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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir Dr. Dec 2010

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir Dr.

Dr. Muhammad Munir

This paper argues that Islam introduced far reaching reforms to warfare; that the conduct of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his successors does not to allow the burning and drowning of enemy to death. Destroying buildings, cutting down trees, committing perfidy, breaching the trust of the enemy, the killing of women, children, servants, old, infirm, sick, wounded, priests, peasants, prisoners of warand envoys is strictly against the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or his successors. The destruction of harvest, livestock and forests, looting, plundering and corruption from the war booty and indiscipline are prohibited as ...


(Mis)Judging Intent: The Fundamental Attribution Error In Federal Securities Law, Victor D. Quintanilla Dec 2010

(Mis)Judging Intent: The Fundamental Attribution Error In Federal Securities Law, Victor D. Quintanilla

Victor D. Quintanilla

This article examines the element of scienter (fraudulent intent) in claims of federal securities fraud under Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act and, more specifically, the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Tellabs, Inc. v. Makor Issues & Rights, Ltd., 551 U.S. 308 (2007) from a social-psychological perspective. The field of social psychology has documented a pervasive phenomena—the Fundamental Attribution Error—the failure of decision-makers to consider situational explanations, including the force of environments and social and situational norms on human conduct. In light of robust social-psychological research on the Fundamental Attribution Error, legal concepts such as ...


Junior Bar Law Review 1 (2010), 21-40 Judicial Activism Revisited: Reflecting On The Role Of Judges In Enforcing Economic, Social And Cultural Rights, Gehan D. Gunatilleke Mr. Dec 2010

Junior Bar Law Review 1 (2010), 21-40 Judicial Activism Revisited: Reflecting On The Role Of Judges In Enforcing Economic, Social And Cultural Rights, Gehan D. Gunatilleke Mr.

Gehan D Gunatilleke Mr.

Following the conclusion of military operations in Sri Lanka in 2009, the issue of economic development and distributive justice appears to have remerged on the country’s agenda. Within this post-conflict context, the judiciary in Sri Lanka is confronted with a major challenge in terms of defining its proper role in the promotion of Economic Social and Cultural (“ESC”) rights. The precise extent to which judges should be ‘activist’ in promoting these rights should be contrasted with the level of activism required of judges in the sphere of civil and political rights. Advocating ESC rights in Sri Lanka simply cannot ...


The Right To Food And Buyer Power, Aravind Ganesh Oct 2010

The Right To Food And Buyer Power, Aravind Ganesh

Aravind Ganesh

Modern global food supply chains are characterised by extreme levels of concentration in the middle of those chains. This paper argues that such concentration leads to excessive buyer power, which harms the consumers and food producers at the ends of the supply chains. This paper argues that the harms suffered by farmers are serious enough as to constitute violations of the international human right to food as it is expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Political Rights, and further argues that world competition law regimes cannot ignore these human rights ...


Protocolo De Investigación “La Flexibilidad En El Procedimiento De Licitación Pública Federal De México”, Norma E. Pimentel Oct 2010

Protocolo De Investigación “La Flexibilidad En El Procedimiento De Licitación Pública Federal De México”, Norma E. Pimentel

Norma E Pimentel

No abstract provided.


Consideraciones En Torno De La Indignidad Para Suceder. Una Lectura Civil Del Caso "Espino Vásquez", Leysser L. Leon Sep 2010

Consideraciones En Torno De La Indignidad Para Suceder. Una Lectura Civil Del Caso "Espino Vásquez", Leysser L. Leon

Leysser L. León

El análisis histórico-comparativo de una antigua institución del derecho de sucesiones (la indignidad para suceder) muestra su utilidad para dilucidar dos cuestiones decisivas en el sonado caso del asesinato de la abogada Vásquez Marín (por el que se investiga a su hija, Elizabeth Espino Vásquez): (1) que no se requiere una condena penal para que proceda la declaración de indignidad; y (2) que sentencia de declaración de indignidad no es constitutiva de derechos.


The Rationality Aspect Of The Case Referrals System: Thoughts On The Supreme People’S Court Practices(案件请示制度合理的一面_从最高人民法院角度展开的思考), Meng Hou Aug 2010

The Rationality Aspect Of The Case Referrals System: Thoughts On The Supreme People’S Court Practices(案件请示制度合理的一面_从最高人民法院角度展开的思考), Meng Hou

Hou Meng

No abstract provided.


Jefferson's "Laws Of Nature": Newtonian Influence And The Dual Valence Of Jurisprudence And Science, Allen P. Mendenhall Jul 2010

Jefferson's "Laws Of Nature": Newtonian Influence And The Dual Valence Of Jurisprudence And Science, Allen P. Mendenhall

Allen P Mendenhall

Jefferson appears to have conceived of natural law rather differently from his predecessors - namely, Saint Thomas Aquinas, Richard Hooker, Hugo Grotius, Samuel von Pufendorf, John Locke, and, among others, William Blackstone. This particular pedigree looked to divine decree or moral order to anchor natural law philosophy. But Jefferson’s various writings, most notably the Declaration and Notes on the State of Virginia, champion the thinking of a natural historian, a man who celebrated reason and scientific method, who extolled fact over fancy, material over the immaterial, observation over superstition, and experiment over divine revelation. They reveal, in other words, an ...


Judicial Application Of Village Rules(村规民约的司法适用), Meng Hou Jun 2010

Judicial Application Of Village Rules(村规民约的司法适用), Meng Hou

Hou Meng

No abstract provided.


Reflexiones En Torno A La Compraventa De Bien Futuro, Jimmy J. Ronquillo Pascual Apr 2010

Reflexiones En Torno A La Compraventa De Bien Futuro, Jimmy J. Ronquillo Pascual

Jimmy J. Ronquillo Pascual

En este artículo, el autor analiza las diversas teorías que pretenden explicar la figura de la compraventa de bien futuro, tomando partido por la del contrato con efectos obligacionales inmediatos y efectos reales diferidos. Considera que el Código Civil yerra al considerar que existe una condición suspensiva, por cuanto desde la celebración del contrato, que es válido al contar con objeto, surgen obligaciones a cargo de las partes; solo se difiere el efecto traslativo hasta la existencia del bien en caso de inmuebles o hasta la entrega del bien, en caso de muebles.


Comment On James Boyd White's Book "Living Speech" (Princeton 2006), Yofi Tirosh Mar 2010

Comment On James Boyd White's Book "Living Speech" (Princeton 2006), Yofi Tirosh

Yofi Tirosh

Professor White introduces a new way for thinking about speech; a new measure for assessing it. He invites us to use speech carefully and responsibly, in what he calls “living speech.” Caring about the value of speech is not merely an aesthetic endeavor. As meaning making creatures, as “centers of meaning,” we should know how to recognize the speech that is essential to our humanness. Because living speech is “what enables any of us to be a person in the first place” (16).

How can we recognize living speech? The short answer that White gives us, which is indeed poetic ...


The Uneasy Case For Enforcing Competition Law Provisions Related With Excessive And Unfair Prices In Developing Countries, Andrés Palacios Lleras Jan 2010

The Uneasy Case For Enforcing Competition Law Provisions Related With Excessive And Unfair Prices In Developing Countries, Andrés Palacios Lleras

Andrés Palacios Lleras

This article argues in favor of having competition law authorities of developing countries enforce provisions that, like article 102.a of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, forbid charging excessive and unfairly high prices. In order to do so, it analyzes the relevant European Union case law and the considerations it has brought forth, as well as studies regarding competition law enforcement in developing countries, in order to determine the relevant factors that may contribute to the successful enforcement in these jurisdictions. It also takes into consideration the difficulties that have resulted in the enforcement of the ...


Converging Queer And Feminist Legal Theories: Family Feuds And Family Ties, Elaine Craig Jan 2010

Converging Queer And Feminist Legal Theories: Family Feuds And Family Ties, Elaine Craig

Elaine Craig

The notion that queer theory and feminism are inevitably in tension with one another has been well developed both by queer and feminist theorists. Queer theorists have critiqued feminist theories for being anti-sex, overly moralistic, essentialist, and statist. Feminist theorists have rejected queer theory as being un-critically pro-sex and dangerously protective of the private sphere. Unfortunately these reductionist accounts of what constitutes a plethora of diverse, eclectic and overlapping theoretical approaches to issues of sex, gender, and sexuality, often fail to account for the circumstances where these methodological approaches converge on legal projects aimed at advancing the complex justice interests ...


La Protection Des Civils Dans Les Nouvelles Configurations Conflictuelles : Retour Au Droit Des Gens Ou Dépassement Du Droit International Humanitaire, Gregory Lewkowicz Jan 2010

La Protection Des Civils Dans Les Nouvelles Configurations Conflictuelles : Retour Au Droit Des Gens Ou Dépassement Du Droit International Humanitaire, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

In this paper, the development of alternative regulatory tools (codes of conduct, monitoring mechanisms, etc.) dealing with the protection of civilians during armed conflicts is scrutinized in the context of “new wars”. The paper analyses the connections between these alternative regulatory tools and classical international humanitarian law (IHL) instruments. The paper suggests that the profusion of alternative regulatory tools can help to disseminate classical IHL norms and to adapt them to contemporary warfare. The paper also envisages the possibility of a new “lex armorum” emerging from these new regulatory tools and challenging classical IHL.


The Hypocrisy Of The Acquiescence Canon, Blair C. Warner Jan 2010

The Hypocrisy Of The Acquiescence Canon, Blair C. Warner

Blair C Warner

The Court applies the acquiescence canon to infer that an agency or judicial statutory interpretation is correct when followed by Congressional inaction. This Article will argue that this practice is based on a number of faulty assumptions. Moreover, the canon is applied inconsistently and creates perverse incentives for the legislature. The Article will then explore the Court’s guidance to lower courts against deriving similar inferences from the denial of certiorari, a similar form of inaction. Drawing parallels between Congress and the Court, and noting the many reasons why conclusions should not be drawn from apparent inactivity, this Article will ...


Insulating The Constitution: Yong Vui Kong V. Public Prosecutor [2010] Sgca 20, Aravind Ganesh Jan 2010

Insulating The Constitution: Yong Vui Kong V. Public Prosecutor [2010] Sgca 20, Aravind Ganesh

Aravind Ganesh

In May 2010, the Singapore Court of Appeal upheld the constitutionality of the mandatory death penalty in Yong Vui Kong v PP. This article does not deal with the propriety of mandatory death penalty laws, or of the death penalty broadly, but instead focuses on two novel pronouncements by the Court of Appeal. First, that customary international law not only has no legal validity in the domestic Singaporean legal sphere, but that it is also not to be treated as automatically incorporated into Singapore common law. Instead, a rule of customary international law can become part of Singapore law only ...


The Oft-Ignored Mr. Turton: The Role Of District Collector In A Passage To India, Allen P. Mendenhall Jan 2010

The Oft-Ignored Mr. Turton: The Role Of District Collector In A Passage To India, Allen P. Mendenhall

Allen P Mendenhall

E.M. Forster’s A Passage to India presents Brahman Hindu jurisprudence as an alternative to British rule of law, a utilitarian jurisprudence that hinges on mercantilism, central planning, and imperialism. Building on John Hasnas’s critiques of rule of law and Murray Rothbard’s critiques of Benthamite utilitarianism, this essay argues that Forster’s depictions of Brahman Hindu in the novel endorse polycentric legal systems. Mr. Turton is the local district collector whose job is to pander to both British and Indian interests; positioned as such, Turton is a site for critique and comparison. Forster uses Turton to show ...


The Rule Of Law As An Institutional Ideal, Gianluigi Palombella Jan 2010

The Rule Of Law As An Institutional Ideal, Gianluigi Palombella

Gianluigi Palombella

This article aims at offering an innovative interpretation of the potentialities of the "rule of law" for the XXI Century. It goes beyond current uses and the dispute between formal and substantive conceptions, by reaching the roots of the institutional ideal. Also through historical reconstruction and comparative analysis, the core of the rule of law appears to be a peculiar notion, showing a special objective that the law is asked to achieve, on a legal plane, largely independent of political instrumentalism. The normative meaning is elaborated on and construed around the notions of institutional equilibrium, non domination and "duality" of ...


El Canon Neoconstitucional, Leonardo García Jaramillo, Miguel Carbonell S Jan 2010

El Canon Neoconstitucional, Leonardo García Jaramillo, Miguel Carbonell S

Leonardo García Jaramillo

No abstract provided.


New Developments In Developmental Research On Social Information Processing And Antisocial Behavior, Reid G. Fontaine Jan 2010

New Developments In Developmental Research On Social Information Processing And Antisocial Behavior, Reid G. Fontaine

Reid G. Fontaine

The Special Section on developmental research on social information processing (SIP) and antisocial behavior is here introduced. Following a brief history of SIP theory, comments on several themes—measurement and assessment, attributional and interpretational style, response evaluation and decision, and the relation between emotion and SIP—that tie together four new empirical investigations are provided. Notable contributions of these studies are highlighted.


In Self-Defense Regarding Self-Defense: A Rejoinder To Professor Corrado, Reid G. Fontaine Jan 2010

In Self-Defense Regarding Self-Defense: A Rejoinder To Professor Corrado, Reid G. Fontaine

Reid G. Fontaine

This is a rejoinder to Professor Corrado in the upcoming special section of the American Criminal Law Review on the nature, structure, and function of self-defense and defense of others law.


Legal Regulatory Framework For The Sustainable Extraction Of Australian Offshore Petroleum Resources: A Critical Functional Analysis, Tina Hunter Jan 2010

Legal Regulatory Framework For The Sustainable Extraction Of Australian Offshore Petroleum Resources: A Critical Functional Analysis, Tina Hunter

Tina Hunter

Extract:

The sustainable development of petroleum resources in Australia forms the study of this thesis. Sustainable development in this thesis is defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. It encompasses three interconnected pillars: economic development, social development and environmental protection. This thesis is confined to an analysis of the sustainable socio-economic extraction of Australia’s offshore petroleum resources. In extracting petroleum resources, there is a necessity for the State and private oil companies to enter into a long-term relationship to be able to exploit ...


Does Response Evaluation And Decision (Red) Mediate The Relation Between Hostile Attributional Style And Antisocial Behavior In Adolescence?, Reid G. Fontaine Jan 2010

Does Response Evaluation And Decision (Red) Mediate The Relation Between Hostile Attributional Style And Antisocial Behavior In Adolescence?, Reid G. Fontaine

Reid G. Fontaine

The role of hostile attributional style (HAS) in antisocial development has been well-documented. We analyzed longitudinal data on 585 youths (48% female; 19% ethnic minority) to test the hypothesis that response evaluation and decision (RED) mediates the relation between HAS and antisocial behavior in adolescence. In Grades 10 and 12, adolescent participants and their parents reported participants’ antisocial conduct. In Grade 11, participants were asked to imagine themselves in videotaped ambiguous-provocation scenarios. Segment 1 of each scenario presented an ambiguous provocation, after which participants answered HAS questions. In segment 2, participants were asked to imagine themselves responding aggressively to the ...


Contributory Negligence And Mitigation: Shall The Two Walk Together?, Dr. Yehuda Adar Jan 2010

Contributory Negligence And Mitigation: Shall The Two Walk Together?, Dr. Yehuda Adar

Yehuda Adar Dr.

-This Article is in Hebrew-

This paper discusses and critically examines the close interrelations of two of the main defences to liability in damages for torts and breach of contract. After a careful analysis of the various similarities between the doctrines of contributory (or comparative) negligence and mitigation of damages, and the basic difference between the two, the article reaches the conclusion that there is no justification for the ongoing existence of the mitigation doctrine. It should be abolished, and the doctrine of comparative negligence should be adopted across the board in both tort law and contract law.


A Name Of One's Own: Gender And Symbolic Legal Personhood In The European Court Of Human Rights, Yofi Tirosh Jan 2010

A Name Of One's Own: Gender And Symbolic Legal Personhood In The European Court Of Human Rights, Yofi Tirosh

Yofi Tirosh

Legal regulation of surnames provides a fascinating venue for examining how women negotiate their interests of autonomy and of stable personhood vis a vis a patriarchal naming structure. This is a study of 25 years of adjudication of surnames and personal status at the European Court of Human Rights. It explores the intricate ways in which legal norms governing surnames (and their judicial interpretation) sustain, shape, and reify social institutions such as gender, family, and citizenship.

As a pan European court, the adjudication of the ECHR operates within the framework of human rights. The universal characteristics of human rights principles ...


From Objective Right To Subjective Rights: The Franciscans And The Interest And Will Conceptions Of Rights, Siegfried Van Duffel Jan 2010

From Objective Right To Subjective Rights: The Franciscans And The Interest And Will Conceptions Of Rights, Siegfried Van Duffel

Siegfried Van Duffel

What are subjective rights? And what makes Will and Interest conceptions of rights into conceptions of rights? I argue that they originate in two very different natural rights theories which are, however, grounded in the same philosophical anthropology.


Una Aproximación Al Debate Democrático En Derecho Internacional, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral Jan 2010

Una Aproximación Al Debate Democrático En Derecho Internacional, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral

Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral, Ph.D.

Taking as it starting point a critical introduction to the democratic debate in international law, the object of the present work is that of contributing to the critical development of an appropiate methodology for the exam of the normative pretension according to which the international legal order would be developing within itself a particular conception of the liberal State. Such a conception would be premised in the gradual emergence of an international legal obligation that would command the development within every sovereign state of institutions of democratic governance, thus marking the transition from the paradigm of equivalence of domestic political ...


Appeal To Heaven: On The Religious Origins Of The Constitutional Right Of Revolution, John M. Kang Jan 2010

Appeal To Heaven: On The Religious Origins Of The Constitutional Right Of Revolution, John M. Kang

John M Kang

This Article explores the religious origins of the right to alter or abolish government. I show in Part I that the right was widely accepted among the American colonies as expressed through their constitutions and, later, the federal constitution. In Part II, I usher the reader back in time and across the continent to seventeenth century England. There, I introduce two men who would have abhorred everything about American constitutional democracy--King James I and the philosopher Sir Robert Filmer. Both men, prominent in their respective domains of authority, devoted themselves to the governing axiom that kings were bequeathed a right ...


Law As Referent, Craig G. Bateman Jan 2010

Law As Referent, Craig G. Bateman

C. G. Bateman

In this article I suggest that “the Law,” (hereinafter the LAW) can be most functionally understood as a conglomeration of referent ideals which emanate from the minds of law creators, and are the source of what we regularly understand as laws. I separate from the concept of the LAW the usual suspects of constitutions, codes, acts, and charters, etc. I separate these from their inceptional ideals and suggest we ascribe a label to these familiar kinds of categories such as “lower order laws,” being careful to confine our discussions of them with the exclusive use of a small “l” (law ...


Pearson, Iqbal, And Procedural Judicial Activism, Goutam U. Jois Jan 2010

Pearson, Iqbal, And Procedural Judicial Activism, Goutam U. Jois

Goutam U Jois

In its most recent term, the Supreme Court decided Pearson v. Callahan and Ashcroft v. Iqbal, two cases that, even at this early date, can safely be called “game-changers.” What is fairly well known is that Iqbal and Pearson, on their own terms, will hurt civil rights plaintiffs. A point that has not been explored is how the interaction between Iqbal and Pearson will also hurt civil rights plaintiffs. First, the cases threaten to catch plaintiffs on the horns of a dilemma: Iqbal says, in effect, that greater detail is required to get allegations past the motion to dismiss stage ...