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Articles 451 - 475 of 475

Full-Text Articles in Legal History

Of Enchantment: The Passing Of The Ordeals And The Rise Of The Jury Trial, Trisha Olson Jan 2000

Of Enchantment: The Passing Of The Ordeals And The Rise Of The Jury Trial, Trisha Olson

Trisha Olson

No abstract provided.


Tussen Vrijheid En Grondrechten. Een Paradigmastrijd Met Blijvende Actualiteitswaarde, Serge Gutwirth, Paul De Hert Jan 2000

Tussen Vrijheid En Grondrechten. Een Paradigmastrijd Met Blijvende Actualiteitswaarde, Serge Gutwirth, Paul De Hert

Serge Gutwirth

Between freedom and rights. A paradigmatic strife of persistant actuality


All The Way Down The Slippery Slope: Gun Prohibition In England And Some Lessons For Civil Liberties In America, David B. Kopel, Joseph Olson Jan 1999

All The Way Down The Slippery Slope: Gun Prohibition In England And Some Lessons For Civil Liberties In America, David B. Kopel, Joseph Olson

David B Kopel

Whenever civil liberties issues are contested, proponents of greater restrictions often chide civil liberties defenders for being unwilling to offer moderate concessions. Frequently, persons advocating restrictions on civil liberties claim that the "moderate" restriction will not infringe the core civil liberty. When rights advocates raise the "slippery slope" argument, they are criticized for being excessively fearful. The goal of the article is to refine our understanding of "slippery slopes" by examining a case in which a civil liberty really did slide all the way down the slippery slope.

The right to arms in Great Britain was entirely unrestricted at the ...


Introducción Al Derecho Nuevo, Jorge Carlos Adame Jan 1999

Introducción Al Derecho Nuevo, Jorge Carlos Adame

Jorge Adame Goddard

No abstract provided.


Freedom To And Freedom From: A Response To Garvey And Armacost With A Tinge Of Legal Perfectionism, Steve Sheppard Jan 1998

Freedom To And Freedom From: A Response To Garvey And Armacost With A Tinge Of Legal Perfectionism, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

In his article Control Freaks, 47 Drake L. Rev. 1 (1998), Professor John Garvey offers a controversial explanation of how freedom works and why it is good, which is something the traditional American narrative of freedom assumes without attempting a further justification. Professor Garvey’s theory of freedom depends on freedom’s instrumental quality. Freedom is the mechanism that protects a citizen’s abilities to lead a good life and to act for moral purposes. Professor Garvey asserts that lawmakers must first evaluate the morality of an act before they decide whether it deserves protection. When an act does not ...


The Digests Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman Jan 1998

The Digests Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman

Joel Fishman

Pennsylvania has one of the largest collections of case law for which digests serve as an important research tool.


An Informal History Of How Law Schools Evaluate Students, With A Predictable Emphasis On Law School Exams, Steve Sheppard Jan 1997

An Informal History Of How Law Schools Evaluate Students, With A Predictable Emphasis On Law School Exams, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

This story of the evolution of legal evaluations from the seventeenth century to the close of the twentieth depicts English influences on American law student evaluations, which have waned in the twentieth century with the advent of course-end examinations. Seventeenth- and eighteenth-century English examinations given to conclude a legal degree were relatively ceremonial exercises in which performance was often based on the demonstration of rote memory. As examination processes evolved, American law schools adopted essay evaluations from their English counterparts. Examinees in the nineteenth century were given a narrative, requiring the recognition of particularly appropriate legal doctrines, enunciation of the ...


Relativism, Reflective Equilibrium, And Justice, Justin Schwartz Jan 1997

Relativism, Reflective Equilibrium, And Justice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

THIS PAPER IS THE CO-WINNER OF THE FRED BERGER PRIZE IN PHILOSOPHY OF LAW FOR THE 1999 AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE BEST PUBLISHED PAPER IN THE PREVIOUS TWO YEARS.

The conflict between liberal legal theory and critical legal studies (CLS) is often framed as a matter of whether there is a theory of justice that the law should embody which all rational people could or must accept. In a divided society, the CLS critique of this view is overwhelming: there is no such justice that can command universal assent. But the liberal critique of CLS, that it degenerates into ...


Constituição, Soberania E Ditadura Em Carl Schmitt, Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior Jan 1997

Constituição, Soberania E Ditadura Em Carl Schmitt, Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior

Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior

On the basis of a reconstruction of Schmitt's decisionism and of the analysis of its effects on key terms of his conception like democracy, sovereignty and dictatorship, Schmitt'sthought is examined regarding his theoretical and practical positions on the constitutional issues of Weimar's Germany and of National-socialism. Special attention is given to how for him the unity and the hierarchy of the political powers and of the lae demand a strong State and a centralized command instead of a pluralistic balance.


History Of The Court Reporter In The Appellate Courts Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman Jan 1997

History Of The Court Reporter In The Appellate Courts Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman

Joel Fishman

Court reporters collect and publish the opinions of courts. In Pennsylvania, there have been court reporters in the appellate courts since the first set of court reports published in the eighteeth century down to the third quarter of the twentieth century. This article reviews the legislation and controversies surrounding the court reporters.


Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez And The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban, David B. Kopel, Glenn Harlan Reynolds Jan 1997

Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez And The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban, David B. Kopel, Glenn Harlan Reynolds

David B Kopel

In United States v. Lopez, the United States Supreme Court struck down the federal Gun Free School Zones law as not within congressional power to regulate interstate commerce. This article examines post-Lopez jurisprudence regarding the permissible scope of federal criminal law. Analyzing a wide variety of federal criminal laws challenged in post-Lopez cases (including arson, robbery, gun possession, drugs, violence against women, and abortion clinic disruption), the article shows how courts have followed or evaded Lopez. Studying the proposed federal ban on partial birth abortions, the article suggests that the ban is not a lawful exercise of Congress' interstate commerce ...


Preventing A Reign Of Terror: Civil Liberties Implications Of Terrorism Legislation, David B. Kopel, Joseph Olson Jan 1996

Preventing A Reign Of Terror: Civil Liberties Implications Of Terrorism Legislation, David B. Kopel, Joseph Olson

David B Kopel

Domestic terrorism is not a reason to abrogate constitutional rights, argues this 101-page paper, which discusses the 1996 omnibus federal terrorism bill, and other terror proposals. Topics include: scope of the terrorism problem; Britain's mistaken response to terror; use of the military in law enforcement; the Internet; militias; wiretapping; the FBI; and federalizing local crime.


Rising Temperatures: Rising Tides, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson Jan 1996

Rising Temperatures: Rising Tides, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Transboundary environmental problems do not distinguish between political boundaries. Global warming is expected to cause thermal expansion of water and melt glaciers. Both are predicted to lead to a rise in sea level. We must enlarge our paradigms to encompass a global reality and reliance upon global participation.


The Religious Freedom Restoration Act: Responding To Smith; Reconsidering Reynolds, Keith Jaasma Jan 1995

The Religious Freedom Restoration Act: Responding To Smith; Reconsidering Reynolds, Keith Jaasma

Keith Jaasma

This comment examines the cae of Employment Division, Department of Human Resources of Oregon v. Smith, and Congress' response to that decision in the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA). The Comment further examines whether the Supreme Court's 1879 Decision in Reynolds v. United States, which upheld laws against polygamy in the Utah Territory, would continue to be viable in light of the RFRA and Free Excercise Clause cases that have been decided since.


The Reports Of The Supreme Court Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman Jan 1995

The Reports Of The Supreme Court Of Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman

Joel Fishman

This article reviews the history of the court reports of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court from mid-eighteenth century to present along with a bibliography of the reports.


Persona Humana Y Persona Jurídica, Jorge Carlos Adame Jan 1995

Persona Humana Y Persona Jurídica, Jorge Carlos Adame

Jorge Adame Goddard

No abstract provided.


The History Of Statutory Compilations In Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman Jan 1994

The History Of Statutory Compilations In Pennsylvania, Joel Fishman

Joel Fishman

This article deals with the history of both unofficial and official statutory compilations (chronological and topical) in Pennsylvania.


El Derecho A Contraer Matrimonio Indisoluble, Jorge Carlos Adame Jan 1994

El Derecho A Contraer Matrimonio Indisoluble, Jorge Carlos Adame

Jorge Adame Goddard

No abstract provided.


El Derecho Como Jurisprudencia, Jorge Carlos Adame Jan 1994

El Derecho Como Jurisprudencia, Jorge Carlos Adame

Jorge Adame Goddard

No abstract provided.


The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A standard problem with the objectivity of social scientific theory in particular is that it is either self-referential, in which case it seems to undermine itself as ideology, or self-excepting, which seem pragmatically self-refuting. Using the example of Marx and his theory of ideology, I show how self-referential theories that include themselves in their scope of explanation can be objective. Ideology may be roughly defined as belief distorted by class interest. I show how Marx thought that natural science was informed by class interest but not therefore necessarily ideology. Capitalists have an interest in understanding the natural world (to a ...


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


Las Obligaciones Del Vendedor En La Compraventa Internacional, Jorge Carlos Adame Jan 1993

Las Obligaciones Del Vendedor En La Compraventa Internacional, Jorge Carlos Adame

Jorge Adame Goddard

No abstract provided.


Análisis De La Ley De Asociaciones Religiosas Y Culto Público, Jorge Carlos Adame Jan 1993

Análisis De La Ley De Asociaciones Religiosas Y Culto Público, Jorge Carlos Adame

Jorge Adame Goddard

No abstract provided.


Las Reformas Constitucionales En Materia De Libertad Religiosa, Jorge Carlos Adame Jan 1992

Las Reformas Constitucionales En Materia De Libertad Religiosa, Jorge Carlos Adame

Jorge Adame Goddard

No abstract provided.


Nociones Generales De Derecho Procesal Civil, Edward Ivan Cueva Jan 1966

Nociones Generales De Derecho Procesal Civil, Edward Ivan Cueva

Edward Ivan Cueva

No abstract provided.