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2010

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Lawyers And Fundamental Moral Responsibility, Daniel Coquillette, R. Michael Cassidy, Judith Mcmorrow Oct 2011

Lawyers And Fundamental Moral Responsibility, Daniel Coquillette, R. Michael Cassidy, Judith Mcmorrow

Judith A. McMorrow

The materials in this book are organized around specific problems designed to encourage and focus class discussion. There are two other inherent organizing principles of the materials in this book. First, the philosophical materials are in the rough order in which the ideas themselves evolved in the history of philosophy. The materials have been revised since the book first was published in 1995 to address some of the burning ethical problems of our day, including terrorism, national security, and abuse of government power. The Second Edition also is reorganized to assist students to better appreciate philosophical theories underpinning discourse about ...


Financing Innovation: Infrastructure Development In New Haven, 1750-1850, Thomas P. Schmidt Dec 2010

Financing Innovation: Infrastructure Development In New Haven, 1750-1850, Thomas P. Schmidt

Student Legal History Papers

The nineteenth century was a time of astonishing change in technologies of transportation. When the Constitution was ratified, to travel from New Haven to Hartford would require an arduous and uncertain trip on a rough road that could span more than a day. At the start of the twentieth century, railroads conveyed thousands of people daily along that route in a few hours, and the first automobiles were motoring over roads. The great progress in infrastructure development radically transformed the commercial, physical, and cultural landscape of America.

This transformation required great mobilizations of capital and human labor, which, in turn ...


Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Porque é que as democracias nunca se defendem bem? E como não vêem alguns dos que, generosa ou utopicamente, advogam uma nova república (a que chamam IV, normalmente, contando como tal o salazarismo-caetanismo, que foi uma autocracia, logo não uma república, mesmo uma anti-república), estão objectivamente a levar água ao moinho dessa coisa-outra que pode ter fachada republicana (ou monárquica…), mas só poderia ser, de novo, uma autocracia?


Two-Way Translation: The Ethics Of Engaging With Religious Contributions In Public Deliberation, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Two-Way Translation: The Ethics Of Engaging With Religious Contributions In Public Deliberation, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Using as an exemplar, the 2007 "Evangelical Declaration against Torture," this paper examines the role of religious argument in public life. The Declaration was drawn up by David Gushee, University Professor at Mercer University, and others. It argues for an absolute ban on the use of torture deploying unashamedly Christian rhetoric, some of it quite powerful and challenging. For example, it says: " [T]he Holy Spirit participates in human pathos with groans and sighs too deep for words. The cries of the tortured are in a very real sense, … the cries of the Spirit." The present paper considers whether there ...


Dignity, Rights, And Responsibilities, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Dignity, Rights, And Responsibilities, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Taking as its point of departure, a Green Paper published by the UK government in 2008 urging greater emphasis on responsibilities, this essay considers various senses of "responsibility" that may be thought important in and around the topic of individual rights. Most likely, the authors of the Green Paper had in mind responsibilities that are correlative to rights and responsibilities that qualify rights or limit their exercise. But an additional idea - which has not been properly considered - is the idea of rights which ARE (in large part) responsibilities, rights which embody responsibilities. An obvious example is the right of a ...


Vagueness And The Guidance Of Action, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Vagueness And The Guidance Of Action, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

This paper is part of a more general argument I am pursuing about the idea of the Rule of Law. I want to argue that the Rule of Law should not always be construed as demanding determinacy and clarity at all costs; it should not always be conceived as the rule of rules (as opposed – sometimes – to the rule of standards). The objection to standards is that, because they use predicates like “reasonable” or “excessive,” they are therefore vague; they give relatively little guidance to those to whom they are addressed; and they leave the individual unclear about where she ...


Toleration And Calumny: Bayle, Locke, Montesquie And Voltaire On Religious Hate Speech, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Toleration And Calumny: Bayle, Locke, Montesquie And Voltaire On Religious Hate Speech, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

There is a considerable literature on the issue of hate speech. And there is a considerable literature on religious toleration (both contemporary and historic). But the two have not been brought into relation with one another. In this paper, I consider how the argument for religious toleration extends beyond a requirement of non-persection and non-establishment. I consider its application to the question of religious vituperation. The focus of the paper is on 17th and 18th century theories. Locke, Bayle and other Enlightenment thinkers imagined a tolerant society as a society free of hate speech: the kind of religious peace that ...


Socioeconomic Rights And Theories Of Justice, Jeremy Waldron Dec 2010

Socioeconomic Rights And Theories Of Justice, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

This paper considers the relation between theories of justice (like John Rawls’s theory) and theories of socio-economic rights. In different ways, these two kinds of theory address much the same subject-matter. But they are quite strikingly different in format and texture. Theories of socio-economic rights defend particular line-item requirements: a right to this or that good or opportunity (e.g., housing, health care, education, social security). Theories of justice tend to involve a more integrated normative account of a society’s basic structure (though they differ considerably among themselves in their structure). So how exactly should we think about ...


Toward A General Theory Of Tort Law: Strict Liability In Context, Richard A. Epstein Dec 2010

Toward A General Theory Of Tort Law: Strict Liability In Context, Richard A. Epstein

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

In this extensive article I revisit my earlier writings from the 1970s that deal with tort liability in both stranger and consensual arrangements. On the former, I examine Stephen Perry’s 1988 critique of my work, and more recent contributions by Joshua Getzler and Benjamin Zipursky, to defend the view that a rigorous conception of causation under a theory of strict liability is neither logically impossible nor practically unworkable. In so doing, I reexamine the earlier efforts by writers such as Joseph Beale and H.L.A. Hart & Tony Honoré on causation in order to show how some controversial moves ...


A Trusting Public: How The Public Trust Doctrine Can Save The New York Forest Preserve, Katherine R. Leisch Dec 2010

A Trusting Public: How The Public Trust Doctrine Can Save The New York Forest Preserve, Katherine R. Leisch

Pace Law School Student Publications

The public trust doctrine was instituted in England as a permanent limitation on the powers of the Crown. The well-established doctrine was brought to America and applied equally in the states even after the states seceded from England. The doctrine has since served as an indestructible check on the government. Article XIV of the New York State Constitution ensures protection of its wilderness in perpetuity, solidifying the forest preserve as part of the public trust. The paper traces the beginnings of the public trust doctrine and its eventual application Article XIV. The author contemplates the indestructibility of the Forest Preserve ...


Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os tempos actuais são apesar de tudo excelentes para reflectir sobre o vero alcance das normas. E sobretudo das normas generosas da nossa Constituição democrática e social. Não se pense que a Constituição é milagrosa. As crises, como aquela em que nos encontramos, colocam-lhe desafios sérios, e é a força das coisas, dos factos, e não o normativo dos textos, quem impera normalmente.


Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Algumas propostas de revisão constitucional parecem ignorar que tal procedimento está constitucionalizado, e que há regras para o fazer, assim como vários limites a respeitar. Só podem ser consideradas iniciativas de divulgação de ideários políticos porque, se por absurdo fossem por diante, acabariam por constituir revisões constitucionais inconstitucionais. Um dos pontos mais nevráligicos da polémica (não só portuguesa) sobre as mutações constitucionais é o Estado Social. Sobre ele se gerou um amplo consenso na Constituinte, que persiste e até talvez se haja aprofundado na sociedade de hoje. Ele faz intrinsecamente parte do programa da Constituição vigente, pelo que revê-la de ...


Good Manners, Gay Rights And The Law, Keith J. Bybee Nov 2010

Good Manners, Gay Rights And The Law, Keith J. Bybee

Keith J. Bybee

In this paper, I argue that the expansion of LGBT rights requires engagement with the common practices of courtesy that confer and reinforce social standing. In order to understand what this engagement with good manners might look like, I outline the basic features of common courtesy and illustrate how courtesy depends on a mix of utility, habit, and pleasure. I argue that if the practice of courtesy is to be re-appropriated, then all three of the factors that underwrite courtesy must be addressed. I also consider the general possibilities for re-configuring courtesy. And, in this vein, I suggest that the ...


The Rule Of Law Is Dead! Long Live The Rule Of Law!, Keith J. Bybee Nov 2010

The Rule Of Law Is Dead! Long Live The Rule Of Law!, Keith J. Bybee

Keith J. Bybee

Polls show that a significant proportion of the public considers judges to be political. This result holds whether Americans are asked about Supreme Court justices, federal judges, state judges, or judges in general. At the same time, a large majority of the public also believes that judges are fair and impartial arbiters, and this belief also applies across the board. In this paper, I consider what this half-law-half-politics understanding of the courts means for judicial legitimacy and the public confidence on which that legitimacy rests. Drawing on the Legal Realists, and particularly on the work of Thurman Arnold, I argue ...


The Estate Planning Perils Of 2010 And Beyond, Brett T. Bradford Nov 2010

The Estate Planning Perils Of 2010 And Beyond, Brett T. Bradford

Brett T. Bradford

This paper explores the confusion surrounding the repeal of the federal estate tax for the year 2010. The Economic Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act gradually scaled down the federal estate tax and eventually repealed the tax in 2010. The Act has a sunset provision that would return the tax to a much higher rate than has been seen in recent times. This paper explores the history, intent and purpose of federal estate taxes; the intent and purpose behind the repeal in EGTRAA; and what attempts congress has made to fix the mess.


The Dictionary Is Not A Fortress: Definitional Fallacies And A Corpus-Based Approach To Plain Meaning, Stephen C. Mouritsen Nov 2010

The Dictionary Is Not A Fortress: Definitional Fallacies And A Corpus-Based Approach To Plain Meaning, Stephen C. Mouritsen

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Logos And Narrative, Geoffrey P. Miller Nov 2010

Logos And Narrative, Geoffrey P. Miller

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

The books of Genesis through Second Kings trace a history of Israel from earliest times through the fall of the Southern Kingdom in 586 BCE. In earlier work, I demonstrate that this narrative contains a sophisticated political theory – a systematic analysis which justifies political authority; demonstrates the necessity of law and government; explores the nature of power relations in families; argues that nationhood is the best form of political organization; identifies self-governance, centralized institutions and sovereignty as the essential elements of nationhood; and claims that constitutional monarchy represents the best form of national government. But if the bible contains such ...


Co-Presenter, Challenges Of Sameness, Alexis Anderson, Maritza Karmely, Lynn Barenberg Oct 2010

Co-Presenter, Challenges Of Sameness, Alexis Anderson, Maritza Karmely, Lynn Barenberg

Alexis Anderson

No abstract provided.


Nulidad Procesal: ¿Es Realmente Una Sanción?, Renzo Cavani Oct 2010

Nulidad Procesal: ¿Es Realmente Una Sanción?, Renzo Cavani

Renzo Cavani

In civil law context, it is common to identify the nullity in civil procedure as a sanction or a penalty because of the influence of the legislative technique. This essay, however, pretends to show that nullity is, actually, a consequence from a violation of a legal rule and not a sanction.

É comum identificar a nulidade no processo civil como uma sanção ou uma pena, por causa da influência da técnica legislativa. Este ensaio, porém, pretende demonstrar que a nulidade é, na verdade, uma consequência da violação de uma regra e não uma sanção.

Es común identificar la nulidad en ...


Palavras Claras, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

Palavras Claras, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Cuidemos das palavras. É tão fácil identificar um novo-rico cultural ou um tecnocrata vazio pela linguagem de plástico... Essa linguagem (voltei a ver agora numa releitura de António Telmo, mas já está em Confúcio), molda mesmo a mente. Quem assim fala, assim pensa. É critério infalível.


Josiah Quincy: A Lost Hero Of The Revolution, Daniel Coquillette Oct 2010

Josiah Quincy: A Lost Hero Of The Revolution, Daniel Coquillette

Daniel R. Coquillette

No abstract provided.


Lições Do Kiwi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

Lições Do Kiwi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Nenhum desafio, nem mesmo o do sabor de um fruto descrito por palavras, pode ficar sem resposta – ainda que aproximativa; a ausência de convenções sobre o como fazer não deve paralisar quem quer fazer; a analogia com o fazer outras coisas pode servir de inspiração; mas não se pode fazer algo de novo, ou face a coisas novas meramente repetindo o antigo – é preciso alguma inovação, ainda que na reunião dos meios; finalmente, cada coisa, cada desafio novo, cada nova tarefa, convoca instrumentos adequados, e não outros.


República E Monarquia: Desfazendo Confusões, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

República E Monarquia: Desfazendo Confusões, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há pelo menos três sentidos essencias da palavra República... Se os confundirmos, estamos perdidos, nunca nos entenderemos. O sentido mais profícuo é o material ou substancial e intermédio: nem o que diz que todas as sociedades políticas o são (sentido hoje quase esquecido), nem o que identifica formalmente as repúblicas com todas as sociedades que não têm rei, sem lhes verificar requisitos éticos. Há um "quid" especial nas Repúblicas para quem é republicano. E que não tem nada a ver com o que nelas vêem os monárquicos ou os indiferentes (?)...


A Sword And A Shield: The Uses Of Law In The Bush Administration, Mary L. Dudziak Oct 2010

A Sword And A Shield: The Uses Of Law In The Bush Administration, Mary L. Dudziak

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The Bush administration has been criticized for departures from the rule of law, but within the administration law was not ignored. Instead it was seen variously as a tool and as a potential threat to the operation of the executive branch. Two narratives compete for attention. In an era when the legality of torture was openly debated, the deployment of law in wartime seemed the most immediate issue. At the same time, however, a decades-long conservative movement to change American law was both significantly furthered and complicated, as Supreme Court appointments moved the Court to the right, but the lack ...


Monarchy In The Hebrew Bible, Geoffrey P. Miller Oct 2010

Monarchy In The Hebrew Bible, Geoffrey P. Miller

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

This article continues the analysis of political theory in the Hebrew Bible. The books of Samuel and Kings recount the history of the monarchy in ancient Israel. This setup allows the author to conclude his analysis of confederacy and also to examine two other forms of government: theocracy and monarchy. The author argues that confederacy is too weak to provide reliable protections to the people. He endorses the ideal of theocratic rule but views theocracy as unsuitable for practical governance. He identifies weaknesses in monarchy but endorses it as the best form of government provided that the king is constrained ...


The Inconvenience Of A “Constitution [That] Follows The Flag … But Doesn’T Quite Catch Up With It”: From Downes V. Bidwell To Boumediene V. Bush, Pedro A. Malavet Oct 2010

The Inconvenience Of A “Constitution [That] Follows The Flag … But Doesn’T Quite Catch Up With It”: From Downes V. Bidwell To Boumediene V. Bush, Pedro A. Malavet

UF Law Faculty Publications

Boumediene v. Bush, resolved by the U.S. Supreme Court in June of 2008, granted habeas corpus rights, at least for the time being, to the persons detained at Guantanamo Bay Naval Station. The majority partially based its ruling on the doctrine of the Insular Cases, first set forth in the 1901 decision in Downes v. Bidwell. Additionally, the four dissenting justices agreed with the five in the majority that the plurality opinion of Justice Edward Douglass White in Downes – as affirmed by a unanimous court in 1922 in Balzac v. People of Porto Rico – is still the dominant interpretation ...


The Statute Of Anne And Its Progeny: Variations Without A Theme, Diane L. Zimmerman Oct 2010

The Statute Of Anne And Its Progeny: Variations Without A Theme, Diane L. Zimmerman

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Scholars generally agree that no definitive account can be given of the specific circumstances surrounding the passage of the Statute of Anne or the precise meaning ascribed to it by Parliament. The result was that its content remained hotly contested for the next century in Britain. Ultimately the model established by the Statute was abandoned in Britain, but not without first having significant effects in its former colony, the new United States. This paper explores the instability that the open texture of the Statute of Anne introduced into the new American copyright system, and traces the statute's footprints into ...


The Rule Of Law And The Importance Of Procedure, Jeremy Waldron Oct 2010

The Rule Of Law And The Importance Of Procedure, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Proponents of the rule of law argue about whether that ideal should be conceived formalistically or in terms of substantive values. Formalistically, the rule of law is associated with principles like generality, clarity, prospectivity, consistency, etc. Substantively, it is associated with market values, with constitutional rights, and with freedom and human dignity. In this paper, I argue for a third layer of complexity: the procedural aspect of the rule of law; the aspects of rule-of-law requirements that have to do with "natural Justice" or "procedural due process." These I believe have been neglected in the jurisprudential literature devoted specifically to ...


The Mother Too Hath Her Title' - John Locke On Motherhood And Equality, Jeremy Waldron Oct 2010

The Mother Too Hath Her Title' - John Locke On Motherhood And Equality, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

John Locke's argument about the rights of mothers in the First Treatise (1689) is a powerful piece of political argument, prefiguring a comprehensive egalitarianism in his social thought, both between men and women and among humans generally. In the first of his Two Treatises of Government, John Locke argues that the rights of mothers should be taken as seriously as the rights of fathers. He does this partly as an argument against patriarchal monarchy. But it is like a Trojan Horse in his social theory, because it establishes the basis of a more comprehensive egalitarianism. The lecture will explore ...


The Architectural Works Copyright Protection Act At Twenty: Has Full Protection Made A Difference?, David Shipley Oct 2010

The Architectural Works Copyright Protection Act At Twenty: Has Full Protection Made A Difference?, David Shipley

Scholarly Works

Even though our copyright statutes were silent about architecture until 1990, it was well established that plans, blueprints and models were copyrightable writings under the 1909 Act's category of "drawings or plastic works of a scientific or technical character," and then as "pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works" under the 1976 Act. The scope of an architect's copyright protection was, however, quite limited. The unauthorized copying of plans or blueprints constituted infringement, but most authorities concluded that plans were not infringed by using them, without the architect's permission, to construct the building they depicted. Moreover, the prevailing view ...