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2010

Comparative and Foreign Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 462

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir Dr. Dec 2010

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir Dr.

Dr. Muhammad Munir

This paper argues that Islam introduced far reaching reforms to warfare; that the conduct of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his successors does not to allow the burning and drowning of enemy to death. Destroying buildings, cutting down trees, committing perfidy, breaching the trust of the enemy, the killing of women, children, servants, old, infirm, sick, wounded, priests, peasants, prisoners of warand envoys is strictly against the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or his successors. The destruction of harvest, livestock and forests, looting, plundering and corruption from the war booty and indiscipline are prohibited as ...


Legal Ethics In China: Reflections On The Formation Of Professional Identity, Judith Mcmorrow Dec 2010

Legal Ethics In China: Reflections On The Formation Of Professional Identity, Judith Mcmorrow

Judith A. McMorrow

The Chinese legal profession has grown rapidly in the last 30 years. This talk discussed the challenge of creating norms of attorney conduct (legal ethics) in a fragile and young legal system. The second part of the talk used ongoing research on the formation of professional identity.


Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos Dec 2010

Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper, we will analyse the issue of concurrence between competition and sector rules and the relation between parallel concepts within the two different legal frameworks. We will firstly examine Third Party Access in relation to essential facilities doctrine and refusal of access and we will identify the common points and objectives of these concepts and the extent to which they provide a context to each other’s implementation. Second, we will focus on how Commission uses sector regulation and objectives as a context within the process of implementation of competition law in the energy sector and third, we ...


Autonomy In Setting Appropriate Level Of Protection Under The Wto Law: Rhetoric Or Reality?, Michael Ming Du Dec 2010

Autonomy In Setting Appropriate Level Of Protection Under The Wto Law: Rhetoric Or Reality?, Michael Ming Du

Michael Ming Du

In the World Trade Organization (WTO) jurisprudence, the Appellate Body (AB) has repeatedly affirmed that WTO Members have the prerogative right in setting any level of protection that they deem appropriate (ALOP). At the same time, WTO Agreements provide for disciplines that a WTO Member must respect when it selects regulatory measures to fulfill its ALOP. Thus, a WTO Member’s autonomy in setting its ALOP, on the one hand, and the full force of other disciplines, on the other hand, are in a constant state of tension. Then, exactly how does a panel balance a Member’s right of ...


American Antitrust Jurisprudence Applied To European Commission V. Intel, Paul Jones Dec 2010

American Antitrust Jurisprudence Applied To European Commission V. Intel, Paul Jones

Brigham Young University International Law & Management Review

No abstract provided.


Sharia Law Poses No Threat To American Courts, Nathan B. Oman Dec 2010

Sharia Law Poses No Threat To American Courts, Nathan B. Oman

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Porque é que as democracias nunca se defendem bem? E como não vêem alguns dos que, generosa ou utopicamente, advogam uma nova república (a que chamam IV, normalmente, contando como tal o salazarismo-caetanismo, que foi uma autocracia, logo não uma república, mesmo uma anti-república), estão objectivamente a levar água ao moinho dessa coisa-outra que pode ter fachada republicana (ou monárquica…), mas só poderia ser, de novo, uma autocracia?


Obstaculos Juridicos Y Economicos A La Aplicacion De La Teoria Del Incumplimiento Eficiente: ¿Un Irritante Juridico O Una Figura De Aplicacion Imposible?, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Dec 2010

Obstaculos Juridicos Y Economicos A La Aplicacion De La Teoria Del Incumplimiento Eficiente: ¿Un Irritante Juridico O Una Figura De Aplicacion Imposible?, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Actualmente el dinamismo del mercado insta a los agentes económicos a vincularse por medio de contratos, vehículo por excelencia de la autonomía privada de las partes como reglamentación de intereses de los mismos. Pero, ¿qué sucede cuando uno de los contratantes incumple o decide apartarse de dicha vinculación? En el presente artículo, el autor analiza, desde la perspectiva del derecho contractual norteamericano, la denominada "teoría del incumplimiento eficiente" y los diversos factores involucrados, así como su eventual incorporación a nuestra realidad jurídica. Finalmente, nos propone pensar mejor en términos de la "teoría de la conclusión contractual eficiente" (comentario de Themis).


Intellectual Property Enforcement In Chin, Peter Yu Dec 2010

Intellectual Property Enforcement In Chin, Peter Yu

Peter K. Yu

No abstract provided.


Winner's Curse (La Maldición Del Ganador): Un Análisis De La Toma De Decisiones En Subastas De Valor Común, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Dec 2010

Winner's Curse (La Maldición Del Ganador): Un Análisis De La Toma De Decisiones En Subastas De Valor Común, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

En la presente nota se analiza la denominada maldición del ganador que importa que el ganador de una subasta puede ser quien sufra las más altas pérdidas, en lugar de los participaron que no lograron adjudicarse el bien o el derecho materia de la subasta. Este resultado se produce por una conjunción de fuerzas en contraposición: la lógica que le indica pujar con cuidado; y, el deseo de lograr la adjudicación que se exacerba en atención a la cantidad de proponentes. Ante ello, muchas veces el ganador termina por ofrecer una suma por encima de su propia valuación subjetiva y ...


Law And Finance: A Theoretical Perspective, Tamara Lothian Dec 2010

Law And Finance: A Theoretical Perspective, Tamara Lothian

Tamara Lothian

No abstract provided.


After The Crisis: Institutional Innovation And The Alternative Futures Of American Finance, Tamara Lothian Dec 2010

After The Crisis: Institutional Innovation And The Alternative Futures Of American Finance, Tamara Lothian

Tamara Lothian

No abstract provided.


Revitalizing The “Liberty Of The Ancients” Through Citizen Participation In The Legislative Process, Athanasios E. Psygkas Dec 2010

Revitalizing The “Liberty Of The Ancients” Through Citizen Participation In The Legislative Process, Athanasios E. Psygkas

Student Scholarship Papers

In a 1819 lecture Benjamin Constant distinguished between two kinds of liberty: the “liberty of the moderns” and the “liberty of the ancients.” He identified the former with individual autonomy, while the latter consisted in “exercising collectively, but directly, several parts of the complete sovereignty.” Constant pointed out the inadequacy of the “liberty of the ancients” due to the danger of individuals being fully subjected to the unbridled collective authority; however, modern safeguards of individual autonomy aspire to keep in check potential excesses of collective power. The additional challenge with which we are faced today is that, in focusing on ...


The Amicus Curiae: Friends No More?, S. Chandra Mohan Dec 2010

The Amicus Curiae: Friends No More?, S. Chandra Mohan

Research Collection School Of Law

A term commonly used in both common law and civil law jurisdictions and in domestic and international tribunals is the Latin term amicus curiae or a 'friend of the court'. Who is this friend of the court and what is his role in legal proceedings? Largely because of the remarkable manner in which this ancient institution has developed in different legal systems and been used differently even in countries sharing a common legal tradition, such as the United States and the Commonwealth countries, the important question is whether the amicus curiae can still be considered a 'friend' of any tribunal ...


Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Visões E Revisões Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os tempos actuais são apesar de tudo excelentes para reflectir sobre o vero alcance das normas. E sobretudo das normas generosas da nossa Constituição democrática e social. Não se pense que a Constituição é milagrosa. As crises, como aquela em que nos encontramos, colocam-lhe desafios sérios, e é a força das coisas, dos factos, e não o normativo dos textos, quem impera normalmente.


Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2010

Revisões Constitucionais Inconstitucionais?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Algumas propostas de revisão constitucional parecem ignorar que tal procedimento está constitucionalizado, e que há regras para o fazer, assim como vários limites a respeitar. Só podem ser consideradas iniciativas de divulgação de ideários políticos porque, se por absurdo fossem por diante, acabariam por constituir revisões constitucionais inconstitucionais. Um dos pontos mais nevráligicos da polémica (não só portuguesa) sobre as mutações constitucionais é o Estado Social. Sobre ele se gerou um amplo consenso na Constituinte, que persiste e até talvez se haja aprofundado na sociedade de hoje. Ele faz intrinsecamente parte do programa da Constituição vigente, pelo que revê-la de ...


Lessons From China, Judith Mcmorrow Nov 2010

Lessons From China, Judith Mcmorrow

Judith A. McMorrow

No abstract provided.


The Ombudsman As A Monitor Of Human Rights In Canadian Federal Corrections, Howard Sapers, Ivan Zinger Nov 2010

The Ombudsman As A Monitor Of Human Rights In Canadian Federal Corrections, Howard Sapers, Ivan Zinger

Pace Law Review

No abstract provided.


Models Of Religious Freedom, Marcel Stuessi Swiss Human Rights Lawyer Nov 2010

Models Of Religious Freedom, Marcel Stuessi Swiss Human Rights Lawyer

Marcel Stüssi

MODELS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM

The Swiss, US American, and Syrian models are in this thesis illustrated by way of three representations. The Analytical Representation comprises more than statements of posi-tive law or mechanical comparison. Each chapter is introduced by thought-forms predominant in the respective legal culture. The objective of the Methodological Representation is to investigate the logic and legitimate pattern by which the Swiss and US American judiciary meth-odologically come to the conclusion that an alleged governmental inter-ference is covered under the right to religious freedom. The last dimen-sion, which is the Eclectic Representation, pursues a dual aim. Firstly, the ...


¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Nov 2010

¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Recientemente en el Perú se ha suscitado una discusion, mas mediática que jurídica, sobre la interpretación testamentaria. Planteado en tales términos el debate sólo ha recogido de manera implícita los aspectos medulares de tan compleja materia. Es por esta razón que el objetivo del presente artículo es brindar un vistazo panorámico a la materia desde la perspectiva de la comparación jurídica.


Extreme Measures: Does The United States Need Preventive Detention To Combat Domestic Terrorism?, Diane Webber Nov 2010

Extreme Measures: Does The United States Need Preventive Detention To Combat Domestic Terrorism?, Diane Webber

Diane Webber

The paper examines current methods of preventive detention in the United States, that is the detaining of a suspect on home soil to prevent a terrorist attack. This paper looks at two recent events: the Fort Hood shootings and a preventive arrest in France, to consider problems in combating terrorist crimes on U.S. soil. I demonstrate that U.S. law as it now stands, with some limited exceptions, does not permit detention to forestall an anticipated domestic terrorist crime. After reviewing and evaluating the way in which France, Israel and the United Kingdom use forms of preventive detention to ...


Judicial Review Of Administrative Acts In The European Union And In France: A Comparison., Natasha Buontempo Nov 2010

Judicial Review Of Administrative Acts In The European Union And In France: A Comparison., Natasha Buontempo

Natasha Buontempo

No abstract provided.


Attracting The Best And The Brightest: A Critique Of The Current U.S. Immigration System, Chris Gafner, Stephen W. Yale-Loehr Nov 2010

Attracting The Best And The Brightest: A Critique Of The Current U.S. Immigration System, Chris Gafner, Stephen W. Yale-Loehr

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

The United States has long benefited as a leader in attracting the "best and brightest" immigrants. However, the world has changed since the U.S. immigration system's last major modification in 1990. The United States is no longer the primary destination for many talented immigrants. Many other nations have enacted immigration systems meant to attract the best and brightest immigrants. These immigration systems are often point- based and allow potential immigrants to quickly determine eligibility. By comparison, the U.S. immigration system is slow and complicated. Many now question the United States' ability to attract talented immigrants. This Article ...


The Right To Food And Buyer Power, Aravind Ganesh Oct 2010

The Right To Food And Buyer Power, Aravind Ganesh

Aravind Ganesh

Modern global food supply chains are characterised by extreme levels of concentration in the middle of those chains. This paper argues that such concentration leads to excessive buyer power, which harms the consumers and food producers at the ends of the supply chains. This paper argues that the harms suffered by farmers are serious enough as to constitute violations of the international human right to food as it is expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Political Rights, and further argues that world competition law regimes cannot ignore these human rights ...


Imitando La Intermediación Financiera Indirecta: El Caso De Los Bancos De Alimentos, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Oct 2010

Imitando La Intermediación Financiera Indirecta: El Caso De Los Bancos De Alimentos, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

De un tiempo a esta parte se observa un enorme desarrollo de supermercados, sea de gran envergadura, sea pequeña escala. Correlativamente, y pesar del sólido progreso macroeconómico, aún existe un segmento considerable de la sociedad en estado de desamparo y que requiere de medidas asistenciales por parte del Estado. Sin embargo en países como los recursos son excesivamente limitados, por ello resulta importante las alternativas de responsabilidad social empresarial que se vienen implementando o de modo directo la participación privada para colaborar en los esfuerzos asistenciales. Es en este marco donde se inserta la actuación de los Bancos de Alimentos.


Professional Responsibility In An Uncertain Profession: Legal Ethics In China, Judith A. Mcmorrow Oct 2010

Professional Responsibility In An Uncertain Profession: Legal Ethics In China, Judith A. Mcmorrow

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The rapidly expanding Chinese legal profession provides an extraordinary opportunity for the U.S. legal profession to test U.S. assumptions about legal ethics. This essay examines challenges facing Chinese legal education and the Chinese legal profession as it develops norms of legal ethics. This essay examines this process from the law school and law student’s perspective about legal ethics, and then briefly explores the effort to create norms of attorney conduct from a top-down perspective. Both a bottom-up and top-down view show the tremendous challenges facing the emerging Chinese legal culture in building a coherent model of lawyering ...


Palavras Claras, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

Palavras Claras, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Cuidemos das palavras. É tão fácil identificar um novo-rico cultural ou um tecnocrata vazio pela linguagem de plástico... Essa linguagem (voltei a ver agora numa releitura de António Telmo, mas já está em Confúcio), molda mesmo a mente. Quem assim fala, assim pensa. É critério infalível.


Lições Do Kiwi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

Lições Do Kiwi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Nenhum desafio, nem mesmo o do sabor de um fruto descrito por palavras, pode ficar sem resposta – ainda que aproximativa; a ausência de convenções sobre o como fazer não deve paralisar quem quer fazer; a analogia com o fazer outras coisas pode servir de inspiração; mas não se pode fazer algo de novo, ou face a coisas novas meramente repetindo o antigo – é preciso alguma inovação, ainda que na reunião dos meios; finalmente, cada coisa, cada desafio novo, cada nova tarefa, convoca instrumentos adequados, e não outros.


The Compliance Costs To Business And Government Versus The Expected Revenue Collection For The Overlapping Compliance Regimes Of The Usa (And Their Applicability To South Africa), William Byrnes Oct 2010

The Compliance Costs To Business And Government Versus The Expected Revenue Collection For The Overlapping Compliance Regimes Of The Usa (And Their Applicability To South Africa), William Byrnes

William H. Byrnes

No abstract provided.


República E Monarquia: Desfazendo Confusões, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2010

República E Monarquia: Desfazendo Confusões, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há pelo menos três sentidos essencias da palavra República... Se os confundirmos, estamos perdidos, nunca nos entenderemos. O sentido mais profícuo é o material ou substancial e intermédio: nem o que diz que todas as sociedades políticas o são (sentido hoje quase esquecido), nem o que identifica formalmente as repúblicas com todas as sociedades que não têm rei, sem lhes verificar requisitos éticos. Há um "quid" especial nas Repúblicas para quem é republicano. E que não tem nada a ver com o que nelas vêem os monárquicos ou os indiferentes (?)...