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2010

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Commerce In The Commerce Clause: A Response To Jack Balkin, David Kopel, Robert Natelson Aug 2012

Commerce In The Commerce Clause: A Response To Jack Balkin, David Kopel, Robert Natelson

Robert G. Natelson

The Constitution’s original meaning is its meaning to those ratifying the document during a discrete time period: from its adoption by the Constitutional Convention in late 1787 until Rhode Island’s ratification on May 29, 1790. Reconstructing it requires historical skills, including a comprehensive approach to sources. Jack Balkin’s article Commerce fails to consider the full range of evidence and thereby attributes to the Constitution’s Commerce Clause a scope that virtually no one in the Founding Era believed it had.


Lawyers And Fundamental Moral Responsibility, Daniel Coquillette, R. Michael Cassidy, Judith Mcmorrow Oct 2011

Lawyers And Fundamental Moral Responsibility, Daniel Coquillette, R. Michael Cassidy, Judith Mcmorrow

Judith A. McMorrow

The materials in this book are organized around specific problems designed to encourage and focus class discussion. There are two other inherent organizing principles of the materials in this book. First, the philosophical materials are in the rough order in which the ideas themselves evolved in the history of philosophy. The materials have been revised since the book first was published in 1995 to address some of the burning ethical problems of our day, including terrorism, national security, and abuse of government power. The Second Edition also is reorganized to assist students to better appreciate philosophical theories underpinning discourse about ...


Financing Innovation: Infrastructure Development In New Haven, 1750-1850, Thomas P. Schmidt Dec 2010

Financing Innovation: Infrastructure Development In New Haven, 1750-1850, Thomas P. Schmidt

Student Legal History Papers

The nineteenth century was a time of astonishing change in technologies of transportation. When the Constitution was ratified, to travel from New Haven to Hartford would require an arduous and uncertain trip on a rough road that could span more than a day. At the start of the twentieth century, railroads conveyed thousands of people daily along that route in a few hours, and the first automobiles were motoring over roads. The great progress in infrastructure development radically transformed the commercial, physical, and cultural landscape of America.

This transformation required great mobilizations of capital and human labor, which, in turn ...


Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Porque é que as democracias nunca se defendem bem? E como não vêem alguns dos que, generosa ou utopicamente, advogam uma nova república (a que chamam IV, normalmente, contando como tal o salazarismo-caetanismo, que foi uma autocracia, logo não uma república, mesmo uma anti-república), estão objectivamente a levar água ao moinho dessa coisa-outra que pode ter fachada republicana (ou monárquica…), mas só poderia ser, de novo, uma autocracia?


Toward A General Theory Of Tort Law: Strict Liability In Context, Richard A. Epstein Dec 2010

Toward A General Theory Of Tort Law: Strict Liability In Context, Richard A. Epstein

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

In this extensive article I revisit my earlier writings from the 1970s that deal with tort liability in both stranger and consensual arrangements. On the former, I examine Stephen Perry’s 1988 critique of my work, and more recent contributions by Joshua Getzler and Benjamin Zipursky, to defend the view that a rigorous conception of causation under a theory of strict liability is neither logically impossible nor practically unworkable. In so doing, I reexamine the earlier efforts by writers such as Joseph Beale and H.L.A. Hart & Tony Honoré on causation in order to show how some controversial moves ...


A Trusting Public: How The Public Trust Doctrine Can Save The New York Forest Preserve, Katherine R. Leisch Dec 2010

A Trusting Public: How The Public Trust Doctrine Can Save The New York Forest Preserve, Katherine R. Leisch

Pace Law School Student Publications

The public trust doctrine was instituted in England as a permanent limitation on the powers of the Crown. The well-established doctrine was brought to America and applied equally in the states even after the states seceded from England. The doctrine has since served as an indestructible check on the government. Article XIV of the New York State Constitution ensures protection of its wilderness in perpetuity, solidifying the forest preserve as part of the public trust. The paper traces the beginnings of the public trust doctrine and its eventual application Article XIV. The author contemplates the indestructibility of the Forest Preserve ...


Toleration And Calumny: Bayle, Locke, Montesquie And Voltaire On Religious Hate Speech, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Toleration And Calumny: Bayle, Locke, Montesquie And Voltaire On Religious Hate Speech, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

There is a considerable literature on the issue of hate speech. And there is a considerable literature on religious toleration (both contemporary and historic). But the two have not been brought into relation with one another. In this paper, I consider how the argument for religious toleration extends beyond a requirement of non-persection and non-establishment. I consider its application to the question of religious vituperation. The focus of the paper is on 17th and 18th century theories. Locke, Bayle and other Enlightenment thinkers imagined a tolerant society as a society free of hate speech: the kind of religious peace that ...


Socioeconomic Rights And Theories Of Justice, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Socioeconomic Rights And Theories Of Justice, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

This paper considers the relation between theories of justice (like John Rawls’s theory) and theories of socio-economic rights. In different ways, these two kinds of theory address much the same subject-matter. But they are quite strikingly different in format and texture. Theories of socio-economic rights defend particular line-item requirements: a right to this or that good or opportunity (e.g., housing, health care, education, social security). Theories of justice tend to involve a more integrated normative account of a society’s basic structure (though they differ considerably among themselves in their structure). So how exactly should we think about ...


Vagueness And The Guidance Of Action, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Vagueness And The Guidance Of Action, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

This paper is part of a more general argument I am pursuing about the idea of the Rule of Law. I want to argue that the Rule of Law should not always be construed as demanding determinacy and clarity at all costs; it should not always be conceived as the rule of rules (as opposed – sometimes – to the rule of standards). The objection to standards is that, because they use predicates like “reasonable” or “excessive,” they are therefore vague; they give relatively little guidance to those to whom they are addressed; and they leave the individual unclear about where she ...


Dignity, Rights, And Responsibilities, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Dignity, Rights, And Responsibilities, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Taking as its point of departure, a Green Paper published by the UK government in 2008 urging greater emphasis on responsibilities, this essay considers various senses of "responsibility" that may be thought important in and around the topic of individual rights. Most likely, the authors of the Green Paper had in mind responsibilities that are correlative to rights and responsibilities that qualify rights or limit their exercise. But an additional idea - which has not been properly considered - is the idea of rights which ARE (in large part) responsibilities, rights which embody responsibilities. An obvious example is the right of a ...


Two-Way Translation: The Ethics Of Engaging With Religious Contributions In Public Deliberation, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Two-Way Translation: The Ethics Of Engaging With Religious Contributions In Public Deliberation, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Using as an exemplar, the 2007 "Evangelical Declaration against Torture," this paper examines the role of religious argument in public life. The Declaration was drawn up by David Gushee, University Professor at Mercer University, and others. It argues for an absolute ban on the use of torture deploying unashamedly Christian rhetoric, some of it quite powerful and challenging. For example, it says: " [T]he Holy Spirit participates in human pathos with groans and sighs too deep for words. The cries of the tortured are in a very real sense, … the cries of the Spirit." The present paper considers whether there ...


Debate Interamericano 3. Conceptos Clave Del Sistema Interamericano De Protección De Los Derechos Humanos”, Alvaro Amaya-Villarreal, Juana Acosta-Lopezdebate Interamericano 3. Conceptos Clave Del Sistema Interamericano De Protección De Los Derechos Humanos” Nov 2010

Debate Interamericano 3. Conceptos Clave Del Sistema Interamericano De Protección De Los Derechos Humanos”, Alvaro Amaya-Villarreal, Juana Acosta-Lopezdebate Interamericano 3. Conceptos Clave Del Sistema Interamericano De Protección De Los Derechos Humanos”

Alvaro Francisco Amaya-Villarreal

No abstract provided.


Corporate Capacity For Crime And Politics: Defining Corporate Personhood At The Turn Of The Twentieth Century, Daniel Lipton Nov 2010

Corporate Capacity For Crime And Politics: Defining Corporate Personhood At The Turn Of The Twentieth Century, Daniel Lipton

Daniel Lipton

Traditional historical accounts of corporate personhood in the early twentieth century portray corporate law as the extension of a doctrinal conflict between the real entity and artificial entity theories of the corporation. Artificial entity theory posited that the corporation was a creature of the state, and could therefore be regulated with impunity. Real entity theory maintained that corporations existed independently of the state, and therefore possessed rights, duties, and morality, as would any natural person. In the traditional narrative, corporate power expanded because real entity theory triumphed over artificial entity theory. This Note rejects that either real entity or artificial ...


The Posthumous Papers Of The Picric Club, Christopher Wadlow Nov 2010

The Posthumous Papers Of The Picric Club, Christopher Wadlow

Christopher Wadlow

No abstract provided.


Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Algumas propostas de revisão constitucional parecem ignorar que tal procedimento está constitucionalizado, e que há regras para o fazer, assim como vários limites a respeitar. Só podem ser consideradas iniciativas de divulgação de ideários políticos porque, se por absurdo fossem por diante, acabariam por constituir revisões constitucionais inconstitucionais. Um dos pontos mais nevráligicos da polémica (não só portuguesa) sobre as mutações constitucionais é o Estado Social. Sobre ele se gerou um amplo consenso na Constituinte, que persiste e até talvez se haja aprofundado na sociedade de hoje. Ele faz intrinsecamente parte do programa da Constituição vigente, pelo que revê-la de ...


Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os tempos actuais são apesar de tudo excelentes para reflectir sobre o vero alcance das normas. E sobretudo das normas generosas da nossa Constituição democrática e social. Não se pense que a Constituição é milagrosa. As crises, como aquela em que nos encontramos, colocam-lhe desafios sérios, e é a força das coisas, dos factos, e não o normativo dos textos, quem impera normalmente.


Good Manners, Gay Rights And The Law, Keith J. Bybee Nov 2010

Good Manners, Gay Rights And The Law, Keith J. Bybee

Keith J. Bybee

In this paper, I argue that the expansion of LGBT rights requires engagement with the common practices of courtesy that confer and reinforce social standing. In order to understand what this engagement with good manners might look like, I outline the basic features of common courtesy and illustrate how courtesy depends on a mix of utility, habit, and pleasure. I argue that if the practice of courtesy is to be re-appropriated, then all three of the factors that underwrite courtesy must be addressed. I also consider the general possibilities for re-configuring courtesy. And, in this vein, I suggest that the ...


The Rule Of Law Is Dead! Long Live The Rule Of Law!, Keith J. Bybee Nov 2010

The Rule Of Law Is Dead! Long Live The Rule Of Law!, Keith J. Bybee

Keith J. Bybee

Polls show that a significant proportion of the public considers judges to be political. This result holds whether Americans are asked about Supreme Court justices, federal judges, state judges, or judges in general. At the same time, a large majority of the public also believes that judges are fair and impartial arbiters, and this belief also applies across the board. In this paper, I consider what this half-law-half-politics understanding of the courts means for judicial legitimacy and the public confidence on which that legitimacy rests. Drawing on the Legal Realists, and particularly on the work of Thurman Arnold, I argue ...


The Estate Planning Perils Of 2010 And Beyond, Brett T. Bradford Nov 2010

The Estate Planning Perils Of 2010 And Beyond, Brett T. Bradford

Brett T. Bradford

This paper explores the confusion surrounding the repeal of the federal estate tax for the year 2010. The Economic Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act gradually scaled down the federal estate tax and eventually repealed the tax in 2010. The Act has a sunset provision that would return the tax to a much higher rate than has been seen in recent times. This paper explores the history, intent and purpose of federal estate taxes; the intent and purpose behind the repeal in EGTRAA; and what attempts congress has made to fix the mess.


Logos And Narrative, Geoffrey P. Miller Nov 2010

Logos And Narrative, Geoffrey P. Miller

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

The books of Genesis through Second Kings trace a history of Israel from earliest times through the fall of the Southern Kingdom in 586 BCE. In earlier work, I demonstrate that this narrative contains a sophisticated political theory – a systematic analysis which justifies political authority; demonstrates the necessity of law and government; explores the nature of power relations in families; argues that nationhood is the best form of political organization; identifies self-governance, centralized institutions and sovereignty as the essential elements of nationhood; and claims that constitutional monarchy represents the best form of national government. But if the bible contains such ...


The Dictionary Is Not A Fortress: Definitional Fallacies And A Corpus-Based Approach To Plain Meaning, Stephen C. Mouritsen Nov 2010

The Dictionary Is Not A Fortress: Definitional Fallacies And A Corpus-Based Approach To Plain Meaning, Stephen C. Mouritsen

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Co-Presenter, Challenges Of Sameness, Alexis Anderson, Maritza Karmely, Lynn Barenberg Oct 2010

Co-Presenter, Challenges Of Sameness, Alexis Anderson, Maritza Karmely, Lynn Barenberg

Alexis Anderson

No abstract provided.


Nulidad Procesal: ¿Es Realmente Una Sanción?, Renzo Cavani Oct 2010

Nulidad Procesal: ¿Es Realmente Una Sanción?, Renzo Cavani

Renzo Cavani

In civil law context, it is common to identify the nullity in civil procedure as a sanction or a penalty because of the influence of the legislative technique. This essay, however, pretends to show that nullity is, actually, a consequence from a violation of a legal rule and not a sanction.

É comum identificar a nulidade no processo civil como uma sanção ou uma pena, por causa da influência da técnica legislativa. Este ensaio, porém, pretende demonstrar que a nulidade é, na verdade, uma consequência da violação de uma regra e não uma sanção.

Es común identificar la nulidad en ...


La Responsabilidad Internacional Del Estado Por Actos No Prohibidos En El Derecho Internacional: Una Aproximación Desde Los Derechos Humanos, Alvaro Amaya-Villarreal Oct 2010

La Responsabilidad Internacional Del Estado Por Actos No Prohibidos En El Derecho Internacional: Una Aproximación Desde Los Derechos Humanos, Alvaro Amaya-Villarreal

Alvaro Francisco Amaya-Villarreal

No abstract provided.


Palavras Claras, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

Palavras Claras, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Cuidemos das palavras. É tão fácil identificar um novo-rico cultural ou um tecnocrata vazio pela linguagem de plástico... Essa linguagem (voltei a ver agora numa releitura de António Telmo, mas já está em Confúcio), molda mesmo a mente. Quem assim fala, assim pensa. É critério infalível.


Josiah Quincy: A Lost Hero Of The Revolution, Daniel Coquillette Oct 2010

Josiah Quincy: A Lost Hero Of The Revolution, Daniel Coquillette

Daniel R. Coquillette

No abstract provided.


Lições Do Kiwi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

Lições Do Kiwi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Nenhum desafio, nem mesmo o do sabor de um fruto descrito por palavras, pode ficar sem resposta – ainda que aproximativa; a ausência de convenções sobre o como fazer não deve paralisar quem quer fazer; a analogia com o fazer outras coisas pode servir de inspiração; mas não se pode fazer algo de novo, ou face a coisas novas meramente repetindo o antigo – é preciso alguma inovação, ainda que na reunião dos meios; finalmente, cada coisa, cada desafio novo, cada nova tarefa, convoca instrumentos adequados, e não outros.


Signed And Sealed, Stephen Sachs Oct 2010

Signed And Sealed, Stephen Sachs

Stephen E. Sachs

The foreclosure mess aside, making states recognize one another's documents is a good idea.


República E Monarquia: Desfazendo Confusões, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

República E Monarquia: Desfazendo Confusões, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há pelo menos três sentidos essencias da palavra República... Se os confundirmos, estamos perdidos, nunca nos entenderemos. O sentido mais profícuo é o material ou substancial e intermédio: nem o que diz que todas as sociedades políticas o são (sentido hoje quase esquecido), nem o que identifica formalmente as repúblicas com todas as sociedades que não têm rei, sem lhes verificar requisitos éticos. Há um "quid" especial nas Repúblicas para quem é republicano. E que não tem nada a ver com o que nelas vêem os monárquicos ou os indiferentes (?)...


The Mother Too Hath Her Title' - John Locke On Motherhood And Equality, Jeremy Waldron Oct 2010

The Mother Too Hath Her Title' - John Locke On Motherhood And Equality, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

John Locke's argument about the rights of mothers in the First Treatise (1689) is a powerful piece of political argument, prefiguring a comprehensive egalitarianism in his social thought, both between men and women and among humans generally. In the first of his Two Treatises of Government, John Locke argues that the rights of mothers should be taken as seriously as the rights of fathers. He does this partly as an argument against patriarchal monarchy. But it is like a Trojan Horse in his social theory, because it establishes the basis of a more comprehensive egalitarianism. The lecture will explore ...