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Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Entertainment, Arts, and Sports Law

The Trading Card Effect, Adam Epstein Mar 2014

The Trading Card Effect, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate a teaching method that I have used for the last several years and have found to be effective particularly during the challenging final weeks of the semester. I reward students with trading cards for answering questions currently during an unannounced quiz to provide positive reinforcement in an engaging way. Students ultimately form teams and receive a relevant and classic football, baseball, basketball, hockey, or other trading card that they can keep as a souvenir to the class and the course. The intent is to give something to the students directly relevant to ...


Taxing Missy: Operation Gold And The 2012 Proposed Olympic Tax Elimination Act, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze, Adam Epstein Dec 2012

Taxing Missy: Operation Gold And The 2012 Proposed Olympic Tax Elimination Act, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to explore the legal and tax environment surrounding the August 1, 2012 bill referred to as the Olympic Tax Elimination Act (OTEA) which was introduced in the U.S. Senate to exempt from gross income the prize money earned by U.S. Olympians from the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) for earning a gold, silver or bronze medal. The OTEA came at a time when American economic growth has been stagnant, and income tax issues became a hotly contested political debate for the 2012 Presidential election. The article explores how tax issues have weaved ...


Missouri Sports Law, Adam Epstein Dec 2012

Missouri Sports Law, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this paper is to present a brief perspective and overview on how individuals and teams associated with the state of Missouri have had an impact on sports law in general. This article synthesizes Missouri-related cases and decisions, demonstrating that the legal issues are quite broad and varied in this area of the law. Some represent significant state and federal sports law cases including those that have been initiated in or traveled through Missouri via the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals.


Surveying Colorado Sports Law, Adam Epstein Dec 2012

Surveying Colorado Sports Law, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview and explore some of the major sports law cases that have emanated from within the four corners of the state of Colorado or maneuvered through Denver’s Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals. Colorado is a prime location for a wide range of cutting edge cases, decisions, discussions and events which have an impact on the relationship between sports and the law among the professional, amateur and recreational environments. Legal issues at Colorado-based educational institutions appear to have an affinity for and history of exposing and challenging the authority of NCAA ...


Go For The Gold By Utilizing The Olympics, Adam Epstein Dec 2011

Go For The Gold By Utilizing The Olympics, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate ways to incorporate legal issues related to the Olympic Games in the business law or legal environment course. This article provides a brief history of the legislation which has established the legal authority of the United States Olympic Committee (USOC), prominent cases, relevant laws and other legal issues that encompass the Olympic Games and their administration in the United States. Legal issues related to constitutional law, arbitration, jurisdiction, gender and disability discrimination, intellectual property, are also presented in a way in which the professor can use the Olympics as part of the ...


Teaching Torts With Sports, Adam Epstein Dec 2010

Teaching Torts With Sports, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this paper is to offer a pedagogical road map for an alternative way to engage students when arriving at the torts portion of the business law or legal environment course. It is designed to encourage utilizing sports cases and sport-related videos when teaching torts which can be effective and energizing. My research demonstrates that the prominence of sports related tort cases and examples are much more apparent in the negligence and intentional tort categories than in products liability or strict liability. More specifically, an effective way to relate the concept of negligence in sports is in the ...


An Exploration Of Interesting Clauses In Sports, Adam Epstein Dec 2010

An Exploration Of Interesting Clauses In Sports, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to explore a broad spectrum of some of the more prominent and interesting contract clauses that have worked their way into the practice of law in the business of sport. Many of the examples utilized in this article reflect the fundamental principles of contract law generally. The article explores contract clauses (and in some cases terminations) related to prominent coaches including Jim O'Brien, Kelvin Sampson, Tom Crean and Bruce Pearl. Other clauses explored include baseball's now outdated reserve clause, termination for cause clauses, morals, force majeure, liquidated damages, hazardous activity, best efforts ...


Exploring Ethical Issues And Examples By Using Sport, Adam Epstein, Bridget Niland Dec 2010

Exploring Ethical Issues And Examples By Using Sport, Adam Epstein, Bridget Niland

Adam Epstein

The purpose of the paper is to offer suggestions to engage your students when arriving at the ethics portion of your business law, legal environment, or sports law course. With due respect given to the classic theory of ethics, the paper offers ethical issues in the context of sport at all levels, including youth sport, interscholastic, intercollegiate, professional and the Olympic Games. Unique topics include sport-related fraud, the use of performance-enhancing drugs and technology, raging parents, running up the score, and whether the myriad of NCAA bylaws genuinely reflect and promote fundamental principles of amateurism, sportsmanship, and education.


Religion And Sports In The Undergraduate Classroom: A Surefire Way To Spark Student Interest, Adam Epstein Dec 2010

Religion And Sports In The Undergraduate Classroom: A Surefire Way To Spark Student Interest, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this pedagogical piece is to present an opportunity to discuss religion in the context of sports as a means of generating classroom discussion and prompting extra-curricular reading on topics pertaining to business law primarily at the undergraduate level. A discussion of religion and sports provides one avenue to pursue exploration of the free exercise and establishment clauses. Examples are provided in the intercollegiate, interscholastic and professional sport contexts. The article also provides a brief primer on the First Amendment generally, outlining some of the classic Supreme Court cases. The article then discusses a series of cases involving ...


Multi-Level Marketing And Its Brethren: The Legal And Regulatory Environment In The Down Economy, Adam Epstein Dec 2009

Multi-Level Marketing And Its Brethren: The Legal And Regulatory Environment In The Down Economy, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

This article explores the legal and regulatory environment of multi-level marketing companies also known as MLM. Legal research is lacking in this area of business law though the regulatory environment involves a combination of federal and state laws including administrative agencies such as the FTC and SEC. In the current down economy, criminal enterprises such as Ponzi schemes have been exposed. MLMs are often compared to Ponzi and pyramid schemes and do share similarities. The article offers that personal responsibility is vital when determining whether to join any MLM in light of the volume of resources available on the internet.


Gambling And Collegiate Athletics, Adam Epstein, Bridget Niland Dec 2008

Gambling And Collegiate Athletics, Adam Epstein, Bridget Niland

Adam Epstein

The article discusses concerns involving intercollegiate sports gambling. It explores the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) rules known as Bylaws. The article also outlines and explores a history of notable college sports gambling incidents involving individuals and NCAA schools. The article also reviews relevant federal and state laws.


Sports Agent Litigation And The Regulatory Environment, Adam Epstein Dec 2008

Sports Agent Litigation And The Regulatory Environment, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

Some of the more important civil and criminal cases involving the litigious history of the sports agent business are discussed. The article provides the fundamentals of the regulatory environment in which sports agents (many of whom are lawyers) operate. While discussion of sports agency is not novel, the collection of major cases coupled with the current state of the regulatory/business environment provides the reader with a solid basis for future consideration or research. The appropriate state and federal laws are explored in detail. The role that the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) plays in “regulating” sports agents is also ...


Incorporating The Criminal Law In Sport Studies, Adam Epstein Dec 2008

Incorporating The Criminal Law In Sport Studies, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to provide an outline for teaching the criminal law in a sport studies (or related) course. The article discusses the differences among various crimes and whether physical violence involves legitimate or illegitimate force during a sports contest. Even non-violent (white collar) crimes such as the incident at the University of Toledo demonstrate how the criminal law can weave its way into the legal environment of sport. The article also notes how crimes can be committed in all environments and at all levels: youth sport, recreational activities and leagues, amateur competition and in the professional ...


Utilization Of The National Collegiate Athletic Association (Ncaa) Manual As A Teaching Tool, Adam Epstein Dec 2008

Utilization Of The National Collegiate Athletic Association (Ncaa) Manual As A Teaching Tool, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

This article provides instructors with some ideas as to how they can incorporate the Division I NCAA Manual into their own course without having to reinvent the wheel. Part I offers a brief history of the NCAA and provides the proper context for the particular provisions of the Manual. Part II focuses on the Manual itself, including discussions of principles and themes found within its borders, the connection of the Manual to traditional legal and sports law topics, and offers examples of some oversights and curious provisions for comic relief.


Sales And Sports Law, Adam Epstein Dec 2007

Sales And Sports Law, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to provide insight into the basics of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) and explore its application to sports law. Particular focus is on the sale of goods found in the UCC's Article 2. Whether a buyer and seller closes a deal for the sale of helmets, bats, balls, backboards, sports memorabilia, a new artificial surface for the outdoor field or to fulfill an order for a new set of game jerseys, the UCC applies to the sale if the parties to the sales contract failed to otherwise agree upon the specifics.


The Fundamentals Of Teaching Sports Law, Adam Epstein Dec 2006

The Fundamentals Of Teaching Sports Law, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The article lays out the fundamentals of teaching a successful Sports Law course including the subject areas of Sports Agency, Sports Contracts, Sports Torts, Sports Crimes, Title IX Issues, Disabilities in Sports, the use of Performance Enhancing Drugs (PEDs), and so on.


Exploration Of Minimum Age Employment Policies In Professional Sports, Adam Epstein Dec 2006

Exploration Of Minimum Age Employment Policies In Professional Sports, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of the paper is to explore the minimum age policies of the Big Four sports leagues in the United States (NBA, NFL, MLB and NHL), and discuss the history of their policies. Emphasis is given to the legal battles waged by Spencer Haywood (NBA) and Maurice Clarett (NFL). A discussion of other sports and their minimum age policies is presented as well. The study and history of relevant antitrust law is incorporated as well.


Michigan High Schools Now In Sync, Adam Epstein Dec 2006

Michigan High Schools Now In Sync, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

A discussion of the important case involving a decade of litigation involving the Michigan High School Athletic Association (MHSAA) and its insistence that the six girls' sports seasons that did not coincide with the boys' seasons was legal. However, the MHSAA lost its case and high school sports seasons changed beginning fall 2007 to comply with the federal gender-equity law known as Title IX.


Texas Supreme Court Denies Student-Athlete's Property Right Claim, Adam Epstein Dec 2005

Texas Supreme Court Denies Student-Athlete's Property Right Claim, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

Discussion of the case involving swimmer Joscelin Yeo and the troubles she faced involving NCAA rules when trying to transfer from UC-Berkeley to UT-Austin between 2000-2001. The decision went to the Texas Supreme Court ruling against her and in support of NCAA transfer rules.


Book Review: Sports Law: Cases, Documents, And Materials, Adam Epstein Dec 2005

Book Review: Sports Law: Cases, Documents, And Materials, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

Book Review of Walter T. Champion's 2005 textbook.


The Adea And Sports Law, Adam Epstein Dec 2005

The Adea And Sports Law, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to provide insight into age issues in sports law and its relationship to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), a federal law. There are a few published decisions involving the ADEA in the sports setting. However, there are some cases involving claims by coaches, support staff and administrators who allege they were terminated unlawfully based upon age discrimination. Part I presents a comprehensive overview of the ADEA including defenses to a claim of age discrimination. Part II offers relevant cases with regard to the ADEA and its evolution including the few ...


The Empire Strikes Back: Nfl Cuts Clarett, Sacks Scheindlin, Adam Epstein Dec 2004

The Empire Strikes Back: Nfl Cuts Clarett, Sacks Scheindlin, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The article explores and the litigation history involving former Ohio State University running back Maurice Clarett and his challenge the the NFL draft-eligibility rule. Though Clarett was successful at the U.S. District Court level, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals ruled differently, thereby preventing Clarett from being eligible for the 2004 NFL draft. Though he was drafted the next year (2005), an exploration of the differences between the trial court (Hon. Schendlin) and the appellate court (J. Sotomayor) opinions is quite interesting and relevant in the context of both antitrust and labor law, particularly the mandatory subjects of a ...


Book Review: Sports Law And Regulation: Cases, Materials, And Problems, Adam Epstein Dec 2004

Book Review: Sports Law And Regulation: Cases, Materials, And Problems, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

Review of the 2005 textbook authored by Matthew J. Mitten, Timothy Davis, Rodney K. Smith & Robert C. Berry. The four authors of this text all have credible status in the field of sports law as professors at the law school level, and the reader is reminded of their expertise throughout the book in numerous footnotes, notes and in other references. They present 12 chapters of a sport law smorgasbord in an interesting arrangement. The authors note that the book should be given multidisciplinary consideration among law students and upper-division undergraduate and graduate students. However, the authors provide that the textbook ...


Whistle-Blowing And The Continued Expansion Of Title Ix In Jackson V. Birmingham Board Of Education, Adam Epstein Dec 2004

Whistle-Blowing And The Continued Expansion Of Title Ix In Jackson V. Birmingham Board Of Education, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

A study of the history and importance of the 2005 Supreme Court decision that expanded Title IX to include a private right of action for individuals who reveal Title IX violations even though they themselves were not subject to sex discrimination. The case involved Roderick Jackson a high school coach from the Birmingham, Alabama area.


California Amusement Rides And Liability, Adam Epstein Dec 2004

California Amusement Rides And Liability, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

Discussion of the majority and minority California Supreme Court decision involving the unfortunate 2000 incident at Disneyland which resulted in the death of a woman on her honeymoon.


Title Ix Whistle-Blowing Is Protected, Adam Epstein Dec 2004

Title Ix Whistle-Blowing Is Protected, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

Discussion of the valiant efforts of high school basketball coach Roderick Jackson (Birmingham, Alabama) and his complaint over inferior facilities for his girls basketball team. His claim went all the way to the United States Supreme Court.


Better To Have Tried And Failed Than Never To Have Tried Mediation At All: Implications Of Mandatory Mediation In Fisher V. Ge Medical Systems, Adam Epstein Dec 2003

Better To Have Tried And Failed Than Never To Have Tried Mediation At All: Implications Of Mandatory Mediation In Fisher V. Ge Medical Systems, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

A discussion of the 2003 case, Fisher v. GE Medical Systems that helped to shape the issue of whether or not mandatory mediation clauses in employment handbooks constitute “arbitration” under the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA). Several courts in different jurisdictions have interpreted arbitration and mediation as the same, especially in circumstances involving the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).


Bankruptcy And Sport Management, Adam Epstein Dec 2003

Bankruptcy And Sport Management, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

A discussion of the relationship between bankruptcy law and sport studies including sports management and sports law. A history of bankruptcy laws is presented, including relevancy between today and its ancient Roman roots. A list of teams and individuals (through 2003) who have filed for bankruptcy provides a springboard for further research. The differences between Chapter 7, Chapter 11 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy is presented in the context of sport. Particular emphasis is given to the bankruptcy filings by Cannondale bicycle manufacturer and sports agent David Dunn.


Employer's Exclusive Control Over Selection Of Arbitrators Held Invalid, Adam Epstein Dec 2003

Employer's Exclusive Control Over Selection Of Arbitrators Held Invalid, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

Discussion of the 2003 Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals case McMullen v. Meijer, Inc. While alternative forms of dispute resolution such as arbitration and mediation are now commonplace and are effectively utilized to avoid litigation and resolve disputes between employers and employees, the procedure in the arbitration process must be fair. Upon the hire, employers often provide their employees with an employment handbook that specifically discusses procedures involving termination. Often the employee handbook, if one exists, is viewed as a contract and is often a first step in determining the proper method of dispute resolution and procedure. In this case ...


Body Blow: Boxer Chases Ambulance And Wins Judgment, Adam Epstein Dec 2003

Body Blow: Boxer Chases Ambulance And Wins Judgment, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

Case analysis and discussion of Maldonado v. Gateway Hotel Holdings, L.L.C., 2003 Mo. App. LEXIS 1577, in which the Missouri appellate court upheld a trial court decision as a professional boxer was awarded $13.7 million in compensatory damages for a hotel's failure to provide an ambulance on site after the match was over even though it had subcontracted responsibility for the event with a promoter.