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Law and Race Commons

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2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 81

Full-Text Articles in Law and Race

African-American Farmers And The Fight For Survival: The Continuing Examination For Insights Into The Historical Genesis Of This Dilemma, Phyliss Craig-Taylor Oct 2003

African-American Farmers And The Fight For Survival: The Continuing Examination For Insights Into The Historical Genesis Of This Dilemma, Phyliss Craig-Taylor

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Law And Economics Of Racial Profiling: New Jersey's Racial Profiling Statute Of 2003, George Steven Swan Oct 2003

The Law And Economics Of Racial Profiling: New Jersey's Racial Profiling Statute Of 2003, George Steven Swan

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Augusta: Judicial, Legislative And Economic Approaches To Private Race And Gender Consciousness, Scott R. Rosner Oct 2003

Reflections On Augusta: Judicial, Legislative And Economic Approaches To Private Race And Gender Consciousness, Scott R. Rosner

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

In light of the recent controversy surrounding Augusta National Golf Club's exclusionary membership policy, this Article highlights the myriad incentives and disincentives that Augusta and similar clubs have for reforming such policies. The author acknowledges the economic importance of club membership in many business communities and addresses the extent to which club members' claims of rights of privacy and free association are valid. The Article also considers the potential of judicial action in promoting the adoption of more inclusive membership policy; the state action doctrine and the First Amendment right to freedom of association are discussed as frameworks under ...


Twenty-Five Years Of A Divided Court And Nation: "Conflicting" Views Of Affirmative Action And Reverse Discrimination, Shaakirrah R. Sanders Oct 2003

Twenty-Five Years Of A Divided Court And Nation: "Conflicting" Views Of Affirmative Action And Reverse Discrimination, Shaakirrah R. Sanders

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


Grutter V. Bollinger/Gratz V. Bollinger: View From A Limestone Ledge, Gerald Torres Oct 2003

Grutter V. Bollinger/Gratz V. Bollinger: View From A Limestone Ledge, Gerald Torres

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Re-Engaging Chineseness: Political, Economic And Cultural Imperatives Of Nation-Building In Singapore, Eugene K. B. Tan Sep 2003

Re-Engaging Chineseness: Political, Economic And Cultural Imperatives Of Nation-Building In Singapore, Eugene K. B. Tan

Research Collection School Of Law

This article examines the management of Chinese identity and culture since Singapore attained independence in 1965. Due to the delicate regional environment, ethnic Chinese identity has been closely managed by the ruling elites, which have been dominated by the English-educated Chinese. There is the evolution from a deliberate policy of maintaining a low-key ethnic Chinese profile to the recent effort to re-sinicize--in form--the majority ethnic group. The article examines the policy impulses and implications for such a landmark change in reconceptualizing the Chinese-Singapore identity, which can be attributed to the needs of regime maintenance buttressed by Confucian ethos as well ...


“Black People’S Money”: The Impact Of Law, Economics, And Culture In The Context Of Race On Damage Recoveries, Regina Austin Jul 2003

“Black People’S Money”: The Impact Of Law, Economics, And Culture In The Context Of Race On Damage Recoveries, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

“’Black People’s Money’: The Impact of Law, Economics, and Culture in the Context of Race on Damage Recoveries” is one of a series of articles by the author dealing with black economic marginalization; prior work considered such topics as shopping and selling as forms of deviance, street vending, restraints on leisure, and the importance of informality in loan transactions. This article deals with the linkage between the social significance of black people’s money and its material value. It analyzes the construction of “black money,” its association with cash, and the taboos and cultural practices that assure that black ...


Reinforcing Representation: Congressional Power To Enforce The Fourteenth And Fifteenth Amendments In The Rehnquist And Waite Courts, Ellen D. Katz Jun 2003

Reinforcing Representation: Congressional Power To Enforce The Fourteenth And Fifteenth Amendments In The Rehnquist And Waite Courts, Ellen D. Katz

Michigan Law Review

A large body of academic scholarship accuses the Rehnquist Court of "undoing the Second Reconstruction," just as the Waite Court has long been blamed for facilitating the end of the First. This critique captures much of what is meant by those generally charging the Rehnquist Court with "conservative judicial activism." It posits that the present Court wants to dismantle decades' worth of federal antidiscrimination measures that are aimed at the "reconstruction" of public and private relationships at the local level. It sees the Waite Court as having similarly nullified the civil-rights initiatives enacted by Congress following the Civil War to ...


First Amendment Equal Protection: On Discretion, Inequality, And Participation, Daniel P. Tokaji Jun 2003

First Amendment Equal Protection: On Discretion, Inequality, And Participation, Daniel P. Tokaji

Michigan Law Review

The tension between equality and discretion lies at the heart of some of the most vexing questions of constitutional law. The considerable discretion that many official decisionmakers wield raises the spectre that violations of equality norms will sometimes escape detection. This is true in a variety of settings, whether discretion lies over speakers' access to public fora, implementation of the death penalty, or the recounting of votes. Is the First Amendment violated, for example, when a city ordinance gives local officials broad discretion to determine the conditions under which political demonstrations may take place? Is equal protection denied where the ...


Patriotism: Do We Know It When We See It?, A. Wallace Tashima May 2003

Patriotism: Do We Know It When We See It?, A. Wallace Tashima

Michigan Law Review

In a small, triangular plot, a short distance north of the Capitol in Washington, D.C., is the recently dedicated "National Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism." One of the primary purposes of the memorial is to recall publicly the forced removal of Japanese Americans from the Pacific coast at the beginning of World War II and their imprisonment in government internment camps for the duration of the war. The incident is worth recalling, of course, if for no other reason than as a constant reminder that we must not let a similar tragedy befall any other group of Americans. But ...


The Arrangements Of Race, Frank H. Wu May 2003

The Arrangements Of Race, Frank H. Wu

Michigan Law Review

In his debut novel, Stephen Carter takes pains to explain that although he and his protagonist, Talcott Garland (who goes by "Misha"), share superficial aspects of their identities, they should not be confused as twins. Carter and Misha may both be middle-aged professors at prestigious East Coast universities who grew up as members of the African-American elite that summered on Martha's Vineyard as segregation was officially ending; and they may both be passionate about chess. Beyond that, however, they are dissimilar. Carter drives no faster than the speed limit and otherwise leads a life that appears to be boring ...


The Politicization Of Clarence Thomas, Jagan Nicholas Ranjan May 2003

The Politicization Of Clarence Thomas, Jagan Nicholas Ranjan

Michigan Law Review

Perception often shapes memory. In particular, the way one perceives a noteworthy public figure often shapes that figure's historical legacy. For example, history largely remembers John Coltrane as one of the greatest jazz saxophone players of our time. His improvisational skill, innovative style, and mastery over his instrument all serve to classify him in the public memory as the ultimate jazz performer. Yet, as the example of Coltrane might demonstrate, perception is unjustly deficient. Coltrane was not merely a great saxophone player; he was first and foremost a religious figure whose spirituality drove his creativity and manifested itself in ...


Live And Let Love: Self-Determination In Matters Of Intimacy And Identity, Kim Forde-Mazrui May 2003

Live And Let Love: Self-Determination In Matters Of Intimacy And Identity, Kim Forde-Mazrui

Michigan Law Review

Are you free to choose the race of your spouse, . . . of your child, . . . of yourself? Historically, the legal and social answer to these questions was No. Matters of racial identity and interracial intimacy were strictly circumscribed by ideologies of racial essentialism and separation, ostensibly rooted in science, morality, and religion. In contrast, according to Professor Randall Kennedy in his new book, Interracial Intimacies: Sex, Marriage, Identity, and Adoption, the answer to all three questions should be a resounding Yes. The exclusive source of racial identification and intimacy should be individual choice, free from legal and social interference. The reality today ...


Millennium Showdown For Public Interest Law And Non-White Access To Public Higher Education: Wolves Circling At The Henhouse Door, Stephanie Y. Brown Mar 2003

Millennium Showdown For Public Interest Law And Non-White Access To Public Higher Education: Wolves Circling At The Henhouse Door, Stephanie Y. Brown

University of the District of Columbia Law Review

Institutions of higher education are uniquely positioned to influence the tone and character of justice available in the society. As centers of information and acculturation, colleges, universities, and professional schools determine the next generation of legal innovators and how they will be trained. In an era when aggressive opponents of racial equality indulged by a conservative court impede the gradual progress made possible through affirmative action programs, I believe that legal educators share considerable responsibility for the chronic deficiency of equal access to education plaguing racial minorities in this country. Intoxicated by the rhetoric of public interest and ritualistic tilting ...


Racial Stereotypes, Broadcast Corporations, And The Business Judgment Rule, Leonard M. Baynes Mar 2003

Racial Stereotypes, Broadcast Corporations, And The Business Judgment Rule, Leonard M. Baynes

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


American Racial Jusice On Trial - Again: African American Reparations, Human Rights, And The War On Terror, Eric K. Yamamoto, Susan K. Serrano, Michelle Natividad Rodriguez Mar 2003

American Racial Jusice On Trial - Again: African American Reparations, Human Rights, And The War On Terror, Eric K. Yamamoto, Susan K. Serrano, Michelle Natividad Rodriguez

Michigan Law Review

Much has been written recently on African American reparations and reparations movements worldwide, both in the popular press and scholarly publications. Indeed, the expanding volume of writing underscores the impact on the public psyche of movements for reparations for historic injustice. Some of that writing has highlighted the legal obstacles faced by proponents of reparations lawsuits, particularly a judicial system that focuses on individual (and not group-based) claims and tends to squeeze even major social controversies into the narrow litigative paradigm of a two-person auto collision (requiring proof of standing, duty, breach, causation, and direct injury). Other writings detail the ...


Foreword: Why Retry? Reviving Dormant Racial Justice Claims, Martha Minow Mar 2003

Foreword: Why Retry? Reviving Dormant Racial Justice Claims, Martha Minow

Michigan Law Review

Two familiar arguments oppose lawsuits and legislative efforts to address racial injustices from our national past, and a third tacit argument can be discerned. "Why open old wounds?": this question animates the first argument. The evidence is stale - this expresses the second argument. The third, less explicit objection reflects worries that exposing some gross and unremedied racial injustices from the past will reveal the scale of imperfections in the systems of justice and government and thereby undermine the legitimacy of those systems. To introduce the meticulous and passionate essays in this Colloquium, I elaborate and respond to each of these ...


Retrying Race, Anthony V. Alfieri Mar 2003

Retrying Race, Anthony V. Alfieri

Michigan Law Review

This Essay investigates the renewed prosecution of long-dormant criminal and civil rights cases of white-on-black racial violence arising out of the 1950s and 1960s. The study is part of an ongoing project on race, lawyers, and ethics within the criminal-justice system. Framed by this larger project, the Essay explores the normative and sociolegal meaning of that resurgent prosecution. My hope in pursuing this inquiry is to better understand, and perhaps begin to refashion, the prosecutor's redemptive role in cases of racial violence. Both descriptive and prescriptive in nature, the inquiry addresses race in relation to law and community. Grappling ...


White Interests And Civil Rights Realism: Rodrigo's Bittersweet Epiphany, Richard Delgado Mar 2003

White Interests And Civil Rights Realism: Rodrigo's Bittersweet Epiphany, Richard Delgado

Michigan Law Review

I had just settled down, taken off my tie, and was about to go over the two-page handout entitled "Information for Wedding Parties " that the minister of the small church had handed me minutes earlier, when I heard a knock and familiar voice from the other side of the anteroom door.


Cleansing Moments And Retrospective Justice, Margaret M. Russell Mar 2003

Cleansing Moments And Retrospective Justice, Margaret M. Russell

Michigan Law Review

We live in an era of questioning and requestioning long-held assumptions about the role of race in law, both in criminal prosecutions specifically and in the legal process generally. Certainly, the foundational framework is not new; for decades, both legal literature and jurisprudence have explored in great detail the realities of racism in the legal system. Even among those who might prefer to ignore the role of race discrimination in more than two centuries of American law, denial is no longer a viable or intellectually defensible option. Rather, debate now centers upon whether or not the extensive history of American ...


Shepard's Florida Citations Jan 2003

Shepard's Florida Citations

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

As a lawyer or law student, any time you cite a case in support of a legal argument, you must check whether its authority has changed as a result of more recent decisions. Before the advent of the Internet, this process was typically done using a print tool called a citator. The principle citator at the time of the original FAMU law school was Shepard’s Citations, an indexing resource developed by Frank Shepard during the 19th century. Citators allow you to determine if your case is still good law and it acts as a research tool to find other ...


Updating Resources Jan 2003

Updating Resources

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

To ensure the student was relying on good case law, they would use Shepard’s Florida Citations to determine whether Eggart v. State had received any negative treatment by subsequent courts. For example, the case would be reviewed to determine if it had been overruled, superseded, deemed unconstitutional or received any other treatment that would negate or lessen its precedential value. According to the Shepard’s entry, at the time, the case was discussed and followed several times and remained good law.

You can see a scan of the Shepard’s entry for Eggart v. State below. The citation for ...


In The Racial Crosshairs: Reconsidering Racially Targeted Predatory Lending Under A New Theory Of Economic Hate Crime, 35 U. Tol. L. Rev. 211 (2003), Cecil J. Hunt Ii Jan 2003

In The Racial Crosshairs: Reconsidering Racially Targeted Predatory Lending Under A New Theory Of Economic Hate Crime, 35 U. Tol. L. Rev. 211 (2003), Cecil J. Hunt Ii

UIC John Marshall Law School Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


From Gibbons To Lopez: Does The Commerce Clause Remain A Viable Tool For Eliminating The Vestiges Of Slavery, 4 Barry L. Rev. 71 (2003), Linda R. Crane Jan 2003

From Gibbons To Lopez: Does The Commerce Clause Remain A Viable Tool For Eliminating The Vestiges Of Slavery, 4 Barry L. Rev. 71 (2003), Linda R. Crane

UIC John Marshall Law School Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Reclaiming Civil Rights In Uncivil Times, Eric K. Yamamoto Jan 2003

Reclaiming Civil Rights In Uncivil Times, Eric K. Yamamoto

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

Three Cs: Celebration, Caution, and Challenge. Three C's of both worry and hope. The first C is to celebrate the Civil Rights Movement's accomplishments, then and now-the innumerable ways as the movement broadened it has bettered the daily lives of communities of color and, indeed, all Americans. The second C is caution-to caution against the dismantling of civil rights fueled in part by the conservative New Federalism. The third C is challenge-to envision our role in justice struggles in the post-September 11th Bush-Ashcroft era and, specifically, to think hard about what "Civil Rights" now means and why "Reclaiming ...


Officer, Where's My Stuff - The Constitutional Implications Of A De Facto Property Disability For Homeless People, Kevin Bundy Jan 2003

Officer, Where's My Stuff - The Constitutional Implications Of A De Facto Property Disability For Homeless People, Kevin Bundy

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

As municipalities across the nation employ increasingly aggressive anti-homeless policies, homeless people are suffering seizure and destruction of their personal belongings without due process or compensation. Courts generally have not proven receptive to homeless people's claims based on loss of personal property, in some instances refusing to recognize that the homeless can exercise any legally protected property interest at all. Homeless existence itself-a lack of private, defensible space in which to perform basic life functions and secure ownership over personal belongings-leaves homeless people with no legally sanctioned place in which to dwell, and exposes them to arbitrary deprivations of ...


Refugee Policy And Cultural Identity: In The Voice Of Hmong And Iu Mien Young Adults, Bill Ong Hing Jan 2003

Refugee Policy And Cultural Identity: In The Voice Of Hmong And Iu Mien Young Adults, Bill Ong Hing

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

U.S. refugee admission and resettlement policies have helped to shape the cultural identities of refugees in America in unanticipated ways. In this article, the author examines the effects of these policies on the young adult members of two small Laotian refugee groups-the Hmong and the Iu Mien. After reviewing the ad hoc admission and resettlement programs of the federal government, the author reviews a collection of interviews of young college students and discovers a range of attitudes on identity, mainstream culture, religion, and the desire to maintain ethnic culture. The cultural identity being developed by Ju Mien and Hmong ...


Immigration, Civil Rights, And Coalitions For Social Justice, Kevin R. Johnson Jan 2003

Immigration, Civil Rights, And Coalitions For Social Justice, Kevin R. Johnson

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

The treatment of "aliens," particularly noncitizens of color, under the U.S. immigration laws reveals volumes about domestic race relations in the nation. A deeply complicated, often volatile, relationship exists between racism directed toward U.S. citizens and that aimed at noncitizens. The United States has a long history of treating racial minorities in the United States harshly, at times savagely. Noncitizen racial minorities, as foreigners not part of the national community, generally have been subject to similar, although not identical, cruelties but also have suffered deportation, indefinite detention, and more. One need look to further than the treatment of ...


Explaining Grutter V. Bollinger, Neal Devins Jan 2003

Explaining Grutter V. Bollinger, Neal Devins

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Exploring White Resistance To Racial Reconciliation In The United States, Taunya Lovell Banks Jan 2003

Exploring White Resistance To Racial Reconciliation In The United States, Taunya Lovell Banks

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.