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2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 40

Full-Text Articles in Legal History

"Iussum" Y "Nominatio" En Las Adquisiciones A Través De Dependientes, Patricio Lazo Dec 2009

"Iussum" Y "Nominatio" En Las Adquisiciones A Través De Dependientes, Patricio Lazo

Patricio Lazo

Roman jurisprudence analysed the consequences of acquisition carried out by a common slave based on the following; the fact that either the slave acted under the iussum of one of his co-owners or that one of the co-owners expressely appointed him for that purpose (nominatio). Sabinian opinion, that finally prevailed in classic jurisprudence, was built based on this problem. This work studies the construction process of this prevailing opinion based on the analysis of jurisprudencial fragments that aims to show the most relevant landmarks in shaping the analysis structure of the problem, The author thinks that Salvius Iulianus' intervention is ...


Szerződésértelmezés Hermeneutika És Jogpolitika Között. A Contra Proferentem Szabály [Contract Interpretation Between Hermeneutics And Policy: The Contra Proferentem Rule], Péter Cserne Nov 2009

Szerződésértelmezés Hermeneutika És Jogpolitika Között. A Contra Proferentem Szabály [Contract Interpretation Between Hermeneutics And Policy: The Contra Proferentem Rule], Péter Cserne

Péter Cserne

This paper discusses why contract interpretation is substantially different from the interpretation of literary works and illustrates the argument with the analysis of the contra proferentem rule. It is a substantially revised version of my ‘Policy considerations in contract interpretation: the contra proferentem rule from a comparative law and economics perspective’ (2009)


Colpa E Legge Fra Oriente E Occidente, Pier Giuseppe Monateri Sep 2009

Colpa E Legge Fra Oriente E Occidente, Pier Giuseppe Monateri

Pier Giuseppe Monateri

The Fault and the Law between East and West. In this article Monateri traces an unpreviewed parallel between two absolutely western paradigms and two remarkably chinese thoughts. First a parallel between Carl Schmitt and Xun Zi when the latter writes that “The superior man is the source of the Law” Secondo economic analysis and Lao Zi theory of law a san emerging order not a predetermined one.


Rights, Race, And Manhood: The Spanish American War And Soldiers’ Quests For First Class American Citizenship, Julie Novkov Jun 2009

Rights, Race, And Manhood: The Spanish American War And Soldiers’ Quests For First Class American Citizenship, Julie Novkov

Julie Novkov

Unlike the Civil War and Reconstruction, the Spanish American War and the Philippine Resistance were not accompanied by significant rights advances for people of color. Rather, rights continued to flow in retrograde, with increased political and cultural repression. Men of color contributed substantially and formally to the war effort, with companies of black and Filipino soldiers serving in combat and many individual Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian men and male descendants of Asians serving as well. Nonetheless, they were unable to leverage service into successful claims to the rights of manhood. This paper explores these dynamics in the context of ...


Uma Agenda Para O Debate Sobre Interpretação E Direito, Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior May 2009

Uma Agenda Para O Debate Sobre Interpretação E Direito, Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior

Ronaldo Porto Macedo Junior

Publicação de artigo “Uma agenda para o debate sobre interpretação e direito”, junto a Catarina H.C. Barbieri. In Cadernos Direito GV.


Sacrifice And Civic Membership: The Case Of World War I, Julie Novkov Mar 2009

Sacrifice And Civic Membership: The Case Of World War I, Julie Novkov

Julie Novkov

In the Civil War and World War II, many men of color gained rights while women's rights were in retrograde. While World War I is not a perfect mirror image of the Civil War and World War II, it may make sense to think of World War I as reversing the polarities that were in operation in the two other major conflicts. To understand this dynamic, this paper will explore the kinds of claims that men of color and women made for rights based in forms of civic service and sacrifice, how those claims were met by various state ...


The Slave In The Window, Paul J. Du Plessis Jan 2009

The Slave In The Window, Paul J. Du Plessis

Paul J. du Plessis

This chapter investigates the law relating to the retention of movable property pledged as security for the repayment of a debt in Roman law. It argues that the evolution from pledge with possession (pignus) to pledge without possession (hypothec) may be linked to the complexity of retaining living movable property as real security.


What Oaths Meant To The Framers’ Generation: A Preliminary Sketch, Steve Sheppard Jan 2009

What Oaths Meant To The Framers’ Generation: A Preliminary Sketch, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

To the Framers’ generation, oaths of office were understood as commitments, both public and personal, which stemmed from a source of morality. Recent discussions have raised concerns over whether or not the closing phrase in many oaths of office, “so help me God,” demonstrates a possible preference by the Framers for religious leaders and commitments to God. Oaths are not only an acceptance of an office itself, but also the acceptance of the office’s obligations. While oaths state an office’s obligations generally, the obligations include all that could be reasonably inferred from the nature of the office, including ...


Justice Without Power Is Inefficient ; Power Without Justice Is Tyranny, Rajesh Deoli Jan 2009

Justice Without Power Is Inefficient ; Power Without Justice Is Tyranny, Rajesh Deoli

Rajesh Deoli

Power always pretends to be a dangerous thing only when it is exercised; juridically it is a matter of one’s liberty. Liberty begins where duty ends and it is the residue left untouched by Judges & Legislators on a matter. So there are mainly two types of liberties: 1.Which is recognized by law, for e.g. 'Parliamentary privileges’ in debates & ‘judicial privileges’, both connote the absence of a duty not to utter defamatory statements. Secondly: 2.which is not recognized by the law. So the limit over the power is needed i.e. Rule of law restraining such powers ...


Introducción Al Análisis Económico Del Derecho Administrativo / Introduction To Administrative Law And Economics, Andres Palacios Lleras Jan 2009

Introducción Al Análisis Económico Del Derecho Administrativo / Introduction To Administrative Law And Economics, Andres Palacios Lleras

Andrés Palacios Lleras

El estudio y la enseñanza del derecho administrativo colombiano dejan mucho que desear, especialmente en lo que respecta al estudio del derecho como fenómeno social. Éste tiende a ser presentado como un cuerpo de normas políticamente neutrales, construido a partir de categorías conceptuales muy abstractas, y coherente. Como resultado de ello, asume una posición “normativista” que ignora el contexto social en el que lleva a la producción e interpretación de las normas jurídicas. Este artículo sugiere que un cambio conceptual puede ser muy útil para “curar” al análisis del derecho administrativo de los males que lo aquejan. Sugiere que el ...


Competition Law And The Economy In The Russian Federation, 1990-2006, Reza Rajabiun Jan 2009

Competition Law And The Economy In The Russian Federation, 1990-2006, Reza Rajabiun

Reza Rajabiun

Most developing and transition countries adopted statutes prohibiting anticompetitive agreements and abusive practices during the 1980's and 1990's. The effectiveness of these laws is nevertheless widely debated. This paper contributes to the literature by conducting an event study of the adoption of Russian competition laws in the early years of transition, the subsequent economic developments and the legislative reform process of 2002-2006. An examination of the substantive prohibitions and enforcement data reveals that Russian competition laws relied on complex standards and imposed weak constraints on anticompetitive practices. The more recent shift to simpler and more predictable per se ...


Formação Da Comunidade Européia: Cristianismo E Democracia Na Declaração De Robert Schuman, Daniela Menengoti Ribeiro Jan 2009

Formação Da Comunidade Européia: Cristianismo E Democracia Na Declaração De Robert Schuman, Daniela Menengoti Ribeiro

Daniela Menengoti Ribeiro

This paper is intended to demonstrate the existing convergence between Christian-democratic thinking and its influence on the process of unification of Europe by bringing close together the discourses held by the politicians who founded the European Community, with the catholic leaders and allies of the Christian Democratic Party as protagonists. To achieve this goal, the first step is to illustrate the values and ideas that gave rise to the development of the European leaders’ thinking as a means of guaranteeing permanent peace through political and economic union. A second step consists in analyzing the social-Christian doctrine thinking regarding the construction ...


Tre Giuristi Perugini Cinquecenteschi: Giovan Paolo Lancellotti, Paolo Comitoli, Benincasio Benincasa, Adolfo Giuliani Jan 2009

Tre Giuristi Perugini Cinquecenteschi: Giovan Paolo Lancellotti, Paolo Comitoli, Benincasio Benincasa, Adolfo Giuliani

Adolfo Giuliani

Why did moral theology become such an important source of legal principles in the late 16th century? This paper argues that to begin to understand the pervasive moral transformation of those decades we need first to consider the ways by which those jurists confidently rewrote the boundaries between canon law, civil law and moral theology.
This paper is focused on the three jurists — a civilian, a canonist and a theologian — who shared the intellectual atmosphere of the university of Perugia between 16th and 17th century: Giovan Paolo Lancellotti, Paolo Comitoli and Benincasio Benincasa.
The full-text is available from my SSRN ...


Emprendimiento En Roma Antigua: De La Política Al Derecho, Patricio R. Lazo Jan 2009

Emprendimiento En Roma Antigua: De La Política Al Derecho, Patricio R. Lazo

Patricio Lazo

The Roman entrepreneurship is analysed from the perspective of the relationships among economics, politics, and law. The author describes some basic aspects of these relationships in Roman history, such as the recognised connection between the Punic Wars and exchange activities, the situation of internal Roman politics, and the connection between the development of the trade and its impact on aspects of the legal language and the origination of protection mechanisms, as legal actions. On this last point, the author studies in depth the hypothesis of the origin of actiones adiecticiae qualitatis and, specifically, the actio quod iiussu in the context ...


Rec. A: Fernández De Buján, Antonio. Jurisdicción Y Arbitraje En Derecho Romano. Madrid: Iustel, 2006. 241 Págs., Patricio Lazo Jan 2009

Rec. A: Fernández De Buján, Antonio. Jurisdicción Y Arbitraje En Derecho Romano. Madrid: Iustel, 2006. 241 Págs., Patricio Lazo

Patricio Lazo

No abstract provided.


South East Europe's Electricity Sector: Attractions, Obstacles And Challenges Of Europeanisation, Laura Deitz, Lindsay J. Stirton, Kathryn Wright Jan 2009

South East Europe's Electricity Sector: Attractions, Obstacles And Challenges Of Europeanisation, Laura Deitz, Lindsay J. Stirton, Kathryn Wright

Lindsay J Stirton Ph.D.

The Energy Community is a bold experiment in integration, creating a regional energy market between the European Union and nine South East European partners – Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and the United Nations Mission on behalf of Kosovo. This paper examines the challenges posed by the application of the EU model of energy regulation and the acquis communautaire, and the ability of States to meet those challenges. An investigation of governance in the countries of South East Europe (SEE), including analysis based on the World Bank's Worldwide Governance Indicators, suggests a ...


Beyond The "Inherited Model": Public Service Bargains In The Commonwealth Caribbean, Lindsay J. Stirton Ph.D., Martin C. Lodge Phd Jan 2009

Beyond The "Inherited Model": Public Service Bargains In The Commonwealth Caribbean, Lindsay J. Stirton Ph.D., Martin C. Lodge Phd

Lindsay J Stirton Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Argonauts Of The Eastern Mediterranean: Legal Transplants And Signaling, Assaf Likhovski Jan 2009

Argonauts Of The Eastern Mediterranean: Legal Transplants And Signaling, Assaf Likhovski

Assaf Likhovski

This Article tells the story of two legal cooperation projects established by the Israeli Ministry of Justice in the 1950s and 1960s. The Article argues that the history of these projects can suggest a new way of understanding the process of legal transplantation. Much of the literature on legal transplants focuses on the legal norms transplanted.

This Article seeks to shift the focus of the debate from a discussion of the legal norms transplanted to a discussion of the social acts involved in the process of transplantation. The Article argues that while transplantation may be motivated by practical considerations,such ...


Human Rights And Genocide: The Work Of Lauterpacht And Lemkin In Modern International Law, Part I, Ana Filipa Vrdoljak Jan 2009

Human Rights And Genocide: The Work Of Lauterpacht And Lemkin In Modern International Law, Part I, Ana Filipa Vrdoljak

Ana Filipa Vrdoljak

2008 marked the sixtieth anniversary of the adoption of the Genocide Convention and Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the UN General Assembly. These two instruments adopted and proclaimed by then newly formed world body on successive days, 9 and 10 December 1948 respectively, represent two sides of one coin. Born of the horrors of the 1930s and 40s, the United Nations Charter speaks of human rights and to the importance of the rule of law. The Genocide Convention and UDHR are integral to the pursuit of these aims.

The work of two international lawyers, Hersch Lauterpacht and Raphael Lemkin ...


Global Threads: Weaving The Rule Of Law And The Balance Of Legal Software, Gianluigi Palombella Jan 2009

Global Threads: Weaving The Rule Of Law And The Balance Of Legal Software, Gianluigi Palombella

Gianluigi Palombella

The article shows how the global legal sphere attempts to compensate the lack of a system (hardware) and faces the proliferation of legal normativities (software). The author elaborates on the role of the rule of law: after stressing the ambiguities and the contestability of its current uses in the confrontations between legal orders and regulatory regimes, it is explained that the persistence and promise of the rule of law in the global setting depend on the weaving of a set of meta-rules (a special kind of software) developed through various areas and sources of legalities in the international environment. Eventually ...


Érték És Valóság. Gondolatok A Jóerkölcsbe Ütköző Szerződések Semmisségét Kimondó Generális Klauzuláról [On The Good Morals Clause], Gergely Deli Ll.M (Nyu), Ph.D Jan 2009

Érték És Valóság. Gondolatok A Jóerkölcsbe Ütköző Szerződések Semmisségét Kimondó Generális Klauzuláról [On The Good Morals Clause], Gergely Deli Ll.M (Nyu), Ph.D

Gergely Deli LL.M (NYU), Ph.D

This book analyzes the good morals clause from historical and comparative (French, German, and Hungarian) aspects.


Recognition Of Overseas Same Sex Marriages: A Matter Of Equality And Sound Statutory Interpretation, Dr Leonardo J. Raznovich Jan 2009

Recognition Of Overseas Same Sex Marriages: A Matter Of Equality And Sound Statutory Interpretation, Dr Leonardo J. Raznovich

Dr Leonardo J Raznovich

It is accepted that the institution of marriage is more than economic benefits. The availability of marriage to same sex couples in eight western democratic jurisdictions exerts pressure on courts to consider the substance and ethical dimension of marriage across borders. This paper analyses the legal and ethical problems that exclusion of same sex couples from marriage generates in relation to equality and individual freedoms in a democratic society. The paper focuses on the particular case of overseas same sex married couples that seek to immigrate to England. Part I analyses the legal recognition of overseas same sex marriages under ...


Правовая Политика Советского Государства В Сфере Регулирования Научной Деятельности (1917-Конец 20-Х Годов), Leonid G. Berlyavskiy Jan 2009

Правовая Политика Советского Государства В Сфере Регулирования Научной Деятельности (1917-Конец 20-Х Годов), Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

The Soviet state legal policy bases in the sphere of the scientific activities regulation have been founded in 1917-1929. In statutory acts the subjects circle of the management boards in research activities has been defined. The legal policy was carried out by attraction of the scientific institutes, separate scientists to performance researches for the purpose of the substantiation, creation and strengthening the State-legal system. It was provided by means of legislative regulating the creation order of the state research institutes and high schools, processes of their interaction and regulation of the scientific activity itself, scientific researches financing out from the ...


The Original Meaning Of The Constitution's “Executive Vesting Clause”—Evidence From Eighteenth Century Drafting Practice, Robert G. Natelson Jan 2009

The Original Meaning Of The Constitution's “Executive Vesting Clause”—Evidence From Eighteenth Century Drafting Practice, Robert G. Natelson

Robert G. Natelson

Advocates of presidential power from the days of George Washington at least to the time of George W. Bush have claimed that the Constitution’s so-called “Executive Vesting Clause,” the first sentence of Article II, not only designates the President as chief executive, but also confers broad authority. Some commentators support that view, while others maintain that the President’s powers are limited to those enumerated elsewhere in the Constitution. This study addresses the previously-overlooked question of which interpretation is more consistent with contemporaneous drafting customs. It concludes that treating the “Executive Vesting Clause” as a mere designation is consistent ...


The Original Meaning Of The Privileges And Immunities Clause, Robert G. Natelson Jan 2009

The Original Meaning Of The Privileges And Immunities Clause, Robert G. Natelson

Robert G. Natelson

This article explains the meaning of the U.S. Constitution's Privileges and Immunities Clause of Article IV, as the Founders understood it. It explains that the terms "privileges" and "immunities" had well-understood content in 18th century law---as benefits created by government. The Clause protects states from discriminating against visitors as to the benefits of citizenship (such as access to the courts), but does not address "natural rights" such as freedom of speech and religion.


Introduction, Robert Tennyson Jan 2009

Introduction, Robert Tennyson

Robert Tennyson

This is a study of the private legislative business of parliament between 1688 and 1774, the preconditions of its growth and the manner of its legitimization. Through the eighteenth century, the products of parliament’s private business increasingly impacted the lives of Englishmen, at every rung on the social ladder. Yet, despite the number, variety and extent of these proposals passing through parliament and sanctioned by its private legislation, our understanding of this critical aspect of parliament’s agency in the eighteenth century is remarkably underdeveloped. This study endeavors to extend our understanding of this business through a detailed examination ...


How Earl Warren Previewed Today’S Civil Liberties Debate—And Got It Right In The End, Sandhya Ramadas Jan 2009

How Earl Warren Previewed Today’S Civil Liberties Debate—And Got It Right In The End, Sandhya Ramadas

Sandhya Ramadas

Earl Warren is revered for his tenure as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court and for his legacy as the icon of American civil liberties, but a dark moment lurked in his past. In late 1941 and early 1942, as the Attorney General of California, Warren confronted a host of difficult questions involving constitutional law, civil liberties, and race relations. With the United States still reeling from the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and with the dawn of the involvement of American combat troops in World War II, Warren advocated for the relocation and internment of both Japanese Americans ...


Full Faith And Credit In The Early Congress, Stephen E. Sachs Jan 2009

Full Faith And Credit In The Early Congress, Stephen E. Sachs

Stephen E. Sachs

After more than 200 years, the Full Faith and Credit Clause remains poorly understood. The Clause first issues a self-executing command (that "Full Faith and Credit shall be given"), and then empowers Congress to prescribe the manner of proof and the "Effect" of state records in other states. But if states must accord each other full faith and credit-and if nothing could be more than full-then what "Effect" could Congress give state records that they wouldn't have already? And conversely, how could Congress in any way reduce or alter the faith and credit that is due? This Article seeks ...


Obama O Los Contrastes De La Última Gran Estrategia Liberal. Apuntes Sobre Derecho Y Política Internacional, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral Jan 2009

Obama O Los Contrastes De La Última Gran Estrategia Liberal. Apuntes Sobre Derecho Y Política Internacional, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral

Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral, Ph.D.

Exceptionally not grounded on the rhetorical penetration of the great theoretical schemes of international relations’ and foreign policy areas of academic knowledge, but relying, instead, on the juxtaposition of the new Obama Administration’s main electoral promises on foreign policy with a series of empirical data on the current state of the world, the aim of these remarks - written in the eve of the Presidential Election of November 2008 - is that of providisng the non-specialist with a down-to-Earth introductory background to the future of US’ foreign policy during Obama's presidency.


Deliberative Democracy And Weak Courts: Constitutional Design In Nascent Democracies, Edsel F. Tupaz Jan 2009

Deliberative Democracy And Weak Courts: Constitutional Design In Nascent Democracies, Edsel F. Tupaz

Edsel F Tupaz

This Article addresses the question of constitutional design in young and transitional democracies. It argues for the adoption of a “weak” form of judicial review, as opposed to “strong” review which typifies much of contemporary adjudication. It briefly describes how the dialogical strain of deliberative democratic theory might well constitute the normative predicate for systems of weak review. In doing so, the Article draws from various judicial practices, from European supranational tribunals to Canadian courts and even Indian jurisprudence. The Article concludes with the suggestion that no judicial apparatus other than the weak structure of judicial review can better incite ...