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2010

Comparative Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 172

Full-Text Articles in Law

Reconsidering Disclosure And Liability In The Transatlantic Capital Markets, Mark Brewer, Orla Gough, Neeta Shah Dec 2010

Reconsidering Disclosure And Liability In The Transatlantic Capital Markets, Mark Brewer, Orla Gough, Neeta Shah

Mark Brewer

In response to the current global financial crisis, governments around the world are introducing some of the most significant changes financial regulation since the Great Depression. However, these efforts fail to fundamentally alter the current overreliance on disclosure and fail to achieve international cooperation in deterring the next financial crisis. The article explores some of the limits of disclosure as a basis for financial regulation and to suggest international regulatory coordination of liability standards to help curtail the risky behavior that often leads to the pattern of boom and bust in the global financial markets. The purpose of this article ...


Three Milestones In The History Of Privacy In The United States, Vernon Valentine Palmer Dec 2010

Three Milestones In The History Of Privacy In The United States, Vernon Valentine Palmer

Vernon Palmer

Over the course of more than 120 years the right of privacy has somehow acquired, absorbed and incorporated various tangential interests such as the right to control use of one’s name, one’s image, one’s writings, one’s life story, and even the right to exploit one’s own publicity value. Obviously those who seek to capitalize upon the publicity value of their name or talent are not in fact seeking privacy in the usual sense of the word, and yet American tort law protects the publicity right either in the name of privacy or describes it as ...


Path Dependence And Durability Of Hong Kong's Existing Corporate Reorganization System, Charles Qu Nov 2010

Path Dependence And Durability Of Hong Kong's Existing Corporate Reorganization System, Charles Qu

Charles Zhen Qu Dr

A corporate reorganization system that ensures optimal deployment of distressed companies’ assets helps promote economic development. In many developed economies, faltering firms are reorganized through a formal corporate reorganization procedure. The Hong Kong government has recently recommended the enactment of such a procedure on the assumption that the existing corporate and insolvency framework is ill-equipped to restructure failing companies. This article rebuts this assumption through an assessment of the efficiency of the judicially-developed reorganization system that has emerged as a result of the failure to introduce a formal reorganization procedure a decade ago. It argues that since an efficient alternative ...


Assessing The Applicability Of The Business Judgment Rule And The “Defensive” Business Judgment Rule In The Chinese Judiciary: A Perspective On Takeover Dispute Adjudication, Xiao-Chuan Weng Nov 2010

Assessing The Applicability Of The Business Judgment Rule And The “Defensive” Business Judgment Rule In The Chinese Judiciary: A Perspective On Takeover Dispute Adjudication, Xiao-Chuan Weng

Xiao-chuan Charlie Weng

With the surge of takeovers in China, many issues regarding takeover adjudication and legislation have increasingly received academic attention. The issues of the independence and professionalization of the judiciary and the scarcity of legislation on duty of care are the major predicaments facing corporate China. Massive legislative and judicial reform of takeover adjudication is not viable in the near future. However, U.S. common law standards of review, including the business judgment rule and serial rules against hostile takeover, with diacritical the business judgment rule stamp, may hold potential for reform within the current economic environment. The article investigates the ...


Disputes Related To Healthcare Across National Boundaries: The Potential For Arbitration, Deth Sao Nov 2010

Disputes Related To Healthcare Across National Boundaries: The Potential For Arbitration, Deth Sao

Deth Sao

Trade in international health services has the potential to play a leading role in the global economy, but its rapid growth is impeded by legal barriers. Advances in technology and cross-border movement of people and health services create legal ambiguities and uncertainties for businesses and consumers involved in transnational medical malpractice disputes. Existing legal protections and remedies afforded by traditional judicial frameworks are unable to resolve the following challenges: (1) assertion of personal jurisdiction; (2) choice of forum and law considerations; (3) appropriate theories of liability for injuries and damages arising from innovations in medical care and delivery of health ...


¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Nov 2010

¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Recientemente en el Perú se ha suscitado una discusion, mas mediática que jurídica, sobre la interpretación testamentaria. Planteado en tales términos el debate sólo ha recogido de manera implícita los aspectos medulares de tan compleja materia. Es por esta razón que el objetivo del presente artículo es brindar un vistazo panorámico a la materia desde la perspectiva de la comparación jurídica.


Resolving Financial Disputes In The Context Of Global Civil Justice Reform: Will Court Sponsored Mediation Overtake Litigation?, Shahla Ali Nov 2010

Resolving Financial Disputes In The Context Of Global Civil Justice Reform: Will Court Sponsored Mediation Overtake Litigation?, Shahla Ali

Shahla F. Ali

In recent years, many countries have increased their use of alternative mechanisms of dispute resolution to resolve a growing number of financial and commercial disputes. This trend has been supported by civil justice reforms taking place throughout the world, including those within the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Australia, and Canada. Such reforms have aimed at encouraging cost effective, expeditious and amicable case handling within the civil justice system. This paper will analyze the increasing use of mediation to resolve financial and commercial disputes in countries undergoing civil justice reform, review the scope and nature of the civil justice reforms and ...


Exceptions: The Criminal Law's Illogical Approach To Hiv-Related Aggravated Assaults, Ari Waldman Nov 2010

Exceptions: The Criminal Law's Illogical Approach To Hiv-Related Aggravated Assaults, Ari Waldman

Ari E Waldman

This article identifies logical and due process errors in cases involving HIV-related aggravated assaults, which usually involve an HIV-positive individual having unprotected sex without disclosing his or her HIV status. While this behavior should not be encouraged, this paper suggests that punishing this conduct through a charge of aggravated assault – which requires a showing that the defendant’s actions were a means likely to cause grievous bodily harm or death – is fraught with fallacies in reasoning and runs afoul of due process. Specifically, some courts use the rule of thumb that HIV can possibly be transmitted through bodily fluids as ...


Extreme Measures: Does The United States Need Preventive Detention To Combat Domestic Terrorism?, Diane Webber Nov 2010

Extreme Measures: Does The United States Need Preventive Detention To Combat Domestic Terrorism?, Diane Webber

Diane Webber

The paper examines current methods of preventive detention in the United States, that is the detaining of a suspect on home soil to prevent a terrorist attack. This paper looks at two recent events: the Fort Hood shootings and a preventive arrest in France, to consider problems in combating terrorist crimes on U.S. soil. I demonstrate that U.S. law as it now stands, with some limited exceptions, does not permit detention to forestall an anticipated domestic terrorist crime. After reviewing and evaluating the way in which France, Israel and the United Kingdom use forms of preventive detention to ...


Can The Federal Reserve Adopt An Inflation Targeting Regime Under The Current Statutory Arrangements?, Hong Kyoon Cho Oct 2010

Can The Federal Reserve Adopt An Inflation Targeting Regime Under The Current Statutory Arrangements?, Hong Kyoon Cho

Hong Kyoon Cho

This paper discussed legal perspectives in institutional framework of central banking, keyed to monetary policy framework. The statutory objectives of monetary policy provide an environment under which the central bank can design its monetary policy framework, in that the choice of the monetary policy framework could lie within the scope of the spirits embodied in the statutory objectives of monetary policy. Monetary policy framework could illuminate legal aspects of debate, as specifically seen in the Federal Reserve’s case that has adopted not an explicit but an implicit monetary policy framework, namely the Just-Do-It approach. Under the current legal mandate ...


Gender Dimorphism In The U.S. Legal System: A “Post-Feminist” And Comparative Critique, James Wilets Sep 2010

Gender Dimorphism In The U.S. Legal System: A “Post-Feminist” And Comparative Critique, James Wilets

James D Wilets

There has been extensive jurisprudential literature positing that the structure, values and processes of the American legal and educational system, focusing heavily on adversarial battle among parties in court, and competition in law school, are fundamentally "male-centered." This "male-female" construct suggests that there is an essential dichotomy between the two genders with respect to resolving disputes that is reflected in the legal system, and that this male-female dichotomy is harmful to all participants and perhaps to justice itself.

This article expands upon this literature by arguing that many of the dysfunctional characteristics of the American legal system labeled "male" in ...


Government Under Party, Party Under Constitution: On The Construction Of Chinese State-Party Rule Of Law Constitutionalism, Larry Cata Backer Sep 2010

Government Under Party, Party Under Constitution: On The Construction Of Chinese State-Party Rule Of Law Constitutionalism, Larry Cata Backer

Larry Cata Backer

Since the establishment of the Soviet Union, constitutional theory has tended to look suspiciously at the constitutionalization of Marxist Leninist state apparatus under the control of a single party in power. These judgments have formed the basis of analysis of Chinese constitutionalism as well. But are these criticisms inevitably correct in general, and wholly applicable in the post 1989 Chinese context after the structural reforms of Deng Xiaoping and his successors? This paper explores those questions, developing a constitutional theory for states organized on a state-party model. The thesis of the article is this: Chinese constitutionalism presents a coherent and ...


The Year Of The Tiger, The Thrill Of The Fight: Why Conservation Should Not Succumb To Commerce, Tricia Patel Sep 2010

The Year Of The Tiger, The Thrill Of The Fight: Why Conservation Should Not Succumb To Commerce, Tricia Patel

Tricia S Patel

The Year of the Tiger, The Thrill of the Fight: Why Conservation Should Not Succumb to Commerce This paper discusses the international and domestic regulation of tigers and recent conservation methods adopted under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). With the illicit wildlife trade being the third largest form of trafficking, the author focuses on the role of China and its domestic policies, with a discussion on the use of tiger parts in the practice of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Additionally, the author discusses China's adoption of tiger farms as the predominant ...


International Civil Religion: Respecting Religious Diversity While Promoting International Cooperation, Amos Davis Sep 2010

International Civil Religion: Respecting Religious Diversity While Promoting International Cooperation, Amos Davis

Amos Prosser Davis

International civil religion grounds moral claims that permeate and transcend traditional religious paradigms. Given the inevitability of international interactions – interactions that cross geographic, religious, and cultural boundaries – our global society is in need of a universally endorsable framework that undergirds the United Nations international human rights regime. International civil religion provides that framework.

Numerous scholars and moral theorists have incrementally discerned the parameters of civil religion including, inter alia, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Alexis de Tocqueville, Robert Bellah, Martin Marty, and Harold Berman. The tenets of international civil religion infuse the diplomatically drafted United Nations covenants and conventions on human rights, including ...


Incorporación Del Interés Creditorio En La Cláusula Penal: Un Análisis Desde El Comparative Law And Economics, Renzo Saavedra Velazco Sep 2010

Incorporación Del Interés Creditorio En La Cláusula Penal: Un Análisis Desde El Comparative Law And Economics, Renzo Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

En la presente nota abordamos como es posible incorporar el interés creditorio en un contrato a través del empleo de una cláusula penal. En efecto, la penalidad se ha visto como un mecanismo que liquida de manera anticipada los daños ocasionados debido al incumplimiento contractual; sin embargo, este efecto no hace más que evidenciar la alta valuación subjetiva que el acreedor otorga a la prestación a cargo de su deudor y, con ello, la posibilidad de verificación de daños idiosincráticos en caso se verifique un incumplimiento.


Judicial Independence In Light Of The Basic Principles On The Independence Of The Judiciary: Who Has The Right Idea?, Ubaid Ul-Haq Sep 2010

Judicial Independence In Light Of The Basic Principles On The Independence Of The Judiciary: Who Has The Right Idea?, Ubaid Ul-Haq

Ubaid ul-Haq

Judicial independence is a crucial component inherent in the proper and effective administration of any government. Critical to this doctrine is the larger requirement of a separation of powers, which must be established before attempting to affect any concept of judicial independence. Judicial independence essentially represents a judiciary’s ability to render decisions free of improper influences, both internal and external. The United Nations has set forth a minimum standard of judicial independence with which States should seek to comply in order to protect civil liberties and in a greater sense, human rights. Evaluating the jurisdictions of Canada, Jamaica, and ...


Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan Sep 2010

Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan

Kerry Mohan

International attention regarding Executive decree authority within Latin America has significantly increased following Hugo Chávez’ 2007 enabling law in Venezuela. This attention has largely been negative, as the international media has often vilified Chávez for promulgating decrees with the force of law. What the international media has continually failed to discuss, however, is that Chávez’ form of decree authority, “delegated decree authority” or “DDA,” has been common throughout Venezuela’s history and most of South America. This article seeks to determine DDA’s prevalence within South America, and in particular Venezuela, Ecuador, and Colombia, and determine whether DDA poses a ...


Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan Sep 2010

Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan

Kerry Mohan

International attention regarding Executive decree authority within Latin America has significantly increased following Hugo Chávez’ 2007 enabling law in Venezuela. This attention has largely been negative, as the international media has often vilified Chávez for promulgating decrees with the force of law. What the international media has continually failed to discuss, however, is that Chávez’ form of decree authority, “delegated decree authority” or “DDA,” has been common throughout Venezuela’s history and most of South America. This article seeks to determine DDA’s prevalence within South America, and in particular Venezuela, Ecuador, and Colombia, and determine whether DDA poses a ...


Judicial Independence In Light Of The Basic Principles On The Independence Of The Judiciary: Who Has The Right Idea?, Ubaid Ul-Haq Sep 2010

Judicial Independence In Light Of The Basic Principles On The Independence Of The Judiciary: Who Has The Right Idea?, Ubaid Ul-Haq

Ubaid ul-Haq

Judicial independence is a crucial component inherent in the proper and effective administration of any government. Critical to this doctrine is the larger requirement of a separation of powers, which must be established before attempting to affect any concept of judicial independence. Judicial independence essentially represents a judiciary’s ability to render decisions free of improper influences, both internal and external. The United Nations has set forth a minimum standard of judicial independence with which States should seek to comply in order to protect civil liberties and in a greater sense, human rights. Evaluating the jurisdictions of Canada, Jamaica, and ...


Applying Torture And Asylum Protections To Prevent The Deportation Of Persons With Hiv/Aids, Christine Chiu Sep 2010

Applying Torture And Asylum Protections To Prevent The Deportation Of Persons With Hiv/Aids, Christine Chiu

Christine Chiu

Granting a foreign national with HIV/AIDS permission to remain in a country, whether temporarily or indefinitely, is a weighty decision. Faced with limited resources and often fervent public antagonism towards increased immigration, states must pick and choose whom to expel from its borders. This paper examines the extent to which HIV status is considered in determining whether a petitioner is eligible or even has a right to remain in a country. The analysis consists largely of a comparison of the asylum and torture protections afforded to petitioners with HIV/AIDS in the United States, Canada, and the European Court ...


Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan Sep 2010

Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan

Kerry Mohan

International attention regarding Executive decree authority within Latin America has significantly increased following Hugo Chávez’ 2007 enabling law in Venezuela. This attention has largely been negative, as the international media has often vilified Chávez for promulgating decrees with the force of law. What the international media has continually failed to discuss, however, is that Chávez’ form of decree authority, “delegated decree authority” or “DDA,” has been common throughout Venezuela’s history and most of South America. This article seeks to determine DDA’s prevalence within South America, and in particular Venezuela, Ecuador, and Colombia, and determine whether DDA poses a ...


A Japanese Calpers Or A New Model For Institutional Investor Activism? Japan's Pension Fund Association And The Emergence Of Shareholder Activism In Japan, Bruce Aronson Sep 2010

A Japanese Calpers Or A New Model For Institutional Investor Activism? Japan's Pension Fund Association And The Emergence Of Shareholder Activism In Japan, Bruce Aronson

Bruce Aronson

If activist institutional investors are arguably the primary external monitors of management under leading corporate governance systems in the United States and the United Kingdom, who might assume that role in other countries? And, more importantly, what activist shareholder strategies may be possible under different corporate governance systems and operating environments that are generally less supportive of shareholder activism than the United States and the United Kingdom? This Article seeks to address that question through a comparison of the well-known strategy of CalPERS with that of a rare, real-world example of institutional investor activism outside of the “Anglo-Saxon” model—Japan ...


Progressive Property In Action: The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003, John A. Lovett Sep 2010

Progressive Property In Action: The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003, John A. Lovett

John Lovett

This article responds to a material deficit at the heart of American property law scholarship. For years, property scholars have debated whether the right to exclude deserves to be the centerpiece of our property regime in the United States. This article seeks to transform that debate by introducing an American audience to a remarkable piece of property legislation recently enacted in Scotland. Part I of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 creates a right of responsible, non-motorized access across almost all land and in-land water in Scotland, private as well as publically owned, for purposes for recreation, education and passage ...


Islam In The Secular Nomos Of The European Court Of Human Rights, Peter G. Danchin Sep 2010

Islam In The Secular Nomos Of The European Court Of Human Rights, Peter G. Danchin

Peter G. Danchin

Since 2001 the European Court of Human Rights has decided a series of cases involving Islam and the claims of Muslim communities (both majorities and minorities) to freedom of religion and belief. This Article suggests that what is most interesting about these cases is how they are unsettling existing normative legal categories under the ECHR and catalyzing new forms of politics and rethinking of both the historical and theoretical premises of modern liberal political orders. These controversies raise anew two critical questions for ECHR jurisprudence: first, regarding the proper scope of the right to religious freedom; and second, regarding the ...


Prosecutors As Judges, Erik Luna, Marianne Wade Sep 2010

Prosecutors As Judges, Erik Luna, Marianne Wade

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Fascismo En El Codice Civile De 1942: La Política Está Por Encima Del Derecho, Joshimar De La Cruz Aroni Aug 2010

Fascismo En El Codice Civile De 1942: La Política Está Por Encima Del Derecho, Joshimar De La Cruz Aroni

Joshimar De la cruz Aroni

La codificación italiana de 1942: sobre la unificación del código civil y comercial


Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan Aug 2010

Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan

Kerry Mohan

International attention regarding Executive decree authority within Latin America has significantly increased following Hugo Chávez’ 2007 enabling law in Venezuela. This attention has largely been negative, as the international media has often vilified Chávez for promulgating decrees with the force of law. What the international media has continually failed to discuss, however, is that Chávez’ form of decree authority, “delegated decree authority” or “DDA,” has been common throughout Venezuela’s history and most of South America. This article seeks to determine DDA’s prevalence within South America, and in particular Venezuela, Ecuador, and Colombia, and determine whether DDA poses a ...


Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan Aug 2010

Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan

Kerry Mohan

International attention regarding Executive decree authority within Latin America has significantly increased following Hugo Chávez’ 2007 enabling law in Venezuela. This attention has largely been negative, as the international media has often vilified Chávez for promulgating decrees with the force of law. What the international media has continually failed to discuss, however, is that Chávez’ form of decree authority, “delegated decree authority” or “DDA,” has been common throughout Venezuela’s history and most of South America. This article seeks to determine DDA’s prevalence within South America, and in particular Venezuela, Ecuador, and Colombia, and determine whether DDA poses a ...


Was Selden Right? The Expansion Of Closed Seas And Its Consequences, Scott Shackelford Aug 2010

Was Selden Right? The Expansion Of Closed Seas And Its Consequences, Scott Shackelford

Scott Shackelford

This Article focuses on the relationship between the legal regimes governing offshore resources in the continental shelves and the deep seabed, particularly in reference to the extent to which continental shelf claims are encroaching on the deep seabed. The question of how well these respective legal regimes regulate resource exploitation will also be considered, along with an analysis of the underlying reasons driving change in these governance structures. I argue that the primary issue is one of whether vague rules, particularly UNCLOS Article 76, are working in terms of incentivizing sustainable, peaceful development of offshore resources.


Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan Aug 2010

Delegated Decree Authority In Contemporary South America: Comparative Study Of The Radical Left And Their Threat To The Rule Of Law, Kerry Mohan

Kerry Mohan

International attention regarding Executive decree authority within Latin America has significantly increased following Hugo Chávez’ 2007 enabling law in Venezuela. This attention has largely been negative, as the international media has often vilified Chávez for promulgating decrees with the force of law. What the international media has continually failed to discuss, however, is that Chávez’ form of decree authority, “delegated decree authority” or “DDA,” has been common throughout Venezuela’s history and most of South America. This article seeks to determine DDA’s prevalence within South America, and in particular Venezuela, Ecuador, and Colombia, and determine whether DDA poses a ...