Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 204

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Normative Underpinnings Of Taxation, Sagit Leviner Dr. Dec 2012

The Normative Underpinnings Of Taxation, Sagit Leviner Dr.

Sagit Leviner Dr.

Questions about the appropriate rules and mechanisms of taxation are, first and foremost, questions concerning the nature of society. What can be taxed, what cannot, for what purpose, when, and how, are all matters that go to the heart of society and, in particular, concern society’s underlying beliefs and values vis-à-vis the meaning and attainment of justice. This Article explores the role of normative values and theory in tax policymaking. It suggests that a candid elaboration of normative perspectives, and how they shed light on taxation, could lead to a better understanding of society as well as a better ...


Sex Ratio In Mumbai, Professor Vibhuti Patel Dec 2012

Sex Ratio In Mumbai, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Gender equity has been a prominent aspect of equity concerns in public policy. The gender dimension has led to widespread advocacy and focused attention on equity in other than economic areas, such as education, health, decision-making, violence against women and political participation. The human development approach offers a capability-based approach to gender equity in development that is a departure from traditions focused on income and growth. Gender concerns have given the approach the power and flexibility to encompass aspects of inequality that would otherwise go unremarked. Its sensitivity to gender in turn has made it sensitive to a range of ...


Impostos E Alternativas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2012

Impostos E Alternativas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O Tribunal Constitucional terá que muito provavelmente apreciar o OGE para 2013. Será uma prova decisiva para a nossa democracia e a II República. Façamos entretanto um recuo e lembremos, ainda que muito sucintamente, os problemas de legitimação de qualquer tributação, e o contrato social para que remete. Será também que, como se dizia nos tempos da "dama de ferro", "there is no alternative"? Há sempre alternativas. Por isso é que há política e não mera tecnocracia. Há sempre Política. E sempre pode haver outras políticas, desde que haja políticos com coragem, imaginação e competência.


Massa E Elite. Uma Lição Da 'Renascença Portuguesa', Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2012

Massa E Elite. Uma Lição Da 'Renascença Portuguesa', Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há muitos mitos e preconceitos sobre o elitismo e o seu papel em democracia. Confunde-se elite com oligarquia, por exemplo. Desde a Antiga Grécia que os regimes mais perfeitos eram mistos, em que não havia um único princípio a governar, mas vários. Hoje que as manifestações enchem as ruas e as massas podem ter maior protagonismo (já o estão a ter) é preciso refletir sobre o papel das massas e de como se relacionam com as elites. Um contributo para essa reflexão está já no movimento da Renascença Portuguesa, que se encontra em tempo de comemoração, mas também revisitação crítica ...


Gaming The System: Bio-Economics, Game Theory, & Fisheries Management, Richard A. Grisel Dec 2012

Gaming The System: Bio-Economics, Game Theory, & Fisheries Management, Richard A. Grisel

Richard A Grisel

This paper argues that game theory provides powerful, effective new tools to analyze externalities that occur in the context of strategic, multi-party, interactive decision-making. I will attempt to treat this as a non-technical paper and avoid the complex mathematics better left to economists and mathematicians. Instead, a more achievable goal is to illustrate how high-seas open-access fishing is virtually identical to a game situation, treat the fundamentals of game theory, and demonstrate that game theoretic analyses are well-suited and fruitful for designing effective policy responses to fisheries management, particularly with respect to the straddling stocks problem. Indeed, one seminal fisheries ...


Global Feminism: Feminist Theory’S Cul-De-Sac, Elora Halim Chowdhury Dec 2012

Global Feminism: Feminist Theory’S Cul-De-Sac, Elora Halim Chowdhury

Elora Halim Chowdhury

Global feminism has been critical of the earlier notion of "global sisterhood" and its uncritical attachment to commonalities of women's oppression around the world. However, in this article I argue that global feminism curiously remains inadequately accountable for its differential attitude toward issues of difference and inequality among communities within the U.S. versus those alleged differences and inequalities across the U.S. borders. Consequently, global feminism, using a universal human rights paradigm, constructs for itself the role of the heroic savior, reminiscent of colonialist civilizing mission (Abu-Lughod 2002) and in line with current U.S. imperialist interventions. Strategies ...


The Reactionary Road To Free Love: How Doma, State Marriage Amendments And Social Conservatives Undermine Traditional Marriage, Scott Titshaw Dec 2012

The Reactionary Road To Free Love: How Doma, State Marriage Amendments And Social Conservatives Undermine Traditional Marriage, Scott Titshaw

Scott Titshaw

Much has been written about the possible effects on different-sex marriage of legally recognizing same-sex marriage. This article looks at the defense of marriage from a different angle: It shows how rejecting same-sex marriage results in political compromise and the proliferation of “marriage light” alternatives (e.g., civil unions, domestic partnerships, or reciprocal beneficiaries) that undermine the unique status of marriage for everyone. In the process, it examines several aspects of the marriage debate in detail. After describing the flexibility of marriage as it has evolved over time, the article focuses on recent state constitutional amendments attempting to stop further ...


Patching The Ark: Improving Legal Protection Of Biological Diversity, Holly Doremus Nov 2012

Patching The Ark: Improving Legal Protection Of Biological Diversity, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

Critiques the species-by-species approach of the 1973 Endangered Species Act (ESA) and discusses more holistic alternatives; US.


The Rhetoric And Reality Of Nature Protection: Toward A New Discourse, Holly Doremus Nov 2012

The Rhetoric And Reality Of Nature Protection: Toward A New Discourse, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

No abstract provided.


Sciene Plays Defense: Natural Resource Management In The Bush Administration, Holly Doremus Nov 2012

Sciene Plays Defense: Natural Resource Management In The Bush Administration, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

The George W. Bush Administration has been criticized by scientists for its use of science in the policy arena generally, and for politicizing science. However, the problem is more one of the scientizing of politics, as the administration has shown that the rhetoric of science can be used defensively, as a barrier to regulation. Key methods used by the administration to pursue its strategy of defensive science in natural resource management are detailed. A more normatively defensible, and a more politically effective, strategy for conservationists would emphasize the need to bring transparency and a commitment to updating into the regulatory ...


Table Annexed To Article: Hamilton And Madison Deploy ‘Constitution’ Surveyed By Percent Of Words In Source, Peter J. Aschenbrenner Nov 2012

Table Annexed To Article: Hamilton And Madison Deploy ‘Constitution’ Surveyed By Percent Of Words In Source, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

In the last of three articles, OCL surveys the deployment of ‘constitution’ through The Federalist Papers, the bank bill debates and the remainder of Madison’s life (post-presidency). Numeric values for hits are computed for the range of semantic values, with the focus being constitution = text (locatable in only one place) competing with constitution = government. A net score is proposed which measures the effort an author has expended to ‘cleanse’ his semantic palette by employing one semantic value over a competing value.


Openbaarheid Van Rechtspraak En Het Verwerken Van Persoonsgegevens : Categorisch Denken Vermijden, Ronny Saelens, Paul De Hert, Serge Gutwirth Nov 2012

Openbaarheid Van Rechtspraak En Het Verwerken Van Persoonsgegevens : Categorisch Denken Vermijden, Ronny Saelens, Paul De Hert, Serge Gutwirth

Serge Gutwirth

Openbaarheid van Rechtspraak en het verwerken van persoonsgegevens : categorisch denken vermijden !


Da Universidade. Reflexão Jurídica Em Tempo De Crise, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2012

Da Universidade. Reflexão Jurídica Em Tempo De Crise, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há princípios constitucionais para as Universidades. É bom que tal não se esqueça num tempo em que a Constituição está, mais que metida na gaveta, apedrejada todos os dias. E há princípios de bom senso, também. A Universidade não pode ser desvirtuada nem por asfixia financeira, nem por burocracia antidemocrática, nem por modismos que distraiam os professores (e até os estudantes) dos fins naturais e primaciais que tem: aprender e ensinar.


Understanding Imf Stand-By Arrangements From The Perspective Of International And Domestic Law: The Experience Of Venezuela In The 1990s, Gabriel Garcia Nov 2012

Understanding Imf Stand-By Arrangements From The Perspective Of International And Domestic Law: The Experience Of Venezuela In The 1990s, Gabriel Garcia

Dr Gabriel Garcia

During the 1990s, international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) promoted the so-called 'Washington Consensus'. One of the premises of the consensus was that developing countries needed to embrace a market economy and build a legal system supportive of the rule of law in order to promote progress and defeat poverty. The onset of financial crises across South America and the inability of governments to deal with problems derived from this financial meltdown provided the proitious conditions for the IMF to implement its agenda of promoting a market economy and the rule of ...


Brisa De Anomia - Da Constituição Real Ao Quotidiano Incompetente, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2012

Brisa De Anomia - Da Constituição Real Ao Quotidiano Incompetente, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há vários sintomas de mal estar social, todos sabemos. Desde uma Constituição que parece ter passado a nominal ou semântica em algumas dimensões ao menos, não por culpa sua mas de quem a deveria cumprir, até ao esboroar das relações laborais e ao crescendo da insatisfação laboral de quem trabalha, a par do crescendo do desemprego, ou à falta de boa fé contratual... Sente-se ainda que muitos serviços estão a funcionar mal, mercê da precaridade dos contratos dos trabalhadores, promovidos a verdes colaboradores muitas vezes... Ainda parece, em geral, viver-se sob a lei, mas já há muitas bolsas de torto ...


The Insanity Defense: Guilty By Reason Of Hinckley?, Bruce Berner Nov 2012

The Insanity Defense: Guilty By Reason Of Hinckley?, Bruce Berner

Bruce G. Berner

No abstract provided.


The Anti-Samuelson. Volume Two. Microeconomics: Basic Problems Of The Capitalist Economy, Marc Linder, Julius Sensat Nov 2012

The Anti-Samuelson. Volume Two. Microeconomics: Basic Problems Of The Capitalist Economy, Marc Linder, Julius Sensat

Marc Linder

No abstract provided.


The Anti-Samuelson. Volume One. Macroeconomics: Basic Problems Of The Capitalist Economy, Marc Linder, Julius Sensat Nov 2012

The Anti-Samuelson. Volume One. Macroeconomics: Basic Problems Of The Capitalist Economy, Marc Linder, Julius Sensat

Marc Linder

No abstract provided.


Der Anti-Samuelson: Kritik Eines Repräsentativen Lehrbuchs Der Bürgerlichen Ökonomie. Band 3 & 4, Marc Linder, Julius Sensat Nov 2012

Der Anti-Samuelson: Kritik Eines Repräsentativen Lehrbuchs Der Bürgerlichen Ökonomie. Band 3 & 4, Marc Linder, Julius Sensat

Marc Linder

No abstract provided.


Der Anti-Samuelson: Kritik Eines Repräsentativen Lehrbuchs Der Bürgerlichen Ökonomie. Band 1 & 2, Marc Linder, Julius Sensat Nov 2012

Der Anti-Samuelson: Kritik Eines Repräsentativen Lehrbuchs Der Bürgerlichen Ökonomie. Band 1 & 2, Marc Linder, Julius Sensat

Marc Linder

No abstract provided.


Women Power Connect Obituary Mrinal Gore: Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Nov 2012

Women Power Connect Obituary Mrinal Gore: Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

On 17th July 2012, Mrinal Gore passed away. With her demise, an era of women freedom fighters with feminist sensitivities in praxis is over. Inspired by Quit India Movement under leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, 14 year old young girl Mrinal became active in the freedom movement. Drawn to political and social causes, she gave up a promising career in medicine in order to organise the poorest and most powerless. She married her comrade, Shri Keshav Gore and when he died at a young age in 1958, she founded Keshav Gore Smarak Bhavan which provided democratic platform to progressive forces for ...


Tea With The Chief: Ocl Interviews Chief Justice Rehnquist, Peter J. Aschenbrenner Oct 2012

Tea With The Chief: Ocl Interviews Chief Justice Rehnquist, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Annexed to the room in which the justices conference after oral argument, a chamber offers gilt-on-marble in fashion art deco: Rockefeller Center, the steamship Normandie, architectural tastes of futurismo dimension. In short, full on 1930s and architect Cass Gilbert letting his imagination take wing. This interview (re)launched OCL’s career as constitutional historian, following on two years’ study of the Nicomachean Ethics and the Politics. This is one of the few interviews not recorded on audiotape. Other interviewees include Michael Foote, J.O. Urmson, and Benson Mates. The interview (in context) continues in the next article. A longer recollection ...


Rights Of Adolescent Girls In India: A Critical Look At Laws And Policies, Saumya Uma Oct 2012

Rights Of Adolescent Girls In India: A Critical Look At Laws And Policies, Saumya Uma

Dr. Saumya Uma

The book critically examines laws, policies and international standards as they affect adolescent girls in India. It analyses six issues pertaining to adolescent girls: (1) education (2) health, food and nutrition (3) remunerative work (4) age of marriage and agency in marriage (5) violence against girls and (6) juvenile justice. Prior to chapter-wise discussion on each of these issues, the book provides a situational analysis of adolescent girls, as well as an overview of the law and policy framework. It also devotes a chapter to discussing state responsibility towards adolescent girls, through a framework of international human rights law. The ...


A Thousand Points Of Ambiguity, Bruce Berner Oct 2012

A Thousand Points Of Ambiguity, Bruce Berner

Bruce G. Berner

No abstract provided.


How Bad Were The Official Records Of The Federal Convention?, Mary Sarah Bilder Oct 2012

How Bad Were The Official Records Of The Federal Convention?, Mary Sarah Bilder

Mary Sarah Bilder

The official records of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 have been neglected and dismissed by scholars for the last century, largely to due to Max Farrand’s criticisms of both the records and the man responsible for keeping them - Secretary of the Convention William Jackson. This Article disagrees with Farrand’s conclusion that the Convention records were bad, and aims to resurrect the records and Jackson’s reputation. The Article suggests that the endurance of Farrand’s critique arises in part from misinterpretations of certain procedural components of the Convention and failure to appreciate the significance of others, understandable considering ...


O Cidadão E O Estadista, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2012

O Cidadão E O Estadista, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Fala-se muito em crise, naturalmente em mudanças políticas, e até em regeneração dos partidos. Cremos que esta é fundamental. Ou tal ocorre, ou virá, mais dia menos dia, após esta ou aquela convulsão, a ditadura e o partido único, sob qualquer bandeira, normalmente populista. Muitos estão já a atiçar o lume antipartidário e antidemocrático, como ocorreu noutros tempos. E apontando já os bodes expiatórios a sacrificar, enquanto os verdadeiros responsáveis passam ao largo... Por outro lado, não é Estadista quem quer. São precisas virtudes e qualidades. Não uma competência mitificada e abstrata. Mas projeto político e capacidade, experiência, etc.


Turning Wine Into Water: Water As Privileged Signifier In The Grapes Of Wrath, David N. Cassuto Oct 2012

Turning Wine Into Water: Water As Privileged Signifier In The Grapes Of Wrath, David N. Cassuto

David N Cassuto

I will argue that The Grapes of Wrath represents an indictment of the American myth of the garden and its accompanying myth of the frontier. The lever with which Steinbeck pries apart and ultimately dismantles these fictions is a critique of the agricultural practices that created the Dust Bowl and then metamorphosed into a new set of norms which continued to victimize both the land and its inhabitants. Both nineteenth-century homesteading (based on the Homestead Act of 1862) and agribusiness, its twentieth century descendant (born from the failure of the Homestead Act), relied on the (mis)use of water to ...


Volume 2, Issue 1, Jaret Kanarek, Jake Bates, Michael Christison, Nick Nichols, Karen Silverman Oct 2012

Volume 2, Issue 1, Jaret Kanarek, Jake Bates, Michael Christison, Nick Nichols, Karen Silverman

The Intellectual Standard

No abstract provided.


Making Human Rights Really Real, Jake Bates Oct 2012

Making Human Rights Really Real, Jake Bates

The Intellectual Standard

No abstract provided.


Halacha And The Common Law, Arthur Lang Oct 2012

Halacha And The Common Law, Arthur Lang

Arthur Lang

The theoretical basis of halacha differs from that of דיני אמות העלום. Obligations and liability are regulated in halacha by defining the nature of an act, did a particular ma’asa occur, whereas the common law regulates with an eye toward social policy, what consequences were set in motion by an actor. Halacha turns on the act of stealing, the act of eating matzoh, the act of acquisition, the act of homicide, the act of damaging, and the act of marrying, rather than respectively, the interference with property rights, the acknowledgment of a symbol, the contract of sale, the violation ...