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Full-Text Articles in Legal History

Meade V. Dennistone: The Naacp's Test Case To "...Sue Jim Crow Out Of Maryland With The Fourteenth Amendment.", Garrett Power Sep 2009

Meade V. Dennistone: The Naacp's Test Case To "...Sue Jim Crow Out Of Maryland With The Fourteenth Amendment.", Garrett Power

Garrett Power

In 1936, Edmond D. Meade, an African-American pastor at Israel Baptist Church in Baltimore, contracted to purchase a home in an almost exclusively white block of Baltimore City. Meade’s purchase was followed by a suit by the white residents to block the use of the home by the new buyers. This work examines the legacy of Meade v. Dennistone, the effect of the decision on “free market forces” and concludes by considering the impact of the decision – and the community response – on the final judicial rejection of the “separate but equal” treatment of the races.


Constitutional Limitations On Land Use Controls, Environmental Regulations And Governmental Exactions, 2007, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Constitutional Limitations On Land Use Controls, Environmental Regulations And Governmental Exactions, 2007, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

Constitutional Limitations on Land Use Controls, Environmental Regulations and Governmental Exactions (2007) is electronically published in a searchable PDF format as a part of the E-scholarship Repository of the University of Maryland School of Law. It is an “open content” casebook intended for classroom use in Land Use Control and Environmental Law courses. It consists of cases carefully selected from the two hundred years of American constitutional history which address the clash between public sovereignty and private property. The text consists of non-copyrighted material and professors and students are free to use it in whole or part. The author requests ...


Calvert Versus Carroll: The Quit-Rent Controversy Between Maryland's Founding Families, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Calvert Versus Carroll: The Quit-Rent Controversy Between Maryland's Founding Families, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

This essay examines the historical background behind the 1826 U.S. Supreme Court case of Cassell v. Carroll. The legal merits in the case concerned arcane questions of feudal property law which the Court avoided and left unanswered. Today the case is of little jurisprudential significance. It is the historical record behind Cassell v. Carroll that tells a story that continues to be of interest and importance today. It provides a window on the economic and social life in provincial Maryland. It tells the tale of two dysfunctional dynasties—the Barons of Baltimore (the Calverts), who lost their faith, their ...


The Residential Segregation Of Baltimore's Jews: Restrictive Covenants Or Gentlemen's Agreement?, Garrett Power Sep 2009

The Residential Segregation Of Baltimore's Jews: Restrictive Covenants Or Gentlemen's Agreement?, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


More About Oysters Than You Wanted To Know, Garrett Power Sep 2009

More About Oysters Than You Wanted To Know, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


High Society: The Building Height Limitation On Baltimore's Mt. Vernon Place, Garrett Power Sep 2009

High Society: The Building Height Limitation On Baltimore's Mt. Vernon Place, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

The "Anti Skyscraper" Law of 1904 is often described as Maryland's first zoning law and one of the first zoning laws in the United States. But there is more. Behind this dusty statute is a story of speculation, selfishness, collusion and changing social values, which takes a century and a half to unfold and which has something to say about the role of government in regulating the use of land.


Chesapeake Bay Oysters: Legal Theses On Exotic Species, Garrett Power, Thomas B. Lewis Sep 2009

Chesapeake Bay Oysters: Legal Theses On Exotic Species, Garrett Power, Thomas B. Lewis

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


Deconstructing The Slums Of Baltimore, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Deconstructing The Slums Of Baltimore, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


The Case Of The 1989 Bordeaux, Garrett Power Sep 2009

The Case Of The 1989 Bordeaux, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


Entail In Two Cities: A Comparative Study Of Long Term Leases In Birmingham, England And Baltimore, Maryland 1700-1900, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Entail In Two Cities: A Comparative Study Of Long Term Leases In Birmingham, England And Baltimore, Maryland 1700-1900, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

Urban planning is often thought of as a conscious collection of governmental choices made as to the shape and social structure of the city. Thoughtful and forward looking public policies are viewed as mapping out the future. Overlooked or understated in this estimation are the less purposeful influences on the urban morphology and city sociology. This paper examines one such influence, land tenure, by taking a comparative look at the residential development of Birmingham, England, and Baltimore, Maryland, between 1700 and 1900. Birmingham and Baltimore both housed their working class populations in densely-packed dwellings with shared party walls. And both ...


Apartheid Baltimore Style: The Residential Segregation Ordinances Of 1910-1913, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Apartheid Baltimore Style: The Residential Segregation Ordinances Of 1910-1913, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

On May 15, 1911, Baltimore Mayor J. Barry Mahool signed into law an ordinance for “preserving the peace, preventing conflict and ill feeling between the white and colored races in Baltimore City.” This ordinance provided for the use of separate blocks by African American and whites and was the first such law in the nation directly aimed at segregating black and white homeowners. This article considers the historical significance of Baltimore’s first housing segregation law.


Advocates At Cross-Purposes: The Briefs On Behalf Of Zoning In The Supreme Court, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Advocates At Cross-Purposes: The Briefs On Behalf Of Zoning In The Supreme Court, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


The Unwisdom Of Allowing City Growth To Work Out Its Own Destiny, Garrett Power Sep 2009

The Unwisdom Of Allowing City Growth To Work Out Its Own Destiny, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


The Carpenter And The Crocodile, Garrett Power Sep 2009

The Carpenter And The Crocodile, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

Pre-revolutionary Baltimore Town grew rapidly in commerce and population. Its harbor on the Chesapeake Bay served a larger trading area than any other American seaport at the time. In the 17770s two young fortune seekers - Leonard Harbaugh, carpenter and Christopher Hughes, silversmith - arrived in Baltimore from Ireland. This paper explores the role that each played in developing Baltimore's physical, monetary and legal landscape.


Chesapeake Waters: Pollution, Public Health, And Public Opinion, 1607-1972, John Capper, Garrett Power, Frank Shivers Sep 2009

Chesapeake Waters: Pollution, Public Health, And Public Opinion, 1607-1972, John Capper, Garrett Power, Frank Shivers

Garrett Power

Preface The Chesapeake Bay is the most studied and best understood estuary in the United States. Yet, it is practically unexamined in the areas of the social sciences and the humanities. While millions of dollars have been spent on producing the thousands of studies that examine the physical, biological, chemical, and engineering aspects of the Bay, little attention has been given to understanding the political, cultural, and economic character of Bay governance. The relationship of the governments of Maryland and Virginia to the Bay is imperfectly documented. Government documents which do exist are scattered in various libraries in both states ...


Parceling Out Land In Baltimore, 1632-1796, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Parceling Out Land In Baltimore, 1632-1796, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


Public Service And Private Interests: A Chronicle Of The Professional Life Of Philip B. Perlman, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Public Service And Private Interests: A Chronicle Of The Professional Life Of Philip B. Perlman, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


Meade V. Dennistone: The Naacp's Test Case To "...Sue Jim Crow Out Of Maryland With The Fourteenth Amendment.", Garrett Power Sep 2009

Meade V. Dennistone: The Naacp's Test Case To "...Sue Jim Crow Out Of Maryland With The Fourteenth Amendment.", Garrett Power

Garrett Power

In 1936, Edmond D. Meade, an African-American pastor at Israel Baptist Church in Baltimore, contracted to purchase a home in an almost exclusively white block of Baltimore City. Meade’s purchase was followed by a suit by the white residents to block the use of the home by the new buyers. This work examines the legacy of Meade v. Dennistone, the effect of the decision on “free market forces” and concludes by considering the impact of the decision – and the community response – on the final judicial rejection of the “separate but equal” treatment of the races.


Pyrrhic Victory: Daniel Goldman's Defeat Of Zoning In The Maryland Court Of Appeals, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Pyrrhic Victory: Daniel Goldman's Defeat Of Zoning In The Maryland Court Of Appeals, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

Nowadays government regulation of the use of urban land is taken for granted. Such was not always the case. Some sixty years ago, the Maryland Court of Appeals held it unconstitutional for Zoning Commissioner J. Frank Crowther to deny a request for a permit to operate a tailor shop in the basement of a Eutaw Place home. This paper examines the case of Goldman v. Crowther. Goldman's story reads like a comic melodrama with a tragic ending. But the saga also illuminates the social condition - it sheds light and casts shadows on the practice of xenophobia, the nature of ...


Constitutional Limitations On Land Use Controls, Environmental Regulations And Governmental Exactions, 2007, Garrett Power Sep 2009

Constitutional Limitations On Land Use Controls, Environmental Regulations And Governmental Exactions, 2007, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

Constitutional Limitations on Land Use Controls, Environmental Regulations and Governmental Exactions (2007) is electronically published in a searchable PDF format as a part of the E-scholarship Repository of the University of Maryland School of Law. It is an “open content” casebook intended for classroom use in Land Use Control and Environmental Law courses. It consists of cases carefully selected from the two hundred years of American constitutional history which address the clash between public sovereignty and private property. The text consists of non-copyrighted material and professors and students are free to use it in whole or part. The author requests ...


The Fox In The Chicken Coop: The Regulatory Program Of The U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers, Garrett Power Sep 2009

The Fox In The Chicken Coop: The Regulatory Program Of The U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

No abstract provided.


United States V. Hatahley: A Legal Archaeology Case Study In Law And Racial Conflict, Debora L. Threedy Jan 2009

United States V. Hatahley: A Legal Archaeology Case Study In Law And Racial Conflict, Debora L. Threedy

American Indian Law Review

This article is a case study of United States v. Hatahley using the methodology of "legal archaeology" to reconstruct the historical, social, and economic context of the litigation. In 1953, a group of individual Navajos brought suit under the Federal Tort Claims Act for the destruction of over one hundred horses and burros. The first section of the article presents two contrasting narratives for the case. The first relates what we know about the case from the reported opinions, while the second locates the litigated case within the larger social context by examining the parties, the history of incidents culminating ...


Making Property Productive: Reorganizing Rights To Real And Equitable Estates In Britain, 1660 To 1830, Gary Richardson Dec 2008

Making Property Productive: Reorganizing Rights To Real And Equitable Estates In Britain, 1660 To 1830, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

Between 1660 and 1830, Parliament passed thousands of Acts restructuring rights to real and equitable estates. These estate Acts enabled individuals and families to sell, mortgage, lease, exchange and improve land previously bound by inheritance rules and other legal legacies. The loosening of these legal constraints facilitated the reallocation of land and resources towards higher-value uses. Data reveal correlations between estate Acts, urbanization and economic development during the decades surrounding the Industrial Revolution.


Ripe Standing Vines And The Jurisprudential Tasting Of Matured Legal Wines – And Law & Bananas: Property And Public Choice In The Permitting Process, Donald J. Kochan Dec 2008

Ripe Standing Vines And The Jurisprudential Tasting Of Matured Legal Wines – And Law & Bananas: Property And Public Choice In The Permitting Process, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

From produce to wine, we only consume things when they are ready. The courts are no different. That concept of “readiness” is how courts address cases and controversies as well. Justiciability doctrines, particularly ripeness, have a particularly important role in takings challenges to permitting decisions. The courts largely hold that a single permit denial does not give them enough information to evaluate whether the denial is in violation of law. As a result of this jurisprudential reality, regulators with discretion have an incentive to use their power to extract rents from those that need their permission. Non-justiciability of permit denials ...