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Full-Text Articles in Law

Disputes Related To Healthcare Across National Boundaries: The Potential For Arbitration, Deth Sao Nov 2010

Disputes Related To Healthcare Across National Boundaries: The Potential For Arbitration, Deth Sao

Deth Sao

Trade in international health services has the potential to play a leading role in the global economy, but its rapid growth is impeded by legal barriers. Advances in technology and cross-border movement of people and health services create legal ambiguities and uncertainties for businesses and consumers involved in transnational medical malpractice disputes. Existing legal protections and remedies afforded by traditional judicial frameworks are unable to resolve the following challenges: (1) assertion of personal jurisdiction; (2) choice of forum and law considerations; (3) appropriate theories of liability for injuries and damages arising from innovations in medical care and delivery of health ...


Resolving Financial Disputes In The Context Of Global Civil Justice Reform: Will Court Sponsored Mediation Overtake Litigation?, Shahla F. Ali Nov 2010

Resolving Financial Disputes In The Context Of Global Civil Justice Reform: Will Court Sponsored Mediation Overtake Litigation?, Shahla F. Ali

Shahla F. Ali

In recent years, many countries have increased their use of alternative mechanisms of dispute resolution to resolve a growing number of financial and commercial disputes. This trend has been supported by civil justice reforms taking place throughout the world, including those within the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Australia, and Canada. Such reforms have aimed at encouraging cost effective, expeditious and amicable case handling within the civil justice system. This paper will analyze the increasing use of mediation to resolve financial and commercial disputes in countries undergoing civil justice reform, review the scope and nature of the civil justice reforms and ...


Questioning The Un's Immunity In The Dutch Courts; Unresolved Issues In The Mothers Of Srebrenica Litigation, Benjamin E. Brockman-Hawe Oct 2010

Questioning The Un's Immunity In The Dutch Courts; Unresolved Issues In The Mothers Of Srebrenica Litigation, Benjamin E. Brockman-Hawe

Benjamin E. Brockman-Hawe

Providing victims with a judicial forum where they can air their grievances and obtain redress for violations of their rights is regarded as the cornerstone of an international culture of accountability, and restrictions on the right of access to a court must not run afoul of international law's prohibition on the denial of justice. The operation of international organisations, on the other hand, is predicated on the notion that shielding them from the normal processes of the law by providing for their immunity before national courts is the only way to ensure their effectiveness. When an international organization tasked ...


Yes, I Can: Subjective Legal Empowerment, Martin Gramatikov, Robert B. Porter Oct 2010

Yes, I Can: Subjective Legal Empowerment, Martin Gramatikov, Robert B. Porter

Martin Gramatikov

This paper explores critically the notion of legal empowerment and suggests that the currently employed approaches lead to vague concepts which evade measurement and lend little programmatic guidance. Our thesis is that legal empowerment should be sought not in the process of providing legal solutions but in the subjective self-belief that a person posses and can mobilize the necessary resources, competencies and energies to solve particular problem of legal nature. This model rejects the existence of an overall quantity of legal empowerment. People’s beliefs in their ability to solve legal problems differ by type of problem, distribution of power ...


Understanding The Medical Record In Shoulder Dystocia Cases. Why These Cases Sometimes Should Have A No-Fault Recovery, Paul A. Race Oct 2010

Understanding The Medical Record In Shoulder Dystocia Cases. Why These Cases Sometimes Should Have A No-Fault Recovery, Paul A. Race

Paul A Race

Shoulder dystocia is one of the most common causes of litigation in Obstetrics and Gynecology. The most common serious complication from shoulder dystocia is brachial plexus injury although death of the baby can also occur. Brachial plexus injuries lead to paralysis of the arm of the neonate. While most of the injuries eventually resolve, a small percentage will remain permanent. This article explores the areas of litigation involved with brachial plexus injuries. It discusses what the attorney should look for in the medical record. It reviews the standard of care both pre-labor and post-labor. It also looks at the controversial ...


How The Payday Predator Hides Among Us: The Predatory Nature Of The Payday Loan Industry And Its Use Of Consumer Arbitration To Further Discriminatory Lending Practices, Michael A. Satz Oct 2010

How The Payday Predator Hides Among Us: The Predatory Nature Of The Payday Loan Industry And Its Use Of Consumer Arbitration To Further Discriminatory Lending Practices, Michael A. Satz

Michael A Satz

This Article argues that Payday lending is a predatory lending practice that disproportionately targets minority customers, and that the Payday lending industry utilizes consumer arbitration agreements to further the industry’s discriminatory lending practices. The Article proposes that protections enacted into law to protect military service members from payday lenders should be universally enacted on a national level.


International Law And Domestic Judicial Procedure: Implementing The Hague Convention On Choice Of Court Agreements In The American Federal System, Carolyn Dubay Sep 2010

International Law And Domestic Judicial Procedure: Implementing The Hague Convention On Choice Of Court Agreements In The American Federal System, Carolyn Dubay

Carolyn Dubay

In 2009, the United States became a signatory to the Convention on Choice of Court Agreements (COCCA), drafted under the auspices of the Hague Conference on Private International Law. The stated objective of the Convention was to "promote international trade and investment through enhanced judicial co-operation." Despite these broad goals, COCCA is narrowly drawn to relate only to international commercial disputes subject to a negotiated choice of court agreement. With respect to forum selection clauses in international business-to-business contracts, COCCA creates uniform procedural rules for the enforcement of such clauses in both the courts designated in such clauses (“chosen courts ...


A Framework To Apply The Article Iii Case Or Controversy Requirement To Motions To Confirm Or Vacate Arbitral Awards Pursuant To The Federal Arbitration Act, Aaron Franklin Sep 2010

A Framework To Apply The Article Iii Case Or Controversy Requirement To Motions To Confirm Or Vacate Arbitral Awards Pursuant To The Federal Arbitration Act, Aaron Franklin

Aaron Franklin

Arbitration is an important method of dispute resolution but it requires courts that can confirm or vacate arbitral awards. When parties move to confirm or vacate these awards, federal courts largely ignore the Article III case or controversy requirement’s role as a limit on their power. Applying this requirement is not as simple as it sounds, and courts have little guidance in doing so. This Article therefore provides a framework that resolves two problems. First, motions to confirm or vacate arbitral awards always involve an underlying dispute (the dispute that necessitated arbitration) and a dispute about whether to grant ...


The Future Of Financial Dispute Resolution In Hong Kong: Promoting A Comprehensive “Multi-Tier Dispute Resolution System” With Reference To The “Lehman Brothers Mediation Scheme”, Shahla F. Ali, John Koon Wang Kwok Aug 2010

The Future Of Financial Dispute Resolution In Hong Kong: Promoting A Comprehensive “Multi-Tier Dispute Resolution System” With Reference To The “Lehman Brothers Mediation Scheme”, Shahla F. Ali, John Koon Wang Kwok

Shahla F. Ali

Recent global financial dislocation has provided an impetus for examining effective avenues for the resolution of financial disputes. Hong Kong, like many financial centers throughout the world, has been directly affected by the collapse of Lehman Brothers. Its response to the collapse has included a creative mix of regulatory strengthening and government sponsored mediation and arbitration. Each of these alternative mechanisms of resolution provides a useful case study of the prospects of the use of ADR in response to financial crises. The efficacy of such interventions will be reviewed and options for the future development of a multi-tier dispute resolution ...


Was Selden Right? The Expansion Of Closed Seas And Its Consequences, Scott Shackelford Aug 2010

Was Selden Right? The Expansion Of Closed Seas And Its Consequences, Scott Shackelford

Scott Shackelford

This Article focuses on the relationship between the legal regimes governing offshore resources in the continental shelves and the deep seabed, particularly in reference to the extent to which continental shelf claims are encroaching on the deep seabed. The question of how well these respective legal regimes regulate resource exploitation will also be considered, along with an analysis of the underlying reasons driving change in these governance structures. I argue that the primary issue is one of whether vague rules, particularly UNCLOS Article 76, are working in terms of incentivizing sustainable, peaceful development of offshore resources.


Resurrecting The Argument For Judicial Empathy: Can A Dead Duck Be Successfully Repackaged For Sale To A Skeptical Public?, Tobin Sparling Aug 2010

Resurrecting The Argument For Judicial Empathy: Can A Dead Duck Be Successfully Repackaged For Sale To A Skeptical Public?, Tobin Sparling

Tobin Sparling

President Obama's campaign to promote judicial empathy has proved a failure, rejected by his own judicial nominees and the public at large. Based on an examination of current popular conceptions of justice and a survey of scientific understanding of what empathy is and how it works, this article examines whether judicial empathy is a cause worth saving and, if so, whether it can, indeed, be saved. It argues that the advocacy of judicial empathy can and should be revived and suggests a strategy for politicians, judges, and others who desire to promote it. This strategy operates from two basic ...


Making Wto Remedies Work For Developing Nations: The Need For Class Actions, Phoenix X. Cai Aug 2010

Making Wto Remedies Work For Developing Nations: The Need For Class Actions, Phoenix X. Cai

Phoenix X. Cai

Making WTO Remedies Work for Developing Nations: The Need for Class Actions

Abstract

Developing nations comprise more than four-fifths of the membership of the World Trade Organization (“WTO”). Yet, they seldom participate in the WTO’s powerful dispute settlement process. This is problematic because the WTO is essentially a self-enforcing system of reciprocal trade rights that relies on proactive monitoring and enforcement by all members. Use of the self-enforcement mechanism – by initiating cases under the WTO’s Dispute Settlement Understanding (“DSU”) - is critical.

There are five primary reasons why developing nations do not actively invoke the DSU. This Article argues ...


Do Not Blame Non-Signatory Countries: Take Your Own Preventive Measures To Protect Children From Internationl Abduction, Ho Kon Yoo Aug 2010

Do Not Blame Non-Signatory Countries: Take Your Own Preventive Measures To Protect Children From Internationl Abduction, Ho Kon Yoo

Ho Kon Yoo

DO NOT BLAME NON-SINGATORY COUNTRIES: TAKE YOUR OWN PREVENTIVE MEASURES TO PROTECT CHILDREN FROM INTERNATIONAL ABDUCTION Hokon Stephen Yoo

This Note recommends a preventive legal measure to protect children from international abduction rather than the existing post-abduction remedies. The Hague Convention of International Child Abduction has limited to help the leftover parent when another spouse wrongfully removes a child because the Convention lacks enforceability. To supplement the Hague Convention’s post-abduction remedies, this Note proposes a practical pre-abduction measure, an e-Child database program that judicial, legislative, administrative, and enforcement agencies could share. This Note recommends that each country, regardless of ...


Teaching Negotiation To A Globally Diverse Audience: Ethics, Morality And Cultural Differences, David Allen Larson, Vanessa Seyman Aug 2010

Teaching Negotiation To A Globally Diverse Audience: Ethics, Morality And Cultural Differences, David Allen Larson, Vanessa Seyman

David Allen Larson

"Teaching Negotiation to a Globally Diverse Audience: Ethics, Morality, and Cultural Differences" (by David Allen Larson and Vanessa Seyman) This is a short article discussing the challenges of teaching negotiation, and also the challenge of actually negotiating, in a globally diverse environment. Issues of ethics, morality and culture can surface quite quickly when teaching and negotiating in a multicultural environment. The article builds upon our recent experiences as participants in the Second Generation Global Negotiation conference held Istanbul, Turkey. The article provides examples of how cultural and language differences can impact both actual negotiations and negotiation teaching and provides suggestions ...


Saying “I’M Sorry” Is Not So Simple: Embracing The Complexity Of The Apology With A New Evidentiary Rule, Amy Poyer Aug 2010

Saying “I’M Sorry” Is Not So Simple: Embracing The Complexity Of The Apology With A New Evidentiary Rule, Amy Poyer

Amy Poyer

Apologies are everywhere. In day-to-day life, when a person apologizes, they must deal with a myriad of consequences for that apology. These may include vulnerability to the victim, embarrassment, a bruised ago, or even rejection of the apology by the victim. However, when the wrong one apologizes for turns into a lawsuit, the one apologizing has an additional penalty. Piled on to the emotional consequences that accompany any apology, a potential defendant must also worry about his apology’s use against him in court to prove that he is liable. Recently, a debate has developed over whether or not the ...


How To Improve Retail Investor Protection After The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act, Barbara Black Aug 2010

How To Improve Retail Investor Protection After The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act, Barbara Black

Barbara Black

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act gives the Securities and Exchange Commission the authority to deal with two issues especially important to retail investors. First, section 913 requires the SEC to conduct a six-month study on the effectiveness of existing standards of care for broker-dealers and investment advisers and specifically authorizes the SEC to establish a fiduciary duty for brokers and dealers. Second, section 921 grants the SEC the authority to prohibit the use of predispute arbitration agreements that would require investors to arbitrate future disputes arising under the federal securities laws and regulations or the rules ...


Breves Comentários Sobre A Reforma Da Lei De Locações De Imóveis Urbanos., Nelson Rodrigues Netto Aug 2010

Breves Comentários Sobre A Reforma Da Lei De Locações De Imóveis Urbanos., Nelson Rodrigues Netto

Nelson Rodrigues Netto

No abstract provided.


How The Global Crime Syndicates Fuel Planet Destruction, Global Alliance Jul 2010

How The Global Crime Syndicates Fuel Planet Destruction, Global Alliance

Global Alliance

since 1945 more environmental planet destruction has been fuelled and financed with ever more leveraged debt than in the previous 60 million years - it's applied terrorism against the global life support system under the protection racket of a corrupt law profession


Teaching The Ethical Values Governing Mediator Impartiality Using Short Lectures, Buzz Group Discussions, Video Clips, A Defining Features Matrix, Games, And An Exercise Based On Grievances Filed Against Florida Mediators, Paula M. Young Prof. Jul 2010

Teaching The Ethical Values Governing Mediator Impartiality Using Short Lectures, Buzz Group Discussions, Video Clips, A Defining Features Matrix, Games, And An Exercise Based On Grievances Filed Against Florida Mediators, Paula M. Young Prof.

Paula M. Young Prof.

In my earlier article – Teaching Professional Ethics to Lawyers and Mediators Using Active Learning Techniques, 40:1 Sw. L. Rev. ___ (forthcoming 2010) -- I discussed the barriers to learning about professional ethics, especially in the law school context, possible approaches to teaching professional ethics including the objectives of a course, the stages of learning in the context of professional ethics training, the design of an active or interactive learning environment, and various teaching methodologies. I then focused on several professional ethics courses in which the professors used active learning techniques to impart the knowledge, skills, and values of the legal ...


Interpersonal Conflict Resolution Skills Could Have Avoided Confrontation Between Cop And Jaywalker, Christopher C. Cooper Dr. Jun 2010

Interpersonal Conflict Resolution Skills Could Have Avoided Confrontation Between Cop And Jaywalker, Christopher C. Cooper Dr.

Christopher C. Cooper Dr.

When a Jaywalking event escalates into a physical confrontation, we as a society must ask inquisitive questions: Do our police officers possess in their tool box the requisite interpersonal conflict resolution skills to effectively deliver police services? Certainly the next question must be: Are our police agencies employing screening methods to screen out from hire as police officers, men and women who lack the (1) temperament; (2) problem solving ability; (3) analytical ability; (4) courage; (5) respect for human life; and last but not least (6) the Integrity needed by a person to be an effective police officer? A “solid ...


Multi-Stakeholder Dispute Resolution: Building Social Capital Through Access To Justice At The Community Level, Shahla F. Ali, William E. Davis, Joanna Lee Jun 2010

Multi-Stakeholder Dispute Resolution: Building Social Capital Through Access To Justice At The Community Level, Shahla F. Ali, William E. Davis, Joanna Lee

Shahla F. Ali

The development of systems of multi-stakeholder dispute resolution is increasingly recognized as an objective of good governance by international organizations such as the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Such objectives arise out of insights based on the dynamics of social capital that community based initiatives cannot succeed where trust is absent and mechanisms for collective decision making do not exist. Yet localized decision making can take many forms – whether distributional, competitive or collaborative. This paper will examine, in particular the impact of collaborative systems of decision making on building social capital through access to justice in local communities. It will ...


The Start Of A Revolution: How Shays’ Rebellion Continues Today, Gary P. Opper May 2010

The Start Of A Revolution: How Shays’ Rebellion Continues Today, Gary P. Opper

Gary P Opper

You might remember from your days in your high school history class the tale of Daniel Shays. He was a poor farmhand from Massachusetts that went on to lead a rebellion against the United States government, whom he and others felt were imposing crushing debt and taxes. Anyone who failed to pay such debts could end up in debtor’s prison and had their property seized.

Shays and his compatriots sought debt relief through lower taxes and receiving funds from the government. They attempted to stop the courts from taking their property by forcing the courts in western Massachusetts to ...


Because The Cart Situates The Horse: Unrecognized Movements Underlying The Indian Supreme Court’S Internalization Of International Environmental Law, Saptarishi Bandopadhyay May 2010

Because The Cart Situates The Horse: Unrecognized Movements Underlying The Indian Supreme Court’S Internalization Of International Environmental Law, Saptarishi Bandopadhyay

Saptarishi Bandopadhyay

The text that follows is intended to serve as an examination of the approaches and methods employed by the Indian Supreme Court in its effort to integrate international environmental norms such as the principle of Sustainable Development, the Precautionary Principle and the Polluter Pays Principle as part of the existing body of binding, municipal rules in India. Virtually all of Indian legal jurisprudence that speaks to this subject has been developed by the Supreme Court. Likewise, in no small part for this contribution, the Court has developed a reputation for being an activist institution that has since the mid 1980s ...


Interregional Recognition And Enforcement Of Civil And Commercial Judgments: Lessons For China From Us And Eu Laws, Jie Huang Apr 2010

Interregional Recognition And Enforcement Of Civil And Commercial Judgments: Lessons For China From Us And Eu Laws, Jie Huang

Jie Huang

Judgment recognition and enforcement (JRE) between US sister states, between EU member states, and between Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macao, are in the category of “interregional JRE.” This article focuses on what lessons China may draw from the US and the EU to develop its interregional JRE laws. It first discusses the status quo of the interregional JRE in China. Then it explores how the interregional economic integration demands the establishment of a multilateral interregional JRE arrangement in China. Finally it points out the four most crucial challenges in developing this arrangement: the challenge relating to the socialist characteristics ...


Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisionmaking, John B. Mcarthur Apr 2010

Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisionmaking, John B. Mcarthur

John B McArthur

Arbitration’s rapid growth has come under pressure in recent years. A Supreme Court decision holding that awards under the Federal Arbitration Act cannot be vacated on the merits even if they clearly are wrong has helped discredit arbitration. Misuse of arbitration clauses in consumer, employment, and franchise settings has led to proposals for radical constriction under the Arbitration Fairness Act. Facing these challenges, arbitrators need to ensure the quality of their awards by adhering to the rule of law and resisting the temptation to administer a personal brand of justice. They need to discourage silent awards and provide reasoned ...


Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur Apr 2010

Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur

John B McArthur

Arbitration’s rapid growth has come under pressure in recent years. A Supreme Court decision holding that awards under the Federal Arbitration Act cannot be vacated on the merits even if they clearly are wrong has helped discredit arbitration. Misuse of arbitration clauses in consumer, employment, and franchise settings has led to proposals for radical constriction under the Arbitration Fairness Act. Facing these challenges, arbitrators need to ensure the quality of their awards by adhering to the rule of law and resisting the temptation to administer a personal brand of justice. They need to discourage silent awards and provide reasoned ...


Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur Apr 2010

Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur

John B McArthur

Arbitration’s rapid growth has come under pressure in recent years. A Supreme Court decision holding that awards under the Federal Arbitration Act cannot be vacated on the merits even if they clearly are wrong has helped discredit arbitration. Misuse of arbitration clauses in consumer, employment, and franchise settings has led to proposals for radical constriction under the Arbitration Fairness Act. Facing these challenges, arbitrators need to ensure the quality of their awards by adhering to the rule of law and resisting the temptation to administer a personal brand of justice. They need to discourage silent awards and provide reasoned ...


Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur Apr 2010

Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur

John B McArthur

Arbitration’s rapid growth has come under pressure in recent years. A Supreme Court decision holding that awards under the Federal Arbitration Act cannot be vacated on the merits even if they clearly are wrong has helped discredit arbitration. Misuse of arbitration clauses in consumer, employment, and franchise settings has led to proposals for radical constriction under the Arbitration Fairness Act. Facing these challenges, arbitrators need to ensure the quality of their awards by adhering to the rule of law and resisting the temptation to administer a personal brand of justice. They need to discourage silent awards and provide reasoned ...


Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur Apr 2010

Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur

John B McArthur

Arbitration’s rapid growth has come under pressure in recent years. A Supreme Court decision holding that awards under the Federal Arbitration Act cannot be vacated on the merits even if they clearly are wrong has helped discredit arbitration. Misuse of arbitration clauses in consumer, employment, and franchise settings has led to proposals for radical constriction under the Arbitration Fairness Act. Facing these challenges, arbitrators need to ensure the quality of their awards by adhering to the rule of law and resisting the temptation to administer a personal brand of justice. They need to discourage silent awards and provide reasoned ...


Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur Apr 2010

Growing Pains: Building Arbitration's Legitimacy Through Everyday Arbitral Decisions, John B. Mcarthur

John B McArthur

Arbitration’s rapid growth has come under pressure in recent years. A Supreme Court decision holding that awards under the Federal Arbitration Act cannot be vacated on the merits even if they clearly are wrong has helped discredit arbitration. Misuse of arbitration clauses in consumer, employment, and franchise settings has led to proposals for radical constriction under the Arbitration Fairness Act. Facing these challenges, arbitrators need to ensure the quality of their awards by adhering to the rule of law and resisting the temptation to administer a personal brand of justice. They need to discourage silent awards and provide reasoned ...