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Full-Text Articles in Law

Commercial Surrogacy: Is Regulation Necessary To Manage The Industry?, Cara M. Luckey Dec 2010

Commercial Surrogacy: Is Regulation Necessary To Manage The Industry?, Cara M. Luckey

Cara M Luckey

This paper discusses legal and ethical issues involved with commercial surrogacy both within the United States and Internationally. Inconsistencies in laws create an increased potential for the exploitation of the parties involved in a surrogacy agreement. The validity of contracts varies between states and certain countries that allow surrogacy do not adequately protect the surrogate mothers. As this field of Assisted Reproductive Technology becomes more prevalent, the need for effective regulation of commercial surrogacy is essential.


Transfer Pricing And Irc Section 482, Dorothy M. Hong Nov 2010

Transfer Pricing And Irc Section 482, Dorothy M. Hong

Dorothy M Hong

Description of the current flux situation with regard to development of tax treaties and case laws relevant to transfer pricing regulations for companies either doing business in or with those based in South Korea complying with IRC Sec. 482.


If You Think Law Schools Teach Students To "Think Like A Lawyer"...Think Again!, Douglas Rush Nov 2010

If You Think Law Schools Teach Students To "Think Like A Lawyer"...Think Again!, Douglas Rush

Douglas Rush

Law school faculty and deans purport to teach law students to “think like a lawyer.” Indeed, this phrase has been repeated so often that it has become legal pedagogical dogma. Professor Wegner, co-author of the Carnegie Report Educating Lawyers: Preparation for the Profession of Law, has stated that “thinking like a lawyer” has been embraced as a ”trope of the core identity” of the legal academy. Unfortunately, whether law schools truly teach their students to “think like a lawyer” has not been previously subjected to empirical analysis.

This article is an empirical examination using logistic regression analysis of two different ...


If You Think Law Schools Teach Students To "Think Like A Lawyer"...Think Again!, Douglas Rush Nov 2010

If You Think Law Schools Teach Students To "Think Like A Lawyer"...Think Again!, Douglas Rush

Douglas Rush

Law school faculty and deans purport to teach law students to “think like a lawyer.” Indeed, this phrase has been repeated so often that it has become legal pedagogical dogma. Professor Wegner, co-author of the Carnegie Report Educating Lawyers: Preparation for the Profession of Law, has stated that “thinking like a lawyer” has been embraced as a ”trope of the core identity” of the legal academy. Unfortunately, whether law schools truly teach their students to “think like a lawyer” has not been previously subjected to empirical analysis.

This article is an empirical examination using logistic regression analysis of two different ...


Exceptions: The Criminal Law's Illogical Approach To Hiv-Related Aggravated Assaults, Ari E. Waldman Nov 2010

Exceptions: The Criminal Law's Illogical Approach To Hiv-Related Aggravated Assaults, Ari E. Waldman

Ari E Waldman

This article identifies logical and due process errors in cases involving HIV-related aggravated assaults, which usually involve an HIV-positive individual having unprotected sex without disclosing his or her HIV status. While this behavior should not be encouraged, this paper suggests that punishing this conduct through a charge of aggravated assault – which requires a showing that the defendant’s actions were a means likely to cause grievous bodily harm or death – is fraught with fallacies in reasoning and runs afoul of due process. Specifically, some courts use the rule of thumb that HIV can possibly be transmitted through bodily fluids as ...


On The Formation Of The American Corporate State: The Fuller Supreme Court, 1888-1910, George Skouras Nov 2010

On The Formation Of The American Corporate State: The Fuller Supreme Court, 1888-1910, George Skouras

George Skouras

This paper deals with the formation and legitimation of the American Corporate State by the Fuller Supreme Court. It argues that the Fuller Court was wrong to use the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment and natural law to support laissez-faire capitalism and the emergent corporate structure at the expense of labor and labor unions. It also argues that the corporatization of America has created a social and cultural environment that places business as the center of the American universe. This has led to a very asymmetrical relationship between corporations and citizens. It further argues that recent revisionist scholarship ...


Judge Harold Baer's Quixotic Crusade For Class Counsel Diversity, Michael H. Hurwitz Oct 2010

Judge Harold Baer's Quixotic Crusade For Class Counsel Diversity, Michael H. Hurwitz

Michael H Hurwitz

In this comment, the author discusses the recent rulings of U.S. District Court Judge Harold Baer, Jr. directing that proposed class counsel provide evidence of its racial and gender diversity. After summarizing the provisions of Rule 23(g) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that govern the appointment of class counsel, the author analyzes Judge Baer’s rulings in light of Rule 23(g)’s requirements. The author concludes that Judge Baer’s rulings are inconsistent with the Rule’s requirements and, instead, represent the judge’s effort to impose his own policy views over the interests of ...


Sexual Reorientation, Elizabeth M. Glazer Oct 2010

Sexual Reorientation, Elizabeth M. Glazer

Elizabeth M Glazer

Bisexuals have been invisible for at least ten years. Ten years ago, Kenji Yoshino wrote about the “epistemic contract of bisexual erasure,” the tacit agreement between both homosexuals and heterosexuals to erase bisexuals. Though legal scholarship has addressed bisexuality only in rare moments, Yoshino’s epistemic contract of erasure answered Ruth Colker’s earlier call for a “bi jurisprudence” and explained why the “vast and vastly unacknowledged wall between heterosexual and homosexual identities” that Naomi Mezey identified has been so “vigilantly maintained.” While the tenth anniversary of the publication of Yoshino’s article is reason enough to revisit the topic ...


Is Three A Crowd? The Role Of The Courts In Sec Settlements, Samantha A. Dreilinger Oct 2010

Is Three A Crowd? The Role Of The Courts In Sec Settlements, Samantha A. Dreilinger

samantha a dreilinger

In August 2009 Judge Jed Rakoff made the unprecedented decision to reject a settlement proposed by the SEC and Bank of America. Although Judge Rakoff eventually approved the agreement, his decision appears to have sparked a trend of judicial scrutiny for SEC settlements. In contrast with the long tradition of judicial deference, some courts are now requiring evidence that the proposed provisions are "fair, reasonable and in the public interest." In order to promote justice, judges are also questioning light penalties and why executives are not being held accountable for the alleged misconduct of a corporate defendant. Critics of this ...


Escaping Legal Limbo: Can Illinois Residents Who Entered Into A Legally Recognized Same-Sex Marriage Or Civil Union In Another State Dissolve Their Marriage In Illinois?, Michelle R. Green, Allen Wall, Jacob H. Karaca, Melissa Sereda Oct 2010

Escaping Legal Limbo: Can Illinois Residents Who Entered Into A Legally Recognized Same-Sex Marriage Or Civil Union In Another State Dissolve Their Marriage In Illinois?, Michelle R. Green, Allen Wall, Jacob H. Karaca, Melissa Sereda

Michelle R. Green

Legal limbo: when a same-sex couple in a valid, legally performed marriage performed in a jurisdiction that recognizes such marriages wants to dissolve their marriage, but now lives in a jurisdiction that refuses to recognize their marriage as valid. This article explores the options available to such couples in Illinois and provides a practical roadmap for practitioners that we think provides the best chance of success for their clients seeking to dissolve a same-sex union.

While Illinois courts have not yet determined whether such a couple may lawfully dissolve their marriage in Illinois, many lessons can be gleaned from other ...


The Meaning Of Justice In The World Today, Louis E. Wolcher Oct 2010

The Meaning Of Justice In The World Today, Louis E. Wolcher

Louis E Wolcher

Justice does not stand in relation to law as a blueprint does to a building. Thus, any human practice that thinks of itself as just is a priori unjust. Justice requires the willingness to notice the tragic particular even though one's own conception of justice does not consider it relevant or important. This essay traces the connections between law and justice, and justice and individual ethical responsibility, to reach a conclusion that many may find surprising if not scandalous: Justice denied is undoubtedly a tragedy, but so too is justice achieved.


Law, Institutions And Corruption Cleanups In Africa, John Mukum Mbaku Oct 2010

Law, Institutions And Corruption Cleanups In Africa, John Mukum Mbaku

JOHN MUKUM MBAKU

ABSTRACT Since independence, virtually all African countries have suffered and continue to suffer from extremely high rates of bureaucratic corruption. Today, corruption remains one of the most important constraints to social, political and economic development. Despite the efforts made, in several countries, to deal with corruption and other forms of political opportunism (e.g., rent seeking), these phenomena remain entrenched in these countries and continue to constrain entrepreneurship and creation of the wealth that is needed to deal with extremely high rates of poverty and material deprivation. Part of the reason why many African countries have not been able to ...


Yes, I Can: Subjective Legal Empowerment, Martin Gramatikov, Robert B. Porter Oct 2010

Yes, I Can: Subjective Legal Empowerment, Martin Gramatikov, Robert B. Porter

Martin Gramatikov

This paper explores critically the notion of legal empowerment and suggests that the currently employed approaches lead to vague concepts which evade measurement and lend little programmatic guidance. Our thesis is that legal empowerment should be sought not in the process of providing legal solutions but in the subjective self-belief that a person posses and can mobilize the necessary resources, competencies and energies to solve particular problem of legal nature. This model rejects the existence of an overall quantity of legal empowerment. People’s beliefs in their ability to solve legal problems differ by type of problem, distribution of power ...


Understanding The Medical Record In Shoulder Dystocia Cases. Why These Cases Sometimes Should Have A No-Fault Recovery, Paul A. Race Oct 2010

Understanding The Medical Record In Shoulder Dystocia Cases. Why These Cases Sometimes Should Have A No-Fault Recovery, Paul A. Race

Paul A Race

Shoulder dystocia is one of the most common causes of litigation in Obstetrics and Gynecology. The most common serious complication from shoulder dystocia is brachial plexus injury although death of the baby can also occur. Brachial plexus injuries lead to paralysis of the arm of the neonate. While most of the injuries eventually resolve, a small percentage will remain permanent. This article explores the areas of litigation involved with brachial plexus injuries. It discusses what the attorney should look for in the medical record. It reviews the standard of care both pre-labor and post-labor. It also looks at the controversial ...


Racial Disproportionality In Child Welfare: False Logic And Dangerous Misunderstandings, Jesse Russell Oct 2010

Racial Disproportionality In Child Welfare: False Logic And Dangerous Misunderstandings, Jesse Russell

Jesse Russell

Disproportionality and disparities in child welfare appear to be widely recognized, if not fully understood, phenomena. There is often disagreement on how to interpret or find meaning in the empirical evidence that supports the existence of disproportionality and disparities—some the result of fertile and valuable discussion, some stemming from misunderstanding. Several potential paths of misinterpretation are examined here: the ecological fallacy concept, the fallacy of hidden assumptions, the lessons from different measures of disproportionality, the difficulty in understanding how probabilities relate to each other, and the effect that multicolinearity can have on statistical findings. Ultimately, better understanding of empirical ...


The Skepticism Of Critical Legal Studies And The Function Of Moral Discourse, Paul J. Gudel Oct 2010

The Skepticism Of Critical Legal Studies And The Function Of Moral Discourse, Paul J. Gudel

Paul J. Gudel

Paul J. Gudel

California Western School of Law

ABSTRACT

“The Skepticism of Critical Legal Studies and the Function of Moral Discourse”

This article on the philosophy of law aims to expound and evaluate the jurisprudential movement known as Critical Legal Studies – now that the passage of some time allows us to take a less polemical look at what was regarded as a very radical movement. My exposition of CLS organizes its now somewhat familiar concepts (legal indeterminacy, fundamental contradiction, hierarchy, the attack on the public/private distinction) as all directed to one goal: allowing us to see our responsibility for ...


Employee "Free" Choice In The Mirror Of Liberty, Fairness And Social Welfare, Harry G. Hutchison Oct 2010

Employee "Free" Choice In The Mirror Of Liberty, Fairness And Social Welfare, Harry G. Hutchison

Harry G. Hutchison

The publication of Richard Epstein’s book, THE CASE AGAINST THE EMPLOYEE FREE CHOICE ACT provides an opportunity to reconsider (A) the movement to displace the regime of judge-made law that had previously governed labor relationships, (B) the purpose of the NLRA and (C) the revolutionary implications of the effort to transform the NLRA into a law that places its thumb on the scale in favor of unionization. Describing the central provisions of the Employee Free Choice Act (EFCA), its economic consequences, its constitutional implications, and its connection to the decline of unionism, Epstein offers a balanced portrayal of the ...


How The Payday Predator Hides Among Us: The Predatory Nature Of The Payday Loan Industry And Its Use Of Consumer Arbitration To Further Discriminatory Lending Practices, Michael A. Satz Oct 2010

How The Payday Predator Hides Among Us: The Predatory Nature Of The Payday Loan Industry And Its Use Of Consumer Arbitration To Further Discriminatory Lending Practices, Michael A. Satz

Michael A Satz

This Article argues that Payday lending is a predatory lending practice that disproportionately targets minority customers, and that the Payday lending industry utilizes consumer arbitration agreements to further the industry’s discriminatory lending practices. The Article proposes that protections enacted into law to protect military service members from payday lenders should be universally enacted on a national level.


Executive Compensation: The Law And Incentives, Stas Getmanenko Oct 2010

Executive Compensation: The Law And Incentives, Stas Getmanenko

Stas Getmanenko

Excessive executive compensation frequently breeds resentment, undermines consumer faith in the financial system, and overly stigmatizes otherwise common business failures. Frequently, the opponents of lavish pay packages compare executive compensation to the compensation of rank-and-file workers. Such criticism reflects perfectly appropriate societal concerns over pay equity and distribution of wealth within a society. An entirely separate source of friction is the shareholders’ right to benefit from the corporation’s wealth. Shareholders’ dividend is directly reduced by the company’s expenses, one of which executive compensation. For most of today’s public companies the executive compensation expense is often negligible when ...


The Mortgage Market Crisis: A Game Theory Analysis, Raquel Mato Sep 2010

The Mortgage Market Crisis: A Game Theory Analysis, Raquel Mato

Raquel Mato

The mortgage market experienced a global bubble during the early 2000s. The bubble burst in 2006, creating a global financial crisis with widespread repercussions. In this paper, I will discuss how the mortgage market normally works and what changes occurred leading up to the 2000s that allowed for the rapid expansion of the mortgage market. I will talk about contributing factors such as: deregulation of the market, government encouragement of homeownership, the mortgage backed securities market, existing legislation, and a general lack of responsibility by all parties involved. I will use various aspects of game theory to explain how this ...


The Year Of The Tiger, The Thrill Of The Fight: Why Conservation Should Not Succumb To Commerce, Tricia S. Patel Sep 2010

The Year Of The Tiger, The Thrill Of The Fight: Why Conservation Should Not Succumb To Commerce, Tricia S. Patel

Tricia S Patel

The Year of the Tiger, The Thrill of the Fight: Why Conservation Should Not Succumb to Commerce This paper discusses the international and domestic regulation of tigers and recent conservation methods adopted under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). With the illicit wildlife trade being the third largest form of trafficking, the author focuses on the role of China and its domestic policies, with a discussion on the use of tiger parts in the practice of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Additionally, the author discusses China's adoption of tiger farms as the predominant ...


International Civil Religion: Respecting Religious Diversity While Promoting International Cooperation, Amos Prosser Davis Sep 2010

International Civil Religion: Respecting Religious Diversity While Promoting International Cooperation, Amos Prosser Davis

Amos Prosser Davis

International civil religion grounds moral claims that permeate and transcend traditional religious paradigms. Given the inevitability of international interactions – interactions that cross geographic, religious, and cultural boundaries – our global society is in need of a universally endorsable framework that undergirds the United Nations international human rights regime. International civil religion provides that framework.

Numerous scholars and moral theorists have incrementally discerned the parameters of civil religion including, inter alia, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Alexis de Tocqueville, Robert Bellah, Martin Marty, and Harold Berman. The tenets of international civil religion infuse the diplomatically drafted United Nations covenants and conventions on human rights, including ...


Tax Lawyers, Tax Defiance, And The Ethics Of Casual Conversation, Michael Hatfield Sep 2010

Tax Lawyers, Tax Defiance, And The Ethics Of Casual Conversation, Michael Hatfield

Michael Hatfield

Tax Lawyers, Tax Defiance, and the Ethics of Casual Conversation ABSTRACT Tax lawyers routinely navigate politically-charged waters when a tax topic is dropped into conversation. Increasingly, however, tax lawyers are confronted with comments that undermine the authority of the federal tax system itself. These comments may take several forms, including arguments that the income tax is unconstitutional. Regardless of form, this rhetoric differs from legitimate criticisms of the tax system because it encourages non-compliance as either a moral right or a political good. In the current environment, the tax bar should take up the call to be public educators with ...


The Effect Of Religious Affiliation And Church Attendance On State Fiscal Progressivity, Erika Dayle Siu Sep 2010

The Effect Of Religious Affiliation And Church Attendance On State Fiscal Progressivity, Erika Dayle Siu

Erika Dayle Siu

This study finds that with minor exception, neither religious affiliation nor regular church attendance significantly affects state fiscal progressivity. Based on an examination of prevailing theological traditions within major religious groups, a viable hypothesis is that a state’s fiscal progressivity should correlate to its religious demographics to some extent, depending on the social justice beliefs of each religious group. If so, states with a greater percentage of Catholics and Jewish residents would have more fiscal progressivity; states with a greater percentage of Mainline Protestants and Historically Black Church members would also evidence fiscal progressivity but to a lesser extent ...


A Lay Word For A Legal Term: How The Popular Definition Of Charity Has Muddled The Perception Of The Charitable Deduction, Paul J. Valentine Sep 2010

A Lay Word For A Legal Term: How The Popular Definition Of Charity Has Muddled The Perception Of The Charitable Deduction, Paul J. Valentine

Paul J Valentine

In the United States there is a deeply held conviction “that taxpayers who donate to charity should generally not be subject to the same income tax liability as similarly situated taxpayers.” This innate sense about the Internal Revenue Code’s section 170, otherwise known as the charitable deduction, resonates with the Americans’ sense of fairness and creates strong barriers to curtailing its function. This same sense of fairness is tied to the perceived effects of the charitable deduction. Yet, how “charitable” is the charitable deduction and how charitable do we expect it to be? This paper argues that the discrepancy ...


Familiar Stories: An International Suggestion For Lgb Family Military Benefits After The Repeal Of “Don’T Ask, Don’T Tell”, Maureen Brocco Sep 2010

Familiar Stories: An International Suggestion For Lgb Family Military Benefits After The Repeal Of “Don’T Ask, Don’T Tell”, Maureen Brocco

Maureen Brocco

This Article advocates for Congress to make benefits available to the families of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) servicemembers after the repeal of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, by passing an amended version of the Domestic Partnership Benefits and Obligations Act of 2009 (DPBOA). Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell is only one element of the quandary of laws preventing LGB servicemembers from receiving military family benefits equal to those of their heterosexual peers. The federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) limits the federal definition of a marriage to opposite-sex couples and explicitly bars same-sex couples from receiving federal ...


Pleading Their Case: How Ashcroft V. Iqbal Extinguishes Prisoners’ Rights, Maureen Brocco Sep 2010

Pleading Their Case: How Ashcroft V. Iqbal Extinguishes Prisoners’ Rights, Maureen Brocco

Maureen Brocco

Ashcroft v. Iqbal, decided on May 18, 2009, increased the evidentiary burden required to survive a Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) (“Rule 12(b)(6)”) motion to dismiss to a strict plausibility standard. While this decision affects almost all civil claims in the federal court system, its impact is particularly troublesome in the realm of prisoners’ rights litigation. For a prisoner, such onerous pre-litigation fact-finding requirements can turn the administration of justice into an unattainable goal. Since prisoners’ claims are often against their captors, government officials, this heightened pleading burden may leave victims of egregious unconstitutional actions ...


The Image Of The Attorney: The Character Of Attorney Randolph Mason In Three Books By Melville Davisson Post, Patricia J. Brown Sep 2010

The Image Of The Attorney: The Character Of Attorney Randolph Mason In Three Books By Melville Davisson Post, Patricia J. Brown

Patricia J Brown

Summary In 1896 a young attorney practicing in West Virginia, Melville Davisson Post, wrote a book entitled The Strange Schemes of Randolph Mason. His stated mission in this book was to invent a new type of story to compete with the currently popular genre of the detective story. His stories would show how a criminal, even if detected, could escape punishment by using loopholes and schemes available in the law. The criminal, not always able to find these loopholes himself, would be guided by a legal misanthrope, an attorney named Randolph Mason. Post wrote two books using this motif and ...


Ending The Power To Say No: The Case For Extending Compulsory Licensing To Cover Digital Music Reproduction And Distribution Rights, Patrick A. Mckay Sep 2010

Ending The Power To Say No: The Case For Extending Compulsory Licensing To Cover Digital Music Reproduction And Distribution Rights, Patrick A. Mckay

Patrick A McKay

This paper argues that the recording industry has abused its power to deny uses of copyrighted music and has failed to satisfy the constitutional purpose of copyright of providing for the public benefit. As a result, this power should be removed and replaced with a compulsory license system similar to the Section 115 Reform Act of 2006 (SIRA), which would create a blanket collective license covering digital reproduction and distribution rights for musical works. Additionally, in order to remove the cloud of uncertainty which surrounds music used in user-generated videos, Congress should consider extending the compulsory license regime to cover ...


Engaging Law Students In Leadership, Faith Rivers James Sep 2010

Engaging Law Students In Leadership, Faith Rivers James

Faith R Rivers James

The new challenge of legal education is preparing civic-minded lawyers to assume leadership roles in their communities, law firms, the legal profession, and in the public square. Defined as the process of influencing and persuading others to achieve a common purpose, leadership describes the lawyers’ task with individual and organizational clients; considered as a characteristic of people in positions of power, lawyers often assume the mantle of leading organizations. Whether defined as process or position, lawyering involves leadership in the private sector or in the public realm. This article considers the progressive structure of a comprehensive law & leadership program, and ...