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2010

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Porque é que as democracias nunca se defendem bem? E como não vêem alguns dos que, generosa ou utopicamente, advogam uma nova república (a que chamam IV, normalmente, contando como tal o salazarismo-caetanismo, que foi uma autocracia, logo não uma república, mesmo uma anti-república), estão objectivamente a levar água ao moinho dessa coisa-outra que pode ter fachada republicana (ou monárquica…), mas só poderia ser, de novo, uma autocracia?


Revitalizing The “Liberty Of The Ancients” Through Citizen Participation In The Legislative Process, Athanasios E. Psygkas Dec 2010

Revitalizing The “Liberty Of The Ancients” Through Citizen Participation In The Legislative Process, Athanasios E. Psygkas

Student Scholarship Papers

In a 1819 lecture Benjamin Constant distinguished between two kinds of liberty: the “liberty of the moderns” and the “liberty of the ancients.” He identified the former with individual autonomy, while the latter consisted in “exercising collectively, but directly, several parts of the complete sovereignty.” Constant pointed out the inadequacy of the “liberty of the ancients” due to the danger of individuals being fully subjected to the unbridled collective authority; however, modern safeguards of individual autonomy aspire to keep in check potential excesses of collective power. The additional challenge with which we are faced today is that, in focusing on ...


Legislative History And Current Bills Related To The Constitution Convention, Michael Friese Dec 2010

Legislative History And Current Bills Related To The Constitution Convention, Michael Friese

Pace Law School Student Publications

The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical look at the legislative history of Article VII (now Article XIV). Specifically, it will discuss the events leading up to the 1894 Constitutional Convention (the convention was Article XIV and the “Forever Wild Provision” was adopted); the events and legislative acts between the 1894 and 1915 constitutional conventions; the 1915 Constitutional Convention; the events and legislative acts between 1915 and 1938; and the 1938 Constitutional Convention. The paper will also address the delegate election process, as well as proposed reforms to the process. It is the intention of this paper ...


Vagueness And The Guidance Of Action, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Vagueness And The Guidance Of Action, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

This paper is part of a more general argument I am pursuing about the idea of the Rule of Law. I want to argue that the Rule of Law should not always be construed as demanding determinacy and clarity at all costs; it should not always be conceived as the rule of rules (as opposed – sometimes – to the rule of standards). The objection to standards is that, because they use predicates like “reasonable” or “excessive,” they are therefore vague; they give relatively little guidance to those to whom they are addressed; and they leave the individual unclear about where she ...


Insulating Agencies: Avoiding Capture Through Institutional Design, Rachel E. Barkow Dec 2010

Insulating Agencies: Avoiding Capture Through Institutional Design, Rachel E. Barkow

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

So-called independent agencies are created for a reason, and often that reason is a concern with agency capture. Agency designers hope that a more insulated agency will better protect the general public interest against inter¬est group pressure. But the conventional approach to independent agencies in administrative law largely ignores why agencies are insulated. Instead, discussions about independent agencies in administrative law have focused on three features that have defined independent agencies: heads who are removable for cause by the President, an exemption from having to submit regulations to the President’s Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs for cost-benefit ...


Two Contrasting Approaches In The Interpretation Of Outdated Statutory Provisions, Yihan Goh Dec 2010

Two Contrasting Approaches In The Interpretation Of Outdated Statutory Provisions, Yihan Goh

Research Collection School Of Law

Some statutes in operation today were passed a long time ago. Inevitably, through the passage of time, social norms at the time of enactment may now be unrecognizable. Two recent cases show contrasting approaches towards the interpretation of outdated statutory provisions. The first approach is seen in the Singapore High Court case of WX v.WW. That case concerned the interpretation of section 114 of the Evidence Act, a decidedly ancient statutory provision. The second approach was adopted by the Singapore Court of Appeal in AAG v. Estate of AAH, deceased. In that case, the Court of Appeal had to ...


Revenue And Taxation Legislative Summary - 2010, Assembly Committee On Revenue And Taxation Dec 2010

Revenue And Taxation Legislative Summary - 2010, Assembly Committee On Revenue And Taxation

California Assembly

No abstract provided.


States Weigh Disclosure Of Liability Insurance Status To Clients, Lisa Radtke Bliss Dec 2010

States Weigh Disclosure Of Liability Insurance Status To Clients, Lisa Radtke Bliss

Faculty Publications By Year

No abstract provided.


Revisiting The Regulatory Status Of Broadband Internet Access: A Policy Framework For Net Neutrality And An Open Competitive Internet, Lee L. Selwyn, Helen E. Golding Dec 2010

Revisiting The Regulatory Status Of Broadband Internet Access: A Policy Framework For Net Neutrality And An Open Competitive Internet, Lee L. Selwyn, Helen E. Golding

Federal Communications Law Journal

A decade of broadband access deregulation has landed the FCC at a legal deadend. After the D.C. Circuit's Comcast decision, the FCC finds itself unable to enforce its "net neutrality" goals. To reassert its jurisdiction over "net neutrality," the FCC proposes to reclassify broadband Internet access as a Title II "telecommunications service" while continuing to forbear from most other facets of common carrier regulation. The FCC's current dilemma results from an unfortunate combination of unverified predictive judgments associating deregulation with investment; overly optimistic assessments of competition in the consumer broadband market; the abandonment of the "bright line ...


Deliberative Democracy On The Air: Reinvigorate Localism-Resuscitate Radio's Subversive Past, Akilah N. Folami Dec 2010

Deliberative Democracy On The Air: Reinvigorate Localism-Resuscitate Radio's Subversive Past, Akilah N. Folami

Federal Communications Law Journal

There has been considerable scholarship exploring the need to breathe deliberative life back into the localism standard by requiring broadcasters to include more meaningful local news and public affairs programming, pursuant to the public interest obligations imposed on radio licensees. There has been little scholarly attention, if any, however given to broadening understandings of localism to include music and popular cultural expression for the purpose of furthering deliberative discourse in particular, rather than solely for entertainment purposes. This Article focuses on a particular moment in radio and America's cultural history that was rife with struggles over constructions of identity ...


Pacifica Reconsidered: Implications For The Current Controversy Over Broadcast Indecency, Angela J. Campbell Dec 2010

Pacifica Reconsidered: Implications For The Current Controversy Over Broadcast Indecency, Angela J. Campbell

Federal Communications Law Journal

In 2009, the Supreme Court upheld the FCC's finding in Fox TV Stations v. Federal Communications Commission that the broadcast of "fleeting expletives" violated a federal law prohibiting the broadcast of indecency, but remanded the case for consideration of the broadcast networks' claims that the FCC action violated the First Amendment. On remand, the Second Circuit found that the FCC's prohibition against "fleeting expletives" was unconstitutionally vague. It is widely expected that the Supreme Court will review this decision and that the networks will ask the Court to reconsider its 1978 decision in Pacifica Foundation v. Federal Communications ...


From One [Expletive] Policy To The Next: The Fcc's Regulation Of "Fleeting Expletives" And The Supreme Court's Response, Brandon J. Almas Dec 2010

From One [Expletive] Policy To The Next: The Fcc's Regulation Of "Fleeting Expletives" And The Supreme Court's Response, Brandon J. Almas

Federal Communications Law Journal

After the broadcast of the 2003 Golden Globe Awards, during which the lead singer from U2 uttered an expletive on national television, the FCC revisited its prior policy on the use of expletives on the airwaves and declared, for the first time, that "fleeting expletives" are offensive according to community standards and are therefore finable. In a lawsuit filed in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals, Fox Television Stations, Inc. along with a number of other broadcasters argued that the FCC's new policy was arbitrary and capricious under the Administrative Procedure Act and unconstitutional under the First Amendment. The ...


Introduction To Essays On The Future Of Digital Communications, Ferando R. Laguarda Dec 2010

Introduction To Essays On The Future Of Digital Communications, Ferando R. Laguarda

Federal Communications Law Journal

Symposium: The Future of Digital Communications: Essays from Time Warner Cable's Research Program on Digital Communications.


The Challenge Of Developing Effective Public Policy On The Use Of Social Media By Youth, John Palfrey Dec 2010

The Challenge Of Developing Effective Public Policy On The Use Of Social Media By Youth, John Palfrey

Federal Communications Law Journal

Symposium: Essays from Time Warner Cable's Research Program on Digital Communications.


The Future Of Digital Communications Research And Policy, Scott Wallsten Dec 2010

The Future Of Digital Communications Research And Policy, Scott Wallsten

Federal Communications Law Journal

Symposium: Essays from Time Warner Cable's Research Program on Digital Communications.


The Challenge Of Increasing Broadband Capacity, Dale N. Hatfield Dec 2010

The Challenge Of Increasing Broadband Capacity, Dale N. Hatfield

Federal Communications Law Journal

Symposium: Essays from Time Warner Cable's Research Program on Digital Communications.


Examining The Fcc's Indecency Regulations In Light Of Today's Technology, Elizabeth H. Steele Dec 2010

Examining The Fcc's Indecency Regulations In Light Of Today's Technology, Elizabeth H. Steele

Federal Communications Law Journal

Indecency regulations promulgated by the FCC used to be effective, but today's technological advances call those regulations into question. With the prevalence of digital video recorders and the availability of television shows on the Internet, children have unprecedented access to material broadcast at all times of day. As a result, the "safe harbor" rationale restricting the broadcast of indecent material no longer makes sense. A move toward deregulation is the most logical step to take, as it would prevent any First Amendment violations and would allow the networks freedom to broadcast material that the public may be interested in ...


Combating Cyberbullying: Emphasizing Education Over Criminalization, Jessica P. Meredith Dec 2010

Combating Cyberbullying: Emphasizing Education Over Criminalization, Jessica P. Meredith

Federal Communications Law Journal

The advent of new technologies such as social media websites like MySpace and Facebook have increased the methods through which bullying takes form and causes harm to children and teenagers. As the public has become more aware of the dangers of this new form of bullying, cyberbullying, legislators have responded by proposing legislation to criminalize this type of behavior with varying degrees of success. This Note explains the problem of cyberbullying and evaluates state and federal legislative efforts to combat the issue through criminalization, then argues that prevention through education will be the most effective solution. Unlike criminalization, educational initiatives ...


Lawmakers As Lawbreakers, Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov Nov 2010

Lawmakers As Lawbreakers, Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov

Dr. Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov

How would Congress act in a world without judicial review? Canlawmakers be trusted to police themselves? This Article examinesCongress’s capacity and incentives to enforce upon itself “the law ofcongressional lawmaking”—a largely overlooked body of law that iscompletely insulated from judicial enforcement. The Article exploresthe political safeguards that may motivate lawmakers to engage inself-policing and rule-following behavior. It identifies the majorpolitical safeguards that can be garnered from the relevant legal,political science, political economy, and social psychology scholarship,and evaluates each safeguard by drawing on a combination oftheoretical, empirical, and descriptive studies about Congress. TheArticle’s main argument is ...


Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Algumas propostas de revisão constitucional parecem ignorar que tal procedimento está constitucionalizado, e que há regras para o fazer, assim como vários limites a respeitar. Só podem ser consideradas iniciativas de divulgação de ideários políticos porque, se por absurdo fossem por diante, acabariam por constituir revisões constitucionais inconstitucionais. Um dos pontos mais nevráligicos da polémica (não só portuguesa) sobre as mutações constitucionais é o Estado Social. Sobre ele se gerou um amplo consenso na Constituinte, que persiste e até talvez se haja aprofundado na sociedade de hoje. Ele faz intrinsecamente parte do programa da Constituição vigente, pelo que revê-la de ...


Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os tempos actuais são apesar de tudo excelentes para reflectir sobre o vero alcance das normas. E sobretudo das normas generosas da nossa Constituição democrática e social. Não se pense que a Constituição é milagrosa. As crises, como aquela em que nos encontramos, colocam-lhe desafios sérios, e é a força das coisas, dos factos, e não o normativo dos textos, quem impera normalmente.


Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García Nov 2010

Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

De origen, difundir los diversos esquemas permitidos por la Ley para posibilitar la realización de proyectos con fines inmobiliarios, a efecto de que los núcleos agrarios y sus integrantes se beneficien equitativamente de la urbanización de sus tierras, coadyuvando con ello al desarrollo urbano planificado y ordenado de los centros de población del Estado de Puebla; como consecuencia, impulsar el desarrollo habitacional equilibrado de éste. Eliminar el circulo.- “necesidad de tierra – asentamiento irregular – solución de conflicto”, mediante la planeación socioeconómico de los núcleos agrarios ejidales y comunales, a fin de diseñar un mecanismo eficaz que satisfaga las necesidades de los ...


Real Copyright Reform, Jessica Litman Oct 2010

Real Copyright Reform, Jessica Litman

Jessica Litman

A copyright system is designed to produce an ecology that nurtures the creation, dissemination and enjoyment of works of authorship. When it works well, it encourages creators to generate new works, assists intermediaries in disseminating them widely, and supports readers, listeners and viewers in enjoying them. If the system poses difficult entry barriers to creators, imposes demanding impediments on intermediaries, or inflicts burdensome conditions and hurdles on readers, then the system fails to achieve at least some of its purposes. The current U.S. copyright statute is flawed in all three respects. In this article, I explore how the current ...


Healthcare In Cuba, Carmen Cusack Oct 2010

Healthcare In Cuba, Carmen Cusack

Carmen M Cusack

Poor Americans who lack health-insurance or have little opportunity to access specialized or non-emergency medical treatment in the U.S. should be permitted by the U.S. State Department to spend money in Cuba in order to receive inexpensive medical treatment, and should be allowed to stay (and spend) in Cuba as long as necessary in order to receive inexpensive medical treatment. If Americans were permitted by an exception in the Helms-Burton Act to spend money in Cuba and visit for medical purposes, then Cuba would likely treat these Americans for a very low cost. This can be argued because ...


Palavras Claras, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

Palavras Claras, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Cuidemos das palavras. É tão fácil identificar um novo-rico cultural ou um tecnocrata vazio pela linguagem de plástico... Essa linguagem (voltei a ver agora numa releitura de António Telmo, mas já está em Confúcio), molda mesmo a mente. Quem assim fala, assim pensa. É critério infalível.


Lições Do Kiwi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

Lições Do Kiwi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Nenhum desafio, nem mesmo o do sabor de um fruto descrito por palavras, pode ficar sem resposta – ainda que aproximativa; a ausência de convenções sobre o como fazer não deve paralisar quem quer fazer; a analogia com o fazer outras coisas pode servir de inspiração; mas não se pode fazer algo de novo, ou face a coisas novas meramente repetindo o antigo – é preciso alguma inovação, ainda que na reunião dos meios; finalmente, cada coisa, cada desafio novo, cada nova tarefa, convoca instrumentos adequados, e não outros.


2010 Bill Summary, Assembly Committee On Public Safety Oct 2010

2010 Bill Summary, Assembly Committee On Public Safety

California Assembly

MEMBERS:
Tom Ammiano, Chair
Curt Hagman, Vice Chair
Danny Gilmore, Member
Jerry Hill, Member
Jim Beall, Jr., Member
Anthony Portantino, Member
Nancy Skinner, Member

COMMITTEE STAFF:
Gregory Pagan, Chief Counsel
Kimberly Horiuchi, Counsel
Nicole Hanson, Counsel
Gabriel Caswell, Counsel
Milena Nelson, Counsel

Sue Highland, Committee Secretary
Elizabeth V. Potter, Committee Secretary


República E Monarquia: Desfazendo Confusões, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

República E Monarquia: Desfazendo Confusões, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há pelo menos três sentidos essencias da palavra República... Se os confundirmos, estamos perdidos, nunca nos entenderemos. O sentido mais profícuo é o material ou substancial e intermédio: nem o que diz que todas as sociedades políticas o são (sentido hoje quase esquecido), nem o que identifica formalmente as repúblicas com todas as sociedades que não têm rei, sem lhes verificar requisitos éticos. Há um "quid" especial nas Repúblicas para quem é republicano. E que não tem nada a ver com o que nelas vêem os monárquicos ou os indiferentes (?)...


Patent Reform 2010 - Selected Topics, Ron D. Katznelson Oct 2010

Patent Reform 2010 - Selected Topics, Ron D. Katznelson

Ron D. Katznelson

No abstract provided.


Brave New Eugenics: Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technologies In The Name Of Better Babies, Kerry L. Macintosh Oct 2010

Brave New Eugenics: Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technologies In The Name Of Better Babies, Kerry L. Macintosh

Faculty Publications

Infertile men and women have been using assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to conceive children since the first "test-tube baby" was born in 1978. During the past decade, however, the federal government has begun to clamp down on ART, asserting safety concerns as grounds forbanning novel technologies such as cloning, nuclear transfer, and ooplasm transfer.

Some scholars and policymakers now want to extend governmental regulation to include conventional ART such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). They claim children conceived through ART face an increased risk of birth defects and other health problems.

This Article examines the ...