Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Law

Some Thoughts Raised By Magna Carta: The Popular Re-Election Of Judges, William Hamilton Bryson Oct 2016

Some Thoughts Raised By Magna Carta: The Popular Re-Election Of Judges, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

This essay, first presented at the Magna Carta anniversary symposium of the Baronial Order of Magna Charta on April 16, 2015, at The Cosmos Club, in Washington, D.C., takes as its inspiration the spirit of the rule of law, as laid down in the Magna Carta. Specifically, the author argues that the popular election and reelection of judges undermines the rule of law, and democracy in general, by exposing judges to the manipulations of financial corruption, political intimidation, and the often irrational shifts in popular opinion. To correct this problem, the author calls for amendment of the thirty-nine state ...


Filling The Federal Appellate Court Vacancies, Carl W. Tobias Jan 2015

Filling The Federal Appellate Court Vacancies, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

Multiple observers have criticized President Barack Obama’s discharge of his Article II constitutional responsibility to nominate and confirm federal judges. Senators have blamed the administration for slowly making nominations, liberals have contended that the executive appointed myriad candidates who are not sufficiently centrist, and conservatives have alleged that President Obama proffered many nominees who could become liberal judicial activists. Despite the sharp criticisms, the President has actually realized much success when nominating and confirming well qualified moderate jurists. President Obama has named more judges than Presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton had at this juncture in their tenure ...


Copyright's Topography: An Empirical Study Of Copyright Litigation, Christopher A. Cotropia, James Gibson Jan 2014

Copyright's Topography: An Empirical Study Of Copyright Litigation, Christopher A. Cotropia, James Gibson

Law Faculty Publications

One of the most important ways to measure the impact of copyright law is through empirical examination of actual copyright infringement cases. Yet scholars have universally overlooked this rich source of data. This study fills that gap through a comprehensive empirical analysis of copyright infringement litigation, examining the pleadings, motions, and dockets from more than nine hundred copyright lawsuits filed from 2005 through 2008. The data we collect allow us to examine a wide variety of copyright issues, such as the rate of settlements versus judgments; the incidence of litigation between major media companies, small firms, and individuals; the kinds ...


Constructing Courts: Architecture, The Ideology Of Judging, And The Public Sphere, Allison Anna Tait Jan 2013

Constructing Courts: Architecture, The Ideology Of Judging, And The Public Sphere, Allison Anna Tait

Law Faculty Publications

In several countries, governments have embarked on major building expansion programs for their judiciaries. The new buildings posit the courtroom as their center and the judge as that room’s pivot. These contemporary projects follow the didactic path laid out in Medieval and Renaissance town halls, which repeatedly deployed symbolism in efforts to shape norms. Dramatic depictions then reminded judges to be loyal subjects of the state. In contrast, modern buildings narrate not only the independence of judges but also the dominion of judges, insulated from the state. The significant allocation of public funds reflects the prestige accorded to courts ...


Virginia Practice Series: Jury Instructions, Volume 4, Ronald J. Bacigal, Margaret Ivey Bacigal Jan 2013

Virginia Practice Series: Jury Instructions, Volume 4, Ronald J. Bacigal, Margaret Ivey Bacigal

Law Faculty Publications

Jury Instructions is confined to the most common areas of jury trial work – torts and criminal law. Where possible, the language of the instructions is taken directly from reported cases or case reports. Nearly every instruction is followed by commentary that sets forth the legal authority underlying the instruction and, in some cases, an extensive discussion of the law.


Post-Crisis Reconsideration Of Federal Court Reform, David R. Cleveland Jan 2013

Post-Crisis Reconsideration Of Federal Court Reform, David R. Cleveland

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Virginia Judicial System: Organization And Structure, W. Clark Williams Jr. Jan 2008

The Virginia Judicial System: Organization And Structure, W. Clark Williams Jr.

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The English Courts And The Rise Of Equity, Jim Corkery Nov 2001

The English Courts And The Rise Of Equity, Jim Corkery

Law Faculty Publications

Extract: Where did the Australian courts come from? On what system were they modelled? The answer is that the Australian courts were modelled on the English common law courts. They retain many of the English system’s characteristics. And what about this term "equity"? Equity (meaning fairness) was the name given to a "rival" or parallel court to the common law courts. This court and the system of law it spawned - also called Equity - began in England, springing from the office of the Lord Chancellor, the highest judicial figure in England.


The Tribunal In Albania, John Paul Jones Apr 1993

The Tribunal In Albania, John Paul Jones

Law Faculty Publications

Professor Jones explains and critiques "The Organization of Justice and the Constitutional Court," the1992 amendments to Albania's provisional constitution that established the nation's post-revolution judicial system.


Justice Vs. Law: Courts And Politics In American Society, Gary L. Mcdowell Jan 1993

Justice Vs. Law: Courts And Politics In American Society, Gary L. Mcdowell

Law Faculty Publications

The purpose of this book is to pull back that veil and to reveal the mysteries for what they are: ordinary institutional contrivances designed to shape and direct the politics of the nation. As a result, the judicial process is inevitably a forum wherein differing visions of the just society come into conflict. While the cases and controversies that come before the courts are contests between two reasonably well defined adverse litigants, each with a personal stake in the resolution of the dispute, the judgments handed down often go far beyond those litigants and affect American society and politics in ...


The Theory And Practice Of Defending Judges Against Unjust Criticism, Ronald J. Bacigal Oct 1990

The Theory And Practice Of Defending Judges Against Unjust Criticism, Ronald J. Bacigal

Law Faculty Publications

Having set forth the above premise and conclusion, the American Bar Association Subcommittee on Unjust Criticism of the Bench promulgated a model program for bar associations to follow when countering inaccurate or unjust criticism of judges. This article presents no quarrel with the model program but instead seeks to relate the model to an empirical account of how it might operate in practice. It must be remembered that the acid test of a theoretical model is not whether the theory is "true" in a purely academic sense but whether the model is useful in describing the "real world. " In order ...


Witnesses: A Canonist's View, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1970

Witnesses: A Canonist's View, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

The purpose of this essay is to examine and compare with our present practices a medieval text or summary of canonical procedure, the Summa de Ordine Iudiciario by Ricardus Anglicus-more narrowly, chapter XXX, which is concerned with witnesses. There are several reasons for examining the work of Ricardus Anglicus. This Englishman was a brilliant canonist in an age when the most ingenious and aggressive intellectuals were gravitating to the field of canon and civil law. Also he gives us a rather full summary of the subject.