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Evidence Commons

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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 211

Full-Text Articles in Evidence

The (In)Admissibility Of False Confession Expert Testimony, David A. Perez Dec 2012

The (In)Admissibility Of False Confession Expert Testimony, David A. Perez

Touro Law Review

This Comment discusses the relationship between police interrogation tactics and false confessions in order to address the admissibility of false confession expert testimony, a question that has traditionally been left to the discretion of the trial judge. The current literature-indeed, the prevailing consensus-argues for drastic changes to police interrogation practices to prevent false confessions and, in combination with such changes, demands that expert testimony on false confessions be admitted in criminal trials. Despite the relative unanimity in the literature, state and federal courts remain bitterly divided on the question of admissibility of false confession expert testimony. Each decision in this ...


The Admissibility Of Expert Testimony In North Carolina After Howerton: Reconciling The Ruling With The Rules Of Evidence, William A. Woodruff Dec 2012

The Admissibility Of Expert Testimony In North Carolina After Howerton: Reconciling The Ruling With The Rules Of Evidence, William A. Woodruff

William A. Woodruff

Part II of this paper briefly describes the federal rule in order to appreciate the context of the North Carolina approach to expert testimony. Part III traces the development of North Carolina's expert testimony law from the common law to codification in the rules of evidence through the decision in Howerton and reveals that the North Carolina test for reliability is, essentially, an evaluation of the credibility of the testifying expert. Part IV argues that Howerton's adoption of a less stringent and credibility-based substantive test for reliability but retention of the Daubert procedural "gatekeeping" role of the judge ...


Asymmetries And Incentives In Plea Bargaining And Evidence Production, Saul Levmore, Ariel Porat Dec 2012

Asymmetries And Incentives In Plea Bargaining And Evidence Production, Saul Levmore, Ariel Porat

Ariel Porat

Legal rules severely restrict payments to fact witnesses, though the government can often offer plea bargains or other nonmonetary inducements to encourage testimony. This asymmetry is something of a puzzle, for most asymmetries in criminal law favor the defendant. The asymmetry seems to disappear where physical evidence is at issue. One goal of this Essay is to understand the distinctions, or asymmetries, between monetary and nonmonetary payments, testimonial and physical evidence, and payments by the prosecution as opposed to the defense. Another is to suggest ways in which law could better encourage the production of evidence, and thus the efficient ...


The Nursing Standard Of Care In Illinois: Rethinking The Wingo Exception In The Wake Of Sullivan V. Edward Hospital, Emily Chase-Sosnoff Dec 2012

The Nursing Standard Of Care In Illinois: Rethinking The Wingo Exception In The Wake Of Sullivan V. Edward Hospital, Emily Chase-Sosnoff

Chicago-Kent Law Review

This note analyzes the current circuit split among Illinois courts over whether the same-license requirement for medical expert testimony applies to testimony about the standard of care for nurse-doctor communications. Part I traces the history of the problem by explaining the original same-license requirement, the Wingo exception for nurse-doctor communications, and the Illinois Supreme Court's decision in Sullivan, which cast doubt on Wingo's continued survival. Part II illustrates the nature of the circuit split by describing the lower courts' three distinct interpretations of Sullivan. Finally, Part III argues that courts should apply Sullivan strictly and abandon the Wingo ...


Retrieval Does Not Always Enhance Suggestibility: Testing Can Improve Witness Identification Performance, Jessica A. Lapaglia, Jason C.K. Chan Dec 2012

Retrieval Does Not Always Enhance Suggestibility: Testing Can Improve Witness Identification Performance, Jessica A. Lapaglia, Jason C.K. Chan

Psychology Publications

Verbally recalling the appearance of a perpetrator and the details of an event can sometimes hinder later eyewitness memory performance. In two experiments, we investigated the effects of verbally recalling a face on people's ability to resist subsequent misinformation about that face. Participants watched a video of a theft and then completed either a recall test or a distractor activity. After a delay, some participants heard a piece of misinformation. Memory was assessed with a recall test in Experiment 1 and with a target-present lineup in Experiment 2. In both experiments, initial testing reduced eyewitness suggestibility for the face ...


Can Law And Literature Be Practical? The Crucible And The Federal Rules Of Evidence, Martin H. Pritikin Dec 2012

Can Law And Literature Be Practical? The Crucible And The Federal Rules Of Evidence, Martin H. Pritikin

West Virginia Law Review

Counter-intuitively, one of the best ways to learn the practice-oriented topic of evidence may be by studying a work of fiction-specifically, Arthur Miller's The Crucible, which dramatizes the seventeenth-century Salem witch trials. The play puts the reader in the position of legal advocate, and invites strategic analysis of evidentiary issues. A close analysis of the dialogue presents an opportunity to explore both the doctrinal nuances of and policy considerations underlying the most important topics covered by the Federal Rules of Evidence, including the mode and order of interrogation, relevance, character evidence and impeachment, opinion testimony, and hearsay.


Listing Decisions Under The Endangered Species Act: Why Better Science Isn't Always Better Policy, Holly Doremus Nov 2012

Listing Decisions Under The Endangered Species Act: Why Better Science Isn't Always Better Policy, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

This Article offers an alternative approach to ESA listing determinations which would better combine scientific credibility with democratic legitimacy. As background to the current problem, Part II explains the origins of the ESA's stringent strictly science mandate. Part III considers the nature and limits of scientific information and explains how the scientific process can identify the best available scientific information. Part IV evaluates the specific decisions required for ESA listings in light of the strictly science mandate, explaining why these decisions require input from beyond the realm of scientific information. Part IV goes on to demonstrate that the incompatibility ...


Musical Copyright Infringement: The Replacement Of Arnstein V. Porter - A More Comprehensive Use Of Expert Testimony And The Implementation Of An "Actual Audience" Test , Michelle V. Francis Nov 2012

Musical Copyright Infringement: The Replacement Of Arnstein V. Porter - A More Comprehensive Use Of Expert Testimony And The Implementation Of An "Actual Audience" Test , Michelle V. Francis

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Medical Evidence In Cases Of Intrauterine Drug And Alcohol Exposure , Judith Larsen, Robert M. Horowitz, Ira J. Chasnoff Nov 2012

Medical Evidence In Cases Of Intrauterine Drug And Alcohol Exposure , Judith Larsen, Robert M. Horowitz, Ira J. Chasnoff

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Admissibility Of Dna Genetic Profiling Evidence In Criminal Proceedings: The Case For Caution, Lori L. Swafford Nov 2012

Admissibility Of Dna Genetic Profiling Evidence In Criminal Proceedings: The Case For Caution, Lori L. Swafford

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Clicking Away Confidentiality: Workplace Waiver Of Attorney-Client Privilege, Adam C. Losey Nov 2012

Clicking Away Confidentiality: Workplace Waiver Of Attorney-Client Privilege, Adam C. Losey

Florida Law Review

Barbara Hall, an administrative assistant, often arrives at work an hour and a half early solely to check her personal e-mails on her employer’s computer. Afterwards, “[i]n the grand tradition of Chekhov, or perhaps ‘Days of Our Lives,’ Barbara Hall carries on a dialogue throughout the workday with her two daughters, both of whom work at an event-planning company in Cleveland and use its e-mail system for such exchanges.” When she gets home from work, Barbara continues to use her workplace e-mail account to send personal e-mails. Barbara Hall and her daughters are not alone. The average employee ...


Adult Survivors Of Childhood Sexual Abuse And The Statute Of Limitations: The Need For Consistent Application Of The Delayed Discovery Rule, Gregory G. Gordon Nov 2012

Adult Survivors Of Childhood Sexual Abuse And The Statute Of Limitations: The Need For Consistent Application Of The Delayed Discovery Rule, Gregory G. Gordon

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Psychotherapist And Patient In The California Supreme Court: Ground Lost And Ground Regained, Stanley Mosk Nov 2012

Psychotherapist And Patient In The California Supreme Court: Ground Lost And Ground Regained, Stanley Mosk

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Victim Harm, Retributivism And Capital Punishment: A Philosophy Critique Of Payne V. Tennessee , R. P. Peerenboom Nov 2012

Victim Harm, Retributivism And Capital Punishment: A Philosophy Critique Of Payne V. Tennessee , R. P. Peerenboom

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Scientific Evidence In The Age Of Daubert: A Proposal For A Dual Standard Of Admissibility In Civil And Criminal Cases , William P. Haney Iii Nov 2012

Scientific Evidence In The Age Of Daubert: A Proposal For A Dual Standard Of Admissibility In Civil And Criminal Cases , William P. Haney Iii

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Impeachment Methods Illustrated: Movies, Novels, And High Profile Cases, Martin A. Schwartz, John Nicodemo Nov 2012

Impeachment Methods Illustrated: Movies, Novels, And High Profile Cases, Martin A. Schwartz, John Nicodemo

Martin A. Schwartz

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court 2009 Term Overview And 2010 Term Preview, Erwin Chemerinsky, Joan Biskupic, Martin A. Schwartz, Leon Friedman Nov 2012

The Supreme Court 2009 Term Overview And 2010 Term Preview, Erwin Chemerinsky, Joan Biskupic, Martin A. Schwartz, Leon Friedman

Martin A. Schwartz

No abstract provided.


Trial Evidence 2011: Advocacy, Analysis, & Illustrations, Martin A. Schwartz, Deborah Jones Merritt, William G. Young Nov 2012

Trial Evidence 2011: Advocacy, Analysis, & Illustrations, Martin A. Schwartz, Deborah Jones Merritt, William G. Young

Martin A. Schwartz

No abstract provided.


The Label Of Life Imprisonment In Australia: A Principled Or Populist Approach To An Ultimate Sentence, John L. Anderson Nov 2012

The Label Of Life Imprisonment In Australia: A Principled Or Populist Approach To An Ultimate Sentence, John L. Anderson

John L Anderson

No abstract provided.


Witnesses With Multiple Personality Disorder, Jacqueline R. Kanovitz, Bob S. Kanovitz, James P. Bloch Oct 2012

Witnesses With Multiple Personality Disorder, Jacqueline R. Kanovitz, Bob S. Kanovitz, James P. Bloch

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Employment Discrimination Claims Remain Valid Despite After-Acquired Evidence Of Employee Wrongdoing, Christine Neylon O'Brien Oct 2012

Employment Discrimination Claims Remain Valid Despite After-Acquired Evidence Of Employee Wrongdoing, Christine Neylon O'Brien

Pepperdine Law Review

This article explores the legal practice area of employment discrimination and adverse decisions based on after-acquired evidence. A division among the circuits courts arose concerning the impact of after-acquired evidence of employee wrongdoing upon an employer's liability for employment discrimination. When pre-trial discovery unveiled a separate nondiscriminatory reason for termination, numerous circuits allowed such previously unknown information to constitute a legitimate basis for the employment decision, following the model of a mixed-motive discharge. A trend developed however, among other circuits that after-acquired evidence of employee misconduct should not prevent the establishment of employer liability, but that it should be ...


State Searches, Federal Cases, And Choice Of Law: Just A Little Respect, John B. Corr Oct 2012

State Searches, Federal Cases, And Choice Of Law: Just A Little Respect, John B. Corr

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Smoking Out Big Tobacco: Some Lessons About Academic Freedom, The World Wide Web, Media Conglomeration, And Public Service Pedagogy From The Battle Over The Brown & Williamson Documents, Clay Calvert Oct 2012

Smoking Out Big Tobacco: Some Lessons About Academic Freedom, The World Wide Web, Media Conglomeration, And Public Service Pedagogy From The Battle Over The Brown & Williamson Documents, Clay Calvert

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Misapplication Of The Attorney Malpractice Paradigm To Litigation Services: "Suit Within A Suit" Shortcomings Compel Witness Immunity For Experts, Adam J. Myers Iii Oct 2012

Misapplication Of The Attorney Malpractice Paradigm To Litigation Services: "Suit Within A Suit" Shortcomings Compel Witness Immunity For Experts, Adam J. Myers Iii

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


It Is Broken: Breaking The Inertia Of The Exclusionary Rule, L. Timothy Perrin, H. Mitchell Caldwell, Carol A. Chase Oct 2012

It Is Broken: Breaking The Inertia Of The Exclusionary Rule, L. Timothy Perrin, H. Mitchell Caldwell, Carol A. Chase

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Optimum Remedy For Constitutional Breaches: Multiaccessed Civil Penalties In Equity, Robert C. Fellmeth Oct 2012

The Optimum Remedy For Constitutional Breaches: Multiaccessed Civil Penalties In Equity, Robert C. Fellmeth

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Exclusionary Rule: Fix It, But Fix It Right - A Critique Of If It's Broken, Fix It: Moving Beyond The Exclusionary Rule, Gregory D. Totten, Peter D. Kossoris, Ebbe B. Ebbesen Oct 2012

The Exclusionary Rule: Fix It, But Fix It Right - A Critique Of If It's Broken, Fix It: Moving Beyond The Exclusionary Rule, Gregory D. Totten, Peter D. Kossoris, Ebbe B. Ebbesen

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Administrative Replacements: How Much Can They Do?, Laurie L. Levenson Oct 2012

Administrative Replacements: How Much Can They Do?, Laurie L. Levenson

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


How To Move Beyond The Exclusionary Rule: Structuring Judicial Response To Legislative Reform Efforts, Harold J. Krent Oct 2012

How To Move Beyond The Exclusionary Rule: Structuring Judicial Response To Legislative Reform Efforts, Harold J. Krent

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Judicial Review And The Exclusionary Rule, Morgan Cloud Oct 2012

Judicial Review And The Exclusionary Rule, Morgan Cloud

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.