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An Unsuccessful Attempt To Restore Justice George Sutherland's Tarnished Reputation: A Review Essay, Gary C. Leedes Jan 1996

An Unsuccessful Attempt To Restore Justice George Sutherland's Tarnished Reputation: A Review Essay, Gary C. Leedes

University of Richmond Law Review

Justice George Sutherland (1862-1942) is the subject and hero of Professor Hadley Arkes's laudatory new biography. Arkes portrays Sutherland as a judge "who had found the ground of [his] jurisprudence in 'natural rights." Although history has not treated the Justice kindly, Arkes attempts to reverse history's verdict.


Standards Of Judicial Review In The Virginia Administrative Process Act, Mary Renae Carter Jan 1996

Standards Of Judicial Review In The Virginia Administrative Process Act, Mary Renae Carter

University of Richmond Law Review

Section 9-6.14:17 of the Virginia Administrative Process Act sets forth two standards by which courts may review the validity of a state agency's decisions. In formal rulemaking and adjudicatory proceedings, the statute requires an agency to keep a record of all evidence it receives and to make decisions based on this record. Upon review, a court will look to see if there is "substantial evidence" in the record to support the agency's findings of fact. In informal rulemaking and adjudicatory proceedings, the statute does not require an agency to keep an evidentiary record. If the agency ...