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Full-Text Articles in Law

Constraint And Control, Patricia Ayres Feb 2019

Constraint And Control, Patricia Ayres

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

I have long considered themes of the body. Drawing on my knowledge as a fashion designer, I bring materials and hardware from the fashion industry into my artwork transforming and rendering them non-functional. My sculptures relate to stories of isolation, separation, and confinement. The following pages will analyze how the United States penal system controls, constrains and restricts the body through physical and psychological wounds. Furthermore, they will examine how the Catholic Church controls people’s minds and behavior through a ritualistic belief system.


The Failure Of Soft Law To Provide An Equitable Framework For Restitution Of Nazi-Looted Art, Michael J. Birnkrant Jan 2019

The Failure Of Soft Law To Provide An Equitable Framework For Restitution Of Nazi-Looted Art, Michael J. Birnkrant

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

It is estimated that over 20% of the art in Europe was looted by the Nazi regime during World War II. Many pieces were taken by force from Jewish art dealers, and much of the property taken during this period of Nazi spoliation was never returned. Heirs of looted art are still filing claims for restitution in various courts, but the current global patchwork of statutes of limitations and the availability of the “good faith purchaser defense” in many jurisdictions can render proceedings confusing and unjust.

This note explores the current state of the law regarding repatriation of Nazi-looted art ...


Laundering The Art Market: A Proposal For Regulating Money Laundering Through Art In The United States, Alessandra Dagirmanjian Jan 2019

Laundering The Art Market: A Proposal For Regulating Money Laundering Through Art In The United States, Alessandra Dagirmanjian

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

As high-net worth individuals have increasingly viewed art as a method of diversifying their portfolios, prices in the high-end global art market have exploded in the past several years. At the same time, investors have developed new methods for accessing art’s liquidity, such as art lending services and exchanges. While the changing character of art towards an asset class has opened the door to new investment opportunities, it has also left the art market particularly vulnerable to money laundering schemes. Existing characteristics of the art market, including a lack of uniform record-keeping standards among dealers and the speculative nature ...


Youth’S Conceptualization Of Peace, Violence, And Bullying And The Strategies They Employ To Address The Violence And Bullying In Their Lives, Charles H. Goesel Jan 2019

Youth’S Conceptualization Of Peace, Violence, And Bullying And The Strategies They Employ To Address The Violence And Bullying In Their Lives, Charles H. Goesel

Department of Conflict Resolution Studies Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation allowed the researcher to analyze 171 pieces of youth-created artwork and narratives by children aged six to nine who took part in the peace education, mentorship, and literacy program, READING PEACE PALS, implemented with an underserved population at a Boys and Girls Club in the U.S. Qualitative content analysis (Krippendorf, 1980; 2004) was used to analyze the artwork and narratives to gain insight into children’s conceptualization of peace, violence, and bullying and their strategies for addressing bullying and violence.

The findings uncovered the myriad of unique ways youth conceptualize and define peace and the strategies they ...


Long-Term Preservation Of Public Art: From Cultural Heritage To The Confederacy, Maliha Ikram Nov 2018

Long-Term Preservation Of Public Art: From Cultural Heritage To The Confederacy, Maliha Ikram

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Self-Actualization And The Need To Create As A Limit On Copyright, Christopher S. Yoo Aug 2018

Self-Actualization And The Need To Create As A Limit On Copyright, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Personhood theory is almost invariably cited as one of the primary theoretical bases for copyright. The conventional wisdom views creative works as the embodiment of their creator’s personality. This unique connection between authors and their works justifies giving authors property interests in the results of their creative efforts.

This Chapter argues that the conventional wisdom is too limited. It offers too narrow a vision of the ways that creativity can develop personality by focusing exclusively on the results of the creative process and ignoring the self-actualizing benefits of the creative process itself. German aesthetic theory broadens the understanding of ...


Rwu First Amendment Blog: Diana Hassel's Blog: How Will Supreme Court Slice Wedding Cake Case 01-11-2018, Diana Hassel Jan 2018

Rwu First Amendment Blog: Diana Hassel's Blog: How Will Supreme Court Slice Wedding Cake Case 01-11-2018, Diana Hassel

Law School Blogs

No abstract provided.


Creativity Revisited, Ralph D. Clifford Jan 2018

Creativity Revisited, Ralph D. Clifford

Faculty Publications

The University of New Hampshire's Scholarship Redux Conference invited a reexamination of an earlier work of IP scholarship to address what has happened in the area since the time of its original publication. As my contribution to the Conference, I revisited my 1997 article that discussed the consequences of the increasing sophistication of artificial intelligence ("AI") on the production of new copyrightable or patentable works as well as the follow-up article I published in 2004 that focused expressly on copyright law. The primary call of the conference was to discuss the "legal predictions [that were] right -- or wrong!" In ...


What Authorizes The Image? The Visual Economy Of Post-Secular Jurisprudence, Richard Sherwin Jan 2018

What Authorizes The Image? The Visual Economy Of Post-Secular Jurisprudence, Richard Sherwin

Articles & Chapters

In law’s visual economy our commitment to justice grows out of a renewed encounter with an interior libidinal source whose ongoing collective investment binds us to the nomos in which we live. We experience this corporeal bond in paintings, films, and video images on screens large and small. In the ethically inflected aesthetic of post-secular jurisprudence, justice is to law as beauty is to art. As distant as an abstract expressionist canvas, as close as any neighbor, or indeed any screen on which the neighbor becomes real to us. That is where we behold the source and instantiation of ...


All For Copyright Stand Up And Holler! Three Cheers For Star Athletica And The U.S. Supreme Court’S Perceived And Imagined Separately Test, David E. Shipley Jan 2018

All For Copyright Stand Up And Holler! Three Cheers For Star Athletica And The U.S. Supreme Court’S Perceived And Imagined Separately Test, David E. Shipley

Scholarly Works

In March 2017 the United States Supreme Court held in Star Athletica L.L.C. v. Varsity Brands Inc. that an artistic feature incorporated into the design of a useful article could be protected by copyright when that feature could be perceived as a two- or three-dimensional work of art separate from the useful article, and imagined separately as a protectable pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work. This two-part test replaces a variety of tests which courts and commentators proposed and applied during the last 40 years. The Star Athletica decision is predicted to be a boon to the fashion and ...


New Art For The People: Art Funds & Financial Technology, Brian L. Frye Jan 2018

New Art For The People: Art Funds & Financial Technology, Brian L. Frye

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Wealthy people have invested in art since time immemorial. But the modem art market emerged only in the late nineteenth century, as private wealth gradually spread to the bourgeoisie. As the art market grew and the most desirable artworks became extremely valuable, individuals and institutions began to form "art funds" to invest in this promising new asset class. In 1904, a group of Parisian art collectors formed La Peau d'Ours, the first private art investment club. Between 1974 and 1980, the British Rail Pension Fund invested £40 million in art. And in the 2000s, many private investment companies created ...


Intellectual Property In Experience, Madhavi Sunder Jan 2018

Intellectual Property In Experience, Madhavi Sunder

Michigan Law Review

In today’s economy, consumers demand experiences. From Star Wars to Harry Potter, fans do not just want to watch or read about their favorite characters— they want to be them. They don the robes of Gryffindor, flick their wands, and drink the butterbeer. The owners of fantasy properties understand this, expanding their offerings from light sabers to the Galaxy’s Edge®, the new Disney Star Wars immersive theme park opening in 2019.Since Star Wars, Congress and the courts have abetted what is now a $262 billion-a-year industry in merchandising, fashioning “merchandising rights” appurtenant to copyrights and trademarks that ...


Difficulties With The Interordinal Laws Of Cultural Property As Applied In The United States, And Proposed Solutions, Jeffrey John Miles Aug 2017

Difficulties With The Interordinal Laws Of Cultural Property As Applied In The United States, And Proposed Solutions, Jeffrey John Miles

Jeffrey John Miles

This paper seeks to sketch the contours of the interordinal web of the current laws, and delineate problem areas where the law fails to reach as well as the areas where law exists, yet remains misapplied. In doing so, I am hoping to continue the dialectic begun by Alexander Bauer in his 2008 piece, New Ways of Thinking About Cultural Property: A Critical Appraisal of the Antiquities Trade Debates as well as borrow some inspiration from the interordinal analysis applied by Gordillo in his groundbreaking recent work, Interlocking Constitutions. This is a top-down perspective, with less attention to each individual ...


Equitable Resale Royalties, Brian L. Frye Jun 2017

Equitable Resale Royalties, Brian L. Frye

Brian L. Frye

A “resale royalty right” or droit de suite(resale right) is a legal right that gives certain artists the right to claim a percentage of the resale price of the artworks they created. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Tunis Model Law on Copyright for Developing Countries provide for an optional resale royalty right. Many countries have created a resale royalty right, although the particulars of the right differ from country to country. But the United States has repeatedly declined to create a federal resale royalty right, and a federal court recently held ...


Reflections On Motion Picture Evidence, Brian L. Frye Jun 2017

Reflections On Motion Picture Evidence, Brian L. Frye

Brian L. Frye

Courts have long admitted motion pictures as evidence. But until recently, making motion pictures was expensive and cumbersome. Today, making motion pictures is cheap and easy. And as a result, people make so many of them. As Cocteau predicted, the democratization of motion pictures has enabled people to create new forms of motion picture art. But it has also enabled people to create new forms of motion picture evidence. This article offers a brief history of motion picture evidence in the United States, and reflects on the use of motion picture evidence by the Supreme Court.


The Billionaire’S Treasure Trove: A Call To Reform Private Art Museums And The Private Benefit Doctrine, E. Alex Kirk May 2017

The Billionaire’S Treasure Trove: A Call To Reform Private Art Museums And The Private Benefit Doctrine, E. Alex Kirk

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

Thanks to the new generation of billionaire art collectors, and the recent boom in the art market, a growing number of high-net-worth patrons are creating their own tax-exempt private art museums. These “jewel-box” museums provide invaluable public benefits, lead to growth and innovation in the private museum sector, and encourage donors to pursue more avant-gardes collecting strategies. This advantageous tax-saving strategy appeals to wealthy individuals, who wish to maintain control over their art collection, and still receive generous charitable income tax deductions. However, several private museums have recently come under fire due to private benefit concerns. To qualify for federal ...


Law Library Blog (May 2017): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law May 2017

Law Library Blog (May 2017): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Equitable Resale Royalties, Brian L. Frye Apr 2017

Equitable Resale Royalties, Brian L. Frye

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

A “resale royalty right” or droit de suite(resale right) is a legal right that gives certain artists the right to claim a percentage of the resale price of the artworks they created. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Tunis Model Law on Copyright for Developing Countries provide for an optional resale royalty right. Many countries have created a resale royalty right, although the particulars of the right differ from country to country. But the United States has repeatedly declined to create a federal resale royalty right, and a federal court recently held ...


Not Their Art!, Cardozo Art Law Society, Cardozo Law Fashion, Arts, Media And Entertainment (Fame) Center, The Appraisers Association Of America Mar 2017

Not Their Art!, Cardozo Art Law Society, Cardozo Law Fashion, Arts, Media And Entertainment (Fame) Center, The Appraisers Association Of America

Flyers 2016-2017

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Motion Picture Evidence, Brian L. Frye Jan 2017

Reflections On Motion Picture Evidence, Brian L. Frye

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Courts have long admitted motion pictures as evidence. But until recently, making motion pictures was expensive and cumbersome. Today, making motion pictures is cheap and easy. And as a result, people make so many of them. As Cocteau predicted, the democratization of motion pictures has enabled people to create new forms of motion picture art. But it has also enabled people to create new forms of motion picture evidence. This article offers a brief history of motion picture evidence in the United States, and reflects on the use of motion picture evidence by the Supreme Court.


War And Passion: Who Keeps The Art?, Margaret M. Miles Jan 2017

War And Passion: Who Keeps The Art?, Margaret M. Miles

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law

Here, I would like to recall how and where ideas about repatriation, restitution, and proper ownership of art got started, a subject I have explored in detail elsewhere.


Old Sites, New Visions: Art And Archaeology Collide In Cyrus, Christopher J. Barker, Diana Wood Conroy Jan 2017

Old Sites, New Visions: Art And Archaeology Collide In Cyrus, Christopher J. Barker, Diana Wood Conroy

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Over the past two decades Australian archaeologists have been slowly uncovering the World Heritagelisted ancient theatre site at Paphos in Cyprus. The Hellenistic-Roman period theatre was used for performance for over six centuries from around 300 BC to the late fourth century AD. There is also considerable evidence of activity on the site after the theatre was destroyed, particularly during the Crusader era.


Stretching Out: Species Extinction And Planetary Aesthetics In Contemporary Art, Su Ballard Jan 2017

Stretching Out: Species Extinction And Planetary Aesthetics In Contemporary Art, Su Ballard

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

There is madness in species extinction. The horn has been removed from the last male northern white rhino on earth and he has two armed guards 24 hours a day. The huia in New Zealand were killed off by the desire for white-tipped tail feathers in Victorian hats. We fear the extinction of rhinos, we mourn the extinction of the huia, yet we might need reminding to also show concern for the extinction of the dung beetle. This paper looks at the ways that artists are engaging with these difficult events. By placing Gayatri Spivak's call for a planetarity ...


Code Of Best Practices In Fair Use For The Visual Arts, Patricia Aufderheide, Peter Jaszi Nov 2016

Code Of Best Practices In Fair Use For The Visual Arts, Patricia Aufderheide, Peter Jaszi

Peter Jaszi

The mission of the College Art Association (CAA) is to promote the visual arts and their understanding through advocacy, intellectual engagement, and a commitment to the diversity of practices and practitioners. CAA contributes to the visual arts profession as a whole through scholarly publications, advocacy, exchange of research and new work, and the development of standards and guidelines that reflect the best practices of the field. The Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for the Visual Arts is based on a consensus of professionals in the visual arts who use copyrighted images, texts, and other materials in their creative ...


Art & The “Public Trust” In Municipal Bankruptcy, Brian L. Frye Oct 2016

Art & The “Public Trust” In Municipal Bankruptcy, Brian L. Frye

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

In 2013, the City of Detroit filed the largest municipal bankruptcy action in United States history, affecting about $20 billion in municipal debt. Unusually, Detroit owned its municipal art museum, the Detroit Institute of Arts (“DIA”) and all of the works of art in the DIA collection, which were potentially worth billions of dollars. Detroit’s creditors wanted Detroit to sell the DIA art in order to satisfy its debts. Key to the confirmation of Detroit’s plan of adjustment was the DIA settlement, under which Detroit agreed to sell the DIA art to the DIA corporation in exchange for ...


Newsroom: From Hate To Hope 7/20/2016, Jill Rodriguez, Roger Williams University School Of Law Jul 2016

Newsroom: From Hate To Hope 7/20/2016, Jill Rodriguez, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Navigating The Legal Landscape Of A Subversive Art Form: Protecting Expression And Neglecting Embodiment, Dillon Henry Stern Jun 2016

Navigating The Legal Landscape Of A Subversive Art Form: Protecting Expression And Neglecting Embodiment, Dillon Henry Stern

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Framework For Drafting Ecological Objectives For Water Sharing Plans - Submission Of The Nsw Aboriginal Land Council, Geoff Scott, New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Jun 2016

Framework For Drafting Ecological Objectives For Water Sharing Plans - Submission Of The Nsw Aboriginal Land Council, Geoff Scott, New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council

Indigenous Water Justice Symposium (June 6)

Presenter: Phil Duncan, Gomeroi Nation, New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council

4 pages

Contains 1 footnote

Letter addressed to Nick Cook, A/Team Leader, WSP Science & Evaluation - North, NSW Office of Water, from Geoff Scott, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.


Submission To The Review Of The Australian And New Zealand Guidelines For Fresh And Marine Water Quality - Cultural And Spiritual Values Chapter, Lesley Turner, New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Jun 2016

Submission To The Review Of The Australian And New Zealand Guidelines For Fresh And Marine Water Quality - Cultural And Spiritual Values Chapter, Lesley Turner, New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council

Indigenous Water Justice Symposium (June 6)

Presenter: Phil Duncan, Gomeroi Nation, New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council

6 pages

Letter dated 3/9/15, addressed to Sheryl Hedges, Director, Water Quality and Water Knowledge Section, Department of the Environment, from Lesley Turner, CEO, New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.


A Borrowed Language, Yvonne Osei Apr 2016

A Borrowed Language, Yvonne Osei

Graduate School of Art Theses

Art has the potency of mediation: bridging human differences, questioning voids in historical trajectories, negotiating spaces of relevance, and most importantly, being signifiers that embody the absent. I speak in a borrowed language, a multilingual visual tongue, inspired by a culmination of Western and African Art modes of practices to create charged platforms for multicultural communication.

My art presents visual portals that allow for intercultural and interracial mingling as issues of colorism, present-day colonialism, gender inequality and the politics of dress are foregrounded for collective deliberation. The essence of the work is often activated and brought to its full potential ...