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1997

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Articles 31 - 60 of 129

Full-Text Articles in Legal History

Justice George Sutherland And Economic Liberty: Constitutional Conservatism And The Problem Of Factions, 6 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 1 (1997), Samuel R. Olken Jan 1997

Justice George Sutherland And Economic Liberty: Constitutional Conservatism And The Problem Of Factions, 6 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 1 (1997), Samuel R. Olken

Faculty Scholarship

Most scholars have viewed Justice George Sutherland as a conservative jurist who opposed government regulation because of his adherence to laissez-faire economics and Social Darwinism, or because of his devotion to natural rights. In this Article, Professor Olken analyzes these widely held misperceptions of Justice Sutherland's economic liberty jurisprudence, which was based not on socio-economic theory, but on historical experience and common law. Justice Sutherland, consistent with the judicial conservatism of the Lochner era, wanted to protect individual rights from the whims of political factions and changing democratic majorities. The Lochner era differentiation between government regulations enacted for the ...


The Virginia Law Reporters Before 1880, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

The Virginia Law Reporters Before 1880, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

Who or what was meant by Gratt., Hen. & M., Gilm., and the other references to the older Virginia legal authorities? A cursory investigation revealed that the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century law reporters, whose reports bear their own names, include in their number men of the highest political and legal visibility, such as Thomas Jefferson and George Wythe, as well as persons who are very little known. This series of biographical sketches of the Virginia law reporters whose publications are cited by their own names, is organized according to the older custom. This volume brings together through their common interest in law ...


The Law Reports Of J. Singleton Diggs Of Lynchburg, Virginia, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

The Law Reports Of J. Singleton Diggs Of Lynchburg, Virginia, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

John Singleton Diggs practiced law in Lynchburg, and he served in the Senate of Virginia representing the City of Lynchburg and Campbell County from 1881 to 1887. He was then judge of the Corporation Court of the City of Lynchburg from 1888 to 1895. After that, he returned to the practice of law in Lynchburg. The first edition of Decisions of Judge J. Singleton Diggs of Corporation Court of Lynchburg, Va., was published without any mention of place or date of publication or of publisher or printer. The original edition of these five cases was 49 pages. It is now ...


Virginia Law Reports And Records, 1776-1800, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

Virginia Law Reports And Records, 1776-1800, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

In 1607 Virginia was settled by a London-based corporation, and the English settlers brought with them the municipal law and legal institutions of England. It was specifically required by the instructions to the Virginia Company that litigation was to be settled "as near to the common laws of England and the equity thereof as may be". In 1632 when commissioners were appointed to hold the monthly courts (later renamed the county courts), their commissions required them to execute the office of justice of the peace and to act "as near as may be after the laws of the realm of ...


An Informal History Of How Law Schools Evaluate Students, With A Predictable Emphasis On Law School Exams, Steve Sheppard Jan 1997

An Informal History Of How Law Schools Evaluate Students, With A Predictable Emphasis On Law School Exams, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

This story of the evolution of legal evaluations from the seventeenth century to the close of the twentieth depicts English influences on American law student evaluations, which have waned in the twentieth century with the advent of course-end examinations. Seventeenth- and eighteenth-century English examinations given to conclude a legal degree were relatively ceremonial exercises in which performance was often based on the demonstration of rote memory. As examination processes evolved, American law schools adopted essay evaluations from their English counterparts. Examinees in the nineteenth century were given a narrative, requiring the recognition of particularly appropriate legal doctrines, enunciation of the ...


Relativism, Reflective Equilibrium, And Justice, Justin Schwartz Jan 1997

Relativism, Reflective Equilibrium, And Justice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

THIS PAPER IS THE CO-WINNER OF THE FRED BERGER PRIZE IN PHILOSOPHY OF LAW FOR THE 1999 AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE BEST PUBLISHED PAPER IN THE PREVIOUS TWO YEARS.

The conflict between liberal legal theory and critical legal studies (CLS) is often framed as a matter of whether there is a theory of justice that the law should embody which all rational people could or must accept. In a divided society, the CLS critique of this view is overwhelming: there is no such justice that can command universal assent. But the liberal critique of CLS, that it degenerates into ...


Constituição, Soberania E Ditadura Em Carl Schmitt, Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior Jan 1997

Constituição, Soberania E Ditadura Em Carl Schmitt, Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior

Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior

On the basis of a reconstruction of Schmitt's decisionism and of the analysis of its effects on key terms of his conception like democracy, sovereignty and dictatorship, Schmitt'sthought is examined regarding his theoretical and practical positions on the constitutional issues of Weimar's Germany and of National-socialism. Special attention is given to how for him the unity and the hierarchy of the political powers and of the lae demand a strong State and a centralized command instead of a pluralistic balance.


History Of The Court Reporter In The Appellate Courts Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman Jan 1997

History Of The Court Reporter In The Appellate Courts Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman

Joel Fishman

Court reporters collect and publish the opinions of courts. In Pennsylvania, there have been court reporters in the appellate courts since the first set of court reports published in the eighteeth century down to the third quarter of the twentieth century. This article reviews the legislation and controversies surrounding the court reporters.


Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez And The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban, David B. Kopel, Glenn Harlan Reynolds Jan 1997

Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez And The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban, David B. Kopel, Glenn Harlan Reynolds

David B Kopel

In United States v. Lopez, the United States Supreme Court struck down the federal Gun Free School Zones law as not within congressional power to regulate interstate commerce. This article examines post-Lopez jurisprudence regarding the permissible scope of federal criminal law. Analyzing a wide variety of federal criminal laws challenged in post-Lopez cases (including arson, robbery, gun possession, drugs, violence against women, and abortion clinic disruption), the article shows how courts have followed or evaded Lopez. Studying the proposed federal ban on partial birth abortions, the article suggests that the ban is not a lawful exercise of Congress' interstate commerce ...


Baltimore Bound: Article Xiii, Section 1, "New Counties," Of The Maryland Constitution And The Baltimore City Annexation Acts Of 1888 And 1918, Michele Lefaivre Jan 1997

Baltimore Bound: Article Xiii, Section 1, "New Counties," Of The Maryland Constitution And The Baltimore City Annexation Acts Of 1888 And 1918, Michele Lefaivre

Legal History Publications

This paper examines the extension of Baltimore's boundaries in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century within the legal process which authorized it.


Real Revolution, Robert F. Nagel Jan 1997

Real Revolution, Robert F. Nagel

Articles

No abstract provided.


An Inquiry Into The Efficiency Of The Limited Liability Company: Of Theory Of The Firm And Regulatory Competition, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery Jan 1997

An Inquiry Into The Efficiency Of The Limited Liability Company: Of Theory Of The Firm And Regulatory Competition, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Colorado River Governance: Sharing Federal Authority As An Incentive To Create A New Institution, David H. Getches Jan 1997

Colorado River Governance: Sharing Federal Authority As An Incentive To Create A New Institution, David H. Getches

Articles

No abstract provided.


Public Choice And The Future Of Public-Choice-Influenced Scholarship, David A. Skeel Jr. Jan 1997

Public Choice And The Future Of Public-Choice-Influenced Scholarship, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Two Models Of Legal Principles, Stephen R. Perry Jan 1997

Two Models Of Legal Principles, Stephen R. Perry

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Recent Developments, An Appeal By Any Other Name: Congress's Empty Victory Over Habeas Rights--Felker V. Turpin, 116 S. Ct. 2333 (1996), Scott Moss Jan 1997

Recent Developments, An Appeal By Any Other Name: Congress's Empty Victory Over Habeas Rights--Felker V. Turpin, 116 S. Ct. 2333 (1996), Scott Moss

Articles

No abstract provided.


Methodological Interventions And The Slavery Cases; Or, Night-Thoughts Of A Legal Realist, Louise Weinberg Jan 1997

Methodological Interventions And The Slavery Cases; Or, Night-Thoughts Of A Legal Realist, Louise Weinberg

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Saints And Sinners: How Does Delaware Corporate Law Work?, Edward B. Rock Jan 1997

Saints And Sinners: How Does Delaware Corporate Law Work?, Edward B. Rock

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Review Of Reason And Rhetoric In The Philosophy Of Hobbes, Donald J. Herzog Jan 1997

Review Of Reason And Rhetoric In The Philosophy Of Hobbes, Donald J. Herzog

Reviews

In the 1960s, Quentin Skinner wrote a series of polemical if terse papers arguing that the conventional approach to the history of political theory was confused. Using Hobbes as something of a vehicle for his position, Skinner enunciated what is now well known as the "Cambridge" approach to political theory. He urged that we situate authors in their intellectual contexts so that we can isolate what is distinctive, perhaps subversive, in their use of language: only then, he argued, can we have any valid historical understanding on what they are doing in writing these weird books in the first place ...


Was The First Woman Hanged In North Carolina A "Battered Spouse?", Jeffrey P. Gray Jan 1997

Was The First Woman Hanged In North Carolina A "Battered Spouse?", Jeffrey P. Gray

Campbell Law Review

No abstract provided.


The New Economics Of Jurisdictional Competition: Devolutionary Federalism In A Second-Best World, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery Jan 1997

The New Economics Of Jurisdictional Competition: Devolutionary Federalism In A Second-Best World, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Unitary Executive During The First Half-Century, Steven G. Calabresi, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 1997

The Unitary Executive During The First Half-Century, Steven G. Calabresi, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Recent Supreme Court decisions and the impeachment of President Clinton has reinvigorated the debate over Congress’s authority to employ devices such as special counsels and independent agencies to restrict the President’s control over the administration of the law. The initial debate focused on whether the Constitution rejected the “executive by committee” employed by the Articles of the Confederation in favor of a “unitary executive,” in which all administrative authority is centralized in the President. More recently, the debate has begun to turn towards historical practices. Some scholars have suggested that independent agencies and special counsels have become such ...


In Sisterhood, Lisa C. Ikemoto Jan 1997

In Sisterhood, Lisa C. Ikemoto

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

A review of Where Is Your Body? by Mari Matsuda


Comment On Maccormick, William Ewald Jan 1997

Comment On Maccormick, William Ewald

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


On Death And Dworkin: A Critique Of His Theory Of Inviolability, Richard Stith Jan 1997

On Death And Dworkin: A Critique Of His Theory Of Inviolability, Richard Stith

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Virulence Of The National Appetite For Bogus Revelation, Kermit L. Hall Jan 1997

The Virulence Of The National Appetite For Bogus Revelation, Kermit L. Hall

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Legal Attack On Cost Containment Mechanisms: The Expansion Of Liability For Physicians And Managed Care Orgainizations, 31 J. Marshall L. Rev. 207 (1997), Allison Faber Walsh Jan 1997

Legal Attack On Cost Containment Mechanisms: The Expansion Of Liability For Physicians And Managed Care Orgainizations, 31 J. Marshall L. Rev. 207 (1997), Allison Faber Walsh

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Death Penalty And The Decline Of Liberalism, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 321 (1997), John R. Macarthur Jan 1997

The Death Penalty And The Decline Of Liberalism, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 321 (1997), John R. Macarthur

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


The New Commercial Code Of The Czech Republic, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 699 (1997), Josef Bejcek Jan 1997

The New Commercial Code Of The Czech Republic, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 699 (1997), Josef Bejcek

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Sixth Amendment: Protecting Defendants' Rights At The Expense Of Child Victims, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 767 (1997), Julie A. Anderson Jan 1997

The Sixth Amendment: Protecting Defendants' Rights At The Expense Of Child Victims, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 767 (1997), Julie A. Anderson

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.