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Law and Race Commons

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2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Law and Race

Snyder V. Louisiana: Continuing The Historical Trend Towards Increased Scrutiny Of Peremptory Challenges, John P. Bringewatt Dec 2009

Snyder V. Louisiana: Continuing The Historical Trend Towards Increased Scrutiny Of Peremptory Challenges, John P. Bringewatt

Michigan Law Review

In March 2008, the Supreme Court decided Snyder v. Louisiana, the latest in the line of progeny of Batson v. Kentucky. This Note demonstrates that Snyder is part of a historical pattern of Supreme Court decisions concerning the use of peremptory challenges in which the Court has moved away from permitting the unfettered use of the peremptory challenge in favor of stronger Equal Protection considerations. Snyder alters the requirements for trial judges in deciding Batson challenges by requiring them to provide some explanation of their reasons for accepting a prosecutor's justification of a peremptory challenge. Snyder is the latest ...


Rethinking Minority Business Development Strategies, Robert E. Suggs Dec 2009

Rethinking Minority Business Development Strategies, Robert E. Suggs

Robert E. Suggs

Minority business set-asides were created as a prophylactic measure to redress discrimination against minority owned business firms. Predominantly minority jurisdictions found them especially attractive because they promised to provide minority firms a share of the procurement dollars expended by these jurisdictions. The Croson decision invalidated Richmond’s ordinance and posed substantial barriers to further enactments. This article proposes an alternative to such set-aides. It argues that the proposed alternative, an Equal Opportunity Rating Agency (EORA), provides a superior business development policy tool and does not have the constitutional vulnerabilities of set-asides. An EORA would operate much like a credit rating ...


Fourth Amendment Federalism And The Silencing Of The American Poor, Andrew E. Taslitz Dec 2009

Fourth Amendment Federalism And The Silencing Of The American Poor, Andrew E. Taslitz

Chicago-Kent Law Review

In Virginia v. Moore, police officers searched Moore incident to an arrest for a minor traffic infraction for which Virginia statutory law in fact prohibited arrest. The officers found cocaine on Moore's person, arresting him for that crime too. The United States Supreme Court ultimately found that the arrest for the traffic infraction and the subsequent search were valid under the federal Constitution's Fourth Amendment. Central to the Court's reasoning was its insistence that the state statute was irrelevant. Any contrary conclusion, explained the Court, would wrongly make the Fourth Amendment's meaning vary from place to ...


Speak Clearly And Carry A Big Stock Of Dollar Reserves: Sovereign Risk, Ideology, And Presidential Elections In Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, And Venezuela, Anthony Petros Spanakos, Lucio Remuzat Renno Junior Oct 2009

Speak Clearly And Carry A Big Stock Of Dollar Reserves: Sovereign Risk, Ideology, And Presidential Elections In Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, And Venezuela, Anthony Petros Spanakos, Lucio Remuzat Renno Junior

Department of Political Science and Law Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

Partisan theories of political economy expect that bondholders will panic with the election of a left-wing presidential candidate. The latter seems to be what happened in Brazil in the 2002 presidential elections. However, quantitative analysis of perceptions of sovereign credit risk in Argentine, Brazilian, Mexican, and Venezuelan presidential elections from 1994 until 2007 shows no real evidence of a link between partisanship and perceptions of risk, even if the left-right divide is further broken down into left, center-left, center-right, right. Instead, international and domestic economic fundamentals have a stronger influence on risk evaluations. Qualitative analysis of the individual presidential elections ...


The Declining Significance Of Presidential Races?, Angela Onwuachi-Willig, Osamudia James Oct 2009

The Declining Significance Of Presidential Races?, Angela Onwuachi-Willig, Osamudia James

Faculty Scholarship

This Symposium Essay examines the campaign that led up to the last presidential election to illuminate the complex interplay between race and class within our society. Specifically, it explores how race and class functioned together to disadvantage President Obama in the race to the White House (even as he ultimately won the election). Section II focuses on how Obama’s income, job status, and prestigious education functioned as markers of elitism during the campaign, even as compared to opponents with more elite and wealthier backgrounds, and how these factors were used as tools by his opponents to convince lower-class white ...


Celebrating Critical Race Theory At 20, Angela Onwuachi-Willig Jul 2009

Celebrating Critical Race Theory At 20, Angela Onwuachi-Willig

Faculty Scholarship

The year 2009 marks the twentieth anniversary of the first Critical Race Theory (CRT) workshop. On July 8, 1989, more than twenty scholars "who were interested in defining and elaborating on the lived reality of race, and who were open to the aspiration of developing theory" gathered together at a workshop in Madison, Wisconsin. 1 The 1989 workshop, which was spearheaded by Kimberle Crenshaw and organized by her, Neil Gotanda, and Stephanie Phillips, also included as its participants Anita Allen, Taunya Banks, Derrick Bell, Kevin Brown, Paulette Caldwell, John Calmore, Harlon Dalton, Richard Delgado, Linda Greene, Trina Grillo, Isabelle Gunning ...


Certificate: Appreciation To Rodney Hurst From Durkeeville Historical Society Jun 2009

Certificate: Appreciation To Rodney Hurst From Durkeeville Historical Society

Textual material from the Rodney Lawrence Hurst, Sr. Papers

Certificate of appreciation to Rodney Hurst for his valuable contributions to Durkeeville Historical Society Inc. June 27, 2009.


Commencement Address, Cuny School Of Law, Margaret E. Montoya May 2009

Commencement Address, Cuny School Of Law, Margaret E. Montoya

Faculty Scholarship

Who we are, how we see ourselves, how we want to be seen, what we value, how our memories connect us to specific histories in specific places — we communicate this information best through narratives. In Spanish we sometimes call such stories cuentos — an accounting. I encourage all of you to take time over the next few days to celebrate your graduation, this singular accomplishment of your lives, by accounting — by telling stories to those who have helped you, held you up, fed you, wiped your tears, paid your bills. Share your recollections.


Program: Jacksonville Historic Preservation Commission Preservation Awards May 2009

Program: Jacksonville Historic Preservation Commission Preservation Awards

Textual material from the Rodney Lawrence Hurst, Sr. Papers

Jacksonville Historical Preservation Commission awards held on May 1, 2009


Racist, Robert E. Steinbuch May 2009

Racist, Robert E. Steinbuch

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Indoor Brothel List By Senate District In Rhode Island, May 2009, Melanie Shapiro Esq, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Apr 2009

Indoor Brothel List By Senate District In Rhode Island, May 2009, Melanie Shapiro Esq, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Because of decriminalized prostitution, the number of places where there is indoor prostitution is rapidly increasing. The following is a partial list that demonstrates the escalating problem in Rhode Island, particularly since the Korean spa-brothels are known to be connected to Asian organized crime.


The First Integration Of The University Of Maryland School Of Law, David S. Bogen Apr 2009

The First Integration Of The University Of Maryland School Of Law, David S. Bogen

David S. Bogen

No abstract provided.


Conceptualizations Of Legalese In The Course Of Due Process, From Arrest To Plea Bargain: The Perspectives Of Disadvantaged Offenders, Shiv Narayan Persaud Apr 2009

Conceptualizations Of Legalese In The Course Of Due Process, From Arrest To Plea Bargain: The Perspectives Of Disadvantaged Offenders, Shiv Narayan Persaud

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Certificate Of Appreciation Presented To Rodney Hurst For Participation In The Enaable And Blue Cross Blue Shield Of Florida 2009 Black History Month Celebration Feb 2009

Certificate Of Appreciation Presented To Rodney Hurst For Participation In The Enaable And Blue Cross Blue Shield Of Florida 2009 Black History Month Celebration

Textual material from the Rodney Lawrence Hurst, Sr. Papers

A certificate presented to Rodney Hurst in appreciation for participation in the ENAABLE and Blue Cross Blue Shield of Florida 2009 Black History Month celebration. February 17, 2009


Causation Or Correlation? The Impact Of Lulac V. Clements On Section 2 Lawsuits In The Fifth Circuit, Elizabeth M. Ryan Feb 2009

Causation Or Correlation? The Impact Of Lulac V. Clements On Section 2 Lawsuits In The Fifth Circuit, Elizabeth M. Ryan

Michigan Law Review

Under section 2 of the Voting Rights Act, illegal vote dilution exists when an electoral standard, practice, or procedure results in a denial or abridgement of the right to vote on account of race or color Plaintiffs demonstrate vote dilution by introducing evidence regarding a variety of objective factors, including whether voting in the jurisdiction in question is polarized along racial lines. In 1993, the Fifth Circuit adopted a new standard for section 2 plaintiffs trying to prove racially polarized voting. The Fifth Circuit held that demonstrating a mere correlation between race and vote was insufficient to establish racially polarized ...


Embracing Diversity Through A Multicultural Approach To Legal Education, 1 Charlotte L. Rev. 223 (2009), Julie M. Spanbauer, Katerina P. Lewinbuk Jan 2009

Embracing Diversity Through A Multicultural Approach To Legal Education, 1 Charlotte L. Rev. 223 (2009), Julie M. Spanbauer, Katerina P. Lewinbuk

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


United States V. Hatahley: A Legal Archaeology Case Study In Law And Racial Conflict, Debora L. Threedy Jan 2009

United States V. Hatahley: A Legal Archaeology Case Study In Law And Racial Conflict, Debora L. Threedy

American Indian Law Review

This article is a case study of United States v. Hatahley using the methodology of "legal archaeology" to reconstruct the historical, social, and economic context of the litigation. In 1953, a group of individual Navajos brought suit under the Federal Tort Claims Act for the destruction of over one hundred horses and burros. The first section of the article presents two contrasting narratives for the case. The first relates what we know about the case from the reported opinions, while the second locates the litigated case within the larger social context by examining the parties, the history of incidents culminating ...


Procedural Extremism: The Supreme Court's 2008-2009 Labor And Employment Cases, Melissa Hart Jan 2009

Procedural Extremism: The Supreme Court's 2008-2009 Labor And Employment Cases, Melissa Hart

Articles

It has become nearly a commonplace to say that the Supreme Court under the leadership of Chief Justice John Roberts is a court of “incrementalism.” The 2008 Term, however, featured several opinions that showcase the procedural extremism of the current conservative majority. In a series of sharply divided decisions, the Court re-shaped the law that governs the workplace - or more specifically the law that governs whether and how employees will be permitted access to the courts to litigate workplace disputes. At least as important as the Court’s changes to the substantive legal standards are the procedural hurdles the five ...


Warth Redux: The Making Of Warth V. Seldin, Brian G. Gilmore Jan 2009

Warth Redux: The Making Of Warth V. Seldin, Brian G. Gilmore

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

This article examines the holding in the archetypal case onstanding, Warth v. Seldin, through the lens of racial and economic discrimination. In Warth, five sets of plaintiffs brought a claim challenging the city of Penfield's zoning ordinances that prevented the construction of low and moderate-income housing in the area. The plaintiffs included low income, African- American and Puerto Rican residents of a nearby city who sought low income housing options in Penfield, taxpayers in the neighboring city, and a non-profit organization dedicated to combating discrimination in housing. The U.S. Supreme Court held that none of the plaintiffs had ...


Transitions To Justice: Prisoner Reentry As An Opportunity To Confront The Counteract Racism, Adrienne Lyles-Chockley Jan 2009

Transitions To Justice: Prisoner Reentry As An Opportunity To Confront The Counteract Racism, Adrienne Lyles-Chockley

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

This article discusses the issues facing formerly incarcerated individuals upon reentry from prison into their communities, focusing primarily on the unique challenges faced by African-American males. The article first highlights the strong correlation between incarceration and race: People of color make up a disproportionate percentage of the U.S. prison population, are more likely to receive harsh prison sentences, and are less likely to be found eligible for parole. The article focuses specifically on the challenges facing African-American males as they exit prison and attempt to reenter a society where they will face institutional racism in multiple forms and on ...


Mean Streets: Violence Against The Homeless And The Makings Of A Hate Crime, Raegan Joern Jan 2009

Mean Streets: Violence Against The Homeless And The Makings Of A Hate Crime, Raegan Joern

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

In 1999 the National Coalition for the Homeless began to document incidents of hate crime and violence against homeless people in an annual report. The statistics and stories in these reports demonstrate a disturbing rise in violent attacks and murders of homeless people across the country. This note argues that these attacks, whereby the perpetrator targets the victim because he or she is homeless, meet the legal definition for a bias motivated or hate crime. Bias motivated crimes against the homeless are bred in a social context that devalues homeless people's lives and pinpoints them as appropriate targets for ...


San Fransisco Public Housing As An Avenue For Empowerment: The Case For Spirited Compliance With Tenant Participation Requirements, Nicole Schmidt Jan 2009

San Fransisco Public Housing As An Avenue For Empowerment: The Case For Spirited Compliance With Tenant Participation Requirements, Nicole Schmidt

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

This note examines the spirit and letter of statutes aimed at improving the state of public housing in America, focusing on the realities of the San Francisco Housing Authority's jurisdiction. The Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998 devolved responsibility for public housing administration to local housing authorities and in turn required that each jurisdiction submit an Annual Plan detailing all aspects of the local housing programs. In addition, the Act required that Resident Advisory Boards be established to gather information and concerns from tenants and present them to local authorities for consideration and comment. The vague language ...


Certificate: To Rodney Hurst For Participation In Writer's Digest 16th Annual Self-Published Book Awards Jan 2009

Certificate: To Rodney Hurst For Participation In Writer's Digest 16th Annual Self-Published Book Awards

Textual material from the Rodney Lawrence Hurst, Sr. Papers

A certificate of Participation for "It was never about a hot dog and a Coke! in the Life Stories category. 2009


Program: Florida Historical Society Annual Meeting Jan 2009

Program: Florida Historical Society Annual Meeting

Textual material from the Rodney Lawrence Hurst, Sr. Papers

Florida Historical Society Annual Meeting at the Hampton Inn Airport. Pensacola, Fla. May 21-23, 2009


Book Review Of Charles E. Connerly's “The Most Segregated City In America: City Planning And Civil Rights In Birmingham", Richard H. Chused Jan 2009

Book Review Of Charles E. Connerly's “The Most Segregated City In America: City Planning And Civil Rights In Birmingham", Richard H. Chused

Other Publications

No abstract provided.


The State As Batterer: Learning From Family Law To Address American's Family-Like Racial Dysfunction, Angela Mae Kupenda Jan 2009

The State As Batterer: Learning From Family Law To Address American's Family-Like Racial Dysfunction, Angela Mae Kupenda

Journal Articles

The women's movement for equality bootstrapped to the movement for equality for Blacks. Now the reverse can happen. This Article uses family law and the plight of some battered women, as a lens to address analogous racial conflicts in the broader American family.


When Something Is Not Quite Right: Considerations For Advising A Client To Seek Mental Health Treatment, Carol M. Suzuki Jan 2009

When Something Is Not Quite Right: Considerations For Advising A Client To Seek Mental Health Treatment, Carol M. Suzuki

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

This article explores the important role that lawyers are afforded in evaluating the mental health concerns of clients. The article advocates that, where a lawyer has concerns about the mental, cognitive, or emotional health of a client, the lawyer should counsel the client to consider seeking appropriate mental health treatment. While acknowledging that counseling a client to seek mental health treatment is not an intuitive aspect of providing legal services, the article argues that humanitarian concerns, as well as the Model Rules of Professional Responsibility allow, and in some situations perhaps require, a lawyer to consider providing such a referral ...


Critical Race Feminist Bioethics: Telling Stories In Law School And Medical School In Pursuit Of "Cultural Competency", Deleso Alford Washington Jan 2009

Critical Race Feminist Bioethics: Telling Stories In Law School And Medical School In Pursuit Of "Cultural Competency", Deleso Alford Washington

Journal Publications

This article examines how slavery and the concept of race intersect with gender to construct a distinct notion of science and technology that has been historically marginalized at best. The particular aspect of "science" that is explored is the development of the medical specialty of gynecology in the United States. The focal point of this article is to explore a means to address the impact of continuing to tell the narrative on the development of the medical specialty of gynecology in the United States without the benefit of a "herstorical" lens.


Red: Racism And The American Indian, Bethany Berger Jan 2009

Red: Racism And The American Indian, Bethany Berger

Faculty Articles and Papers

How does racism work in American Indian law and policy? Scholarship on the subject has too often assumed that racism works for Indians in the same way that it does for African Americans, and has therefore either emphasized the presence of hallmarks of White-Black racism, such as uses of blood quantum, as evidence of racism, or has emphasized the lack of such hallmarks, such as prohibitions on interracial marriage, to argue that racism is not a significant factor. This Article surveys the different eras of Indian-White interaction to argue that racism has been important in those interactions, but has worked ...


Latina/Os' And Latina/O Legal Studies: A Critical And Self-Critical Review Of Latcrit Theory And Legal Models Of Knowledge Production, Margaret E. Montoya, Francisco Valdes Jan 2009

Latina/Os' And Latina/O Legal Studies: A Critical And Self-Critical Review Of Latcrit Theory And Legal Models Of Knowledge Production, Margaret E. Montoya, Francisco Valdes

Faculty Scholarship

For the twelfth time in as many years, the LatCrit community convened its annual conference to underscore the importance of location and locality in the work that we do. The conference theme's framing around Critical Localities: Epistemic Communities, Rooted Cosmopolitans and Knowledge Processes not only focused our collective attention on questions of epistemic community and intellectual (as well as physical) location, but also invited reflection on the meanings we inscribe onto the positions we elect to stake out for ourselves and our work in light of the options and traditions that serve as background. The "Critical Localities" theme invites ...