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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Legal History

Langdell And The Invention Of Legal Doctrine, Catharine Wells Dec 2011

Langdell And The Invention Of Legal Doctrine, Catharine Wells

Catharine P. Wells

This paper addresses two related questions. The first relates to Langdell and his development of a doctrinal theory of contract law. The substance and method of Langdell’s work has not been well understood and this paper uses a variety of historical materials to remedy this problem. It begins with a review of contract law prior to Langdell. Contract law at this time was in a very primitive state. The available treatises were confusing and the cases themselves offered little guidance for predicting future case outcomes. The paper then proceeds to examine Langdell’s method by describing certain logic texts ...


La Voluntad En Los Contratos De Adhesión: Sociología Y Crítica Jurídica, Con Énfasis En El Análisis Económico Del Derecho / The Consent Theory Critique And Standard Form Contracts In Civil Law (With Special Reference To Law And Economics), Andres Palacios Lleras Dec 2011

La Voluntad En Los Contratos De Adhesión: Sociología Y Crítica Jurídica, Con Énfasis En El Análisis Económico Del Derecho / The Consent Theory Critique And Standard Form Contracts In Civil Law (With Special Reference To Law And Economics), Andres Palacios Lleras

Andrés Palacios Lleras

El presente artículo tiene como propósito sugerir los elementos básicos para (re)construir una doctrina diferente sobre la interpretación de los contratos de adhesión en Colombia, basada en las ideas de Josserand y en literatura contemporánea sobre análisis económico del derecho. La tesis que se argumenta sugiere que dichos contratos deben interpretarse teniendo en mente tanto las característias cognitivas de los adherentes, como el desequilirio de poder negocial que subyace su relación con los oferentes, y sugiere que las normas potestativas sólo puedan ser cambiadas a favor de la parte adherente.

The purpose of this paper is to explore the ...


The Misuse Of Tax Incentives To Align Management-Shareholder Interests, James R. Repetti Oct 2011

The Misuse Of Tax Incentives To Align Management-Shareholder Interests, James R. Repetti

James R. Repetti

The U.S. tax system contains many provisions which are intended to align management of large publicly traded companies more closely to stockholders. This article shows that many of the tax provisions that have been adopted are of questionable effectiveness because they fail to address the complexities of stockholder-management relations in attempting to motivate management to act in the best interests of stockholders. The article proposes that rather than Congress attempting to identify the best way that it can use the tax system to motivate management, Congress should eliminate tax provisions which subsidize management's inefficiencies in order to encourage ...


Innovating Financial Law In The Early Modern Netherlands And Europe: Transfers Of Commercial Paper And Recourse Liability In Legislation And Ius Commune (Sixteenth-Eighteenth Centuries), Dave De Ruysscher Oct 2011

Innovating Financial Law In The Early Modern Netherlands And Europe: Transfers Of Commercial Paper And Recourse Liability In Legislation And Ius Commune (Sixteenth-Eighteenth Centuries), Dave De Ruysscher

Dave De ruysscher

In this contribution it is demonstrated how in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries Dutch rules concerning negotiable credit instruments (i.e., bills obligatory to bearer and bills of exchange) transformed financial law throughout the European continent. The Antwerp and Amsterdam authorities devised precepts of law on such issues that went against substantial principles of the academic ius commune. In the course of the seventeenth century, the former’s success brought about their insertion into financial legislation of German cities. This phenomenon came along with a new comparative approach of legislators in the whole of Europe, which was typical of that ...


Review Of Compact, Contract, Covenant: Aboriginal Treaty Making In Canada. By J.R. Miller., Sidney L. Harring Apr 2011

Review Of Compact, Contract, Covenant: Aboriginal Treaty Making In Canada. By J.R. Miller., Sidney L. Harring

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

In Canada, the term First Nations explicitly recognizes a nation-to-nation relationship between the Crown and the original inhabitants of North America that requires treaty making as the primary political and legal process for the taking of Indian lands and the incorporation of Indian nations into the multinational Canadian state. There are great political difficulties embodied in this process, including the continued impoverishment and marginalization of the First Nations, and the repeated failure of successive Canadian governments to carry out their responsibilities under these treaties, but the treaty process remains the required process. J.R. Miller, perhaps Canada's leading scholar ...


The Books And The Gavel: Law's Image And The Theory Of American Sublime, Pier Giuseppe Monateri Mar 2011

The Books And The Gavel: Law's Image And The Theory Of American Sublime, Pier Giuseppe Monateri

Pier Giuseppe Monateri

No abstract provided.


El Derecho De Sucesiones Se Debe Atemperar A Los Cambios De La Sociedad Del Siglo Xxi, Edward Ivan Cueva Feb 2011

El Derecho De Sucesiones Se Debe Atemperar A Los Cambios De La Sociedad Del Siglo Xxi, Edward Ivan Cueva

Edward Ivan Cueva

No abstract provided.


Innovation Cooperation: Energy Biosciences And Law, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson Jan 2011

Innovation Cooperation: Energy Biosciences And Law, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

This Article analyzes the development and dissemination of environmentally sound technologies that can address climate change. Climate change poses catastrophic health and security risks on a global scale. Universities, individual innovators, private firms, civil society, governments, and the United Nations can unite in the common goal to address climate change. This Article recommends means by which legal, scientific, engineering, and a host of other public and private actors can bring environmentally sound innovation into widespread use to achieve sustainable development. In particular, universities can facilitate this collaboration by fostering global innovation and diffusion networks.


Requirements Of A Valid Islamic Marriage Vis-À-Vis Requirements Of A Valid Customary Marriage In Nigeria, Olanike Sekinat Odewale Mrs Dec 2010

Requirements Of A Valid Islamic Marriage Vis-À-Vis Requirements Of A Valid Customary Marriage In Nigeria, Olanike Sekinat Odewale Mrs

Olanike Sekinat Adelakun

Marriage is a universal institution which is recognized and respected all over the world. As a social institution, marriage is founded on and governed by the social and religious norms of the society. Consequently, the sanctity of marriage is a well accepted principle in the world community .
Marriage could either be monogamous or polygamous in nature. A monogamous marriage has bee described as ‘…the voluntary union for life of one man and one woman to the exclusion of all others’ . A polygamous marriage on the other hand can be defined as a voluntary union for life of one man with ...


Through The Legal Looking Glass: Exploring The Concept Of Corporate Legal Strategy, Antoine Masson, Mary J. Shariff Dec 2010

Through The Legal Looking Glass: Exploring The Concept Of Corporate Legal Strategy, Antoine Masson, Mary J. Shariff

Mary J. Shariff

This paper sets out to examine various forms of legal strategies that have thus far been identified in the areas of litigation, corporate management and competition. The goal here is to identify and classify emerging approaches to legal strategy discussion in order to assist in the overall study of legal strategy theory as well as to assist in the development of an integrated and accurate definition of legal strategy from a law perspective.


Through The Legal Looking Glass: Exploring The Concept Of Corporate Legal Strategy, Antoine Masson, Mary J. Shariff Dec 2010

Through The Legal Looking Glass: Exploring The Concept Of Corporate Legal Strategy, Antoine Masson, Mary J. Shariff

Mary J. Shariff

This paper sets out to examine various forms of legal strategies that have thus far been identified in the areas of litigation, corporate management and competition. The goal here is to identify and classify emerging approaches to legal strategy discussion in order to assist in the overall study of legal strategy theory as well as to assist in the development of an integrated and accurate definition of legal strategy from a law perspective.


Duress, Péter Cserne Dec 2010

Duress, Péter Cserne

Péter Cserne

This chapter is to appear in Contact Law and Economics, part of the Elgar Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, 2nd ed. Its purpose is to provide an overview of the economic analyses of contractual duress. The focus is on the distinctive features of the economic perspective on the duress doctrine, as developed in the theoretical literature of law and economics. Along with the results of economic analysis, the legal background and some non-economic theories of duress are also briefly presented.