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1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Legal History

The Concept Of Religion, Eduardo M. Peñalver Dec 1997

The Concept Of Religion, Eduardo M. Peñalver

Cornell Law Faculty Publications


Roman Law And The Armenian Draft Civil Code, Alan Watson Nov 1997

Roman Law And The Armenian Draft Civil Code, Alan Watson

Popular Media

Professor Watson served along with other eminent scholars as a consultant to the drafters of the Armenian Code. This article is condensed from his book: Ancient Law and Modern Understanding: At the Edges.


Curses, Oaths, Ordeals And Tials Of Animals, Alan Watson Sep 1997

Curses, Oaths, Ordeals And Tials Of Animals, Alan Watson

Scholarly Works

To the outsider, a foreign legal system may at times appear irrational, with a belief in the efficacy, usually with supernatural assistance, of curses, oaths and ordeals, and that animals may properly be punished, even restrained from anti-human behaviour, after a criminal trial. But caution must be exercised. There may be little real belief that the deity will intervene-for instance, that the ordeal will reveal guilt or innocence. Rather, the society may be faced with an intolerable problem, with no reasonable solution, and the participants may resort to extraordinary legal measures as a "Last Best Chance", or "The Second Best ...


The Origin Of The Appeal In America, Mary Sarah Bilder Jul 1997

The Origin Of The Appeal In America, Mary Sarah Bilder

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The appeal has been treated by academics as a mere legal procedure, possessing no particular significance. Indeed, for many years, legal scholars accepted the influential arguments of Professors Julius Goebel and Roscoe Pound that the appearance of the appeal in early American courts arose either from confusion about English common law legal procedures or was the result of colonial adaptation of English justice-of-the-peace practices. Professor Bilder challenges this conventional explanation of the origin of the appeal by locating the early American colonists within a transatlantic Western European legal culture. Professor Bilder's Article draws on recent work in cultural history ...


Are Housekeepers Like Judges?, Stephen P. Garvey Jul 1997

Are Housekeepers Like Judges?, Stephen P. Garvey

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

Professor Greenawalt proposes that we look at interpretation "from the bottom up." By taking a close look at informal relationships between an authority and his or her agent, and how the agent "faithfully performs" instructions within such relationships, he hopes to gain insight into the problems surrounding the interpretation of legal directives. The analysis of "faithful performance" in informal contexts which Professor Greenawalt presents in From the Bottom Up is the first step in a larger project. His next step is to see what lessons the interpretation of instructions in informal contexts has for law. This Comment tries to contribute ...


Limited-Domain Positivism As An Empirical Proposition, Stewart J. Schwab Jul 1997

Limited-Domain Positivism As An Empirical Proposition, Stewart J. Schwab

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

In his typically clear statement of a provocative thesis, Fred Schauer, along with his co-author, Virginia Wise, ask us to think about positivism in a new way. Their claim has two parts. First, Schauer and Wise redefine legal positivism as an empirical claim about the limited domain of information that legal decisionmakers use to make decisions. Second, they begin testing the extent to which our legal system in fact reflects this limited domain. Ironically, Schauer and Wise believe that positivism, so conceived, is "increasingly false." Thus, their two-part approach is, first, to declare that legal positivism should be conceived of ...


Recipe For Trouble: Some Thoughts On Meaning, Translation And Normative Theory, Michael C. Dorf Jun 1997

Recipe For Trouble: Some Thoughts On Meaning, Translation And Normative Theory, Michael C. Dorf

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Cathedral At Twenty-Five: Citations And Impressions, James E. Krier, Stewart J. Schwab May 1997

The Cathedral At Twenty-Five: Citations And Impressions, James E. Krier, Stewart J. Schwab

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

It was twenty-five years ago that Guido Calabresi and Douglas Melamed published their article on property rules, liability rules, and inalienability. Calabresi, then a law professor, later a dean, is now a federal judge. Melamed, formerly a student of Calabresi's, is now a seasoned Washington attorney. Their article—which, thanks to its subtitle, we shall call The Cathedral—has had a remarkable influence on our own thinking, as we tried to show in a recent paper.

This is not the place to rehash what we said then, but a summary might be in order. First, we demonstrated that the ...


Piercing Pareto Superiority: Real People And The Obligations Of Legal Theory, Jeffrey L. Harrison Apr 1997

Piercing Pareto Superiority: Real People And The Obligations Of Legal Theory, Jeffrey L. Harrison

UF Law Faculty Publications

This essay has two purposes. The first is to demonstrate that the appearance of mutual assent and Pareto Superiority are weak bases for enforcing agreements. Pareto Superiority, as unassailable as it may seem, is paper-thin and frequently based on illusions and a normatively meaningless assessment of what it means to be better off. The approach here is one of piercing Pareto Superiority in order to examine the human factors that may determine whether an agreement occurs and its distributive consequences. Relative deprivation is the instrument used. The second purpose is to suggest that it is the obligation of legal theory ...


The Student View Of Yale Law School 1883-1912: The Shingle, Maureen J. Arrigo Mar 1997

The Student View Of Yale Law School 1883-1912: The Shingle, Maureen J. Arrigo

Student Legal History Papers

During one twenty-year period, the graduating students of Yale Law School published books in which their views of the school (and to a small extent the faculty's views as well) were captured. This series of books - The Yale Shingle - was published from 1893 to 1912.

My goal in writing this paper is profile student life at Yale as reports in the Shingle. Its life spanned an important time in the school's history - a time of significant change.


Justice George Sutherland And Economic Liberty: Constitutional Conservatism And The Problem Of Factions, 6 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 1 (1997), Samuel R. Olken Jan 1997

Justice George Sutherland And Economic Liberty: Constitutional Conservatism And The Problem Of Factions, 6 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 1 (1997), Samuel R. Olken

Faculty Scholarship

Most scholars have viewed Justice George Sutherland as a conservative jurist who opposed government regulation because of his adherence to laissez-faire economics and Social Darwinism, or because of his devotion to natural rights. In this Article, Professor Olken analyzes these widely held misperceptions of Justice Sutherland's economic liberty jurisprudence, which was based not on socio-economic theory, but on historical experience and common law. Justice Sutherland, consistent with the judicial conservatism of the Lochner era, wanted to protect individual rights from the whims of political factions and changing democratic majorities. The Lochner era differentiation between government regulations enacted for the ...


The Virginia Law Reporters Before 1880, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

The Virginia Law Reporters Before 1880, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

Who or what was meant by Gratt., Hen. & M., Gilm., and the other references to the older Virginia legal authorities? A cursory investigation revealed that the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century law reporters, whose reports bear their own names, include in their number men of the highest political and legal visibility, such as Thomas Jefferson and George Wythe, as well as persons who are very little known. This series of biographical sketches of the Virginia law reporters whose publications are cited by their own names, is organized according to the older custom. This volume brings together through their common interest in law ...


The Law Reports Of J. Singleton Diggs Of Lynchburg, Virginia, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

The Law Reports Of J. Singleton Diggs Of Lynchburg, Virginia, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

John Singleton Diggs practiced law in Lynchburg, and he served in the Senate of Virginia representing the City of Lynchburg and Campbell County from 1881 to 1887. He was then judge of the Corporation Court of the City of Lynchburg from 1888 to 1895. After that, he returned to the practice of law in Lynchburg. The first edition of Decisions of Judge J. Singleton Diggs of Corporation Court of Lynchburg, Va., was published without any mention of place or date of publication or of publisher or printer. The original edition of these five cases was 49 pages. It is now ...


Virginia Law Reports And Records, 1776-1800, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

Virginia Law Reports And Records, 1776-1800, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

In 1607 Virginia was settled by a London-based corporation, and the English settlers brought with them the municipal law and legal institutions of England. It was specifically required by the instructions to the Virginia Company that litigation was to be settled "as near to the common laws of England and the equity thereof as may be". In 1632 when commissioners were appointed to hold the monthly courts (later renamed the county courts), their commissions required them to execute the office of justice of the peace and to act "as near as may be after the laws of the realm of ...


Baltimore Bound: Article Xiii, Section 1, "New Counties," Of The Maryland Constitution And The Baltimore City Annexation Acts Of 1888 And 1918, Michele Lefaivre Jan 1997

Baltimore Bound: Article Xiii, Section 1, "New Counties," Of The Maryland Constitution And The Baltimore City Annexation Acts Of 1888 And 1918, Michele Lefaivre

Legal History Publications

This paper examines the extension of Baltimore's boundaries in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century within the legal process which authorized it.


Real Revolution, Robert F. Nagel Jan 1997

Real Revolution, Robert F. Nagel

Articles

No abstract provided.


An Inquiry Into The Efficiency Of The Limited Liability Company: Of Theory Of The Firm And Regulatory Competition, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery Jan 1997

An Inquiry Into The Efficiency Of The Limited Liability Company: Of Theory Of The Firm And Regulatory Competition, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Colorado River Governance: Sharing Federal Authority As An Incentive To Create A New Institution, David H. Getches Jan 1997

Colorado River Governance: Sharing Federal Authority As An Incentive To Create A New Institution, David H. Getches

Articles

No abstract provided.


Public Choice And The Future Of Public-Choice-Influenced Scholarship, David A. Skeel Jr. Jan 1997

Public Choice And The Future Of Public-Choice-Influenced Scholarship, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Two Models Of Legal Principles, Stephen R. Perry Jan 1997

Two Models Of Legal Principles, Stephen R. Perry

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Recent Developments, An Appeal By Any Other Name: Congress's Empty Victory Over Habeas Rights--Felker V. Turpin, 116 S. Ct. 2333 (1996), Scott Moss Jan 1997

Recent Developments, An Appeal By Any Other Name: Congress's Empty Victory Over Habeas Rights--Felker V. Turpin, 116 S. Ct. 2333 (1996), Scott Moss

Articles

No abstract provided.


Saints And Sinners: How Does Delaware Corporate Law Work?, Edward B. Rock Jan 1997

Saints And Sinners: How Does Delaware Corporate Law Work?, Edward B. Rock

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Review Of Reason And Rhetoric In The Philosophy Of Hobbes, Donald J. Herzog Jan 1997

Review Of Reason And Rhetoric In The Philosophy Of Hobbes, Donald J. Herzog

Reviews

In the 1960s, Quentin Skinner wrote a series of polemical if terse papers arguing that the conventional approach to the history of political theory was confused. Using Hobbes as something of a vehicle for his position, Skinner enunciated what is now well known as the "Cambridge" approach to political theory. He urged that we situate authors in their intellectual contexts so that we can isolate what is distinctive, perhaps subversive, in their use of language: only then, he argued, can we have any valid historical understanding on what they are doing in writing these weird books in the first place ...


The New Economics Of Jurisdictional Competition: Devolutionary Federalism In A Second-Best World, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery Jan 1997

The New Economics Of Jurisdictional Competition: Devolutionary Federalism In A Second-Best World, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Unitary Executive During The First Half-Century, Steven G. Calabresi, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 1997

The Unitary Executive During The First Half-Century, Steven G. Calabresi, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Recent Supreme Court decisions and the impeachment of President Clinton has reinvigorated the debate over Congress’s authority to employ devices such as special counsels and independent agencies to restrict the President’s control over the administration of the law. The initial debate focused on whether the Constitution rejected the “executive by committee” employed by the Articles of the Confederation in favor of a “unitary executive,” in which all administrative authority is centralized in the President. More recently, the debate has begun to turn towards historical practices. Some scholars have suggested that independent agencies and special counsels have become such ...


Comment On Maccormick, William Ewald Jan 1997

Comment On Maccormick, William Ewald

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Lone Wolf, Principal Chief Of The Kiowas, To The Supreme Court Of The American Indian Nations, S. James Anaya Jan 1997

Brief Of Lone Wolf, Principal Chief Of The Kiowas, To The Supreme Court Of The American Indian Nations, S. James Anaya

Articles

No abstract provided.


Class Action Reform: Lessons From Securities Litigation, Jill E. Fisch Jan 1997

Class Action Reform: Lessons From Securities Litigation, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Political Alchemy, The Long Transition, And Law's Promised Empire: How July 1, 1997 Matters - And Doesn't Matter - In Hong Kong's Return To China, Jacques Delisle Jan 1997

Political Alchemy, The Long Transition, And Law's Promised Empire: How July 1, 1997 Matters - And Doesn't Matter - In Hong Kong's Return To China, Jacques Delisle

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Laws Of Complexity & The Complexity Of Laws: The Implications Of Computational Complexity Theory For The Law, Eric Kades Jan 1997

The Laws Of Complexity & The Complexity Of Laws: The Implications Of Computational Complexity Theory For The Law, Eric Kades

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.