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2009

International Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1009

Full-Text Articles in Law

“Aspectos Jurídicos Del Delito De Trata De Personas En Colombia: Aportes Desde El Derecho Internacional, Derecho Penal Y Las Organizaciones No Gubernamentales”, Andres Barreto, Beatriz Londoño, Antonio Varon, Andrea Mateus Dec 2009

“Aspectos Jurídicos Del Delito De Trata De Personas En Colombia: Aportes Desde El Derecho Internacional, Derecho Penal Y Las Organizaciones No Gubernamentales”, Andres Barreto, Beatriz Londoño, Antonio Varon, Andrea Mateus

Andres Barreto

La preocupación por el fenómeno de la trata de personas en el escenario internacional ha sido una constante para los Estados desde mediados del siglo XIX. En Colombia la legislación que condena el delito empezó su recorrido desde el Código Penal de 1980, en donde se castigaba con penas de prisión de 2 a 6 años a todo aquel que promoviere la entrada o salida del país de mujer o menor de edad para ejercer la prostitución. Sin embargo, la complejidad de las redes criminales de este crimen transnacional empezó a evidenciar que la trata no solo se cometía sobre ...


Clearing The Air In Copenhagen, Richard Faulk Dec 2009

Clearing The Air In Copenhagen, Richard Faulk

Richard Faulk

As I prepare to depart for the Copenhagen climate change conference, the entire process seems awash in doubt, confusion, and controversy. Despite the grand hopes of many members of the international community, including many respected politicians and scientists, even the most optimistic advocates concede that it will be impossible to secure a comprehensive and binding climate change agreement. Instead, the delegates will seek a consensus that will guide the drafting and presentation of a formal treaty sometime in 2010, either in Bonn or in Mexico City.


The International Trade Commission: Potential Bias, Hold-Up, And The Need For Reform, William Dolan Dec 2009

The International Trade Commission: Potential Bias, Hold-Up, And The Need For Reform, William Dolan

Duke Law & Technology Review

The International Trade Commission (ITC) is an alternate venue for holders of U.S. patents to pursue litigation against infringing products produced abroad and imported to the United States. Because the ITC may only grant injunctive relief, it has awarded injunctions in situations where there may have been better and more efficient remedies to the infringement available through litigation in federal district court. The increased likelihood of injunctive relief bolsters the position of patent holders against a wide range of producers in royalty negotiations and can harm the end consumers through a process known as "patent hold-up." There are currently ...


The New Adventures Of The Common Law, Damien P. Horigan Dec 2009

The New Adventures Of The Common Law, Damien P. Horigan

Pace International Law Review Online Companion

One of the arguably unexpected legal developments during the first decade of this century has been the emergence of new common law jurisdictions in a region with a very different legal heritage – the Arabian Peninsula. These young jurisdictions have been created specifically to foster the growth of new hubs for banking and finance. This article will examine these new adventures of the common law.


La Ley De Drogas Vigente Como Sistema Jurídico Paralelo, David Cordero Heredia Dec 2009

La Ley De Drogas Vigente Como Sistema Jurídico Paralelo, David Cordero Heredia

David Cordero Heredia

El artículo analiza como la política internacional anti drogas crea, en Ecuador, un sistema de reglas contrarias a la Constitución y a los tratados internacionales ratificados por el Estado.


The Fiduciary Constitution Of Human Rights, Evan Fox-Decent, Evan J. Criddle Dec 2009

The Fiduciary Constitution Of Human Rights, Evan Fox-Decent, Evan J. Criddle

Faculty Publications

We argue that human rights are best conceived as norms arising from a fiduciary relationship that exists between states (or statelike actors) and the citizens and noncitizens subject to their power. These norms draw on a Kantian conception of moral personhood, protecting agents from instrumentalization and domination. They do not, however, exist in the abstract as timeless natural rights. Instead, they are correlates of the state’s fiduciary duty to provide equal security under the rule of law, a duty that flows from the state’s institutional assumption of irresistible sovereign powers.


Why Egregious Errors Of Law May Yet Justify A Refusal Of Enforcement Under The 'New York Convention', Seng Wei, Edward Ti Dec 2009

Why Egregious Errors Of Law May Yet Justify A Refusal Of Enforcement Under The 'New York Convention', Seng Wei, Edward Ti

Research Collection School Of Law

Parties on the losing side in international arbitration have long argued that an error of law is a defence to the enforcement of foreign awards. Citing article V(2)(b) of the New York Convention, such parties have argued that a manifest error of law is a violation of public policy. While national courts have generally paid little heed to this line of argument, this article seeks to raise the possibility that there may yet be the exceedingly rare instance in which a court should preclude enforcing an award marred by a hideous error of law. Limited review of an ...


Playing By The Rules: Combating Al Qaeda Within The Law Of War, David Glazier Dec 2009

Playing By The Rules: Combating Al Qaeda Within The Law Of War, David Glazier

William & Mary Law Review

Although the conflict formerly known as the “war on terror” is now in its eighth year, key legal issues governing the use of force and military detention remain largely unresolved. These questions survive the Bush administration, as the United States continues to launch aerial strikes against al Qaeda and President Obama has indicated his intention to continue the use of preventative detention and military trials even after Guantánamo is closed. Military victory is not possible, but good faith application of authority from the law of war can effectively complement traditional criminal law in combating the threat. Even if the Geneva ...


The Illegal-Settlements Myth, David Phillips Nov 2009

The Illegal-Settlements Myth, David Phillips

David M. Phillips

No abstract provided.


La Tributación En Los Negocios Internacionales, Juan David Barbosa Nov 2009

La Tributación En Los Negocios Internacionales, Juan David Barbosa

Juan David Barbosa Mariño

El presente escrito analiza, desde la perspectiva de la normatividad colombiana y del derecho tributario internacional, algunos de los aspectos mas importantes que deben ser considerados al estructurar o determinar los efectos tributarios de un negocio internacional. El análisis presenta las implicaciones fiscales que pueden tener la negociación de los distintos Incoterms; así como algunos de los efectos en materia de IVA que pueden tener las normas de origen y las normas de valoración aduanera. También señala algunos efectos de la aplicación de tratados internacionales para los negocios internacionales, particularmente los Convenios para evitar la Doble Imposición – de aquí en ...


Ideologia E Utopias Nas Mais Recentes Constituintes Brasileira E Portuguesa: Algumas Linhas De Leitura, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2009

Ideologia E Utopias Nas Mais Recentes Constituintes Brasileira E Portuguesa: Algumas Linhas De Leitura, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Based upon a political compromise, in which « democratic socialists » and « social democrats » were the main protagonists, the ideology of Portuguese Constitution of 1976 was discrete, subtle. And ulterior constitutional revisions confirmed that fondamental aspect. Of course, utopia was present. But, even more present was the « hope principle ». We believe that the Brazilean constituent assembly, with the original importance of popular contributions, also had hope principle’s decisive influence. But the dinamics of the constituent assembly moderated, since the very beggining, the verbal signs of less discret ideologies. Utopia, neverthless, is very present in the aim of the « Citizen Constitution » to ...


The Next Generation: Creating New Peace Processes In The Middle East, Carrie Menkel-Meadow, Irena Nutenko Nov 2009

The Next Generation: Creating New Peace Processes In The Middle East, Carrie Menkel-Meadow, Irena Nutenko

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This essay describes how Israeli students in a course on mediation and consensus building taught in an Israeli university law department by and American law professor and an Israeli instructor analyzed and studied the conflict in the Middle East. It describes the suggestions they made for process design for the next stages of whatever peace process might emerge for the region. In light of the students' suggestions, the authors present some ideas as to how different approaches to reconciliation and peace might be used, managed, and coordinated.


Health Care And The Un Disability Rights Convention, Michael Ashley Stein, Penelope J S Stein, Dorothy Weiss, Raymond Lang Nov 2009

Health Care And The Un Disability Rights Convention, Michael Ashley Stein, Penelope J S Stein, Dorothy Weiss, Raymond Lang

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


The March To Copenhagen And The Quest For Climate Justice, Ondotimi Songi, Timipere Songi Nov 2009

The March To Copenhagen And The Quest For Climate Justice, Ondotimi Songi, Timipere Songi

Ondotimi Songi

Following events preceding the Copenhagen conference on climate change, the article looks at whether world leaders can seal a comprehensive, fair, effective and binding climate change deal. It traces efforts at addressing climate change from a policy and legal perspective noting that the discussion on climate change has focused on environmental and economic costs and suggesting that the issue be seen from a human rights and development perspective so as to realign strategies and programmes on mitigation and adaptation. From an African perspective, as a continent that is worst hit by climate change, it is noted that apart from insisting ...


Environmental Federalism: Historical Roots And Contemporary Models, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

Environmental Federalism: Historical Roots And Contemporary Models, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


The Bounds Of Consent: Consent Decrees, Settlements And Federal Environmental Policy Making, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

The Bounds Of Consent: Consent Decrees, Settlements And Federal Environmental Policy Making, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


Who's Afraid Of The Precautionary Principle?, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

Who's Afraid Of The Precautionary Principle?, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

The precautionary principle – the notion that lack of scientific certainty should not foreclose precautionary regulation – has become enormously popular in recent years, as reflected by its endorsement in many important international declarations and agreements. Despite its growing influence, the precautionary principle recently has come under fire by critics who argue that it is incoherent, potentially paralyzing, and that it will lead regulators to make bad choices. They maintain that society faces greater peril from overly costly regulations than from exposure to sources of environmental risks whose effect on human health and the environment is not fully understood at present. This ...


Responding To Environmental Risk: A Pluralistic Perspective, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

Responding To Environmental Risk: A Pluralistic Perspective, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


Escaping The Common Law's Shadow: Standing In The Light Of Laidlaw, Robert V. Percival, Joanna B. Goger Nov 2009

Escaping The Common Law's Shadow: Standing In The Light Of Laidlaw, Robert V. Percival, Joanna B. Goger

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


Who Sues For Divorce? From Fault Through Fiction To Freedom, Lawrence M. Friedman, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

Who Sues For Divorce? From Fault Through Fiction To Freedom, Lawrence M. Friedman, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Attorney Fee Shifting In Public Interest Litigation, Robert V. Percival, Geoffrey P. Miller Nov 2009

The Role Of Attorney Fee Shifting In Public Interest Litigation, Robert V. Percival, Geoffrey P. Miller

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


Water Pollution Control: Lessons From Transnational Experience, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

Water Pollution Control: Lessons From Transnational Experience, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

Water is fundamental to life, as reflected in space scientists' compulsive search for signs of its presence when scrutinizing other planets for possible life forms. Fortunately for our species, more than two-thirds of our planet is covered with water, creating an environment richly conducive to life. Humans have just begun to appreciate how precious earth's water resources are and how vulnerable they are to damage from human activity. Efforts to protect earth's water resources from contamination have been among the most prominent catalysts for the development of environmental law thoroughout the world. After surveying this experience, this paper ...


El Surgimiento Del Derecho Ambiental Global, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

El Surgimiento Del Derecho Ambiental Global, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

Legal systems across the globe are responding to environmental concerns in surprising new ways. As nations upgrade their environmental standards, some are transplanting law and regulatory policy innovations derived from the experience of other countries, including nations with very different legal and cultural traditions. New national, regional, and international initiatives have been undertaken both by governments and private organizations. Greater cross-border collaboration between government officials, nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations and other entities is shaping environmental policy in ways that blur traditional private/public land domestic/international distinctions. The result has been the emergence of a kind of “global environmental law ...


A Tale Of Two Courts: Litigation In Alameda And San Benito Counties, Lawrence M. Friedman, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

A Tale Of Two Courts: Litigation In Alameda And San Benito Counties, Lawrence M. Friedman, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


The Processing Of Felonies In The Superior Court Of Alameda County 1880-1974, Lawrence M. Friedman, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

The Processing Of Felonies In The Superior Court Of Alameda County 1880-1974, Lawrence M. Friedman, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


Conservation And Renewable Energy Sources As Supply Alternatives For New York's Electric Utilities, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

Conservation And Renewable Energy Sources As Supply Alternatives For New York's Electric Utilities, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


Restoring Regulatory Policy To Serve The Public Interest, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

Restoring Regulatory Policy To Serve The Public Interest, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


Resolución De Conflictos Ambientales: Lecciones Aprendidas De La Historia De La Contaminación De Las Fundiciones De Minerales, Robert V. Percival Nov 2009

Resolución De Conflictos Ambientales: Lecciones Aprendidas De La Historia De La Contaminación De Las Fundiciones De Minerales, Robert V. Percival

Robert Percival

No abstract provided.


Unsex Cedaw: What's Wrong With "Women's Rights", Darren Rosenblum Nov 2009

Unsex Cedaw: What's Wrong With "Women's Rights", Darren Rosenblum

International & Comparative Law Colloquium Papers

Although the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (“CEDAW” or the “Convention”) has succeeded in some respects, even its supporters acknowledge broad failures. CEDAW’s weakness draws on the titular mistaken diagnosis: “women” are not the issue&#;gender disparities are. The 1970’s drafting of CEDAW focused on bringing women to their place at the international law table. What’s wrong with women’s rights? In the international context, CEDAW attempts to empower women but fails to respect other gender inequality. As the preeminent treaty on gender inequality, CEDAW cannot succeed in creating gender equality ...


Treaty Compliance And Violation, Beth A. Simmons Nov 2009

Treaty Compliance And Violation, Beth A. Simmons

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

International law has enjoyed a recent renaissance as an important subfield of study within international relations. Two trends are evident in the recent literature. First, the obsession with theoretical labels is on the decline. Second, empirical, especially quantitative, work is burgeoning. This article reviews the literature in four issues areas — security, war, and peace; international trade; protection of the environment; and human rights — and concludes we have a much stronger basis for assessing claims about compliance and violation now than was the case only a few years ago. Still, the literature suffers from a few weaknesses, including problems of selection ...