefit programs: Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), Disabled Widow(er) Benefit (DWB), Childhood ...


Recommendations For A New Independent Adjudication Agency To Make The Final Administrative Adjudications Of Social Security Act Benefits Claims , Robin J. Arzt Apr 2013

Recommendations For A New Independent Adjudication Agency To Make The Final Administrative Adjudications Of Social Security Act Benefits Claims , Robin J. Arzt

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Beck Vs. Pace International Union: A Mask Of Unanimity To Conceal Disagreement And Confusion, Sharon Hritz Apr 2013

Beck Vs. Pace International Union: A Mask Of Unanimity To Conceal Disagreement And Confusion, Sharon Hritz

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Pension Action Center, Michele Tolson, Pension Action Center, University Of Massachusetts Boston, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston Apr 2013

Pension Action Center, Michele Tolson, Pension Action Center, University Of Massachusetts Boston, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston

Office of Community Partnerships Posters

The Pension Action Center (PAC) strives to improve retirees’ and workers’ standard of living in retirement through individual case advocacy; referrals to appropriate programs and professionals; and issue analysis and reform of public policy. The center, which is part of the Gerontology Institute at UMass Boston, focuses on the experience of participants in retirement plans throughout its work. The PAC is a one-of-a-kind organization in New England that touches the lives of thousands of people.


The Cost Of “Choice” In A Voluntary Pension System, Jonathan Forman Mar 2013

The Cost Of “Choice” In A Voluntary Pension System, Jonathan Forman

Jonathan B. Forman

Unlike our mandatory universal Social Security system, America’s private pension system is replete with choice: choices about the type of pension plan, choices about the amount and timing of contributions, choices about investments, and choices about the timing and nature of distributions. It takes time to make all these choices, and sometimes employers and workers just throw up their hands and don’t make any choices at all. This “choice overload” or “analysis paralysis” imposes significant costs on employers, workers, and government; and this article recommends a variety of ways to reduce those costs.


Reforming Teacher Pensions, Leigh Anenson Mar 2013

Reforming Teacher Pensions, Leigh Anenson

Leigh Anenson

Pension reform has taken center stage in the public policy debate as states struggle to deal with the fallout from the Great Recession. Retirement benefits are not only a critical component of income-maintenance for public retirees, but also a source of economic stimulus to every state economy. In this article, we integrate and extend the pension reform movements in law, education and economics by studying teacher pensions across the United States. Our interdisciplinary approach concentrates on defined benefit plans in states that do not contribute to Social Security. Focusing on this vulnerable and important group of government workers, we aim ...


The Shifting Focus Of Federal Intervention In Retiree Health Benefits, Susan E. Cancelosi Mar 2013

The Shifting Focus Of Federal Intervention In Retiree Health Benefits, Susan E. Cancelosi

Nevada Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Reforming Teacher Pensions, Leigh Anenson Feb 2013

Reforming Teacher Pensions, Leigh Anenson

Leigh Anenson

Pension reform has taken center stage in the public policy debate as states struggle to deal with the fallout from the Great Recession. Retirement benefits are not only a critical component of income-maintenance for public retirees, but also a source of economic stimulus to every state economy. In this article, we integrate and extend the pension reform movements in law, education and economics by studying teacher pensions across the United States. Our interdisciplinary approach concentrates on defined benefit plans in states that do not contribute to Social Security. Focusing on this vulnerable and important group of government workers, we aim ...


How To Accomplish A Successful Tax-Free Pension Plan Rollover, Steven T. Graham Feb 2013

How To Accomplish A Successful Tax-Free Pension Plan Rollover, Steven T. Graham

Pepperdine Law Review

Advising a client how to accomplish a tax-free rollover from one pension plan to another has been an area of confusion for the general practitioner. In order to end this confusion the author examines recent statutory amendments, Internal Revenue Service rulings and the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. The author then outlines, in conjunction with the recent changes in the law, potential pension plan rollover scenarios that can aid the client. After a thorough discussion of the available rollovers and the benefits and drawbacks of each, the author concludes with a chart designed to provide quick identification of the most ...


Employee Stock Ownership Plans And Corporate Takeovers: Restraints On The Use Of Esops By Corporate Officers And Directors To Avert Hostile Takeovers, Margaret E. Mclean Feb 2013

Employee Stock Ownership Plans And Corporate Takeovers: Restraints On The Use Of Esops By Corporate Officers And Directors To Avert Hostile Takeovers, Margaret E. Mclean

Pepperdine Law Review

In 1974, Congress enacted the Employee Retirement and Income Security Act (ERISA), which was designed to promote employee benefit plans and provide safeguards for the assets of the plans. An employee stock ownership plan is a device used by corporations which holds corporate stock as the primary asset of the employee benefit plan. Recently, corporate executives have seized the opportunity to use ESOPs as a defensive tactic for averting takeovers considered to be adverse to the corporation. However, provisions of ERISA, particularly relating to fiduciary duty, exclusive benefit, and prudence, seriously impede the use of an ESOP by incumbent management ...


Policing Cost Containment: The Medicare Peer Review Organization Program, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost Jan 2013

Policing Cost Containment: The Medicare Peer Review Organization Program, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

Timothy S. Jost

This Article will first examine the problem of health care cost inflation and the payment strategies the Medicare program has adopted to address that problem. It will then discuss the perverse incentives that these payment strategies create, and the role of the PRO program in addressing harmful provider behavior encouraged by those perverse incentives. The Article examines evidence on whether the PRO program is succeeding or failing in this mission, and suggests possible means of improving the effectiveness of the PRO program in policing cost containment. Specifically, it recommends clarifying and strengthening the deterrent role of the PROs, crafting PRO ...


The Future Of Medicare, Post Great Society And Post Plus-Choice: Legal And Policy Issues--Foreword, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost Jan 2013

The Future Of Medicare, Post Great Society And Post Plus-Choice: Legal And Policy Issues--Foreword, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

Timothy S. Jost

No abstract provided.


Silent Victims Of The Financial Decline, Emily Hardy Jan 2013

Silent Victims Of The Financial Decline, Emily Hardy

Public Interest Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


The Public Pension Crisis , Jack M. Beermann Jan 2013

The Public Pension Crisis , Jack M. Beermann

Washington and Lee Law Review

Unfunded employee pension obligations will present a serious fiscal problem to state and local governments in the not-toodistant future. This Article takes a look at the causes and potential cures for the public pension mess, mainly through the lens of legal doctrines that limit public employers’ ability to avoid obligations. As far as the causes are concerned, this Article examines the political environment within which public pension promises are made and funded, as an attempt to understand how this occurred. The Article then turns to ask if states could implement meaningful reforms without violating either state or federal law. In ...