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2005

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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Legal History

The Common Law And The Constitution: John Locke And The Missing Link In Law, Steve Sheppard Nov 2005

The Common Law And The Constitution: John Locke And The Missing Link In Law, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

Locke's concept of rights influenced the Framers of the Constitution, which has increased the stakes in later interpretation of what Locke’s model of rights entailed. “Lockean rights” now suggests a perfect right unlimitable by the state in the public interest. Such a right is theoretically interesting, but it is not what Locke had in mind, and it was not the model of rights Madison, Jefferson, Hamilton, and other inherited from Locke's Second Treatise.

This paper was an initial reconstruction of Locke's model of a right, locating it within the legal culture of his time and place ...


Debate: La Revolución Jurídica Del Derecho Informático, Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño Jul 2005

Debate: La Revolución Jurídica Del Derecho Informático, Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Revisiting A Classic: Duncan Kennedy's Legal Education And The Reproduction Of Hierarchy The Ghost In The Law School: How Duncan Kennedy Caught The Hierarchy Zeitgeist But Missed The Point, Steve Sheppard Jan 2005

Revisiting A Classic: Duncan Kennedy's Legal Education And The Reproduction Of Hierarchy The Ghost In The Law School: How Duncan Kennedy Caught The Hierarchy Zeitgeist But Missed The Point, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

In his manifesto, Duncan Kennedy aptly identified hierarchies within legal scholarship and the legal profession, but his conclusion--hierarchies in law are wrong and must be resisted--is misplaced. Kennedy’s Legal Education and the Reproduction of Hierarchy: A Polemic Against the System, claims law schools breed a hierarchical system, where rank plays an important part in how law schools relate to each other; how faculty members relate to each other and to students; and how students relate to other students. This system trains students to accept and prepare for their place within the hierarchy of the legal profession. According to Kennedy ...


Officials' Obligations To Children: The Perfectionist Response To Liberals And Libertarians, Or Why Adult Rights Are Not Trumps Over The State Duty To Ensure Each Child's Education, Steve Sheppard Jan 2005

Officials' Obligations To Children: The Perfectionist Response To Liberals And Libertarians, Or Why Adult Rights Are Not Trumps Over The State Duty To Ensure Each Child's Education, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

Lawmakers must care more to educate children than to cater to their parents. While parents and the state both have roles in childhood development, the difficulty is finding the proper balance. Lawmakers must decide who should determine exposure of children to new and different ideas. Arguments that limit exposure to ideas should be pursued with the good of a child as the desired end, and not the means to some other end. These arguments fall into two categories: negative arguments and affirmative arguments. Affirmative arguments are less likely to be made with ulterior motives in mind. In the spirit of ...


The Laws Of War In The Pre-Dawn Light: Institutions And Obligations In Thucydides’ Peloponnesian War, Steve Sheppard Jan 2005

The Laws Of War In The Pre-Dawn Light: Institutions And Obligations In Thucydides’ Peloponnesian War, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

This Essay, in honor of Oscar Schachter, discusses Thucydides’ account of the Peloponnesian War, not only glimpsing into the events surrounding the conflict but also considering how the sparring greek city-states understood and manifested laws of war. This article describes numerous customs, practices, and procedures including respect for truces, ambassadors, heralds, trophies, and various forms of neutrality the ancients adhered to during times of conflict. The greek city-states and their warriors recognized and enforced obligations concerning a city-state’s right to war (jus ad bellum) and conduct in war (jus in bello). While the ancients’ laws of war were always ...


The Little Word "Due", Andrew T. Hyman Jan 2005

The Little Word "Due", Andrew T. Hyman

Andrew T. Hyman

The meaning of the Due Process Clause is investigated, with special emphasis on the little word "due." The author concludes that the text and structure of the Constitution --- as well as the intentions of the framers --- strongly support the view of the late Justice Hugo Black regarding the meaning of this Clause in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments. In the Constitution, due process means process due according to the law of the land, and a statute is part of the law of the land if it does not violate or undermine any other provision of the Constitution. Thus, the doctrines ...


Whose Europe? After The Constitution: A Goal Based Citizenship, Gianluigi Palombella Jan 2005

Whose Europe? After The Constitution: A Goal Based Citizenship, Gianluigi Palombella

Gianluigi Palombella

This article designed the scenario of a constitutional Europe after 2004 and the work of the Convention on a (proposed) Constitution. In particular it elaborated on the philosophical background and legal categorizations of a European citizenship, and exposed its added value and the innovative perspective that it should have prompted.


Federal Land Retention And The Constitution's Property Clause: The Original Understanding, Robert G. Natelson Jan 2005

Federal Land Retention And The Constitution's Property Clause: The Original Understanding, Robert G. Natelson

Robert G. Natelson

This article examines the original meaning of the Constitution's clauses authorizing federal land ownership. It finds that the power granted to Congress was broad enough to include land ownership for enumerated purposes, even without complying the procedures necessary for the creation of federal enclaves. But it finds that the power was not broad enough to include indefinite landholding for unenumerated purposes.


The Seller's Right To Cure A Failure To Perform In International Sales, Jonathan Yovel Jan 2005

The Seller's Right To Cure A Failure To Perform In International Sales, Jonathan Yovel

Jonathan Yovel

The right of a defaulting party to cure a non-performance under the condition that such cure does not create any – or at least any excessive – hardship for the aggrieved party, correlated by the aggrieved party’s obligation to receive such curative performance, has emerged as the single most innovative contribution of the Uniform Commercial Code to sales law in general. However, in comparative perspective the cure doctrine is by no means universal nor uniform. This study offers a construction of the meaning of contractual cure and in particular its relation to the aggrieved party’s power to terminate the contract ...


Filosofía Del Derecho. Teoría Global Del Derecho, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2005

Filosofía Del Derecho. Teoría Global Del Derecho, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


En Torno Al Concepto Romano De Ius En Juvencio Celso Hijo, O Brevísima Vindicación De La Importancia De Los Estudios Romanísticos Para El Jurista Actual, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2005

En Torno Al Concepto Romano De Ius En Juvencio Celso Hijo, O Brevísima Vindicación De La Importancia De Los Estudios Romanísticos Para El Jurista Actual, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Breves Notas Para El Estudio De La Historia De La Justicia En México. El Caso De La Súplica De La Sociedad Anónima ‘La Piedad’, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2005

Breves Notas Para El Estudio De La Historia De La Justicia En México. El Caso De La Súplica De La Sociedad Anónima ‘La Piedad’, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Orígenes, Desenvolvimiento, Crisis Y Alternativas De La Universidad Contemporánea, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2005

Orígenes, Desenvolvimiento, Crisis Y Alternativas De La Universidad Contemporánea, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Recepción De La Doctrina De Los Vínculos Más Estrechos En El Convenio De Roma Y En La Convención De México, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2005

Recepción De La Doctrina De Los Vínculos Más Estrechos En El Convenio De Roma Y En La Convención De México, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Los Valores De La Escuela Libre De Derecho. Tradición, Actualidad Y Perspectivas, Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño Jan 2005

Los Valores De La Escuela Libre De Derecho. Tradición, Actualidad Y Perspectivas, Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


The Scottish And English Religious Roots Of The American Right To Arms: Buchanan, Rutherford, Locke, Sidney, And The Duty To Overthrow Tyranny, David B. Kopel Jan 2005

The Scottish And English Religious Roots Of The American Right To Arms: Buchanan, Rutherford, Locke, Sidney, And The Duty To Overthrow Tyranny, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

Many twenty-first century Americans believe that they have a God-given right to possess arms as a last resort against tyranny. One of the most important sources of that belief is the struggle for freedom of conscience in the United Kingdom during the reigns of Elizabeth I and the Stuarts. A moral right and duty to use force against tyranny was explicated by the Scottish Presbyterians George Buchanan and Samuel Rutherford. The free-thinking English Christians John Locke and Algernon Sidney broadened and deepened the ideas of Buchanan and Rutherford. The result was a sophisticated defense of religious freedom, which was to ...


The Religious Roots Of The American Revolution And The Right To Keep And Bear Arms, David B. Kopel Jan 2005

The Religious Roots Of The American Revolution And The Right To Keep And Bear Arms, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

This article examines the religious background of the American Revolution. The article details how the particular religious beliefs of the American colonists developed so that the American people eventually came to believe that overthrowing King George and Parliament was a sacred obligation. The religious attitudes which impelled the Americans to armed revolution are an essential component of the American ideology of the right to keep and bear arms.


Under A Critical Race Theory Lens – Brown V. Board Of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone And Its Troubled Legacy, Carlo Pedrioli Jan 2005

Under A Critical Race Theory Lens – Brown V. Board Of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone And Its Troubled Legacy, Carlo Pedrioli

Carlo A. Pedrioli

This critical book review argues that James T. Patterson’s narrative in, "Brown v. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy," is a mostly balanced historical reflection. Here, the term balanced will refer to giving consideration to both the negative and positive aspects of the phenomenon in question. To advance its thesis, the book review initially offers an overview of Patterson’s historical narrative and evaluation of the Brown legacy. Then the book review analyzes Patterson’s conclusions through a Critical Race Theory lens. Given the focus of Critical Race Theory on race and the law ...


A Compreensão Jurídica Do Dever De Razoabilidade, Cássio Cavalli Jan 2005

A Compreensão Jurídica Do Dever De Razoabilidade, Cássio Cavalli

Cássio Cavalli

Este artigo desenvolve o tema da razoabilidade e identifica os distintos significados atribuídos ao termo em direito.