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Articles 1 - 30 of 12491

Full-Text Articles in Intellectual Property Law

Artificial Intelligence And The Fog Of Innovation: A Deep-Dive On Governance And The Liability Of Autonomous Systems, Brandon W. Jackson Apr 2019

Artificial Intelligence And The Fog Of Innovation: A Deep-Dive On Governance And The Liability Of Autonomous Systems, Brandon W. Jackson

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE FOG OF INNOVATION: A DEEP-DIVE ON GOVERNANCE AND THE LIABILITY OF AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS


Algorithms And Human Freedom, Robert H. Sloan, Richard Warner Apr 2019

Algorithms And Human Freedom, Robert H. Sloan, Richard Warner

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

ALGORITHMS AND HUMAN FREEDOM


When Research Is Relational: Supporting The Research Practices Of Indigenous Studies Scholars, Danielle Cooper Apr 2019

When Research Is Relational: Supporting The Research Practices Of Indigenous Studies Scholars, Danielle Cooper

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

In 2017 Ithaka S+R launched a project to explore the changing research methods and practices of Indigenous Studies scholars across Canada and the US with the goal of identifying services to better support them in ways that are also beneficial to Indigenous communities more broadly. The project was undertaken by a cohort of research teams at 11 academic libraries with guidance from a group of advisors comprised of Indigenous scholars and librarians. Each research team in the cohort developed findings and next steps based on their local research engaging with Indigenous Studies scholars at their own institutions (listed in ...


Compensation Is All-American: Former College Football Star Chris Spielman’S Case Against His Alma Mater And How It Could Affect The Ncaa’S Amateurism Rules, Jason Mcintyre Apr 2019

Compensation Is All-American: Former College Football Star Chris Spielman’S Case Against His Alma Mater And How It Could Affect The Ncaa’S Amateurism Rules, Jason Mcintyre

Pace Law Review

The lawsuit, Spielman v. IMG College, arose when Ohio State University (“OSU”) entered into a marketing deal through their marketing agency, IMG College (“IMG”), with corporations Honda Motor Co. (“Honda”) and Nike USA Inc. (“Nike”), to hang banners depicting images of former college athletes at school sporting events. Charles “Chris” Spielman, the named Plaintiff and former NCAA football player at OSU, brought this lawsuit because he claims that OSU and IMG unreasonably and illegally restrained trade by denying him the right to profit from his name, image, and likeness.

This case plays a role in the ongoing conversation of whether ...


How The United States Stopped Being A Pirate Nation And Learned To Love International Copyright, John A. Rothchild Apr 2019

How The United States Stopped Being A Pirate Nation And Learned To Love International Copyright, John A. Rothchild

Pace Law Review

From the time of the first federal copyright law in 1790 until enactment of the International Copyright Act in 1891, U.S. copyright law did not apply to works by authors who were not citizens or residents of the United States. U.S. publishers took advantage of this lacuna in the law, and the demand among American readers for books by popular British authors, by reprinting the books of these authors without their authorization and without paying a negotiated royalty to them.

This Article tells the story of how proponents of extending copyright protections to foreign authors—called international copyright ...


Copyright: Preserve, Protect, And Promote Your Research, Supplemental Resources, Sue Ann Gardner, Paul Royster Apr 2019

Copyright: Preserve, Protect, And Promote Your Research, Supplemental Resources, Sue Ann Gardner, Paul Royster

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Supplemental sources handed out during a presentation given on April 9, 2019 in the Cottonwood Room, East Union, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Topics: Copyright, Fair Use, Educational use, UNL Digital Commons.


Copyright: A Powerful Tool To Protect, Preserve, And Promote Your Research [Lunch And Learn Outline], Paul Royster, Sue Ann Gardner Apr 2019

Copyright: A Powerful Tool To Protect, Preserve, And Promote Your Research [Lunch And Learn Outline], Paul Royster, Sue Ann Gardner

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Basic copyright: Know your rights; Copyright registration; Rights conferred; Length of term; Infringement

Licensing and contracts: Addenda to copyright that limit or extend your work; Permissions; Evaluating predatory journals; Creative Commons licenses; Gold Open Access/APCs

Fair use: How to fairly and legally use copyrighted materials in your own work; Plagiarism vs. copyright

Educational use: "Can I use this {image, quote, video clip, ...} in my {lecture, course materials, dissertation, ...}"

Copyright considerations, UNL Digital Commons: Publishing: books, journals; Green Open Access


Copyright: Preserve, Protect, And Promote Your Research: Quiz, Sue Ann Gardner Apr 2019

Copyright: Preserve, Protect, And Promote Your Research: Quiz, Sue Ann Gardner

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Quiz given during a presentation held on April 9, 2019 in the Cottonwood Room, East Union, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Topic: Copyright for academic authors.


Copyright: A Powerful Tool To Protect, Preserve, And Promote Your Research, Paul Royster, Sue A. Gardner Apr 2019

Copyright: A Powerful Tool To Protect, Preserve, And Promote Your Research, Paul Royster, Sue A. Gardner

Library Conference Presentations and Speeches

Copyright begins at “birth”

You can also register.

The holder of copyright controls the ability of others to distribute: reproductions, derivatives, translations, performance

Length of term = until you die + 70 years

Licensing and contracts

Permissions

Publisher contracts

Creative Commons licenses

Gold Open Access/APCs

Predatory journals

"Can I use this {image / quote / video clip / ...} in my {lecture / course materials / dissertation / ...}” ?

Public domain (= no copyright)

Educational use = Not Infringement

Plagiarism vs. infringement

Fair Use (1): Re-using copyrighted materials in your own work--legally

Fair use (2): The 4 Factors

Who owns UNL content?

Who owns UNL courses?

Green Open access

Most commercial ...


Copyright: Protect, Preserve, And Promote Your Research, Sue Ann Gardner, Paul Royster Apr 2019

Copyright: Protect, Preserve, And Promote Your Research, Sue Ann Gardner, Paul Royster

Library Conference Presentations and Speeches

Copyright is a powerful tool to protect, preserve, and promote academic research. The slides duplicate a quiz given to workshop participants.


Copyright: Preserve, Protect, And Promote Your Research: Quiz (Key), Sue Ann Gardner Apr 2019

Copyright: Preserve, Protect, And Promote Your Research: Quiz (Key), Sue Ann Gardner

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Answers to a quiz given during a presentation held on April 9, 2019 in the Cottonwood Room, East Union, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Topic: Copyright for academic authors.


Adventures In Conference Planning – University Of Maine Ptrc Celebrates 25 Years, Rachel A. Knapp Apr 2019

Adventures In Conference Planning – University Of Maine Ptrc Celebrates 25 Years, Rachel A. Knapp

Journal of the Patent and Trademark Resource Center Association

The challenges and rewards of conference planning come into focus when one librarian organizes the 25th anniversary celebrations for the University of Maine's Patent and Trademark Resource Center.


A Few Words And A Brief Recap Of The Jptrca’S Journey, David R. Irvin Apr 2019

A Few Words And A Brief Recap Of The Jptrca’S Journey, David R. Irvin

Journal of the Patent and Trademark Resource Center Association

The Journal of the Patent and Trademark Resource Center has transitioned to TigerPrints at Clemson University. Here we offer some insight about why the Publications Committee recommended the move.


Star Athletica Tells The Fashion Industry To Knock-It-Off With The Knockoffs, Samantha Burdick Apr 2019

Star Athletica Tells The Fashion Industry To Knock-It-Off With The Knockoffs, Samantha Burdick

Pepperdine Law Review

At any given fast fashion store, there may be a near exact replica of a ‘designer’ clothing item that sells for four times less than the amount it would at a luxury retailer. Wait—isn’t that illegal? After the Supreme Court’s landmark separability test created in Star Athletica, the answer may soon be yes. Fast fashion chains make their money exploiting the historical lack of copyright protection in the fashion industry. Lamps, shoes, and clothes have long been held ineligible for copyright protection because the utilitarian features are inseparable from the artistic. In other words, the part of ...


Defective Computer-Aided Design Software Liability In 3d Bioprinted Human Organ Equivalents, Jamil Ammar Apr 2019

Defective Computer-Aided Design Software Liability In 3d Bioprinted Human Organ Equivalents, Jamil Ammar

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

DEFECTIVE COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN SOFTWARE LIABILITY IN 3D BIOPRINTED HUMAN ORGAN EQUIVALENTS


Heads I Win, Tails You Lose: The "Expense" Of A De Novo Review Of Uspto Decisions, Sarah Murphy Apr 2019

Heads I Win, Tails You Lose: The "Expense" Of A De Novo Review Of Uspto Decisions, Sarah Murphy

Boston College Law Review

Courts have traditionally deferred to the American Rule presumption against awarding attorney’s fees. On February 4, 2019, however, in Booking.com v. USPTO, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit held that the term “expenses” in 35 U.S.C. § 1071 allows the USPTO to recover attorney’s fees when an applicant challenges the denial of its trademark. In contrast, on July 17, 2018, the en banc United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in NantKwest, Inc. v. Iancu, held that the USPTO was not entitled to recover attorney’s fees pursuant to 35 ...


Empirical Analysis Of Australian Trademark Infringement Decisions: Implications For The U.S. Trademark Use Debate, Dr. Vicki T. Huang Apr 2019

Empirical Analysis Of Australian Trademark Infringement Decisions: Implications For The U.S. Trademark Use Debate, Dr. Vicki T. Huang

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF AUSTRALIAN TRADEMARK INFRINGEMENT DECISIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE U.S. TRADEMARK USE DEBATE


Who Cares About Patents? Cross-Industry Differences In The Marginal Value Of Patent Term, Neel U. Sukhatme, Judd N.L. Cramer Mar 2019

Who Cares About Patents? Cross-Industry Differences In The Marginal Value Of Patent Term, Neel U. Sukhatme, Judd N.L. Cramer

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

How much do market participants in different industries value a marginal change in patent term (i.e., duration of patent protection)? We explore this research question by measuring the behavioral response of patentees to a rare natural experiment: a change in patent term rules, due to passage of the TRIPS agreement. We find significant heterogeneity in patentee behavior across industries, some of which follows conventional wisdom (patent term is important in pharmaceuticals) and some of which does not (it also appears to matter for some software). Our measure is highly correlated with patent renewal rates across industries, suggesting the marginal ...


Sparc* Landscape Analysis: The Changing Academic Publishing Industry – Implications For Academic Institutions, Claudio Aspesi, Nicole Allen, Raym Crow, Shawn Daugherty, Heather Joseph, Joseph Mcarthur, Nick Shockey Mar 2019

Sparc* Landscape Analysis: The Changing Academic Publishing Industry – Implications For Academic Institutions, Claudio Aspesi, Nicole Allen, Raym Crow, Shawn Daugherty, Heather Joseph, Joseph Mcarthur, Nick Shockey

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Academic publishing is undergoing a major transition as some of its leaders are moving from a content-provision to a data analytics business. This is evidenced by a change in the product mix that they are selling across higher education institutions, which is expanding beyond journals and textbooks to include research assessment systems, productivity tools, online learning management systems – complex infrastructure that is critical to conducting the end-to-end business of the university. Through the seamless provision of these services, these companies can invisibly and strategically influence, and perhaps exert control, over key university decisions – ranging from student assessment to research integrity ...


Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Human Rights And Regulatory Lessons From "Lilly V. Canada", Daniel J. Gervais Mar 2019

Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Human Rights And Regulatory Lessons From "Lilly V. Canada", Daniel J. Gervais

Daniel J Gervais

The triangular interface between trade, intellectual property (IP) and human rights has yet to be fully formed, both doctrinally and normatively. Adding investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) to the mix increases the complexity of the equations to solve. Two resultant issues are explored in this Article. First, the Article considers ways in which broader public policy objectives—in particular the protection of human rights—can and should be factored into determinations of whether a state’s action is compatible with its trade obligations and commitments in the state-to-state dispute settlement context. Second, the Article examines whether doctrinal tools used in state-to-state ...


Classic Star Wars Patents Coloring Book, Paulina Borrego Mar 2019

Classic Star Wars Patents Coloring Book, Paulina Borrego

Paulina Borrego

Coloring book containing a selected page from twelve different U.S. design patents pertaining to the Star Wars movie.


Creatures Of Star Wars Patents Coloring Book, Paulina Borrego Mar 2019

Creatures Of Star Wars Patents Coloring Book, Paulina Borrego

Paulina Borrego

Coloring book containing a selected page from twelve different U.S. design patents pertaining to the theme of creatures from the Star Wars movie.


Tried And True: Fair Use Tales For The Telling, Sarah E. Mccleskey, Courtney L. Selby Mar 2019

Tried And True: Fair Use Tales For The Telling, Sarah E. Mccleskey, Courtney L. Selby

Hofstra Law Faculty Scholarship

On Thursday, March 1, 2018, the Harvard Library Office for Scholarly Communication hosted “Tried and True: Fair Use Tales for the Telling,” a one-day program celebrating Harvard’s Fifth Anniversary of Fair Use Week. Leading fair use scholars and practitioners shared their stories and engaged in lively discussion about the powerful and flexible fair use provision of the Copyright Act and its applications. Topics included treatment of the fair use doctrine in recent jurisprudence, conflicts over the use of visual works in remixes and mash-ups, academic work and social commentary, filmmaking, controlled digital lending practices in libraries, software preservation, and ...


Ten Myths Around Open Scholarly Publishing, Jonathan P. Tennant, Harry Crane, Tom Crick, Jacinto Davila, Asura Enkhbayar, Johanna Havemann, Bianca Kramer, Ryan Martin, Paola Masuzzo, Andy Nobes, Curt Rice, Bárbara R. López, Tony Ross-Hellauer, Susanne Sattler, Paul Thacker, Marc Vanholsbeeck Mar 2019

Ten Myths Around Open Scholarly Publishing, Jonathan P. Tennant, Harry Crane, Tom Crick, Jacinto Davila, Asura Enkhbayar, Johanna Havemann, Bianca Kramer, Ryan Martin, Paola Masuzzo, Andy Nobes, Curt Rice, Bárbara R. López, Tony Ross-Hellauer, Susanne Sattler, Paul Thacker, Marc Vanholsbeeck

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

The changing world of scholarly communication and the emergence of ‘Open Science’ or ‘Open Research’ has brought to light a number of controversial and hotly-debated topics. Yet, evidence-based rational debate is regularly drowned out by misinformed or exaggerated rhetoric, which does not benefit the evolving system of scholarly communication. The aim of this article is to provide a baseline evidence framework for ten of the most contested topics, in order to help frame and move forward discussions, practices and policies. We address preprints and scooping, the practice of copyright transfer, the function of peer review, and the legitimacy of ‘global ...


Data Exclusivities In The Age Of Big Data, Biologics, And Plurilaterals, Peter K. Yu Mar 2019

Data Exclusivities In The Age Of Big Data, Biologics, And Plurilaterals, Peter K. Yu

Peter K. Yu

The past decade has seen many new developments impacting the intellectual property system. The introduction of big data analytics has transformed the fields of biotechnology and bioinformatics while ushering in major advances in drug development, clinical practices, and medical financing. The arrival of biologics and personalized medicines has also revolutionized the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries. In addition, the emergence of bilateral, regional, and plurilateral trade agreements have raised serious, and at times difficult, questions concerning the evolution of domestic and international intellectual property standards.

One topic linking all three developments together concerns the establishment of international standards to protect clinical ...


Chocolate, Fashion, Toys And Cabs: The Misunderstood Distinctiveness Of Non-Traditional Trademarks, Irene Calboli Mar 2019

Chocolate, Fashion, Toys And Cabs: The Misunderstood Distinctiveness Of Non-Traditional Trademarks, Irene Calboli

Irene Calboli

Editorial Excerpt:

What do Cadbury, Toblerone and Kit-Kat chocolates, the Rubik’s Cube and Lego mini-figurine toys, Louboutin shoes, Bottega Veneta bags and London Taxi Company cabs all have in common? These products have been, along with several others, protagonists of the rising trend of registering shapes and other non-traditional trademarks in a variety of countries, and then, in several cases, protagonist of ensuing litigation addressing the validity of these marks. To a large extent, the review panels and the courts involved in these cases have declared several of these marks invalid or have reduced their scope considerably. Hence, these ...


Copyright Policy As Catalyst And Barrier To Innovation And Free Expression, Amanda Reid Mar 2019

Copyright Policy As Catalyst And Barrier To Innovation And Free Expression, Amanda Reid

Catholic University Law Review

At its core, copyright is an innovation policy, a competition policy, and a free expression policy. Copyright seeks to balance incentivizing a public good with providing a private interest. Copyright’s purpose to catalyze creative expression and innovation is canonical; creativity and innovation are synergetic. Copyright is a means of promoting progress; copyright is not an end in itself. Much like freedom of expression and new innovations are not ends in themselves, copyright protection is not for its own sake. Freedom of expression is often heralded as a means of fostering democratic self-governance, truth, and happiness. Innovation is seen as ...


Full Cost In Translation: Awarding Expert Witness Fees In Copyright Litigation, Nicholas Vennekotter Mar 2019

Full Cost In Translation: Awarding Expert Witness Fees In Copyright Litigation, Nicholas Vennekotter

Fordham Law Review

When deciding whether to bring or defend against copyright infringement claims, the cost of litigation plays a critical role in the minds of potential litigants. The cost of retaining experts, particularly, is a large factor in this calculus. Although U.S. courts generally require each party to cover the cost of their own legal fees during litigation, the Copyright Act of 1976 permits courts, in their discretion, to allow the prevailing party to recover “full costs.” Yet, the language “full costs” is considered ambiguous, which leads to inconsistent awards of costs among the appellate courts. The circuits disagree whether the ...


You Gotta Fight For Your Right To Repair: The Digital Millennium Copyright Act’S Effect On Right-To-Repair Legislation, Daniel Moore Mar 2019

You Gotta Fight For Your Right To Repair: The Digital Millennium Copyright Act’S Effect On Right-To-Repair Legislation, Daniel Moore

Texas A&M Law Review

Consumers are keeping their electronic devices longer today than in the past because the prices of the devices have increased. Increased prices have culminated in more consumers needing their devices repaired. In turn, manufacturers use the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, a federal law, and digital rights management to force consumers to get their devices repaired by either the device manufacturer or one of its authorized repairers. In response, states have considered right-to-repair laws which require manufacturers to make repair tools, equipment, and software available to device owners and independent repair shops. While almost half of the country’s state legislatures ...


Copyright And The Music Modernization Act, Eric Harbeson Mar 2019

Copyright And The Music Modernization Act, Eric Harbeson

American Music Research Center Faculty Contributions

The Music Modernization Act of 2018 is the most significant update to U.S. copyright law in many decades. Title 2 of the Act provides a long-needed, if imperfect, solution to a longstanding problem surrounding recordings fixed before Feb. 15, 1972. The article provides a summary of the key provisions in the new act, and how they may affect the work of archivists.