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Full-Text Articles in Law and Race

Complicated Lives: Free Blacks In Virginia, 1619-1865, Sherri L. Burr Jul 2019

Complicated Lives: Free Blacks In Virginia, 1619-1865, Sherri L. Burr

Faculty Book Display Case

Would the United States have developed differently if Virginia had not passed a law in 1670 proclaiming all subsequently arriving Africans as servants for life, or slaves? What if the state had not stripped all Free Blacks and Indians of voting rights in 1723, or outlawed interracial sex for 337 years?

Complicated Lives upends the pervasive belief that all Africans landing on the shores of Virginia beginning in late August 1619, became slaves. In reality, many of these kidnap victims received the status of indentured servants. Indeed, hundreds of thousands of free African Americans in the South and North owned ...


Special Education Law And Practice: Cases And Materials, Deborah N. Archer, Richard D. Marsico Dec 2016

Special Education Law And Practice: Cases And Materials, Deborah N. Archer, Richard D. Marsico

Books

Special Education Law and Practice is an experientially-focused casebook that also serves as a reference for attorneys who practice special education law and anyone interested in learning about the special education process. The casebook covers substantive special education rights, racial disparities in special education, discipline, procedural protections, federal court litigation, remedies, and attorneys' fees. Each chapter begins with a problem, rich in facts and law, that places the student in the position of an attorney trying to resolve a problem for a client using that chapter's materials. Comprehensive notes expand the areas covered by featured cases.


Are Hispanics Discriminated Against In The Us Criminal Justice System?, Maria A. Eijo De Tezanos Pinto Jan 2016

Are Hispanics Discriminated Against In The Us Criminal Justice System?, Maria A. Eijo De Tezanos Pinto

Graduate Research Posters

Recent publications have contributed to increase the perception among Hispanics of an unfair and unequal treatment of this community by the US Criminal Justice System. One of the major concerns was the claim that Hispanics are incarcerated before conviction nearly twice as often as Whites. Unfair treatment perception by the population reduces legitimacy of police and government, and thus, it is imperative to analyze these uninvestigated allegations. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to address said allegations of discrimination against Hispanics and analyze with updated and reliable statistics whether Hispanics are incarcerated before conviction more often than Whites. There ...


Impact: Collected Essays On The Threat Of Economic Inequality., New York Law School. Impact For Public Interest Law And The Racial Justice Project. Jan 2015

Impact: Collected Essays On The Threat Of Economic Inequality., New York Law School. Impact For Public Interest Law And The Racial Justice Project.

Racial Justice Project

On April 17, 2015, the Impact Center for Public Interest Law at New York Law School hosted a symposium entitled "Tackling Economic Inequality" to bring together policymakers, advocates, academics, and community members to explore some of the causes and solutions to this growing problem. The essays collected in this volume, written by leading social justice advocates, are published to stimulate continued conversation on this critically important issue.


A Nation Of Widening Opportunities: The Civil Rights Act At 50, Ellen D. Katz, Samuel R. Bagenstos Jan 2015

A Nation Of Widening Opportunities: The Civil Rights Act At 50, Ellen D. Katz, Samuel R. Bagenstos

Books

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was an extraordinary achievement of law, politics, and human rights. On the fiftieth anniversary of the Act's passage, it is appropriate to reflect on the successes and failures of the civil rights project reflected in the statute, as well as on its future directions. This volume represents an attempt to assess the Civil Rights Act's legacy.

On October 11, 2013, a diverse group of civil rights scholars met at the University of Michigan Law School in Ann Arbor to assess the interpretation, development, and administration of civil rights law in the five ...


Reducing Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Jails: Recommendations For Local Practice, Jessica M. Eaglin, Danyelle Solomon Jan 2015

Reducing Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Jails: Recommendations For Local Practice, Jessica M. Eaglin, Danyelle Solomon

Books by Maurer Faculty

People of color are overrepresented in our criminal justice system. One in three African American men born today will be incarcerated in his lifetime. In some cities, African Americans are ten times more likely to be arrested when stopped by police. With the national debate national focused on race, crime, and punishment, criminal justice experts are examining how to reduce racial disparities in our prisons and jails, which often serve as initial entry points for those who become entangled in the criminal justice system.

This report, which relies on input from 25 criminal justice leaders, pinpoints the drivers of racial ...


Brief Amicus Curiae For The National Black Law Students Association In Support Of Respondent, Texas Dep’T Of Housing And Community Affairs V. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. (No. 13-1371), U.S. Supreme Court (January 2013) (With Deborah N. Archer & Erika L. Wood)., New York Law School Racial Justice Project Dec 2014

Brief Amicus Curiae For The National Black Law Students Association In Support Of Respondent, Texas Dep’T Of Housing And Community Affairs V. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. (No. 13-1371), U.S. Supreme Court (January 2013) (With Deborah N. Archer & Erika L. Wood)., New York Law School Racial Justice Project

Racial Justice Project

No abstract provided.


Brief Amicus Curiae For The Honorable Congressman John Lewis In Support Of Respondents And Intervenor-Respondents, Shelby County V. Holder (No. 12-96), U.S. Supreme Court (January 2013) (With Deborah N. Archer, Tamara C. Belinfanti & Erika L. Wood)., New York Law School Racial Justice Project. Jan 2013

Brief Amicus Curiae For The Honorable Congressman John Lewis In Support Of Respondents And Intervenor-Respondents, Shelby County V. Holder (No. 12-96), U.S. Supreme Court (January 2013) (With Deborah N. Archer, Tamara C. Belinfanti & Erika L. Wood)., New York Law School Racial Justice Project.

Racial Justice Project

No abstract provided.


Brief Amicus Curiae For The National Black Law Students Association In Support Of Respondent, Fisher V. Univ. Of Texas (No. 11-345), U.S. Supreme Court (August 2012) (With Deborah N. Archer, Susan J. Abraham & Aderson Francois)., New York Law School Racial Justice Project. Aug 2012

Brief Amicus Curiae For The National Black Law Students Association In Support Of Respondent, Fisher V. Univ. Of Texas (No. 11-345), U.S. Supreme Court (August 2012) (With Deborah N. Archer, Susan J. Abraham & Aderson Francois)., New York Law School Racial Justice Project.

Racial Justice Project

No abstract provided.


Unshared Bounty: How Structural Racism Contributes To The Creation And Persistence Of Food Deserts. (With American Civil Liberties Union)., New York Law School Racial Justice Project. Jun 2012

Unshared Bounty: How Structural Racism Contributes To The Creation And Persistence Of Food Deserts. (With American Civil Liberties Union)., New York Law School Racial Justice Project.

Racial Justice Project

No abstract provided.


Criminalizing Hate: America's Legislative Response To Bias Crime, Bryce Therrien, Nadia-Elysse Harris Jan 2011

Criminalizing Hate: America's Legislative Response To Bias Crime, Bryce Therrien, Nadia-Elysse Harris

Tribeca Square Press

No abstract provided.


Shepard's Florida Citations Jan 2003

Shepard's Florida Citations

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

As a lawyer or law student, any time you cite a case in support of a legal argument, you must check whether its authority has changed as a result of more recent decisions. Before the advent of the Internet, this process was typically done using a print tool called a citator. The principle citator at the time of the original FAMU law school was Shepard’s Citations, an indexing resource developed by Frank Shepard during the 19th century. Citators allow you to determine if your case is still good law and it acts as a research tool to find other ...


Updating Resources Jan 2003

Updating Resources

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

To ensure the student was relying on good case law, they would use Shepard’s Florida Citations to determine whether Eggart v. State had received any negative treatment by subsequent courts. For example, the case would be reviewed to determine if it had been overruled, superseded, deemed unconstitutional or received any other treatment that would negate or lessen its precedential value. According to the Shepard’s entry, at the time, the case was discussed and followed several times and remained good law.

You can see a scan of the Shepard’s entry for Eggart v. State below. The citation for ...


A&M Florida A&M University Magazine For Employees, Alumni And Friends: The Return Of The Famu College Of Law, Florida Agricultural And Mechanical University Oct 2000

A&M Florida A&M University Magazine For Employees, Alumni And Friends: The Return Of The Famu College Of Law, Florida Agricultural And Mechanical University

Annual Reports and Publications

This issue celebrates the return of the FAMU College of Law. This posting includes former FAMU President Frederick S. Humphries' "President's Message" entitled Celebrating the Return of the College of Law and the Cover Story from the issue, The Rebirth of the FAMU College of Law 1949-1968 2000-Present. It contains a compilation of excerpts from Chapter Five in the The Florida Agricultural and Meghanical University College of Law (1949-2000) written by Larry O. Rivers.


New York Law School Reporter, Vol 10, No. 3, March 1993, New York Law School Mar 1993

New York Law School Reporter, Vol 10, No. 3, March 1993, New York Law School

Student Newspapers

No abstract provided.


Roe V. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) Jan 1973

Roe V. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973)

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

A pregnant single woman brought a class action suit challenging the constitutionality of the Texas criminal abortion laws, which proscribed procuring or attempting an abortion except on medical advice for the purpose of saving the mother's life. The Court held that a woman's right to an abortion fell within the right to privacy protected by the Fourteenth Amendment.


North Carolina College At Durham Law Review, Vol. 2 No. 1, North Carolina Central University School Of Law Apr 1967

North Carolina College At Durham Law Review, Vol. 2 No. 1, North Carolina Central University School Of Law

North Carolina College at Durham Law Review

No abstract provided.


North Carolina College At Durham Law Review, Vol. 1 No. 1, North Carolina Central University School Of Law Apr 1966

North Carolina College At Durham Law Review, Vol. 1 No. 1, North Carolina Central University School Of Law

North Carolina College at Durham Law Review

No abstract provided.


Historical Research Project On Abortion Jan 1960

Historical Research Project On Abortion

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

This document represents an historical research project, from start to finish, as it would have been accomplished during the time Virgil Hawkins was fighting to gain entry into the University of Florida law school. The student would have used print resources to resolve this legal question regarding abortion, a topic about which the law has changed significantly since the time this research would have been performed.


Research Strategy And Resources Jan 1960

Research Strategy And Resources

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

The first step in any research process is to create a research strategy and organize your plan. The first step in most legal research is the use of secondary sources in order to gain an overview of a legal issue and to find cases and statutes that discuss the topic. A possible source about the state of the law in Florida on the topic of abortion was Florida Law and Practice.


Consult Primary Authorities--Step Three In The Research Process Jan 1960

Consult Primary Authorities--Step Three In The Research Process

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

The next likely step would have been to look up the statutes and the case that were listed in Florida Law and Practice to find additional information.To find both the statute and corresponding annotations, the student would have used the Florida Statutes Annotated. Since they found the citations for the statute in Florida Law and Practice, there is no need to use the index and the student would go directly to the volume of the set that contained the statute and annotations. At the time, F.S. § 782.10 held that intentionally causing a woman to miscarry would carry ...


Conclusion And Fast Forward Jan 1960

Conclusion And Fast Forward

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

After analyzing statutes and case law information on abortion in Florida, the student could conclude and state that offering to help a woman obtain an abortion was illegal in the 1960’s and, if a miscarriage subsequently occurred due to aid provided, the person who helped obtain the abortion could be convicted of 3rd degree manslaughter.

In 1973, the Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade established that women had the right to seek an abortion and that states had to balance their ability to regulate health against a woman’s health care decision power and the potentiality of human ...


Florida Law And Practice Jan 1955

Florida Law And Practice

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

This compendium of Florida law is based on State and Federal decisions arising from Florida Statutes. It is an up to the minute encyclopedia of Florida law and procedure, edited by an exceptionally well qualified and experienced group of Florida lawyers and teachers, who have helped make Florida Law. The text is keyed to Florida publications, practice books and Florida digests.

This document contains limited excerpts from Volume One that apply to the research problem.


Secondary Sources--Step One In The Research Process Jan 1955

Secondary Sources--Step One In The Research Process

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

The first step in most legal research is to start with secondary sources to gain an overview of a legal issue and to find cases and statutes that discuss the topic. Secondary sources are statements or texts written about the law. A source that was available in the FAMU law library and could have been used to find information about the state of the law in Florida on the topic of abortion was Florida Law and Practice. To find information in Florida Law and Practice, the student would have used the title’s index and looked up the search term ...


Review Resources--Step Two In The Research Process Jan 1955

Review Resources--Step Two In The Research Process

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

After finding the entry for abortion in the index, the student would then have gone to the volume and page indicated by the index to read the information provided. Studying the information contained in the entries, the student would have taken notes about statutes and cases that would be used to craft a legal analysis. The statutes on point that are listed by the treatise's entry are Florida Statutes § 782.10 and Florida Statutes § 797.01. The entry also names Eggart v. State as a case that discusses when an individual could be charged with a crime for assisting ...


Updating Resources Jan 1955

Updating Resources

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

In order to be certain the law that forms the basis of a legal argument or theory is current, it is crucial to update your research. Different resources use different methods, but a common method for treatises is the pocket part, an insert at the back of a book that contains information from after the date the book was published. Consequently, after reading the relevant entries in the main text of the treatise, the student would have looked at the pocket part to determine if there were any new cases or statutory changes that applied.


Western Union Telegram To Mr. Virgil D. Hawkins, Registrar Sep 1951

Western Union Telegram To Mr. Virgil D. Hawkins, Registrar

Documents

During his struggle to gain entry to the University of Florida College of Law, Mr. Hawkins never applied to Florida A & M for law school. Nevertheless, he was notified, by telegram, that his "application for admission" was approved and he was given instructions to register for classes for the fall semester, 1951.


Florida Statutes Annotated Jan 1944

Florida Statutes Annotated

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

The Attorney General of Florida, pursuant to the legislative mandate expressed in the Act approved May 25, 1939, Laws 1939, c. 19140, has prepared a "revision, compilation and consolidation of all the General Statutes of Florida in force, of a permanent nature" which, by Act approved June 6, 1941, Laws 1941, c. 20719, except as otherwise provided therein, was "adopted and enacted as statute law" under the title of Florida Statutes 1941.


Updating Resources Jan 1944

Updating Resources

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

Next, the student would check the pocket part to the volume of the Florida Statutes Annotated that they were using for entries on both F.S. § 782.10 and F.S. § 797.01, thereby ensuring that they were seeing the most current information


Florida Reports Jan 1899

Florida Reports

Research in Virgil Hawkins' World of Print--Historical Print Research Project No. 1: Abortion

Some states have official and unofficial case reporter systems. Florida Reports was the official case reporter series that reported the decisions of the Florida Supreme Court from 1846 through 1948 in 160 volumes. When an official reporter exists court rules often require citation to both the official and unofficial reporter.