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Retirement Security Law Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Retirement Security Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review Feb 2019

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Lesson From Goodfellas: Why Current Illinois Consideration Based Pension Reform Proposals Still Fail, Lari A. Dierks May 2018

A Lesson From Goodfellas: Why Current Illinois Consideration Based Pension Reform Proposals Still Fail, Lari A. Dierks

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Title Vii And The Collateral Source Rule: Evaluating The Not-So Equitable Remedy In Eeoc V. Consol Energy, Virginia Calistro Apr 2018

Title Vii And The Collateral Source Rule: Evaluating The Not-So Equitable Remedy In Eeoc V. Consol Energy, Virginia Calistro

Boston College Law Review

On June 12, 2017, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the decision of the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia to refuse an offset to a Title VII damage award by the amount of pension payments received following the plaintiff's constructive discharge. In doing so, the court adopted a new interpretation of the collateral source rule and its applicability in employment discrimination pay awards. The effect of this decision is to further compound a split of authority between multiple federal courts of appeals regarding the treatment of certain benefits in the wake of ...


How Special Is The Special Timing Rule? Analyzing The Timing Of Fica Taxation In Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans, Alan J. Ponce Feb 2018

How Special Is The Special Timing Rule? Analyzing The Timing Of Fica Taxation In Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans, Alan J. Ponce

Georgia State University Law Review

Many employers offer nonqualified deferred compensation plans as a benefit to select employees, and those plans allow the employees to prepare for retirement in a tax-efficient manner. For employers,designing and administering such plans in compliance with federal law represents a paramount concern in order to achieve the tax advantages such plans entail. However, for these employers, there remains an inherent ambiguity in the tax code regarding how and when employers should withhold Federal Insurance Contribution Act (FICA) taxes—that is, Social Security and Medicare taxes—on deferred compensation in nonqualified retirement plans.

Tax regulations provide two distinct methods for ...


Untrustworthy: Erisa’S Eroded Fiduciary Law, Peter J. Wiedenbeck Feb 2018

Untrustworthy: Erisa’S Eroded Fiduciary Law, Peter J. Wiedenbeck

William & Mary Law Review

The trust law analogy has come to dominate judicial thinking about employee benefit plans. Yet despite its rise to rhetorical prominence, ERISA fiduciary law has been dramatically transformed by a series of uncoordinated, low-visibility judicial decisions on multiple fronts. These apparently unconnected case law developments reveal a startling pattern of mutually reinforcing restrictions on ERISA’s protection of pension and welfare benefits. This study chronicles ERISA’s trust law turn to expose how untrustworthy workers’ benefit safeguards have become. Both the scope and the intensity of fiduciary oversight have been radically pruned back in the courts. Notwithstanding the congressional declaration ...


Promoting Retirement Security For Low-Income Workers In Illinois: An Analysis And Lessons For Other States, Philip C. Aka, Chidera V. Oku, Murna Habila Feb 2018

Promoting Retirement Security For Low-Income Workers In Illinois: An Analysis And Lessons For Other States, Philip C. Aka, Chidera V. Oku, Murna Habila

Akron Law Review

This Article makes suggestions for promoting retirement security among low-income workers in Illinois with pointed lessons for workers in other U.S. states. Adapting a framework from a previous study by the principal author, the Article portrays retirement preparedness for low-income workers in Illinois as a function of changes in Social Security, employer-sponsored pensions, and personal assets—the famed “three-legged stool” of retirement income—synchronized with reduction of disparities between socioeconomic groups in education, healthcare, and housing. Many studies on retirement security focus excessively on the national level sometimes at the expense of the subnational phenomena that complicate retirement security ...


Privacy Of Information And Dna Testing Kits, Shanna Raye Mason Jan 2018

Privacy Of Information And Dna Testing Kits, Shanna Raye Mason

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

In modern times, consumers desire for more control over their own health and healthcare. With this growing interest of control, direct to consumer DNA testing kits have never been more popular. However, many consumers are unaware of the potential privacy concerns associated with such use. This comment examines the popularity and privacy risks that are likely unknown to the individual consumer. This comment also addresses the shortcomings of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), as well as the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA) in regard to protecting individual’s genetic information from misuse. This ...


The Public Pension Crisis Through The Lens Of State Constitutions And Statutory Law, Kristen Barnes Oct 2017

The Public Pension Crisis Through The Lens Of State Constitutions And Statutory Law, Kristen Barnes

Chicago-Kent Law Review

No abstract provided.


Failing Cities And The Red Queen Phenomenon, Samir D. Parikh, Zhaochen He Apr 2017

Failing Cities And The Red Queen Phenomenon, Samir D. Parikh, Zhaochen He

Boston College Law Review

Cities and counties are failing. Unfunded liabilities for retirees’ healthcare benefits aggregate to more than $1 trillion. Pension systems are underfunded by as much as $4.4 trillion. Many local government capital structures ensure rising costs and declining revenues, the precursors to service-delivery insolvency. These governments are experiencing the Red Queen phenomenon. They have tried a dizzying number of remedies, but their dire situation persists unchanged. State legislatures have failed to respond. More specifically, many states have refused to implement meaningful debt restructuring mechanisms for local governments. They argue that giving cities and counties the power to potentially impair bond ...


In Pursuit Of Good & Gold: Data Observations Of Employee Ownership & Impact Investment, Christopher Geczy, Jessica S. Jeffers, David K. Musto, Anne M. Tucker Apr 2017

In Pursuit Of Good & Gold: Data Observations Of Employee Ownership & Impact Investment, Christopher Geczy, Jessica S. Jeffers, David K. Musto, Anne M. Tucker

Seattle University Law Review

A startup’s path to self-sustaining profitability is risky and hard, and most do not make it. Venture capital (VC) investors try to improve these odds with contractual terms that focus and sharpen employees’ incentives to pursue gold. If the employees and investors expect the startup to balance the goal of profitability with another goal—the goal of good—the risks are likely to both grow and multiply. They grow to the extent that profits are threatened, and they multiply to the extent that balancing competing goals adds a dimension to the incentive problem. In this Article, we explore contracting ...


Survivor Funds, Jonathan Barry Forman, Michael J. Sabin Mar 2017

Survivor Funds, Jonathan Barry Forman, Michael J. Sabin

Pace Law Review

This Article explains how to create “survivor funds”—short-term investment funds that would pay more to those investors who live until the end of the fund’s term than to those who die before then. For example, instead of just investing in a ten-year bond and dividing the proceeds among the investors at the end of the bond term, a survivor fund would invest in that ten-year bond but divide the proceeds only among those who survived the full ten years. These survivor funds would be attractive investments because the survivors would get a greater return on their investments, while ...


Addressing The Retirement Crisis With Shadow 401(K)S, Deepa Das Acevedo Jan 2017

Addressing The Retirement Crisis With Shadow 401(K)S, Deepa Das Acevedo

Notre Dame Law Review Online

This Essay discussed the Shadow 401(k) and its feasibility as a response to the "retirement crisis."


Defining “Fiduciary”: Aligning Obligations With Expectations, Ashley C. Vicere Jan 2017

Defining “Fiduciary”: Aligning Obligations With Expectations, Ashley C. Vicere

Brooklyn Law Review

Poor investment decisions rob many Americans of the worry-free retirement for which they had desperately planned. Hiring an investment adviser does not always shield retirement savers from making poor investment decisions because some advisers have conflicts of interest and receive commissions for recommending certain investments. This practice encourages them to recommend products that generate advisers more income rather than products that most benefit investors. To address these conflicts of interest, the Department of Labor (DOL) promulgated a new rule redefining when an investment adviser is a “fiduciary” of a retirement investor under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 ...


Public Pensions And Fiduciary Law: A View From Equity, T. Leigh Anenson Sep 2016

Public Pensions And Fiduciary Law: A View From Equity, T. Leigh Anenson

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Controversies involving fund management may be the next frontier of public pension litigation. Recent scandals involving fraud, bribery, and corruption of public pension officials and other third parties have drawn the public eye toward the management of retirement assets. Individual and entity custodians, including pension boards of trustees, are charged with making investment and other decisions relating to pension funds. Unlike private pensions, there is no federal oversight of asset managers or others in control of retirement funds. Yet these funds hold more than three trillion dollars in assets. Until now, the guardians of these monies have operated almost invisibly ...


Save The Social Security Disability Trust Fund! And Reduce Ssi Exposure To The General Fund, Daniel F. Solomon Jun 2016

Save The Social Security Disability Trust Fund! And Reduce Ssi Exposure To The General Fund, Daniel F. Solomon

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Adjudicasaurus Rex, Jeffrey S. Wolfe Jun 2016

Adjudicasaurus Rex, Jeffrey S. Wolfe

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

This article proposes a simple theme. While many issues plague the Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income programs, only reform of the hearings and appeals process can solve the decades-long (and growing) hearings backlog. Only then, can the remaining questions regarding the solvency of the DI trust fund be meaningfully addressed. As it now stands, the ongoing backlog of pending hearings and appeals feeds the twin plagues of rising costs and increasing delay. These are the very issues that drove the federal courts in the passage of the Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990 (CJRA). This article provides ...


One Fund Solution And The Pension Crisis, Gordon Butler Jun 2016

One Fund Solution And The Pension Crisis, Gordon Butler

Cleveland State Law Review

The next forty years of economic life will be dominated by one underlying theme: dealing with the retirement income security of a growing, aging and longer-lived global population. This is a "can’t run, can’t hide" problem that will affect the lives of almost every human being on the planet . . . Whether you are light in your pension account, whether you have more money than Croesus, whether you live in the well-funded Netherlands, or whether you are a put-upon unambitious young male in Japan who sees no future for himself, you cannot escape this problem.

Before you read very far ...


After Tackett: Incomplete Contracts For Post-Employment Healthcare, Maria O'Brien Hylton Apr 2016

After Tackett: Incomplete Contracts For Post-Employment Healthcare, Maria O'Brien Hylton

Pace Law Review

This is a story about a union and a private sector employer who repeatedly negotiated collective bargaining agreements which referenced side contracts which provided retirees with post-employment healthcare benefits. In the early decades of their relationship neither the union nor the employer appear to have given any thought to whether or not these retiree health benefits in fact vested—i.e. were promised to retirees at no cost for the remainder of their lives. By the 1980s and certainly the 1990s however, as health care costs soared and life expectancy expanded, both parties continued to regularly re-negotiate agreements that were ...


Trusts No More: Rethinking The Regulation Of Retirement Savings In The United States, Natalya Shnitser Mar 2016

Trusts No More: Rethinking The Regulation Of Retirement Savings In The United States, Natalya Shnitser

BYU Law Review

The regulation of private and public pension plans in the United States begins with the premise that employer-sponsored plans resemble traditional donative, or gift, trusts. Accordingly, the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) famously “imports” major principles of donative trust law for the regulation of private employer-sponsored pension plans. Statutes regulating state and local government pension plans likewise routinely invoke the structure and standards applicable to donative trusts. Judges, in turn, adjudicate by analogy to the common law trust.

This Article identifies the flaws in the analogy and analyzes the shortcomings of a regulatory framework that, despite dramatic ...


Why Low-Income Workers Need To Save For Retirement And How They Can Do It, Philip C. Aka, Chidera Oku, Elizabeth Arnott-Hill, Aref A. Hervani Jan 2016

Why Low-Income Workers Need To Save For Retirement And How They Can Do It, Philip C. Aka, Chidera Oku, Elizabeth Arnott-Hill, Aref A. Hervani

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


Personal Injury Victims As Insurance Collection Agents: Erisa Preemption Of State Antisubrogation Laws, Jonathan P. Connery Jan 2016

Personal Injury Victims As Insurance Collection Agents: Erisa Preemption Of State Antisubrogation Laws, Jonathan P. Connery

Journal of Law and Policy

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) was enacted in 1974 to protect the pension rights of employees nationwide. However, due to its broad preemptive powers, ERISA has since developed into a tool used by health insurers to recover millions of dollars in tort damages meant to benefit employees with ERISA health plans. This practice, known as subrogation, has been met with legislative backlash in the form of state antisubrogation statutes, which attempt to limit the enforceability of subrogation clauses found in almost all ERISA health plans. However, many courts have held that ERISA preempts these antisubrogation statutes, thereby affirming ...


Illusory Rights Under The Arbitrary And Capricious Standard: Adding Remedial Safeguards To The Judicial Standard Of Review Beyond Erisa Denial Of Benefits Claims, Javier J. Diaz Nov 2015

Illusory Rights Under The Arbitrary And Capricious Standard: Adding Remedial Safeguards To The Judicial Standard Of Review Beyond Erisa Denial Of Benefits Claims, Javier J. Diaz

Seton Hall Circuit Review

No abstract provided.


We Wouldn’T Be Here If It Weren’T For Them: Encouraging Family Caregiving Of Indigent Parents Through Filial Responsibility Laws, Katie Sisaket Sep 2015

We Wouldn’T Be Here If It Weren’T For Them: Encouraging Family Caregiving Of Indigent Parents Through Filial Responsibility Laws, Katie Sisaket

Journal of Public Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Anti-Fraud Provisions Of The Securities Act; Erisa; Pension Plans; Section 17(A) Private Right Of Action; Daniel V. International Brotherhood Of Teamsters, Marlene P. Emery, Barbara M. Heinzerling Aug 2015

Anti-Fraud Provisions Of The Securities Act; Erisa; Pension Plans; Section 17(A) Private Right Of Action; Daniel V. International Brotherhood Of Teamsters, Marlene P. Emery, Barbara M. Heinzerling

Akron Law Review

In Daniel v. International Brotherhood of Teamsters the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals held that the federal securities laws apply to disclosure of information regarding employee pension and profit sharing plans. In an era when disclosure of information has become mandatory and commonplace, it is not surprising that relevant information on pension plans should be disclosed to employees. The important aspect of this case is that disclosure was required under the anti-fraud provisions of the federal securities laws, rather than under the provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA). Questions concerning the Securities and Exchange Commission's jurisdiction ...


Securities Laws Implications For Savings Associations Acting As Trustees For Ira's And Keoghs Aug 2015

Securities Laws Implications For Savings Associations Acting As Trustees For Ira's And Keoghs

Akron Law Review

This article will focus on the major problem area which has resulted from the above legislation. That problem is whether or not a savings association must register with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pursuant to the Securities Act of 1931 or the Investment Company Act of 1940, as a consequence of acting as trustee for an IRA or Keogh plan.


Disqualitifcation Of Employee Retirement Plans: The Wrong Remedy, William J. Rands Jul 2015

Disqualitifcation Of Employee Retirement Plans: The Wrong Remedy, William J. Rands

Akron Law Review

Yet Congress failed to extirpate from the tax laws the sanction of disqualifying an employee retirement plan. Not only has disqualification been described as being "draconian" and "harsh," but it has also been noted that it results in "tragedy," "penalizes the covered employees who have no part in the wrongdoing,"6 and frustrates the legislative purpose of encouraging the establishment and maintenance of employee retirement plans. The imposition of this sanction is nonsensical: the tax consequences devastate the financial security of employees whose future depends on the retirement income they will receive from their employers' plans. This article will discuss ...


Post-Norris Ambiguities: Unanswered Questions For Women And The Pension Industry, T. Timothy Ryan Jr., Paula A. Rock Jul 2015

Post-Norris Ambiguities: Unanswered Questions For Women And The Pension Industry, T. Timothy Ryan Jr., Paula A. Rock

Akron Law Review

On April 25, 1978, the United States Supreme Court decided Los Angeles Department of Water and Power v. Manhart in a way that was bound to have a profound effect on the pension industry. The division of opinion in the Manhart Court was indicative of the difficulty of the question presented. In Part I, this article examines the Court's findings in Manhart, as well as its conclusions in a more recent case, Arizona Governing Committee v. Norris, in which the Supreme Court extended its Manhart holding in a way bound to have an equally significant impact on pension programs ...


Retiree Welfare Benefits: Erisa, Lmra And The Federal Common Law, Frances Figetakis Jul 2015

Retiree Welfare Benefits: Erisa, Lmra And The Federal Common Law, Frances Figetakis

Akron Law Review

Part I of this comment will examine the applicable statutory law in this area. Part II will examine the developing body of federal case law. Part III will address the underlying policy concerns in conjunction with already established precedent to provide insight into what the law in this area should be.


The Separation Of Intelligence And Control: Retirement Savings And The Limits Of Soft Paternalism, Jacob Hale Russell Feb 2015

The Separation Of Intelligence And Control: Retirement Savings And The Limits Of Soft Paternalism, Jacob Hale Russell

William & Mary Business Law Review

“Soft paternalism” is in vogue among academics and lawmakers, but too much is being asked of it. This Article studies soft paternalist techniques—including nudging and disclosure—which have been used in the employersponsored retirement system. Defined-contribution retirement plans represent an ideal test case for libertarian paternalism: there has been extensive experimentation, and nudge advocates have often held up such plans as successes. In particular, this Article focuses on investment allocation decisions in retirement portfolios, and suggests that we should be skeptical of the ability of soft paternalism to improve those decisions. When a domain is rife with conflicts of ...


Who’S Afraid Of Good Governance? State Fiscal Crises, Public Pension Underfunding, And The Resistance To Governance Reform, Thomas J. Fitzpatrick, Amy B. Monahan Feb 2015

Who’S Afraid Of Good Governance? State Fiscal Crises, Public Pension Underfunding, And The Resistance To Governance Reform, Thomas J. Fitzpatrick, Amy B. Monahan

Florida Law Review

Much attention has been paid to the significant underfunding of many state and local employee pension plans, as well as to efforts by states and cities to alleviate that underfunding by modifying the benefits provided to workers. Yet relatively little attention has been paid to the systemic causes of such financial distress—such as chronic underfunding that shifts financial burdens to future taxpayers, and governance rules that may reduce the likelihood that a plan’s trustees will make optimal investment decisions. This Article presents the results of a qualitative study of the funding and governance provisions of twelve public pension ...