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2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 250

Full-Text Articles in Law

Regulating Compensation, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2010

Regulating Compensation, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos Dec 2010

Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper, we will analyse the issue of concurrence between competition and sector rules and the relation between parallel concepts within the two different legal frameworks. We will firstly examine Third Party Access in relation to essential facilities doctrine and refusal of access and we will identify the common points and objectives of these concepts and the extent to which they provide a context to each other’s implementation. Second, we will focus on how Commission uses sector regulation and objectives as a context within the process of implementation of competition law in the energy sector and third, we ...


Autonomy In Setting Appropriate Level Of Protection Under The Wto Law: Rhetoric Or Reality?, Michael Ming Du Dec 2010

Autonomy In Setting Appropriate Level Of Protection Under The Wto Law: Rhetoric Or Reality?, Michael Ming Du

Michael Ming Du

In the World Trade Organization (WTO) jurisprudence, the Appellate Body (AB) has repeatedly affirmed that WTO Members have the prerogative right in setting any level of protection that they deem appropriate (ALOP). At the same time, WTO Agreements provide for disciplines that a WTO Member must respect when it selects regulatory measures to fulfill its ALOP. Thus, a WTO Member’s autonomy in setting its ALOP, on the one hand, and the full force of other disciplines, on the other hand, are in a constant state of tension. Then, exactly how does a panel balance a Member’s right of ...


A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means Dec 2010

A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means

Faculty Publications

According to standard law and economics, minority shareholders in closely held corporations must bargain against opportunism by controlling shareholders before investing. Put simply, you made your bed, now you must lie in it. Yet most courts offer a remedy for shareholder oppression, often premised on the notion that controlling shareholders owe fiduciary duties to the minority or must honor the minority's reasonable expectations. Thus, law and economics, the dominant mode of corporate law scholarship, appears irreconcilably opposed to minority shareholder protection, a defining feature of the existing law of close corporations.

This Article contends that a more nuanced theory ...


Insulating Agencies: Avoiding Capture Through Institutional Design, Rachel E. Barkow Dec 2010

Insulating Agencies: Avoiding Capture Through Institutional Design, Rachel E. Barkow

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

So-called independent agencies are created for a reason, and often that reason is a concern with agency capture. Agency designers hope that a more insulated agency will better protect the general public interest against inter¬est group pressure. But the conventional approach to independent agencies in administrative law largely ignores why agencies are insulated. Instead, discussions about independent agencies in administrative law have focused on three features that have defined independent agencies: heads who are removable for cause by the President, an exemption from having to submit regulations to the President’s Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs for cost-benefit ...


Secret Bancaire Et Entraide Internationale En Matière Fiscale: Le Fait Du Prince, Fabien Liegeois Dec 2010

Secret Bancaire Et Entraide Internationale En Matière Fiscale: Le Fait Du Prince, Fabien Liegeois

Fabien LIEGEOIS

No abstract provided.


Of Currency Wars And Other Demons: Exchange Controls And The Governance Of State-Capitalist Policies Within Democratic Transition, Bruno Meyerhof Salama Nov 2010

Of Currency Wars And Other Demons: Exchange Controls And The Governance Of State-Capitalist Policies Within Democratic Transition, Bruno Meyerhof Salama

Bruno Meyerhof Salama

No abstract provided.


Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García Nov 2010

Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

De origen, difundir los diversos esquemas permitidos por la Ley para posibilitar la realización de proyectos con fines inmobiliarios, a efecto de que los núcleos agrarios y sus integrantes se beneficien equitativamente de la urbanización de sus tierras, coadyuvando con ello al desarrollo urbano planificado y ordenado de los centros de población del Estado de Puebla; como consecuencia, impulsar el desarrollo habitacional equilibrado de éste. Eliminar el circulo.- “necesidad de tierra – asentamiento irregular – solución de conflicto”, mediante la planeación socioeconómico de los núcleos agrarios ejidales y comunales, a fin de diseñar un mecanismo eficaz que satisfaga las necesidades de los ...


Managerial Entrenchment And Shareholder Wealth Revisited: Theory And Evidence From A Recessionary Financial Market, Jay B. Kesten Nov 2010

Managerial Entrenchment And Shareholder Wealth Revisited: Theory And Evidence From A Recessionary Financial Market, Jay B. Kesten

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


¿Volviendo Al Control De Precios?, Diferenciando Entre Regulación Y Supervisión: Un Enfoque Comparativo Con La Libre Competencia, John Pineda Galarza, Héctor Figari Costa Nov 2010

¿Volviendo Al Control De Precios?, Diferenciando Entre Regulación Y Supervisión: Un Enfoque Comparativo Con La Libre Competencia, John Pineda Galarza, Héctor Figari Costa

John Pineda Galarza

El presente trabajo busca analizar el fundamento teórico de cuando se puede fijar precios y aplicarlo al mercado de las Administradoras de Fondos de Pensiones (AFP), a fin de determinar la necesidad de regular las comisiones que cobran estas por concepto de administración de fondos de los afiliados. El análisis del mismo se desarrollará bajo la óptica de las normas del Libre Mercado y Libre Competencia, identificando y diferenciando entre supervisión y regulación


Exchange Of Tax Information: The End Of Banking Secrecy In Switzerland And Singapore?, Jean-Rodolphe W. Fiechter Ll.M. Nov 2010

Exchange Of Tax Information: The End Of Banking Secrecy In Switzerland And Singapore?, Jean-Rodolphe W. Fiechter Ll.M.

Jean-Rodolphe W. Fiechter

At their London Summit in April 2009, the G20 Leaders proudly declared: “The era of banking secrecy is over.” The scope of this paper is to examine whether this statement is true. Is exchange of information really the panacea against tax evasion? Did it eradicate the banking secrecy cultivated for centuries by Switzerland and later also by Singapore or does the protection of privacy still have a role to play in the new global order? In the first chapter, I will depict the origins of the banking secrecy and its development in recent years until the breakthrough of the OECD ...


Llm Cyberlaw: Information Technology, Law And Society, Subhajit Basu Oct 2010

Llm Cyberlaw: Information Technology, Law And Society, Subhajit Basu

Subhajit Basu

LLM in Cyberlaw: information technology, law and society enables you to develop knowledge and skills in relation to the legal rules regulating cyberlaw activity in the UK and Europe, and at a global level.


Foreign Investment Catalogues And Investment Environment In China, Tao Liang Oct 2010

Foreign Investment Catalogues And Investment Environment In China, Tao Liang

Tao (Tim) LIANG

On 23 December 2008, the National Development and Reform Commission (“NDRC”) and Ministry of Commerce (“MOFCOM”) of People’s Republic of China jointly issued Catalogue of Foreign Investment Advantageous Industries in Central and Western China (“Central and Western Catalogue”), which became effective on 1 January 2009. This marks the second revision to the Central and Western Catalogue since its first promulgation in 2000 (the previous revision occurred in 2004). The Central and Western Catalogue was issued to supplement the Foreign Investment Industrial Guidance Catalogue (“Guidance Catalogue”) which was jointly revised by NDRC and MOFCOM on 31 October 2007 and became ...


Compliance Requirements For Chinese Automobile Market Players, Tao Liang Oct 2010

Compliance Requirements For Chinese Automobile Market Players, Tao Liang

Tao (Tim) LIANG

Since November 2009, China has passed the United States to become the biggest automobile market in the world. At the same time, China has also surpassed Japan as the largest automobile manufacturer around the world with an annual manufacture capacity of 13.759 million automobiles. In consideration of the importance of the Chinese automobile market, several international automobile giants, including Volkswagen, Toyota, GM, Chrysler, Ford and so on, are injecting more and more capitals, technology and other kind of resources into Chinese market in order to seize a bigger market share within China to leverage their business performance on a ...


Debt As Venture Capital, Darian M. Ibrahim Oct 2010

Debt As Venture Capital, Darian M. Ibrahim

Faculty Publications

Venture debt, or loans to rapid-growth start-ups, is a puzzle. How are start-ups with no track records, positive cash flows, tangible collateral, or personal guarantees from entrepreneurs able to attract billions of dollars in loans each year? And why do start-ups take on debt rather than rely exclusively on equity investments from angel investors and venture capitalists (VCs), as well-known capital structure theories from corporate finance would seem to predict in this context? Using hand-collected interview data and theoretical contributions from finance, economics, and law, this Article solves the puzzle of venture debt by revealing that a start-up’s VC ...


Protocolo De Investigación “La Flexibilidad En El Procedimiento De Licitación Pública Federal De México”, Norma E. Pimentel Oct 2010

Protocolo De Investigación “La Flexibilidad En El Procedimiento De Licitación Pública Federal De México”, Norma E. Pimentel

Norma E Pimentel

No abstract provided.


La Prescripción Adquisitiva De Dominio, David García Oct 2010

La Prescripción Adquisitiva De Dominio, David García

David García

No abstract provided.


The New Financial Deal: Understanding The Dodd-Frank Act And Its (Unintended) Consequences, David A. Skeel Jr. Oct 2010

The New Financial Deal: Understanding The Dodd-Frank Act And Its (Unintended) Consequences, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

Contrary to rumors that the Dodd-Frank Act is an incoherent mess, its 2,319 pages have two very clear objectives: limiting the risk of the shadow banking system by more carefully regulating derivatives and large financial institutions; and limiting the damage caused by a financial institution’s failure. The new legislation also has a theme: government partnership with the largest Wall Street banks. The vision emerged almost by accident from the Bear Stearns and AIG bailouts of 2008 and the commandeering of the bankruptcy process to rescue Chrysler and GM in 2009. Its implications for derivatives regulation could prove beneficial ...


Armed And Dangerous: The Crime Of Mortgage Fraud And What Congress Must Do To Stop It, Gabriel Zitrin Sep 2010

Armed And Dangerous: The Crime Of Mortgage Fraud And What Congress Must Do To Stop It, Gabriel Zitrin

Legislation and Policy Brief

Instead, it will simply argue that while the relevant monetary policymakers continue far too slowly in the pursuit of mortgage securities reform, lawmakers whose purview includes the housing sector should use this opportunity to pursue a two-part strategy of aggressively combating fraud in the terms and sales of individual mortgages and taking bold measures to ensure that not simply embattled mortgage-holders but the victims of fraudulent lending behavior can achieve financial sustainability, even as they keep ownership of their homes.


Public Financing's Last Breaths, Kellen Clemons Sep 2010

Public Financing's Last Breaths, Kellen Clemons

Legislation and Policy Brief

After this peculiar and unique election cycle, the public financing laws will have to be redeveloped in order to have any bearing on future elections. Without some change to the rules, candidates will continue to opt out and use the Internet and grassroots initiatives to out-raise one another, to the possible disadvantage of the goals of the public finance system. In essence, this election cycle has seen politics destroy the current public financing system. Through the advisory opinions of the Federal Election Commission and the decisions of the major candidates to opt out of public financing, the role of the ...


The Challenges For Directors In Piloting Through State And Federal Standards In The Maelstrom Of Risk Management, Chief Justice E. Norman Veasey Aug 2010

The Challenges For Directors In Piloting Through State And Federal Standards In The Maelstrom Of Risk Management, Chief Justice E. Norman Veasey

Seattle University Law Review

In the 2010 Berle Center Directors’ Academy Keynote Address, Chief Justice Veasey addresses “the federal and state contexts relating to the corporate-governance focus on business risk and the expectations laid at the doorstep of directors and officers of U.S. public companies.” Specifically, Chief Justice Veasey looks “at the governance landscape through both a federal regulatory lens and a state judicial lens as it relates to risk assessment and risk management.”


Leveraged Etfs: The Trojan Horse Has Passed The Margin-Rule Gates, William M. Humphries Aug 2010

Leveraged Etfs: The Trojan Horse Has Passed The Margin-Rule Gates, William M. Humphries

Seattle University Law Review

What do the Great Depression, the Great Recession, and the demise of Lehman Brothers and Bear Sterns all have in common? One word: leverage. The misuse of leverage, in all its forms, contributed greatly to all of these events. Yet even today, common investors can purchase a leveraged exchange-traded fund (leveraged ETF), a complex product that uses leverage to increase returns, without triggering applicable laws designed to regulate the use of leverage. This Comment articulates the basics surrounding the functions and operations of leveraged ETFs and margin rules in order to assess the compatibility of the two. The Comment argues ...


Managing Corporate Federalism: The Least-Bad Approach To The Shareholder Bylaw Debate, Christopher M. Bruner Aug 2010

Managing Corporate Federalism: The Least-Bad Approach To The Shareholder Bylaw Debate, Christopher M. Bruner

Scholarly Works

Over recent decades, shareholders in public corporations have increasingly sought to augment their own power - and, correlatively, to limit the power of boards - through creative use of corporate bylaws. The bylaws lend themselves to such efforts because enacting, amending, and repealing bylaws are essentially the only corporate governance actions that shareholders can undertake unilaterally. In this Article I examine thecontested nature of bylaws, the fundamental issues of corporate power and purpose that they implicate, and the differing ways in which state and federal lawmakers and regulators may impact the debate regarding thescope of the shareholders' bylaw authority.

The Article first ...


The Role Of Derivatives In The Financial Crisis – Testimony Before The Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, June 30, 2010, Michael Greenberger Aug 2010

The Role Of Derivatives In The Financial Crisis – Testimony Before The Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, June 30, 2010, Michael Greenberger

Michael Greenberger

It is now almost universally accepted that the unregulated multi-trillion dollar OTC CDS market helped foment a mortgage crisis, then a credit crisis, and finally a ―once-in-a-century systemic financial crisis that, but for huge U.S. taxpayer interventions, would have in the fall of 2008 led the world economy into a devastating Depression. Before explaining below the manner in which credit default swaps fomented this crisis, it worth citing in the margin those many economists, regulators, market observers, and financial columnists who have described the central role unregulated CDS played in the crisis. Even those once skeptical of arguments about ...


The New Lex Mercatoria, Francesco Galgano Aug 2010

The New Lex Mercatoria, Francesco Galgano

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

We live in a post-industrial era. We learn this from sociologists who demonstrate it by showing the index of the number of industrial employees is lower than that of service employees, thus, a transition from an industrial to a post-industrial era. The United States was the first to pass this point in 1956, while Italy passed it in 1982. Post-industrial society is not just a society of automation. The prefix "post" implies other aspects as well. Besides an industrial society there is also a financial society. What is new is not only how the goods are produced (with machines controlled ...


Taxation As Regulation: Carbon Tax, Health Care Tax, Bank Tax And Other Regulatory Taxes, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah Aug 2010

Taxation As Regulation: Carbon Tax, Health Care Tax, Bank Tax And Other Regulatory Taxes, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Law & Economics Working Papers

This paper addresses three questions: 1. Is regulation a legitimate goal for taxation? 2. Which tax is best suited for regulation? 3. Would it be better to allocate just one goal per tax among the major taxes (individual and corporate income tax and VAT)? It then analyzes the proposed bank tax and the enacted health care tax as regulatory taxes, and concludes that the first is desirable (as is a carbon tax) but the second is not.


Newly Registered Securities And Accountants' Liability To Third Party Investors Under The Federal Securities Law, Timothy J. Murphy Aug 2010

Newly Registered Securities And Accountants' Liability To Third Party Investors Under The Federal Securities Law, Timothy J. Murphy

Golden Gate University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Consumer Credit Reporting: The California Experience, Eugene R. Oreck Aug 2010

Consumer Credit Reporting: The California Experience, Eugene R. Oreck

Golden Gate University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Los Privilegios Laborales Bajo La Ley 24.522, Gaston Mirkin Aug 2010

Los Privilegios Laborales Bajo La Ley 24.522, Gaston Mirkin

Gaston Mirkin

No abstract provided.


Interview With Nicole Stein, Umpqua Bank, 2010 (Audio), Nicole Stein Aug 2010

Interview With Nicole Stein, Umpqua Bank, 2010 (Audio), Nicole Stein

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Nicole Stein by Shivon Van Allen at SW Portland, Oregon on August 5th, 2010.

The interview index is available for download.