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2010

Comparative and Foreign Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 511

Full-Text Articles in Law

Unifying The Field Of Comparative Judicial Politics: Towards A General Theory Of Judicial Behaviour, Arthur Dyevre Feb 2015

Unifying The Field Of Comparative Judicial Politics: Towards A General Theory Of Judicial Behaviour, Arthur Dyevre

Arthur Dyevre

The field of judicial politics had long been neglected by political scientists outside the United States. But the past twenty years have witnessed considerable change. There is now a large body of scholarship on European courts and judges. And judicial politics is on its way to become a sub-field of comparative politics in its own right. Examining the models used in the literature, this article suggests that the geographical convergence is also bringing about theoretical convergence. One manifestation of theoretical convergence is that models of judicial decision-making once deemed inapplicable in Europe are now used in studies of European courts ...


'Useful Illegalities' In Corporations From A Law And Economics Perspective ('Nützliche Gesetzesverletzungen' In Kapitalgesellschaften Aus Rechtsökonomischer Sicht), Martin Gelter, Kristoffel Grechenig Apr 2014

'Useful Illegalities' In Corporations From A Law And Economics Perspective ('Nützliche Gesetzesverletzungen' In Kapitalgesellschaften Aus Rechtsökonomischer Sicht), Martin Gelter, Kristoffel Grechenig

Kristoffel Grechenig

Entrepreneurship sometimes involves violations of legal norms, such as parking prohibitions, competition law, and others. According to the prevailing view in the legal literature, the agent or manager (and not the company) is required to bear the costs, even if the activity was beneficial ex ante for the company. This approach is problematic from a social welfare perspective. Since the company and its owners keep the benefits, they have an incentive to choose the optimal activity level only if they also bear the costs.

We analyze the consequences for different types of legal prohibitions and argue that for violations of ...


Corporate Social Responsibility In China: Window Dressing Or Structural Change?, Li-Wen Lin Nov 2013

Corporate Social Responsibility In China: Window Dressing Or Structural Change?, Li-Wen Lin

Li-Wen Lin

In recent years many indigenous corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives have emerged in China. The Chinese CSR initiatives include laws and regulations, governmental instructions and guidelines, non-governmental standards and organizations. The recent growth of the Chinese CSR initiatives deserves an analysis of the CSRdevelopment in China, especially given that China’s international image is usually associated with human rights abuses, substandard products, sweatshops, and serious environmental pollution. How sincere and serious are the Chinese CSR measures, simply window dressing or any real structural change? This article overviews major Chinese CSR initiatives and analyzes the Chinese CSR development from the perspectives ...


Iranian Islamic Banking, Ehsan Zarrokh Oct 2012

Iranian Islamic Banking, Ehsan Zarrokh

Ehsan zarrokh

Islamic finance is an old concept but a very young discipline in the academic sense. It lacks the required extent and level of theories and models needed for expansion and implementation of the framework provided by Islam. In these circumstances, unawareness and confusion exist as to the form of the Islamic financial system and instruments. The main difference between the present economic system and the Islamic economic system is that the later is based on keeping in view certain social objectives for the benefit of human beings and society. Islam, through its various principles, guides human life and ensures free ...


Diritto Europeo Dei Contratti: Un'introduzione, Mauro Bussani, Marta Infantino Apr 2011

Diritto Europeo Dei Contratti: Un'introduzione, Mauro Bussani, Marta Infantino

Mauro Bussani

No abstract provided.


Legal Ethics In China: Reflections On The Formation Of Professional Identity, Judith Mcmorrow Dec 2010

Legal Ethics In China: Reflections On The Formation Of Professional Identity, Judith Mcmorrow

Judith A. McMorrow

The Chinese legal profession has grown rapidly in the last 30 years. This talk discussed the challenge of creating norms of attorney conduct (legal ethics) in a fragile and young legal system. The second part of the talk used ongoing research on the formation of professional identity.


The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir Dec 2010

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir

Dr. Muhammad Munir

This paper argues that Islam introduced far reaching reforms to warfare; that the conduct of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his successors does not to allow the burning and drowning of enemy to death. Destroying buildings, cutting down trees, committing perfidy, breaching the trust of the enemy, the killing of women, children, servants, old, infirm, sick, wounded, priests, peasants, prisoners of warand envoys is strictly against the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or his successors. The destruction of harvest, livestock and forests, looting, plundering and corruption from the war booty and indiscipline are prohibited as ...


Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos Dec 2010

Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper, we will analyse the issue of concurrence between competition and sector rules and the relation between parallel concepts within the two different legal frameworks. We will firstly examine Third Party Access in relation to essential facilities doctrine and refusal of access and we will identify the common points and objectives of these concepts and the extent to which they provide a context to each other’s implementation. Second, we will focus on how Commission uses sector regulation and objectives as a context within the process of implementation of competition law in the energy sector and third, we ...


American Antitrust Jurisprudence Applied To European Commission V. Intel, Paul Jones Dec 2010

American Antitrust Jurisprudence Applied To European Commission V. Intel, Paul Jones

Brigham Young University International Law & Management Review

No abstract provided.


Autonomy In Setting Appropriate Level Of Protection Under The Wto Law: Rhetoric Or Reality?, Michael Du Dec 2010

Autonomy In Setting Appropriate Level Of Protection Under The Wto Law: Rhetoric Or Reality?, Michael Du

Ming Du

In the World Trade Organization (WTO) jurisprudence, the Appellate Body (AB) has repeatedly affirmed that WTO Members have the prerogative right in setting any level of protection that they deem appropriate (ALOP). At the same time, WTO Agreements provide for disciplines that a WTO Member must respect when it selects regulatory measures to fulfill its ALOP. Thus, a WTO Member’s autonomy in setting its ALOP, on the one hand, and the full force of other disciplines, on the other hand, are in a constant state of tension. Then, exactly how does a panel balance a Member’s right of ...


Sharia Law Poses No Threat To American Courts, Nathan B. Oman Dec 2010

Sharia Law Poses No Threat To American Courts, Nathan B. Oman

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Porque é que as democracias nunca se defendem bem? E como não vêem alguns dos que, generosa ou utopicamente, advogam uma nova república (a que chamam IV, normalmente, contando como tal o salazarismo-caetanismo, que foi uma autocracia, logo não uma república, mesmo uma anti-república), estão objectivamente a levar água ao moinho dessa coisa-outra que pode ter fachada republicana (ou monárquica…), mas só poderia ser, de novo, uma autocracia?


Obstaculos Juridicos Y Economicos A La Aplicacion De La Teoria Del Incumplimiento Eficiente: ¿Un Irritante Juridico O Una Figura De Aplicacion Imposible?, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Dec 2010

Obstaculos Juridicos Y Economicos A La Aplicacion De La Teoria Del Incumplimiento Eficiente: ¿Un Irritante Juridico O Una Figura De Aplicacion Imposible?, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Actualmente el dinamismo del mercado insta a los agentes económicos a vincularse por medio de contratos, vehículo por excelencia de la autonomía privada de las partes como reglamentación de intereses de los mismos. Pero, ¿qué sucede cuando uno de los contratantes incumple o decide apartarse de dicha vinculación? En el presente artículo, el autor analiza, desde la perspectiva del derecho contractual norteamericano, la denominada "teoría del incumplimiento eficiente" y los diversos factores involucrados, así como su eventual incorporación a nuestra realidad jurídica. Finalmente, nos propone pensar mejor en términos de la "teoría de la conclusión contractual eficiente" (comentario de Themis).


Winner's Curse (La Maldición Del Ganador): Un Análisis De La Toma De Decisiones En Subastas De Valor Común, Renzo Saavedra Velazco Dec 2010

Winner's Curse (La Maldición Del Ganador): Un Análisis De La Toma De Decisiones En Subastas De Valor Común, Renzo Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

En la presente nota se analiza la denominada maldición del ganador que importa que el ganador de una subasta puede ser quien sufra las más altas pérdidas, en lugar de los participaron que no lograron adjudicarse el bien o el derecho materia de la subasta. Este resultado se produce por una conjunción de fuerzas en contraposición: la lógica que le indica pujar con cuidado; y, el deseo de lograr la adjudicación que se exacerba en atención a la cantidad de proponentes. Ante ello, muchas veces el ganador termina por ofrecer una suma por encima de su propia valuación subjetiva y ...


Intellectual Property Enforcement In Chin, Peter Yu Dec 2010

Intellectual Property Enforcement In Chin, Peter Yu

Peter K. Yu

No abstract provided.


Revitalizing The “Liberty Of The Ancients” Through Citizen Participation In The Legislative Process, Athanasios E. Psygkas Dec 2010

Revitalizing The “Liberty Of The Ancients” Through Citizen Participation In The Legislative Process, Athanasios E. Psygkas

Student Scholarship Papers

In a 1819 lecture Benjamin Constant distinguished between two kinds of liberty: the “liberty of the moderns” and the “liberty of the ancients.” He identified the former with individual autonomy, while the latter consisted in “exercising collectively, but directly, several parts of the complete sovereignty.” Constant pointed out the inadequacy of the “liberty of the ancients” due to the danger of individuals being fully subjected to the unbridled collective authority; however, modern safeguards of individual autonomy aspire to keep in check potential excesses of collective power. The additional challenge with which we are faced today is that, in focusing on ...


The Amicus Curiae: Friends No More?, S. Chandra Mohan Dec 2010

The Amicus Curiae: Friends No More?, S. Chandra Mohan

Research Collection School Of Law

A term commonly used in both common law and civil law jurisdictions and in domestic and international tribunals is the Latin term amicus curiae or a 'friend of the court'. Who is this friend of the court and what is his role in legal proceedings? Largely because of the remarkable manner in which this ancient institution has developed in different legal systems and been used differently even in countries sharing a common legal tradition, such as the United States and the Commonwealth countries, the important question is whether the amicus curiae can still be considered a 'friend' of any tribunal ...


Law And Finance: A Theoretical Perspective, Tamara Lothian Nov 2010

Law And Finance: A Theoretical Perspective, Tamara Lothian

Tamara Lothian

No abstract provided.


The Posthumous Papers Of The Picric Club, Christopher Wadlow Nov 2010

The Posthumous Papers Of The Picric Club, Christopher Wadlow

Christopher Wadlow

No abstract provided.


After The Crisis: Institutional Innovation And The Alternative Futures Of American Finance, Tamara Lothian Nov 2010

After The Crisis: Institutional Innovation And The Alternative Futures Of American Finance, Tamara Lothian

Tamara Lothian

No abstract provided.


Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Algumas propostas de revisão constitucional parecem ignorar que tal procedimento está constitucionalizado, e que há regras para o fazer, assim como vários limites a respeitar. Só podem ser consideradas iniciativas de divulgação de ideários políticos porque, se por absurdo fossem por diante, acabariam por constituir revisões constitucionais inconstitucionais. Um dos pontos mais nevráligicos da polémica (não só portuguesa) sobre as mutações constitucionais é o Estado Social. Sobre ele se gerou um amplo consenso na Constituinte, que persiste e até talvez se haja aprofundado na sociedade de hoje. Ele faz intrinsecamente parte do programa da Constituição vigente, pelo que revê-la de ...


Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os tempos actuais são apesar de tudo excelentes para reflectir sobre o vero alcance das normas. E sobretudo das normas generosas da nossa Constituição democrática e social. Não se pense que a Constituição é milagrosa. As crises, como aquela em que nos encontramos, colocam-lhe desafios sérios, e é a força das coisas, dos factos, e não o normativo dos textos, quem impera normalmente.


Lessons From China, Judith Mcmorrow Nov 2010

Lessons From China, Judith Mcmorrow

Judith A. McMorrow

No abstract provided.


The Ombudsman As A Monitor Of Human Rights In Canadian Federal Corrections, Howard Sapers, Ivan Zinger Nov 2010

The Ombudsman As A Monitor Of Human Rights In Canadian Federal Corrections, Howard Sapers, Ivan Zinger

Pace Law Review

No abstract provided.


Informing The 1958 New York Convention, Mary Ayad Nov 2010

Informing The 1958 New York Convention, Mary Ayad

Dr Mary B Ayad PhD

Reforms or amendments to the 1958 Convention are not feasible, therefore this paper argues why a harmonised international commercial and international investment arbitration law code is necessary. Cases will be given from the Middle East to demonstrate the lacunae and contradictions in national law with countries ratifying the Convention.


¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Nov 2010

¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Recientemente en el Perú se ha suscitado una discusion, mas mediática que jurídica, sobre la interpretación testamentaria. Planteado en tales términos el debate sólo ha recogido de manera implícita los aspectos medulares de tan compleja materia. Es por esta razón que el objetivo del presente artículo es brindar un vistazo panorámico a la materia desde la perspectiva de la comparación jurídica.


Models Of Religious Freedom, Marcel Stuessi Nov 2010

Models Of Religious Freedom, Marcel Stuessi

Marcel Stüssi

MODELS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM

The Swiss, US American, and Syrian models are in this thesis illustrated by way of three representations. The Analytical Representation comprises more than statements of posi-tive law or mechanical comparison. Each chapter is introduced by thought-forms predominant in the respective legal culture. The objective of the Methodological Representation is to investigate the logic and legitimate pattern by which the Swiss and US American judiciary meth-odologically come to the conclusion that an alleged governmental inter-ference is covered under the right to religious freedom. The last dimen-sion, which is the Eclectic Representation, pursues a dual aim. Firstly, the ...


Extreme Measures: Does The United States Need Preventive Detention To Combat Domestic Terrorism?, Diane Webber Nov 2010

Extreme Measures: Does The United States Need Preventive Detention To Combat Domestic Terrorism?, Diane Webber

Diane Webber

The paper examines current methods of preventive detention in the United States, that is the detaining of a suspect on home soil to prevent a terrorist attack. This paper looks at two recent events: the Fort Hood shootings and a preventive arrest in France, to consider problems in combating terrorist crimes on U.S. soil. I demonstrate that U.S. law as it now stands, with some limited exceptions, does not permit detention to forestall an anticipated domestic terrorist crime. After reviewing and evaluating the way in which France, Israel and the United Kingdom use forms of preventive detention to ...


State Intervention, Conflicts And Harmonised Commercial Arbitration Law Code, Mary Ayad Nov 2010

State Intervention, Conflicts And Harmonised Commercial Arbitration Law Code, Mary Ayad

Dr Mary B Ayad PhD

The thesis of this paper is that a harmonised International Commercial Arbitration Law Code (HICALC), governing MENA- FI and Oil Concession Contracts between Middle Eastern Governments and foreign investors would resolve serious conflicts. The additional question of State intervention in trade is implicated here when States prevent the enforcements of Arbitral Awards or encroach on Arbitral Tribunal jurisdiction. A HICALC can resolve the weaknesses inherent in these laws when dealing with MENA-FI and Oil Concessions. This paper will demonstrate how, by drafting a HICALC that integrates general principles of law from civil, common and sharia law, the central problem facing ...


New Approaches To Late Antique And Medeival Islamic Criminal Legal History, Intisar Rabb Oct 2010

New Approaches To Late Antique And Medeival Islamic Criminal Legal History, Intisar Rabb

Intisar A. Rabb

No abstract provided.