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2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 265

Full-Text Articles in Jurisprudence

Stipulations In A Muslim Marriage Contract With Special Reference To Talq Al-Tafwid Provisions In Paksitan, Muhammad Munir Dr. Dec 2005

Stipulations In A Muslim Marriage Contract With Special Reference To Talq Al-Tafwid Provisions In Paksitan, Muhammad Munir Dr.

Dr. Muhammad Munir

This work elaborates the over-technical topic of stipulations in a Muslim marriage contract; explains the various types of stipulations benefiting women and men; explains how and to what extent classical Islamic law is incorporated into statutes of many Muslim states; describes case law of Indo-Pak subcontinent on stipulations based on the doctrine of stare decisis; surveys talaq al-tafwid in Pakistan to ascertain the extent of its practical application by the masses; and explore the role of nikah registrars, who are authorized by the government of Pakistan to solemnize nikah (marriage contract) throughout the country.


The Judicial System Of The East India Company: Precursor To The Present Pakistani Legal System, Muhammad Munir Dr. Dec 2005

The Judicial System Of The East India Company: Precursor To The Present Pakistani Legal System, Muhammad Munir Dr.

Dr. Muhammad Munir

The work discusses how the British East India Company came to the subcontinent for the purpose of trade in 1604 and how it slowly and gradually started interfering in the local justice system by acquiring revenue collection of 38 villages in 1717 near Calcutta. In 1765 the Company was granted revenue collection as well as customs of three provinces. The Company also acquired the administration of justice in the areas under its control and the role of Muslim qadis and judges was over. Company’s officials, who were traders rather than trained judges, were running the court system and the ...


Good Faith Performance In Employment Contracts: A "Comparative Conversation" Between The Us And England, Katherine M. Apps Dec 2005

Good Faith Performance In Employment Contracts: A "Comparative Conversation" Between The Us And England, Katherine M. Apps

ExpressO

This paper asks two questions connected by the fact that they both stem from the inherent incompleteness of employment contracts: in American law, how can the terms in employment handbooks be variable, but sometimes only within reasonable procedurally fair circumstances; and in English law, why doesn’t the implied term of mutual trust and confidence in employment contracts fall foul of the strict test for implication of terms into contract? This paper finds the answer to both questions in the doctrine of good faith. An analysis of good faith as a “comparative conversation” between academic and judicial debates in the ...


The Problems With Blaming, Theodore Y. Blumoff Dec 2005

The Problems With Blaming, Theodore Y. Blumoff

ExpressO

This work examines the social practice of blaming, beginning with a prominent view of the moral philosophy of blaming, the semantics of character that support this (and related) views, and the social and cultural biases we bring to the process of attributing blame. Our penchant for blaming is too often manifest in a hyper-willingness to attribute wrongdoing solely to the character of the wrongdoer, often overlooking the salience of the varied situations in which the wrongdoer finds himself. I synthesize the wealth of data, mostly from social psychology, showing that blaming actualizes our own dispositions for over-emphasizing the actor’s ...


Winning Wirzburger And Defeating The Blaine Amendments: Arguing Present Efficacy Instead Of Past Intent, Brendan Michael Groves Dec 2005

Winning Wirzburger And Defeating The Blaine Amendments: Arguing Present Efficacy Instead Of Past Intent, Brendan Michael Groves

ExpressO

The case of Wirzburger v. Galvin, currently on a writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court, may set the tone for all religious discrimination cases in the future. Massachusetts’ constitutional amendments that proscribe any citizen initiatives from either dealing with religion in general or attempting to repeal the states Blaine Amendment are at issue in the case. Petitioner’s counsel, the Becket Fund, rightly views this case as paramount in the long-march to victory over the anti-Catholic Blaine Amendments still codified in 37 state constitutions. However, they have lost almost every stage of the case.

This article argues that Wirzburger ...


There Is Nothing Light About Feathers: Finding Form In The Jurisprudence Of Native American Religious Exemptions, James R. Dalton Dec 2005

There Is Nothing Light About Feathers: Finding Form In The Jurisprudence Of Native American Religious Exemptions, James R. Dalton

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Heights Of Justice (Introduction And Front Matter), Lawrence A. Cunningham Dec 2005

Heights Of Justice (Introduction And Front Matter), Lawrence A. Cunningham

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In this pioneering book, Boston College Law School’s Academic Dean, Lawrence Cunningham, arranges selected contributions of his faculty’s scholarship into a meditation upon justice. The book weaves a combination of theory and practice to articulate moral and ethical values that facilitate rational application of law. It envisions legal arrangements imbued with commitments of the Jesuit tradition, including the dignity of persons, the common good and compassion for the poor. This reflective collection of inquiry evokes a signature motif of the BC Law faculty in dozens of different legal subjects. Materials downloadable from this abstract consist of: Table of ...


High Turnover And Low Reputation? Elements Of Sociology Of The Supreme People’S Court Grand Justices (Summary), Meng Hou Dec 2005

High Turnover And Low Reputation? Elements Of Sociology Of The Supreme People’S Court Grand Justices (Summary), Meng Hou

Hou Meng

No abstract provided.


A Theory Of Interpretation In The Realm Of Idealism, Larry A. Dimatteo Dec 2005

A Theory Of Interpretation In The Realm Of Idealism, Larry A. Dimatteo

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


Homegrown Child Pornography And The Commerce Clause: Where To Draw The Line On Interstate Production Of Child Pornography, Lauren Bianchini Dec 2005

Homegrown Child Pornography And The Commerce Clause: Where To Draw The Line On Interstate Production Of Child Pornography, Lauren Bianchini

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Cover Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Cover

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

No abstract provided.


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Table Of Contents Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Table Of Contents

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

No abstract provided.


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - The Resource Page Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - The Resource Page

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

No abstract provided.


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Working On The Components Of Judicial Independence, Ronald M. George Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Working On The Components Of Judicial Independence, Ronald M. George

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

Courts have often been cited as the weakest of the three branches of government. I do not necessarily agree with that assessment, but increasingly courts are realizing that that does not, in any event, mean they can or should remain silent or passive and allow our sister branches to determine our fate. Court governance and leadership, eliminating bias, improving access, and judicial independence are critical areas upon which we all must focus. They are necessary factors not only in preserving the strength of the judicial branch in our state and federal governmental structures, but also in ensuring that our nation ...


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Is Judicial Independence A Casualty In State And Local Budget Battles?, Michael A. Cicconetti, Michael Buenger, Lawrence G. Myers, Robert Wessels Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Is Judicial Independence A Casualty In State And Local Budget Battles?, Michael A. Cicconetti, Michael Buenger, Lawrence G. Myers, Robert Wessels

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

The first panel discussion at the National Forum on Judicial Independence reviews the budget pressures encountered by the judiciary and their impact on judicial independence. The discussion was led by then-AJA vice president Michael A. Cicconetti, a municipal judge from Painesville, Ohio. Panelists were Michael L. Buenger, Missouri state court administrator, Lawrence G. Myers, court administrator for Joplin, Missouri, and Robert Wessels, court manager for the County Criminal Courts at Law in Houston, Texas. The National Forum on Judicial Independence was supported by a generous grant from the Joyce Foundation of Chicago, Illinois.


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Friends Of The Court? The Bar, The Media, And The Public, Steve Leben, John Russonello, Malcom Feeley Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Friends Of The Court? The Bar, The Media, And The Public, Steve Leben, John Russonello, Malcom Feeley

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

The fourth panel discussion at the National Forum on Judicial Independence explores the way the public thinks about judicial independence and ways in which the media and members of the bar may affect judicial independence. The discussion was led by then-AJA secretary Steve Leben, a state general-jurisdiction trial judge from Kansas. Panelists were John Russonello, a pollster and consultant to nonprofit organizations, political campaigns, and other clients, and Malcolm Feeley, professor at the Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California-Berkeley. The National Forum on Judicial Independence was supported by a generous grant from the Joyce Foundation of ...


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - President’S Column, Gayle A. Nachtigal Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - President’S Column, Gayle A. Nachtigal

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

Over their lifetime, most citizens will never see the inside of a jail or be a participant in a criminal trial. They may come to the courthouse for traffic violations and for domestic relations cases, to pay property taxes, deal with landlord-tenant matters, or obtain documents for other events in their lives. As a result, their understanding and appreciation for the judicial system must be gathered from other sources. We must provide accurate information. Citizens receive information about the judicial system from the media, particularly television. Television cases are resolved in approximately 22 minutes; on at least one show, that ...


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Problem-Solving Courts: Do They Create Judicial Independence Problems Or Opportunities Or Both?, Michael R. Mcadam, Kevin S. Burke, Mary Campbell Mcqueen Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Problem-Solving Courts: Do They Create Judicial Independence Problems Or Opportunities Or Both?, Michael R. Mcadam, Kevin S. Burke, Mary Campbell Mcqueen

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

The third panel discussion at the National Forum on Judicial Independence explores the tension between setting up specialized, problem-solving courts and maintaining judicial independence for the judges assigned to such courts. The discussion was led by then-AJA president Michael R. McAdam, a judge on the Kansas City (Mo.) Municipal Court. Panelists were Kevin S. Burke, a district judge and past chief judge of the Hennepin County (Minn.) District Court, and Mary Campbell McQueen, president of the National Center for State Courts. The National Forum on Judicial Independence was supported by a generous grant from the Joyce Foundation of Chicago, Illinois.


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Balancing Act: Can Judicial Independence Coexist With Court Accountability?, Michael W. Manners, Michael Buenger, Kevin S. Burke, Bobby B. Delaughter Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Balancing Act: Can Judicial Independence Coexist With Court Accountability?, Michael W. Manners, Michael Buenger, Kevin S. Burke, Bobby B. Delaughter

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

The fifth panel discussion at the National Forum on Judicial Independence explored the intersection between judicial independence and public accountability. The discussion was led by Michael W. Manners, a circuit judge on the Jackson County Circuit Court in Independence, Missouri. Panelists were Michael L. Buenger, Missouri state court administrator, Kevin S. Burke, a district judge in Hennepin County District Court in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Bobby B. DeLaughter, a circuit judge on the Hinds County Circuit Court in Jackson, Mississippi, Malcolm Feeley, professor of law at the University of California-Berkeley, Michael R. McAdam, judge on the Kansas City (Mo.) Municipal Court, Mary ...


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Judicial Independence: The Freedom To Be Fair, Steve Leben, Michael R. Mcadam, Leo Bowman, Kevin S. Burke, Michael Cicconetti, Malcom Feeley, Jack Ford, Gayle Nachtigal, Tam Nomoto Schumann, William C. Vickrey Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Judicial Independence: The Freedom To Be Fair, Steve Leben, Michael R. Mcadam, Leo Bowman, Kevin S. Burke, Michael Cicconetti, Malcom Feeley, Jack Ford, Gayle Nachtigal, Tam Nomoto Schumann, William C. Vickrey

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

The final panel discussion at the National Forum on Judicial Independence was moderated by Jack Ford, host of the syndicated Public Broadcasting System program, Inside the Law. The discussion explores topics of judicial independence in a manner designed for use with the public at large and formed the basis for the onehour PBS program, “Judicial Independence: The Freedom to Be Fair.” Panelists were Leo Bowman, chief judge of the District Court in Pontiac, Michigan, Kevin Burke, district judge and former chief judge of the Hennepin County (Minn.) District Court, Michael Cicconetti, judge of the Painesville (Ohio) Municipal Court, Malcolm Feeley ...


Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Complete Issue Dec 2005

Court Review: Volume 41, Issue 3-4 - Complete Issue

Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association

No abstract provided.


Putting Religious Symbolism In Context: A Linguistic Critique Of The Endorsement Test, B. Jessie Hill Dec 2005

Putting Religious Symbolism In Context: A Linguistic Critique Of The Endorsement Test, B. Jessie Hill

Michigan Law Review

The treatment of Establishment Clause challenges to displays of religious symbolism by the Supreme Court and the lower courts is notoriously unpredictable: a crèche is constitutionally acceptable if it is accompanied by a Santa Claus house and reindeer, a Christmas tree, and various circus figures, but unacceptable if it is accompanied by poinsettias, a "peace tree," or a wreath, a tree, and a plastic Santa Claus. A menorah may be displayed next to a Christmas tree, or next to Kwanzaa symbols, Santa Claus, and Frosty the Snowman, but not next to a crèche and a Christmas tree. A number of ...


The Prophecies Of The Prophetic Jurist – A Review Of Selected Works Of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Kissi Agyebeng Nov 2005

The Prophecies Of The Prophetic Jurist – A Review Of Selected Works Of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Kissi Agyebeng

Cornell Law School J.D. Student Research Papers

This is a review of the methodology and style of legal research of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., focusing on the ideological and philosophical leanings that informed his scholarship. The review spans selected works of his undergraduate days through his mid-career writings and his representative opinions on the Supreme Judicial Court of the State of Massachusetts and the Supreme Court of the United States.


Restorative Justice, Slavery And The American Soul, A Policy-Oriented Approach To The Question Of Slavery Reparations By The United States, Michael F. Blevins Nov 2005

Restorative Justice, Slavery And The American Soul, A Policy-Oriented Approach To The Question Of Slavery Reparations By The United States, Michael F. Blevins

ExpressO

This LL.M. Intercultural Human Rights thesis (May, 2005), awarded the best student paper prize for 2005 by the Institute of Policy Sciences at Yale University (in October, 2005), after analysing past and curent issues regarding the culture wars controversy of "reparations", proposes a specific process for establishing Truth and Reconciliation regarding the legacy of slavery in the United States. The proposal recommends commissions in each Federal judicial district under the supervision of a U.S. Slavery Justice and Reconciliation Commission (USSJRC), calling for "America's 21st Century Contract with Africa and African-Americans".


On The Potential Of Neuroscience: A Comment On Greene And Cohen’S "For The Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing And Everything", Theodore Y. Blumoff Oct 2005

On The Potential Of Neuroscience: A Comment On Greene And Cohen’S "For The Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing And Everything", Theodore Y. Blumoff

ExpressO

In a recent article, Joshua Greene and Jonathan Cohen add their voices to an emerging discussion about the place of neuroscience in law and social policy. They argue convincingly that new data from the developing field of neuroscience will dramatically and positively change our legal system. I agree with their conclusions, but I believe that their commitment to a kind of neuroscientific determinism or essentialism is wrong, unnecessary, and even dangerous; it would move law in a direction that eliminates ongoing, normative decision-making. In the essay I have attached, I first set the stage by discussing the commitment of our ...


What’S The Matter With Liberalism? Reassessing Voting, Politics, And Ideology, George H. Taylor Oct 2005

What’S The Matter With Liberalism? Reassessing Voting, Politics, And Ideology, George H. Taylor

University of Pittsburgh School of Law Working Paper Series

The 2004 presidential election raised at least two questions for election law analysis. First, in contrast to the past several decades of low voter turnout, why were voters so motivated to go to the polls in 2004? Second, why did many voters who were part of the Democrats’ traditional base vote in opposition to what was widely considered to be their economic self-interest? My argument is that the answer to these questions can be conjoined by reviving and reinvigorating a non-pejorative theory of ideology.

A revised theory of ideology recognizes the multiple levels on which ideologies – both political and legal ...


Justice Blackmun And The Spirit Of Liberty, Richard C. Reuben Oct 2005

Justice Blackmun And The Spirit Of Liberty, Richard C. Reuben

Faculty Publications

As we see in this symposium, Justice Harry Blackmun is as controversial in death as he was in life. We live in a time of increasing absolutism, where things are either black or white, red or blue, you are either for me or against me, my way or the highway. It is when we are swayed by the sirens of absolutism that we are most likely to make mistakes, for absolutism diminishes our capacity to see nuance, much less to appreciate and account for it in our reasoning. This is a dangerous thing in a court, and in a democracy ...


Testing Minimalism: A Reply, Cass R. Sunstein Oct 2005

Testing Minimalism: A Reply, Cass R. Sunstein

Michigan Law Review

Some judges are less ambitious than others; they have minimalist tendencies. Minimalists are unambitious along two dimensions. First, they seek to rule narrowly rather than broadly. In a single case, they do not wish to resolve other, related problems that might have relevant differences. They are willing to live with the costs and burdens of uncertainty, which they tend to prefer to the risks of premature resolution of difficult issues. Second, minimalists seek to rule shallowly rather than deeply, in the sense that they favor arguments that do not take a stand on the foundational debates in law and politics ...


Through The Looking Glass: Judicial Deference To Academic Decision Makers, The Conflict In Higher Education Between Fundamental Program Requirements And Reasonable Accommodations Under Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act And The Americans With Disabilities Act., Douglas Rush Sep 2005

Through The Looking Glass: Judicial Deference To Academic Decision Makers, The Conflict In Higher Education Between Fundamental Program Requirements And Reasonable Accommodations Under Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act And The Americans With Disabilities Act., Douglas Rush

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


Petitioner's Observations On Canada's Additional Information, Jeffrey C. Tuomala Sep 2005

Petitioner's Observations On Canada's Additional Information, Jeffrey C. Tuomala

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.