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Law and Race Commons

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1998

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Articles 1 - 30 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Law and Race

Law, Life And Literature: Using Literature And Life To Expose Transracial Adoption Laws As Adoption On A One-Way Street, Angela Mae Kupenda, Adam L. Thrash, Jennifer A. Riley-Collins, Lashonda Y. Dukes, Stephany J. Lewis, Rodney R. Dixon Sep 1998

Law, Life And Literature: Using Literature And Life To Expose Transracial Adoption Laws As Adoption On A One-Way Street, Angela Mae Kupenda, Adam L. Thrash, Jennifer A. Riley-Collins, Lashonda Y. Dukes, Stephany J. Lewis, Rodney R. Dixon

Buffalo Public Interest Law Journal

No abstract provided.


A Proposal To The Hanodaganyas To Decolonize Federal Indian Control Law, Robert B. Porter Jun 1998

A Proposal To The Hanodaganyas To Decolonize Federal Indian Control Law, Robert B. Porter

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

In this Article, cast in the form of a letter to President William Jefferson Clinton, Professor Porter argues for the decolonization of federal Indian control law. After detailing the religious and colonialist roots of early Supreme Court decisions dealing with the Indian nations and giving an overview of the evolution of federal Indian policy, Professor Porter argues for the decolonization of federal Indian control law on several grounds: 1. the world community has rejected colonialism policies; 2. federal Indian control law denies basic human rights of self-determination; 3. colonization has partially succeeded in destroying the Indian nations; and 4. decolonization ...


Race, Rights, And Remedies In Criminal Adjudication, Pamela S. Karlan Jun 1998

Race, Rights, And Remedies In Criminal Adjudication, Pamela S. Karlan

Michigan Law Review

Once upon a time, back before the Warren Court, criminal procedure and racial justice were adjacent hinterlands in constitutional law's empire. In 1954, the fifth edition of Dowling's constitutional law casebook contained one chapter on "procedural due process" in which six of the eight cases were about criminal justice, and three of those - Powell v. Alabama, Moore v. Dempsey, and Bailey v. Alabama - were as much about race as they were about crime. A few pages later, two slender chapters on the "national protection of civil rights" and "equal protection of the laws" contained seven and nine decisions ...


Targets Missed And Targets Hit: Critical Tax Studies And Effective Tax Reform, Steve R. Johnson Jun 1998

Targets Missed And Targets Hit: Critical Tax Studies And Effective Tax Reform, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

Medieval alchemy is popularly associated with attempts to become rich by transmuting base elements into gold. Such attempts were less than universally successful. Yet, alchemy yielded great benefits in other areas. For instance, alchemy was one of the sources of modern sciences such as pharmacology and metallurgy.' Also, the rich and profound symbology of alchemy has influenced modern psychology.

Something similar may be said of critical tax studies. Such studies have argued that the Internal Revenue Code as a whole, or significant features of it, disadvantage-intentionally or unintentionally-groups historically oppressed or ignored by American society. Some of these arguments have ...


The Color Line Of Punishment, Jerome H. Skolnick May 1998

The Color Line Of Punishment, Jerome H. Skolnick

Michigan Law Review

If "the color line," (in W.E.B. Du Bois's 1903 phrase and prophecy) was to be the twentieth century's greatest challenge for the domestic life and public policy of the United States, the law has had much to do with drawing its shape. No surprise, this. By now, legal theorists accept that law does not advance in preordained fashion, immune from the sway of political interest, belief systems and social structure. Still, it is hard to exaggerate how powerfully the law has shaped the life chances of Americans of African heritage, for good or ill, and in ...


Las Olvidadas -- Gendered In Justice/Gendered Injustice: Latinas, Fronteras And The Law, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol Apr 1998

Las Olvidadas -- Gendered In Justice/Gendered Injustice: Latinas, Fronteras And The Law, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol

UF Law Faculty Publications

This Article will study Latinas in the United States and develop a framework that aims to eradicate injustices Latinas experience by importing the voices of las olvidadas into the heart of rights-talk, thus placing Latinas in justice. First, the piece will identify who the olvidadas are-unseen, unheard, and virtually non-existent in the world of law as well as in the myriad other worlds they inhabit. Parts III and IV consider structural roadblocks-first external and then internal-that conspire to perpetuate Latina invisibility and disempowerment, keeping Latinas from justice. Part V presents the locations and positions of Latinas who suffer intimate violence ...


Against Common Sense: Why Title Vii Should. Protect Speakers Of Black English, Jill Gaulding Apr 1998

Against Common Sense: Why Title Vii Should. Protect Speakers Of Black English, Jill Gaulding

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

The speech of many black Americans is marked by phrases such as 'we be writin"' or "we don't have no problems." Because most listeners consider such "Black English" speech patterns incorrect, these speakers face significant disadvantages in the job market. But common sense suggests that there is nothing discriminatory about employers' negative reactions to Black English because it makes sense to allow employers to insist that employees use correct grammar.

This article argues against this common sense understanding of Black English as bad grammar. The author first analyzes the extent of the job market disadvantages faced by Black English ...


Visible Minorities In The Multi-Racial State: When Are Preferential Policies Justifiable?, Anita Anand Apr 1998

Visible Minorities In The Multi-Racial State: When Are Preferential Policies Justifiable?, Anita Anand

Dalhousie Law Journal

This article outlines the circumstances in which the state is justified in implementing preferential policies in favour of visible minorities and describes an approach to policy formulation. The thesis is that visible minorities warrant preferential treatment in order to rectify past injustices and to redistribute advantages to visible minorities who are chronically poor. "Supply-side" over "demand-side" policies are favoured. Supply-side policies are preferable because they support substantive equality by ensuring that individuals have a minimum level of subsistence. If the goal of achieving substantive equality is to be achieved, the poor should also be entitled to benefit under preferential policies ...


Race And The Fourth Amendment, Tracey Maelin Mar 1998

Race And The Fourth Amendment, Tracey Maelin

Vanderbilt Law Review

In Whren v. United States, the Supreme Court held that pretextual traffic stops do not raise Fourth Amendment concerns. In this Article, Professor Maclin contends that by requiring only probable cause of a traffic offense to justify pretextual seizures, the Court mistakenly ignores racial impact when marking the protective boundaries of the Fourth Amendment. Professor Maclin argues that race matters when measuring the dynamics and legitimacy of certain police-citizen encounters. Pretextual traffic stops unreasonably use racial targeting, therefore, the Court should make racial impact a factor in determining the constitutionality of the pretextual seizure.

Professor Maclin begins by examining objective ...


The Struggle Against Hate Crime: Movement At A Crossroads, Terry A. Maroney Jan 1998

The Struggle Against Hate Crime: Movement At A Crossroads, Terry A. Maroney

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

The 1980s and 1990s witnessed an extraordinary amount of police, legislative, judicial, scholarly, and community activity around hate crime. Such activity was attributable to a new "anti-hate-crime movement," conditions for which were created by the convergence in previous decades of two very different social movements - civil rights and victims' rights. This anti-hate-crime movement has been radiply assimilated into the institutions of criminal justice, with the result that anti-hate-crime measures now reflect the culture and priorities of those institutions. The civil rights and victims' rights movements created collective beliefs, structural resources, and political opportunities that facilitated the emergence of a social ...


Back To Afrolantica: A Legacy Of (Black) Perseverance?, 24 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 447 (1998), Kevin Hopkins Jan 1998

Back To Afrolantica: A Legacy Of (Black) Perseverance?, 24 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 447 (1998), Kevin Hopkins

UIC John Marshall Law School Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Both Edges Of The Margin: Blacks And Asians In Mississippi Masala, Barriers To Coalition Building, Taunya Lovell Banks Jan 1998

Both Edges Of The Margin: Blacks And Asians In Mississippi Masala, Barriers To Coalition Building, Taunya Lovell Banks

Faculty Scholarship

Asians often take a middle position between White privilege and Black subordination and therefore participate in what Professor Banks calls "simultaneous racism," where one racially subordinated group subordinates another. She observes that the experience of Asian Indian immigrants in Mira Nair's film parallels a much earlier Chinese immigrant experience in Mississippi, indicating a pattern of how the dominant power uses law to enforce insularity among and thereby control different groups in a pluralistic society. However, Banks argues that the mere existence of such legal constraints does not excuse the behavior of White appeasement or group insularity among both Asians ...


Housing Equity Analysis Final Report, Center For Economic Development Jan 1998

Housing Equity Analysis Final Report, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

the Purpose of this study is to assess the impact of discrimination on rental housing opportunities in Massachusetts. We obtained information on the numbers and types of housing discrimination cases filed in Massachusetts with federal, state, and private non-profit fair housing organizations. A total of 3,431 complaints were reported in Massachusetts from the period of 1990 to April 1998. Our findings indicate clearly, that rental housing discrimination exist in the state of Massachusetts. One of the major problems that we found is the fact that most instances of housing discrimination do not get reported. Based on our work, we ...


South Africa: Divided Or United By Color - A Detailed Look At The Legal Resources Centre, Lourdes M. Ventura Jan 1998

South Africa: Divided Or United By Color - A Detailed Look At The Legal Resources Centre, Lourdes M. Ventura

Circles: Buffalo Women's Journal of Law and Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Mysteries: Can We Ever Know Anything About Race And Tax?, Beverly I. Moran Jan 1998

Exploring The Mysteries: Can We Ever Know Anything About Race And Tax?, Beverly I. Moran

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

The politics behind tax legislation are explored in order to demonstrate that, rather than being surprising or unexpected, it is easily predictable that federal tax laws would favor whites over blacks.


Affirmative Action Statements, Michigan Journal Of Gender And Law Jan 1998

Affirmative Action Statements, Michigan Journal Of Gender And Law

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

The student editors of the Michigan Journal of Gender & Law adopted a brief statement for release with other student statements and voted to publish a statement in the Journal. This is their statement in response to the anti-affirmative action lawsuits. Several other Law School student organizations have also provided their statements to publish.


Law, Life, And Literature: A Critical Reflection Of Life And Literature To Illuminate How Laws Of Domestic Violence, Race, And Class Bind Black Women Based On Alice Walker's Book The Third Life Of Grange Copeland, Angela Mae Kupenda Jan 1998

Law, Life, And Literature: A Critical Reflection Of Life And Literature To Illuminate How Laws Of Domestic Violence, Race, And Class Bind Black Women Based On Alice Walker's Book The Third Life Of Grange Copeland, Angela Mae Kupenda

Journal Articles

Consider Law, Life and Literature. Which of the three is the most real, honest, and inclusive? Many would answer the law because it takes into consideration all of the facts and circumstances to formulate a clear and consistent rule, and literature is the most unreal, the most fictional of the three. However, that is not accurate. Of the three, literature is actually the most real, honest, and inclusive. It is real because, with brutal honesty, it deals with all of our realities. It is more honest than life, for often in our outer (and even inner) lives we are afraid ...


Affirmative Action And Texas’ Ten Percent Solution: Improving Diversity And Quality, David Orentlicher Jan 1998

Affirmative Action And Texas’ Ten Percent Solution: Improving Diversity And Quality, David Orentlicher

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


"Reverse Discrimination" And Higher Education Faculty, Joyce A. Hughes Jan 1998

"Reverse Discrimination" And Higher Education Faculty, Joyce A. Hughes

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

In this Article, the author critiques the use of "reverse discrimination" claims by White plaintiffs to challenge the hiring of Blacks in institutions of higher education. The author argues that "reverse discrimination" is a myth since no such claim is possible when one White candidate is selected over another; assumptions of inferiority are implicit where such a claim is made when a Black candiate is selected over a White candidate. In other words, allowing such a claim, even if ultimately unsuccessful, implies a presumption of superiority on the part of the White candidate. For this reason, the author argues that ...


Can Money Whiten? Exploring Race Practice In Colonial Venezuela And Its Implications For Contemporary Race Discourse, Estelle T. Lau Jan 1998

Can Money Whiten? Exploring Race Practice In Colonial Venezuela And Its Implications For Contemporary Race Discourse, Estelle T. Lau

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

The Gracias al Sacar, a fascinating and seemingly inconceivable practice in eighteenth century colonial Venezuela, allowed certain individuals of mixed Black and White ancestry to purchase "Whiteness" from their King. The author exposes the irony of this system, developed in a society obsessed with "natural" ordering that labeled individuals according to their precise racial ancestry. While recognizing that the Gracias al Sacar provided opportunities for advancement and an avenue for material and social struggle, the author argues that it also justified the persistence of racial hierarchy. The Article concludes that the Gracias al Sacar, along with their present-day implications, undermine ...


Listen, Matthew L.M. Fletcher Jan 1998

Listen, Matthew L.M. Fletcher

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

In a traditional law school setting, experiences of students of color, especially Native Americans, are often buried by the discourse of the dominant culture. This piece, a non-traditional work using elements of prose, lyric, monologue, and poetry, weaves strands of legal discourse, commentary, and autobiography into a critical narrative of the experience of legal education from an outsider law student's perspective. The author, a member of the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, recounts these vignettes in a voice infused with the history and traditions of Native American oral storytelling.


Asian America's Greatest Hits: A Review Of Angelo Ancheta's Race, Rights, And The Asian American Experience, Kevin M. Pimentel, Ronnie H. Rhoe Jan 1998

Asian America's Greatest Hits: A Review Of Angelo Ancheta's Race, Rights, And The Asian American Experience, Kevin M. Pimentel, Ronnie H. Rhoe

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

A review of Race, Rights, and the Asian American Experience by Angelo N. Ancheta.


Perspectives On Affirmative Action / Rethinking Racial Divides: Asian Pacific Americans And The Law, Michigan Journal Of Race & Law Jan 1998

Perspectives On Affirmative Action / Rethinking Racial Divides: Asian Pacific Americans And The Law, Michigan Journal Of Race & Law

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

Statements on affirmative action followed by the Asian Pacific American Law Students Association Symposium.


Prosecution And Race: The Power And Privilege Of Discretion, Angela J. Davis Jan 1998

Prosecution And Race: The Power And Privilege Of Discretion, Angela J. Davis

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This article examines prosecutorial discretion and argues it is a major cause of racial inequality in the criminal justice system. It asserts that prosecutorial discretion may instead be used to construct effective solutions to racial injustice. The article maintains that since prosecutors have more power than any other criminal justice officials, with practically no corresponding accountability to the public they serve, they have the responsibility to use their discretion to help eradicate the discriminatory treatment of African Americans in the criminal justice system.

Part I of the Article explains the importance and impact of the prosecution function. Part II discusses ...


Who May Give Birth To Citizens? Reproduction, Eugenics, And Immigration, Dorothy E. Roberts Jan 1998

Who May Give Birth To Citizens? Reproduction, Eugenics, And Immigration, Dorothy E. Roberts

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Second Circuit: Study Of Gender, Race, And Ethnicity, George Lange Iii Jan 1998

Second Circuit: Study Of Gender, Race, And Ethnicity, George Lange Iii

University of Richmond Law Review

In 1993, at the request of then Chief Judge Jon O. Newman, the Judicial Council of the Second Circuit created a Task Force on Gender, Racial, and Ethnic Fairness in the Courts. The Task Force, which was comprised of six judicial officers and a citizen participant from each of the Circuit's three states, was asked to study issues of gender, race, and ethnicity in the courts of the Second Circuit, and to report back to the Judicial Council on its findings and recommendations.


Empowering And Protecting Patients: Lessons For Physician-Assisted Suicide From The African-American Experience, Leslie E. Wolf, Patricia A. King Jan 1998

Empowering And Protecting Patients: Lessons For Physician-Assisted Suicide From The African-American Experience, Leslie E. Wolf, Patricia A. King

Faculty Publications By Year

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Desegregating Texas Schools: Eisenhower, Shivers, And The Crisis At Mansfield High, Davison M. Douglas Jan 1998

Book Review Of Desegregating Texas Schools: Eisenhower, Shivers, And The Crisis At Mansfield High, Davison M. Douglas

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Equal Rights Advocates: Addressing The Legal Issues Of Women Of Color, Judy Scales-Trent Jan 1998

Equal Rights Advocates: Addressing The Legal Issues Of Women Of Color, Judy Scales-Trent

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Striking The Rock: Confronting Gender Equality In South Africa, Penelope Andrews Jan 1998

Striking The Rock: Confronting Gender Equality In South Africa, Penelope Andrews

Articles & Chapters

This Article analyzes the status of women's rights in the newly democratic South Africa. It examines rights guaranteed in the Constitution and conflicts between the principle of gender equality and the recognition of indigenous law and institutions. The Article focuses on the South African transition to democracy and theinfluence that feminist agitation at the international level has had on South African women's attempts at political organization. After dissecting the historical position of customary law in South Africa and questioning its place in the new democratic regime, the author argues that, although South African women have benefited from the ...