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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Legal History

Equal Protection, Class Legislation, And Colorblindness, Melissa L. Saunders Nov 1997

Equal Protection, Class Legislation, And Colorblindness, Melissa L. Saunders

Michigan Law Review

Scholars and judges have long assumed that the Equal Protection Clause is concerned only with state action that has the effect of singling out certain persons or groups of persons for special benefits or burdens. Under the traditional doctrinal framework, state action that has this purpose and effect bears a certain burden of justification under the clause, a burden whose stringency varies, depending on the criteria used to define the class being singled out for special treatment and the importance of the interest affected. But state action that lacks such a "discriminatory effect" is not, on the traditional understanding, subject ...


Are Housekeepers Like Judges?, Stephen P. Garvey Jul 1997

Are Housekeepers Like Judges?, Stephen P. Garvey

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

Professor Greenawalt proposes that we look at interpretation "from the bottom up." By taking a close look at informal relationships between an authority and his or her agent, and how the agent "faithfully performs" instructions within such relationships, he hopes to gain insight into the problems surrounding the interpretation of legal directives. The analysis of "faithful performance" in informal contexts which Professor Greenawalt presents in From the Bottom Up is the first step in a larger project. His next step is to see what lessons the interpretation of instructions in informal contexts has for law. This Comment tries to contribute ...


History Of The Court Reporter In The Appellate Courts Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman Jan 1997

History Of The Court Reporter In The Appellate Courts Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman

Joel Fishman

Court reporters collect and publish the opinions of courts. In Pennsylvania, there have been court reporters in the appellate courts since the first set of court reports published in the eighteeth century down to the third quarter of the twentieth century. This article reviews the legislation and controversies surrounding the court reporters.


Public Choice And The Future Of Public-Choice-Influenced Scholarship, David A. Skeel Jr. Jan 1997

Public Choice And The Future Of Public-Choice-Influenced Scholarship, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Desegregating The Adoptive Family: In Support Of The Adoption Antidiscrimination Act Of 1955, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 593 (1997), Rebecca Varan Jan 1997

Desegregating The Adoptive Family: In Support Of The Adoption Antidiscrimination Act Of 1955, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 593 (1997), Rebecca Varan

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Embattled Social Utilities Of The Endangered Species Act - A Noah Presumption And Caution Against Putting Gasmasks On The Canaries In The Coalmine, Zygmunt J.B. Plater Jan 1997

The Embattled Social Utilities Of The Endangered Species Act - A Noah Presumption And Caution Against Putting Gasmasks On The Canaries In The Coalmine, Zygmunt J.B. Plater

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is once again poised at the brink of what could become an illuminating national debate. The Act’s congressional reauthorization process is likely to provide the first major indicator of what the 105th Congress will or won’t do to environmental law generally. From the turbulent past and present of the ESA, this essay offers some reminders for the impending battles over the Act.


Welfare Reform: An Historical Overview, Richard K. Caputo Jan 1997

Welfare Reform: An Historical Overview, Richard K. Caputo

Richmond Journal of Law and the Public Interest

This essay provides an historical overview of welfare reform efforts prior to enactment of The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 by the 104th Congress. The author argues that the 1996 Act reaffirmed the labor market as the major arbiter of economic well-being of American citizens. In so doing, passage of the Act signified the formal end of income maintenance for able-bodied parents and released the federal government from assuming major responsibility for reducing poverty per se.


Reluctant Charity: Poor Laws In The Original Thirteen States, William P. Quigley Jan 1997

Reluctant Charity: Poor Laws In The Original Thirteen States, William P. Quigley

University of Richmond Law Review

The poor laws of the original thirteen states can best be described as reluctant public charity. Assistance was provided to some of the poor but, when provided, was strictly rationed to those local residents considered worthy of help. Visitors, strangers and nonresident poor people were not helped and were legally run out of town. Poor relief for the locals was frequently given in ways that were demeaning and destructive to families. Poor people were always expected to work, and even poor children were taken from their families by the authorities and apprenticed to others. Poor adults that could work were ...


Welfare Reform: An Historical Overview, Richard K. Caputo Jan 1997

Welfare Reform: An Historical Overview, Richard K. Caputo

Richmond Public Interest Law Review

This essay provides an historical overview of welfare reform efforts prior to enactment of The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 by the 104th Congress. The author argues that the 1996 Act reaffirmed the labor market as the major arbiter of economic well-being of American citizens. In so doing, passage of the Act signified the formal end of income maintenance for able-bodied parents and released the federal government from assuming major responsibility for reducing poverty per se.


Federal Reserve: History, Purposes And Functions - An Analysis, Mukunda Lakshamanarao Jan 1997

Federal Reserve: History, Purposes And Functions - An Analysis, Mukunda Lakshamanarao

LLM Theses and Essays

On December 23, 1913, President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the Federal Reserve Act. With this law, Congress established a central banking system which would enable the world’s most powerful industrial nation to manage its money and credit more effectively than ever before. The political and legislative struggle to create the Federal Reserve System was long and often bitter, and this final product in 1913 was the result of a carefully crafted and somewhat tenuous political compromise between national and regional powers. Since its founding, the Federal Reserve System has evolved to meet the needs of a changing financial ...


The Misuse Of Tax Incentives To Align Management-Shareholder Interests, James R. Repetti Jan 1997

The Misuse Of Tax Incentives To Align Management-Shareholder Interests, James R. Repetti

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The U.S. tax system contains many provisions which are intended to align management of large publicly traded companies more closely to stockholders. This article shows that many of the tax provisions that have been adopted are of questionable effectiveness because they fail to address the complexities of stockholder-management relations in attempting to motivate management to act in the best interests of stockholders. The article proposes that rather than Congress attempting to identify the best way that it can use the tax system to motivate management, Congress should eliminate tax provisions which subsidize management's inefficiencies in order to encourage ...


Necessary And Proper, Randy E. Barnett Jan 1997

Necessary And Proper, Randy E. Barnett

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In this article, the author maintains that, if the courts are to hold Congress to the exercise of its enumerated powers, then they must come to grips with the congressional power: "To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof." While the Necessary and Proper Clause has long been used to greatly expand congressional power, he argues that, to the contrary, it provides a two-part standard against which all national ...


The Buck Stops Here: Illinois Criminalizes Support For International Terrorism, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 871 (1997), Victoria Meyerov Jan 1997

The Buck Stops Here: Illinois Criminalizes Support For International Terrorism, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 871 (1997), Victoria Meyerov

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Gacy V. Dahmer: An Informed Response, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 331 (1997), William J. Kunkle Jr. Jan 1997

Gacy V. Dahmer: An Informed Response, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 331 (1997), William J. Kunkle Jr.

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Habeas Corpus And The New Federalism After The Anti-Terrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act Of 1996, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 337 (1997), Marshall J. Hartman, Jeanette Nyden Jan 1997

Habeas Corpus And The New Federalism After The Anti-Terrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act Of 1996, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 337 (1997), Marshall J. Hartman, Jeanette Nyden

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


New Opportunities For Defense Attorneys: How Record Preservation Requirements After The New Habeas Bill Require Extensive And Exciting Trail Preparation, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 389 (1997), Andrea D. Lyon Jan 1997

New Opportunities For Defense Attorneys: How Record Preservation Requirements After The New Habeas Bill Require Extensive And Exciting Trail Preparation, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 389 (1997), Andrea D. Lyon

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reflections On A Quarter-Century Of Constitutional Regulation Of Capital Punishment, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 399 (1997), Joseph Bessetre, Stephen Bright, George Kendall, William Kunkle, Carol Steiker, Jordan Steiker Jan 1997

Reflections On A Quarter-Century Of Constitutional Regulation Of Capital Punishment, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 399 (1997), Joseph Bessetre, Stephen Bright, George Kendall, William Kunkle, Carol Steiker, Jordan Steiker

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Death Penalty: A Philosophical And Theological Perspective, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 463 (1997), Walter Berns, Nancy Bothne, William Bowers, Richard Dieter, Richard Land, James Lund, Austin Sarat Jan 1997

Death Penalty: A Philosophical And Theological Perspective, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 463 (1997), Walter Berns, Nancy Bothne, William Bowers, Richard Dieter, Richard Land, James Lund, Austin Sarat

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Intruders At The Death House: Limiting Third-Party Intervention In Executive Clemency, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 567 (1997), Daryl M. Schumacher Jan 1997

Intruders At The Death House: Limiting Third-Party Intervention In Executive Clemency, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 567 (1997), Daryl M. Schumacher

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


The New Commercial Code Of The Czech Republic, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 699 (1997), Josef Bejcek Jan 1997

The New Commercial Code Of The Czech Republic, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 699 (1997), Josef Bejcek

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


This Is Who Will Die When Doctors Are Allowed To Kill Their Patients, 31 J. Marshall L. Rev. 95 (1997), Michael Mcgonnigal Jan 1997

This Is Who Will Die When Doctors Are Allowed To Kill Their Patients, 31 J. Marshall L. Rev. 95 (1997), Michael Mcgonnigal

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Legal Attack On Cost Containment Mechanisms: The Expansion Of Liability For Physicians And Managed Care Orgainizations, 31 J. Marshall L. Rev. 207 (1997), Allison Faber Walsh Jan 1997

Legal Attack On Cost Containment Mechanisms: The Expansion Of Liability For Physicians And Managed Care Orgainizations, 31 J. Marshall L. Rev. 207 (1997), Allison Faber Walsh

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.