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2012

China

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Articles 1 - 30 of 96

Full-Text Articles in Law

Prospects And Strategies Of Gaming Ventures In China, Zheng Gu Dec 2012

Prospects And Strategies Of Gaming Ventures In China, Zheng Gu

UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal

This paper analyzes the prospects of gaming ventures in China and discusses the strategies for Western investors. A strong demand for gambling, changing government attitudes, increased wealth and leisure, and a fairly established foundation of tourism have created a favorable climate for gaming ventures in China. The major risks are political instability, policy inconsistency, and inflation. To develop gaming projects in China, Western gaming investors need to choose the right regions and build casinos different from those in Las Vegas. At the current stage, active involvement with a small amount of capital is recommended.


From Constitutional Listening To Constitutional Learning, Leigh Jenco Dec 2012

From Constitutional Listening To Constitutional Learning, Leigh Jenco

Chicago-Kent Law Review

In this article, I point out some limitations of Michael Dowdle's "listening" model, particularly its basis in the "principle of charity." I try to show that listening, as well as the principle of charity, are inadvertently passive and one-sided exercises that seem to have little similarity to the deeply self-transformative "learning" Dowdle urges us to undertake. I go on to suggest other ways of accomplishing the goals Dowdle sets for this project. Specifically, I develop the "self-reflexive approach" to think about how we might change ourselves—our conversations, our terms, our concerns—in addition to, and in the process ...


Constitutionalism: East Asian Antecedents, Tom Ginsburg Dec 2012

Constitutionalism: East Asian Antecedents, Tom Ginsburg

Chicago-Kent Law Review

To what degree can traditional Asian political and legal institutions be seen as embodying constitutionalist values? This question has risen to the fore in recent decades as part of a new attention to constitutionalism around the world, as well as the decline in orientalist perceptions of Asia as a region of oppressive legal traditions. This article juxtaposes East Asian analogues or antecedents of constitutionalism with a particular set of recent theoretical understandings of the concept of constitutionalism. After conducting a historical review of political and legal institutions in China, Japan and Korea, the article argues that we can indeed speak ...


Horizontal Rights And Chinese Constitutionalism: Judicialization Through Labor Disputes, Ernest Caldwell Dec 2012

Horizontal Rights And Chinese Constitutionalism: Judicialization Through Labor Disputes, Ernest Caldwell

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Western academics who criticize Chinese constitutionalism often focus on the inability of the Supreme People's Court to effectively enforce the rights of Chinese citizens enshrined within the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. Such criticism, I argue, is the result of analytical methods too invested in Anglo-American constitutional discourse. These approaches tend to focus only on those Chinese political issues that impede the institution of western-style judicial review mechanisms, and often construe a 'right' as merely having vertical effect (i.e., as individual rights held against the State). Drawing on recent scholarship that studies Chinese constitutionalism using ...


Beyond The Courts, Beyond The State: Reflections On Caldwell's "Horizontal Rights And Chinese Constitutionalism", Victor V. Ramraj Dec 2012

Beyond The Courts, Beyond The State: Reflections On Caldwell's "Horizontal Rights And Chinese Constitutionalism", Victor V. Ramraj

Chicago-Kent Law Review

This article provides a critical response to Ernest Caldwell's article, Horizontal Rights and Chinese Constitutionalism: Judicialization through Labor Disputes. According to Caldwell, those looking for an emerging constitutional culture in China should be looking not in the higher courts (as the American paradigm of constitutional law suggests), but in the lower courts that settle day-to-day disputes. Moreover, the constitutional discourse in those lower courts is not about limiting state power, but about the need for "horizontal" protections of citizens—specifically laborers—from their powerful employers in furtherance of constitutional values. This article offers three responses to Caldwell's thesis ...


Constitutional Listening, Michael W. Dowdle Dec 2012

Constitutional Listening, Michael W. Dowdle

Chicago-Kent Law Review

This article explores a particular methodology of comparative constitutional analysis that it calls "constitutional listening." Derived from the interpretive "principle of charity," constitutional listening involves interpreting constitutional discourse of other polities in their best light. This includes not simply polities whose constitutional structures and values resemble our own, but perhaps even more importantly, polities and constitutional systems whose values and structures seem alien to us. The value of this methodology, it is argued, lies in its ability to expand our understanding of the diversity of experiences that have gone into the human project of constitutionalism, and in the diversity of ...


The Unity Of Constitutional Values: A Comment On Ernest Caldwell's "Horizontal Rights And Chinese Constitutionalism: Judicialization Through Labor Disputes", Arif A. Jamal Dec 2012

The Unity Of Constitutional Values: A Comment On Ernest Caldwell's "Horizontal Rights And Chinese Constitutionalism: Judicialization Through Labor Disputes", Arif A. Jamal

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Ernest Caldwell wants to defend Chinese constitutionalism from criticism, mainly from Western constitutional scholars or scholars who hold up Western constitutional patterns as an ideal. Caldwell makes both a 'comparative' claim and a 'value' claim. The comparative claim is that Chinese constitutional law must be understood on its own terms and that on these terms it does protect rights, even if it does not do so in the same way as Western constitutional law. The value claim is that the procedures in China's legal system satisfy value concerns captured in the term 'constitutionalism' because they show how that system ...


From Constitutional Listening To Moral Listening, Roy Tseng Dec 2012

From Constitutional Listening To Moral Listening, Roy Tseng

Chicago-Kent Law Review

In order to provide comments on Michael Dowdle's account of "Constitutional Listening," this paper aims to establish three counter-arguments. First of all, in contrast to Dowdle's particularly narrow understanding of liberalism, I argue that to evaluate the moral import of liberalism properly, we need to draw attention to the diversities of liberalism. According to what I will call "historicist liberalism," for example, in understanding other cultures we should try to show sensitivities toward alien political systems and moral values. Second of all, although I appreciate Dowdle's effort to avoid the misinterpretation of non-Western constitutional discourse, I do ...


Protectionism Or Rule Of Law? - A Comparison Between Us And Prc National Security Review Regime, Tao (Tim) Liang Nov 2012

Protectionism Or Rule Of Law? - A Comparison Between Us And Prc National Security Review Regime, Tao (Tim) Liang

Tao LIANG

A series of recent news might make people think that the U.S. was intentionally throwing fuel on its increasingly tense economic relationship with China. On September 28, 2012, the U.S. President Barack Obama blocked an acquisition of four wind farms by Ralls Corporation, a Chinese-owned corporation. Further on October 8, 2012, the U.S. House of Representatives released an investigative report accusing China’s two largest telecom equipment manufacturers, Huawei and ZTE, of posing threat to the U.S. national security. Actually, before the issuance of this report, Huawei had been constantly challenged by the U.S. government ...


Students Attend Chinese Law Summer Program Nov 2012

Students Attend Chinese Law Summer Program

Sooner Lawyer Archive

No abstract provided.


International Order After The Financial Crisis, Harold James Nov 2012

International Order After The Financial Crisis, Harold James

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

How is international order built, and how is it legitimate, in a world in which political and economic foundations are rapidly shifting? What are the consequences of the rise of major new powers for the structure and the functioning of the international system? Great wars or great financial crises have in the past led to disorientation about the moral foundations of society, domestically and internationally. The paper examines parallels with the Great Depression, and in particular the weakening of multilateralism and of small political units, and the strengthening of large powers with hegemonic claims. The paper then turns to an ...


The Balance Of Power, Public Goods, And The Lost Art Of Grand Strategy: American Policy Toward The Persian Gulf And Rising Asia In The 21st Century, Flynt Leverett, Hillary Mann Leverett Nov 2012

The Balance Of Power, Public Goods, And The Lost Art Of Grand Strategy: American Policy Toward The Persian Gulf And Rising Asia In The 21st Century, Flynt Leverett, Hillary Mann Leverett

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

An important driver of relative decline in America’s international standing is the failure of its political elites to define reality-based foreign policy goals and to relate the diplomatic, economic, and military means at Washington’s disposal to realizing them—the essence of “grand strategy.” For several decades, American policy has been pulled in opposite directions by two competing models of grand strategy. In one—the leadership model—America maximizes its international standing by adroitly managing regional and global power balances and promoting the processes of economic liberalization known collectively as globalization. In the second model—the transformation model—America ...


China’S Rare Earths Export Quotas: Out Of The China-Raw Materials Gate, But Past The Wto’S Finish Line?, Han-Wei Liu, John Maughan Nov 2012

China’S Rare Earths Export Quotas: Out Of The China-Raw Materials Gate, But Past The Wto’S Finish Line?, Han-Wei Liu, John Maughan

Han-Wei Liu

Several recent studies have discussed the ramifications of the China – Raw Materials case for China’s rare earths. However, none of these studies has conducted a thorough investigation of China’s current export quota regime for rare earths or how it might stand up under WTO rules, assuming that it would be treated the same. This article makes no such assumption, investigating China’s export quota regime for rare earths as it stands in early June 2012. The regime is somewhat improved over that applied during the Raw Materials case and could allow a more favorable WTO ruling. However, if ...


Revising The Law-Growth Hypothesis: A Case Study Of Reform-Era China, Alice Xie Nov 2012

Revising The Law-Growth Hypothesis: A Case Study Of Reform-Era China, Alice Xie

Alice Xie

The law-growth hypothesis, which holds that the rule of law is essential to economic growth, has been a cornerstone of development and political thought for decades. China, which has broken historic records in GDP growth despite lacking the rule of law, challenges this conventional wisdom. While China has received increasing attention with respect to the hypothesis, this paper is among the first to holistically examine its economic and legal development since the onset of the post-Mao reforms. I argue that China’s legal-economic development followed three stages. First, early growth occurred through spontaneous illegal economic activity. Next, successful private sector ...


China In Africa And The Law, Salvatore Mancuso Nov 2012

China In Africa And The Law, Salvatore Mancuso

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

This paper is based on the enormous amount of Chinese investments in Africa, with the objective of considering the legal aspects involved therein. Under international business law, commercial relations are usually ruled according to the law of the country hosting the investment.

This paper will examine the challenges presented by Chinese investments in Africa given that the systems of business law in Africa are generally out of date and enforcement mechanisms under Western rule of law standards are often far from the reality. This observation is accompanied by the fact that there is presently a wide movement towards legal integration ...


Succession By Estoppel: Hong Kong's Succession To The Iccpr, Peter K. Yu Oct 2012

Succession By Estoppel: Hong Kong's Succession To The Iccpr, Peter K. Yu

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Nuclear Arms Control: Challenges And Opportunities In 2013, Steven Pifer Oct 2012

Nuclear Arms Control: Challenges And Opportunities In 2013, Steven Pifer

Brookings Scholar Lecture Series

U.S. nuclear arms control policy must address numerous factors, including our strategic relationships with Russia and China, the potential for future nuclear weapons reductions--including non-strategic nuclear weapons, and the offense-defense relationship, given concerns that missile defense developments could in the future affect the nuclear balance. Washington DC must also consider its obligations under the Non-Proliferation Treaty, how to dissuade new countries from joining the nuclear weapons ranks, and what to do about the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which the United States has signed but not ratified. This presentation will explore challenges and opportunities facing Washington DC in the aftermath ...


The Strategic Implications Of China's Rare Earths Policy, Shane Bilsborough Oct 2012

The Strategic Implications Of China's Rare Earths Policy, Shane Bilsborough

Journal of Strategic Security

Drawing on literature in China studies, strategic theory, and expert interviews, this article analyzes the possibility of "rare earths" being leveraged by the People's Republic of China (PRC) in a crisis. The evidence suggests China's position in the rare earths market could constitute a significant security liability for the United States. It also seems that even if coercion fails to materialize, China's rare earths policies have the potential to intensify security dilemmas in Sino-American relations.


Get Busy Living Or Get Busy Dying: Waiting For The Death Penalty, A Comparison Of The Appeals Process In The United States And The People’S Republic Of China, Derrick Yan Kit Wong Sep 2012

Get Busy Living Or Get Busy Dying: Waiting For The Death Penalty, A Comparison Of The Appeals Process In The United States And The People’S Republic Of China, Derrick Yan Kit Wong

Derrick Wong

This paper looks at the death penalty in the United States and China with a comparison of the judicial system in each country. The paper examines the speed at which China processes their death penalty cases and the delay in the US system. The purpose of the paper is to show that because of the delays in the US system, the financial burden to the taxpayer is increased and is not viewed as deterrence. If the US were to adopt a portion of the Chinese judicial system efficiency without sacrificing due process, then the death penalty can be a deterrent ...


Order Of Determination Of Water Rights For The Owyhee River And Its Tributaries, Including The Rights Of The Shoshone-Paiute Tribes Of The Duck Valley Reservation, Shoshone-Paiute Tribes Of The Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Nevada, United States Sep 2012

Order Of Determination Of Water Rights For The Owyhee River And Its Tributaries, Including The Rights Of The Shoshone-Paiute Tribes Of The Duck Valley Reservation, Shoshone-Paiute Tribes Of The Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Nevada, United States

Native American Water Rights Settlement Project

Settlement Agreement: Agreement to Establish the Relative Water Rights of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation and the Upstream Water Users, East Fork Owyhee River (2006) contained, at the 368th page, as Appendix B to In the Matter of the Determination of the Relative Rights in and to the Waters, Both Surface and Underground, Within the Drainage Area of the Owyhee River and its Tributaries Located within the East For Owyhee River Area, Elko County, NV, Order of Determination, From the Office of the State Engineer of Nevada, 2012. Parties: the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley ...


Expanding Secured Credit For Firms In China: Is The Floating Charge An Appropriate Transplant?, Mark Williams, Haitian Lu Aug 2012

Expanding Secured Credit For Firms In China: Is The Floating Charge An Appropriate Transplant?, Mark Williams, Haitian Lu

Haitian LU

Despite the global trend in favour of a notice-filing system for secured credit advances to firms secured on personal property, China adopted new provisions embodying the essential characteristics of the English floating charge in the country’s first comprehensive Property Law in 2007. This article traces the development and essential characteristics of the floating charge in England, the reason for China’s adoption of this security device, and considers whether this transplant provides Chinese borrowers and lenders with a useful addition to credit-security system that will aid further economic expansion. We follow the legal transplantation literature to analyse the Chinese ...


From Infringement To Innovation: Counterfeiting And Enforcement In The Brics, J. Benjamin Bai, Keith D. Lindenbaum, Yi Qian, Cynthia Ho Jul 2012

From Infringement To Innovation: Counterfeiting And Enforcement In The Brics, J. Benjamin Bai, Keith D. Lindenbaum, Yi Qian, Cynthia Ho

Cynthia M Ho

No abstract provided.


Law And Discretion In The Contemporary Chinese Courts, Margaret Y. K. Woo Jul 2012

Law And Discretion In The Contemporary Chinese Courts, Margaret Y. K. Woo

Margaret Y. K. Woo

This article examines the three types of judicial discretion that exists in any legal system – fact based discretion; self-interested discretion, and ideological discretion -- in the context of China. Through its procedural laws, the Chinese legal system demonstrated a continuing preference for informality and flexibility. While concept of supervision and the procedure of adjudication supervision are efforts to constrain fact-based and self-serving personal discretion, the concept of “supervision” is also a window to ensure ideological compliance in individual judicial work.


Dreaming In Chinese: Accountable Development, Barbara L. Bezdek Jul 2012

Dreaming In Chinese: Accountable Development, Barbara L. Bezdek

Barbara L Bezdek

Economic life in the PRC today is marked by rapid privatization, marketization, and urbanization. This triad of forces effects a profound restructuring of China's urban spaces and is giving rise to new forms of private, voluntary associations of citizens such as neighborhood campaigns of resistance to urban redevelopment. Civil society theory ascribes to such organizations outside of state control, the potential to constrain government officials by enabling citizens to express their collective interests more effectively, and to resist government encroachment more powerfully than they otherwise could. Because resort to China's courts has produced little protection for citizens' formal ...


The Emergence Of The New Chinese Banking System: Implications For Global Politics And The Future Of Financial Reform, Shruti Rana Jul 2012

The Emergence Of The New Chinese Banking System: Implications For Global Politics And The Future Of Financial Reform, Shruti Rana

Shruti Rana

As the current financial crisis spreads from country to country around the world, China’s new-found financial and political power is dominating global, financial, and political arenas. China’s recent rise to power deserves increased scrutiny as China’s experience may offer lessons and models for other countries struggling with financial chaos. These remarks begin a dialogue over the lessons that can be learned from China’ ascent to power, and considers some of implications of China’s rise. It also contrasts China’s experience with that of Western countries, who have approached financial reform from entirely different perspectives. After considering ...


Drafting Model Laws On Indoor Pollution For Developing And Developed Nations Workshop, July 12-13, 2012, Boulder, Colorado: Introduction, Lakshman Guruswamy Jul 2012

Drafting Model Laws On Indoor Pollution For Developing And Developed Nations Workshop, July 12-13, 2012, Boulder, Colorado: Introduction, Lakshman Guruswamy

Drafting Model Laws on Indoor Pollution for Developing and Developed Nations (July 12-13)

11 pages.

"This Essay introduces the framework for deliberation and legislative drafting undertaken at the workshop: Drafting Model Laws on Indoor Pollution for Developing and Developed Nations on July 12-13, 2012, in Boulder, Colorado. There are a number of fundamental premises upon which the workshop was based, and this Essay refers to the most salient among them."-- Excerpted from 24 Colo. Nat. Resources, Energy & Envtl. L. Rev. 319 (2013).


Agenda: Drafting Model Laws On Indoor Pollution For Developing And Developed Nations, University Of Colorado Boulder. Center For Energy & Environmental Security, Colorado Natural Resources, Energy And Environmental Law Review Jul 2012

Agenda: Drafting Model Laws On Indoor Pollution For Developing And Developed Nations, University Of Colorado Boulder. Center For Energy & Environmental Security, Colorado Natural Resources, Energy And Environmental Law Review

Drafting Model Laws on Indoor Pollution for Developing and Developed Nations (July 12-13)

On July 12 and 13, 2012, experts convened at Colorado Law to demonstrate the extent to which a model law could help address the global problem of indoor air pollution from inefficient cook stoves. The air pollution that results from inefficiently burning biomass as fuel for cooking has serious health and climatic consequences. The workshop produced two sets of Model Laws and commentaries to help nations solve the problem, and the commentaries were published in the Colorado Natural Resources, Energy, and Environmental Law Review.


Un-Obtainium: The Quest For Rare Earth Elements, Brahm Heyman Jul 2012

Un-Obtainium: The Quest For Rare Earth Elements, Brahm Heyman

International Political Economy Theses

The 17 "rare earth elements" are essential for the development of new technologies. Over the last several decades, China has established a virtual monopoly on the rare earth industry, producing over 97% of the world's current demand. This was achieved by effectively undercutting other producers who stopped competing in this market. In 2010, in an effort to bolster its domestic market, China decided to reduce the amount of rare earth elements that it would export. This situation can be used to consider China's relations with the rest of the world from two perspectives. (1) The realist perspective views ...


The Global Crackdown On Insider Trading: A Silver Lining To The "Great Reccession", Christopher P. Montagano Jul 2012

The Global Crackdown On Insider Trading: A Silver Lining To The "Great Reccession", Christopher P. Montagano

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

The wake of the Great Recession marked a period of increased enforcement of insider trading violations by nation-states and self-regulatory organizations overseeing stock markets around the world. Before discussing the heightened global enforcement of insider trading, this Note explains the development of insider trading regulation by focusing on U.S., EU, and China law. This Note argues that the heightened global enforcement of insider trading violations in the wake of the Great Recession is a sign of a shared perception by market regulators around the world that there is a need to restore market confidence. Strong enforcement of insider trading ...


Learning From Libya, Acting In Syria, Caitlin A. Buckley Jul 2012

Learning From Libya, Acting In Syria, Caitlin A. Buckley

Journal of Strategic Security

The international community has reached an impasse. The violence committed by Syrian President Assad's government against opposition forces, who have been calling for democratic reform, regime change, and expanded rights, has necessitated a response from the international community. This article explores various ways the international community could respond to the crisis in Syria and the consequences of each approach. It compares the current calamity in Syria to the crisis in Libya and examines the international community's response to the violence perpetrated by Qaddafi's regime. It further analyzes reports, primarily from the UN and news sources, about the ...