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Disability Law Commons

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2012

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Disability Law

Disability-Selective Abortion And The Americans With Disabilities Act, Dov Fox, Christopher L. Griffin Jr. Dec 2012

Disability-Selective Abortion And The Americans With Disabilities Act, Dov Fox, Christopher L. Griffin Jr.

Christopher L. Griffin Jr.

This Article examines the influence of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on affective attitudes toward children with disabilities and on the incidence of disability-selective abortion. Applying regression analysis to U.S. natality data, we find that the birthrate of children with Down syndrome declined significantly in the years following the ADA’s passage. Controlling for technological, demographic, and cultural variables suggests that the ADA may have encouraged prospective parents to prevent the existence of the very class of people it was designed to protect. We explain this paradox by showing the way in which specific ADA provisions could have ...


Assessing Post-Ada Employment: Some Econometric Evidence And Policy Considerations, John J. Donohue Iii, Michael Ashley Stein, Christopher L. Griffin Jr., Sascha Becker Dec 2012

Assessing Post-Ada Employment: Some Econometric Evidence And Policy Considerations, John J. Donohue Iii, Michael Ashley Stein, Christopher L. Griffin Jr., Sascha Becker

Christopher L. Griffin Jr.

This article explores the relationship between the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the relative labor market outcomes for people with disabilities. Using individual-level longitudinal data from 1981 to 1996 derived from the previously unexploited Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), we examine the possible effect of the ADA on (1) annual weeks worked; (2) annual earnings; and (3) hourly wages for a sample of 7,120 unique male household heads between the ages of 21 and 65, as well as for a subset of 1,437 individuals appearing every year from 1981 to 1996. Our analysis of the larger ...


Moving Towards Autonomy And Equality: An Analysis Of The New Mental Health Care Bill 2012, Dharmendra Chatur, Jayna Kothari Dec 2012

Moving Towards Autonomy And Equality: An Analysis Of The New Mental Health Care Bill 2012, Dharmendra Chatur, Jayna Kothari

Dharmendra Chatur

The new Mental Health Care Bill 2012 marks a complete shift from the existing Mental Health Act 1987 from viewing persons with mental disabilities as persons requiring institutionalisation, to persons with autonomy, equal recognition of their rights and full legal capacity. This shift has been in view of India’s ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2006 (“UNCRPD”). In this paper, we analyse the provisions of the Bill specifically in the context of the changes in mental health care law that it proposes, keeping in mind the rights to autonomy and equality of persons ...


Remissvar: Psykiatrin Och Lagen – Tvångsvård, Straffansvar Och Samhällsskydd (Sou 2012:17), Titti Mattsson, Ulrika Andersson, Sverker Jönsson, Anna Nilsson Nov 2012

Remissvar: Psykiatrin Och Lagen – Tvångsvård, Straffansvar Och Samhällsskydd (Sou 2012:17), Titti Mattsson, Ulrika Andersson, Sverker Jönsson, Anna Nilsson

Anna Nilsson

Psykiatrilagsutredningens betänkande behandlar grundläggande frågor om vård, tvång, och straffrättslig ansvarsförmåga. Det handlar bl.a. om vem som kan samtycka till vård och behandling, när samhället kan tillgripa tvång för att förhindra någon från att skada sig själv eller annan. Det handlar också om vem som ska anses har förmåga att bära straffrättsligt ansvar för sina handlingar och de rättsliga följderna av (o)tillräknelighet. Samtliga är angelägna frågeställningar. En negativ konsekvens av att centrala straffrättsliga frågor behandlas i relation till personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar är emellertid att perspektivet blir alltför snävt i ett socialrättsligt perspektiv. Det saknas principiella överväganden om ...


Advice To The Next President: The Future Of "Obamacare", Wendy Parmet, Michael Dukakis Oct 2012

Advice To The Next President: The Future Of "Obamacare", Wendy Parmet, Michael Dukakis

Wendy E. Parmet

No abstract provided.


Bridging The Barriers: Public Health Strategies For Expanding Drug Treatment In Communities, Ellen M. Weber Oct 2012

Bridging The Barriers: Public Health Strategies For Expanding Drug Treatment In Communities, Ellen M. Weber

Ellen M. Weber

States around the country have begun to adopt programs to divert drug offenders from jails and prisons to community-based drug treatment services. For this strategy to succeed, local officials will need to expand the availability of outpatient and residential treatment programs and address the barriers to siting treatment services, the most significant of which are community opposition and government zoning policies that facilitate community resistance. Civil rights laws, including the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Fair Housing Act (FHA), prohibit zoning discrimination against persons with histories of alcoholism and drug dependence and provide a solid legal foundation for ...


Forgotten Sisters- A Report On Violence Against Women With Disabilities: An Overview Of Its Nature, Scope, Causes And Consequences, Stephanie Ortoleva, Hope Lewis Jul 2012

Forgotten Sisters- A Report On Violence Against Women With Disabilities: An Overview Of Its Nature, Scope, Causes And Consequences, Stephanie Ortoleva, Hope Lewis

Hope Lewis

This report, prepared by scholars and human rights advocates who are members of the Working Group on Violence against Women with Disabilities, focuses on the prevalence and pervasiveness of violence against women and girls with disabilities. The Working Group recognizes the need to ensure that women and girls with disabilities are included as full participants in data-gathering, analysis, and proposed solutions as the mandates of Ms. Rashida Manjoo, the UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences, and Mr. Shuaib Chalklen, the Special Rapporteur on Disability, move forward. Additionally, the Working Group calls on international organizations, especially ...


Litigating Age And Disability Claims Against State And Local Government Employers In The New "Federalism" Era, Ivan E. Bodensteiner, Rosalie Levinson Jul 2012

Litigating Age And Disability Claims Against State And Local Government Employers In The New "Federalism" Era, Ivan E. Bodensteiner, Rosalie Levinson

Ivan E. Bodensteiner

No abstract provided.


Litigating Age And Disability Claims Against State And Local Government Employers In The New "Federalism" Era, Ivan E. Bodensteiner, Rosalie Levinson Jul 2012

Litigating Age And Disability Claims Against State And Local Government Employers In The New "Federalism" Era, Ivan E. Bodensteiner, Rosalie Levinson

Rosalie Berger Levinson

No abstract provided.


Mississippi May Become First U.S. State With No Abortion Clinic, Esmé Deprez, Elizabeth Waibel Jun 2012

Mississippi May Become First U.S. State With No Abortion Clinic, Esmé Deprez, Elizabeth Waibel

Wendy E. Parmet

No abstract provided.


Us Judge Rules Netflix Subject To Disability Act, Hiawatha Bray Jun 2012

Us Judge Rules Netflix Subject To Disability Act, Hiawatha Bray

Wendy E. Parmet

No abstract provided.


Lagstiftningen Om Psykiatrisk Tvångsvård Får Inte Diskriminera, Anna Nilsson, Moa Kindström Dahlin Apr 2012

Lagstiftningen Om Psykiatrisk Tvångsvård Får Inte Diskriminera, Anna Nilsson, Moa Kindström Dahlin

Anna Nilsson

No abstract provided.


Who Gets To Decide? Right To Legal Capacity For Persons With Intellectual And Psychosocial Disabilities, Anna Nilsson Feb 2012

Who Gets To Decide? Right To Legal Capacity For Persons With Intellectual And Psychosocial Disabilities, Anna Nilsson

Anna Nilsson

The right of persons with disabilities to make choices about their lives and enjoy legal capacity on an equal basis with others is one of the most significant human rights issues in Europe today. Being recognised as someone who can make decisions is instrumental in taking control over one’s life and participating in society with others.

Having legal capacity enables us to choose where and with whom we want to live, to vote for the political party we prefer, to have our health care decisions respected, to control our own financial affairs and to have access to cinemas and ...


Medical Leave-Taking After The Fmla: An Empirical Analysis Of Affirmative Employment Rights, Christopher Griffin Jan 2012

Medical Leave-Taking After The Fmla: An Empirical Analysis Of Affirmative Employment Rights, Christopher Griffin

Christopher L. Griffin Jr.

No abstract provided.


Preface, Paul A. Lombardo Jan 2012

Preface, Paul A. Lombardo

Paul A. Lombardo

Introduction to a volume chronicling the 20th Century North Carolina eugenic sterilization program and the investigative journalism that prompted the state to apologize for it


Disabled Students' Rights Of Access To Charter Schools Under The Idea, Section 504 And The Ada, Robert A. Garda Jr. Jan 2012

Disabled Students' Rights Of Access To Charter Schools Under The Idea, Section 504 And The Ada, Robert A. Garda Jr.

Robert A. Garda

Charter schools are under increasing attack for denying admission to disabled students. But traditional schools also turn away disabled students, often preventing them from attending schools in their neighborhood or within their district. This Article discusses when a school is permitted under federal disability law to deny admission to a disabled student. After nearly four decades of special education jurisprudence and regulatory guidance, the circumstances under which a student with a disability may be denied admission to a particular school are still remarkably unclear. This Article first discusses the "zero-reject" principle underlying the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and concludes ...


Aging In The United States: Rethinking Justice, Equality, And Identity Across The Lifespan, Nancy J. Knauer Jan 2012

Aging In The United States: Rethinking Justice, Equality, And Identity Across The Lifespan, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

Our current aging policies and procedures raise profound questions of individual liberty, autonomy, and equality. Guardianship regimes require the state to balance the interests of vulnerable adults with their right to self-determination. The proliferation of age-specific laws designed to protect elders may actually compromise the civil rights of older individuals by denying their autonomy based solely on their age. The regulation of intimacy in long-term care settings infringes on a core liberty interest essential to human dignity. This essay introduces a new body of work that specifically addresses the civil rights aspects of aging. In many ways, aging represents the ...


Arctic Justice: Addressing Persistent Organic Pollutants, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson Jan 2012

Arctic Justice: Addressing Persistent Organic Pollutants, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

This article recommends enhanced governance of persistent organic pollutants through incentives to develop environmentally sound, climate friendly technologies as well as caution in developing the Arctic. It highlights the toxicity challenges presented by POPs to Arctic people and ecosystems.


Polar Law And Good Governance, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson Jan 2012

Polar Law And Good Governance, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

This chapter will assess the Antarctic Treaty System, ask what polar lessons can be learned regarding common pool resources, and analyze law of the sea and related measures. It will consider such substantive areas as Arctic and Antarctic natural resource management and procedural opportunities as inclusive governance structures. Enhancing good governance can occur through trust building forums that bring together stakeholders, share information, and make environmentally sound decisions regarding sustainable development.


Common-Law Interpretation Of Appropriate Education: The Road Not Taken In Rowley, Mark C. Weber Jan 2012

Common-Law Interpretation Of Appropriate Education: The Road Not Taken In Rowley, Mark C. Weber

Mark C. Weber

Thirty years old in 2012, Board of Education v. Rowley is the case that established a some-benefit or floor-of-opportunity standard for the services public school districts must provide to children who have disabilities. But the some-benefit approach is by no means the only one the Court could have adopted. It could have endorsed the view of the lower courts that each child with a disability must be given the opportunity to achieve his or her potential commensurate with the opportunity offered other children. Or it could have adopted a standard based on achievement of the child’s full potential or ...


Impairment As Protected Status: A New Universality For Disability Rights, Michelle Travis Dec 2011

Impairment As Protected Status: A New Universality For Disability Rights, Michelle Travis

Michelle A. Travis

This Article analyzes the fundamental change to federal civil rights law that Congress accomplished through the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (the "ADAAA"). Congress enacted the ADAAA in response to a series of United States Supreme Court opinions that had narrowly interpreted the definition of disability in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Although many commentators have recognized the ADAAA's intent to restore the class of individuals with disabilities to the breadth that Congress originally intended, this Article argues that the ADAAA accomplished something more significant: it extricated disability from the broader concept of impairment. As a result ...


The Anticlassification Turn In Employment Discrimination Law, Brad Areheart Dec 2011

The Anticlassification Turn In Employment Discrimination Law, Brad Areheart

Bradley A. Areheart

The distinction between antisubordination and anticlassification has existed since the 1970s and has been frequently invoked by scholars to advocate for certain readings of antidiscrimination law. The anticlassification principle prohibits practices that classify people on the basis of a forbidden category. In contrast, the antisubordination principle allows classification (or consideration of, for example, race or sex) to the extent the classification is intended to challenge group subordination.

While most scholars writing about antisubordination and anticlassification have done so in the context of equal protection, this Article systematically applies antisubordination and anticlassification values to assess recent developments in employment discrimination law ...


Canines On Campus: Companion Animals At Postsecondary Educational Institutions, Rebecca J. Huss Dec 2011

Canines On Campus: Companion Animals At Postsecondary Educational Institutions, Rebecca J. Huss

Rebecca J. Huss

This Article focuses on the issues that arise when students wish to attend a postsecondary institution accompanied by an animal. The Article begins by analyzing the federal law applicable to students bringing service and assistance animals to campus. The use of animal-assisted activities on campus is also explored. The Article continues with an examination of policies allowing students to have companion animals in campus housing. Concerns raised by administrators about allowing animals on campus are then considered. Finally, the Article sets forth the measures an educational institution should implement to ensure compliance with the law and proposes actions that can ...


Corrections For Racial Disparities In Law Enforcement, Christopher L. Griffin Jr., Frank A. Sloan, Lindsey M. Chepke Dec 2011

Corrections For Racial Disparities In Law Enforcement, Christopher L. Griffin Jr., Frank A. Sloan, Lindsey M. Chepke

Christopher L. Griffin Jr.

Much empirical analysis has documented racial disparities at the beginning and end stages of a criminal case. However, our understanding about the perpetuation of—and even corrections for—differential outcomes as the process unfolds remains less than complete. This Article provides a comprehensive examination of criminal dispositions using all DWI cases in North Carolina during the period 2001-2011, focusing on several major decision points in the process. Starting with pretrial hearings and culminating in sentencing results, we track differences in outcomes by race and gender. Before sentencing, significant gaps emerge in the severity of pretrial release conditions that disadvantage black ...


When Good Enough Is No Longer Good Enough: How The High Stakes Nature Of The No Child Left Behind Act Supplanted The Rowley Definition Of A Free Appropriate Public Education, Evan D. Blewett, Andrea Kayne Kaufman Dec 2011

When Good Enough Is No Longer Good Enough: How The High Stakes Nature Of The No Child Left Behind Act Supplanted The Rowley Definition Of A Free Appropriate Public Education, Evan D. Blewett, Andrea Kayne Kaufman

Evan Blewett

This Article asks the basic question whether the good enough education standard required by the Rowley Court is still good enough in the high-stakes context of the No Child Left Behind Act. In Hendrick Hudson School District v. Rowley, the Supreme Court provided a framework to determine whether students with disabilities are provided with a "free and appropriate public education" in accordance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ("IDEA"). The Rowley Court interpreted IDEA as focusing more on students with disabilities accessing some educational benefits, rather than on assessing and maximizing their educational performance.


Changing Voices In A Familiar Conversation About Rules Vs. Standards: Veterans Law At The Federal Circuit In 2011, James Ridgway Dec 2011

Changing Voices In A Familiar Conversation About Rules Vs. Standards: Veterans Law At The Federal Circuit In 2011, James Ridgway

James D. Ridgway

This review of the Federal Circuit's veterans benefits case law in 2011 suggests that a familiar struggle between rules and standards lurks under the surface of some of the more familiar debates in veterans law. In particular, it suggests that the struggle between Chevron deference and Gardner’s rule of resolving ambiguity in favor of the veteran can be framed this way. It also suggests that the rules-versus-standards framing can be used to better understand the debate about what it means for the benefits system to be veteran friendly. In addition, this article addresses the changing dynamics surrounding veterans ...


Culture Clash: Special Education In Charter Schools, Robert A. Garda Jr. Dec 2011

Culture Clash: Special Education In Charter Schools, Robert A. Garda Jr.

Robert A. Garda

Charter schools and special education for disabled students are based on conflicting education reforms and agency oversight principles. Charter schools operate in a culture of regulatory freedom and flexibility. They arose out of the modern era of accountability reform, in which student outcomes are the primary measure of school success and the driving engine of agency oversight. In stark contrast, special education laws were conceived in the civil rights era of education reform, which emphasized process and paid little attention to outcomes. The education of disabled students is steeped in a culture of regulatory oversight focused on rigid compliance with ...


Estate Planning For Individuals With Disabilities, Thomas E. Simmons Dec 2011

Estate Planning For Individuals With Disabilities, Thomas E. Simmons

Thomas E. Simmons

The basic federal safety net program for elderly, blind and disabled persons is Supplemental Security Income (SSI). The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the program and eligibility is based upon financial need. The basic eligible criteria are that an individual have less than two thousand dollars ($2,000) in assets, or three thousand dollars ($3,000) for a couple, although certain limited resources are excluded.
There are also income limitations that individuals must satisfy to qualify for SSI.

SSI’s sister in welfare benefits is the Medicaid (Title 19) program. While SSI is entirely a federal program, Medicaid, which shares ...