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2006

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Shoshone-Paiute Tribes Decree For Water In Snake River Basin In Idaho, Fifth Judicial District Court, Twin Falls County, Idaho Dec 2006

Shoshone-Paiute Tribes Decree For Water In Snake River Basin In Idaho, Fifth Judicial District Court, Twin Falls County, Idaho

Native American Water Rights Settlement Project

Revised Consent Decree: Parties: Shoshone-Paiute Tribes, Idaho, United States, J.R. Simplot Company, Riddle Ranches. Duck Valley Reservation Contents: 1. Procedural History, Offer of Judgment. p.1; 2. Entry of Partial Final Decrees for Federal Reserved Water Rights. p.2; 3. Remaining Water Right Claims Disallowed, p.3; 4. Withdrawal of United States’ Objections to Riddle Ranch p.3; 5. Administration of Water Rights including tribal water code, p.3; 6. Waivers and Releases p.3; 7. No Establishment of Precedent, p.4; 8. Resolution and Finality, p.5; 9. Costs and Fees, p. 5; Attachment A, Consumptive Claim Numbers ...


U.S. Asylum Law Out Of Sync With International Obligations: Real Id Act, Victor P. White Nov 2006

U.S. Asylum Law Out Of Sync With International Obligations: Real Id Act, Victor P. White

San Diego International Law Journal

Focusing on defensive asylum applications, this Comment examines whether certain provisions of REAL ID violate due process and international obligations to asylum seekers. Part I situates REAL ID within the historical context of nearly a decade of restrictive U.S. immigration law and over two decades of Executive Orders aimed at deterring a mass exodus of asylum seekers from reaching U.S. shores. Part II provides an overview of the U.S. asylum system and argues that the system produces inconsistent and sometimes arbitrary results, indicating that segments of the system do not satisfy international obligations. Part III outlines three ...


Hostile Takeovers And Hostile Defenses: A Comparative Look At U.S. Board Deference And The European Effort At Harmonization, Tyler A. Theobald Oct 2006

Hostile Takeovers And Hostile Defenses: A Comparative Look At U.S. Board Deference And The European Effort At Harmonization, Tyler A. Theobald

ExpressO

The United States and the European Union have taken very different approaches in dealing with tender offers, especially in respect to the amount of power the board of directors has to block an unwanted takeover attempt. The United States has no single set of guiding principles regarding most of substantive corporate law and the field of tender offers is no different. The European Union, on the other hand, has very recently passed legislation that not only attempts to harmonize the corporate takeover laws of all its member states, but seeks to restrict the power of the board of directors. The ...


Agenda: Celebrating The Centennial Of The Antiquities Act, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center, University Of Colorado Boulder. Center Of The American West Oct 2006

Agenda: Celebrating The Centennial Of The Antiquities Act, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center, University Of Colorado Boulder. Center Of The American West

Celebrating the Centennial of the Antiquities Act (October 9)

For 100 years, the Antiquities Act has been used by nearly every President in the 20th century to set aside and protect lands threatened with privatization and development. The list of lands first protected under the Antiquities Act – and that might never have been protected without it – is truly remarkable. Many of our most treasured national parks including the Grand Canyon, Olympic, Zion, Arches, Glacier Bay, and Acadia, began as national monuments. All told, Presidents have issued 123 proclamations setting aside millions of acres of land under the Antiquities Act.

The Natural Resources Law Center and the Center of the ...


Slides: The Centennial Of The Antiquities Act: A Cause For Celebration?, James R. Rasband Oct 2006

Slides: The Centennial Of The Antiquities Act: A Cause For Celebration?, James R. Rasband

Celebrating the Centennial of the Antiquities Act (October 9)

Presenter: Professor James R. Rasband, Brigham Young University School of Law

20 slides


The Road To The Antiquities Act And Basic Preservation Policies It Established, Francis P. Mcmanamon Oct 2006

The Road To The Antiquities Act And Basic Preservation Policies It Established, Francis P. Mcmanamon

Celebrating the Centennial of the Antiquities Act (October 9)

3 pages.


Antiquities Act Monuments: The Elgin Marbles Of Our Public Lands?, James R. Rasband Oct 2006

Antiquities Act Monuments: The Elgin Marbles Of Our Public Lands?, James R. Rasband

Celebrating the Centennial of the Antiquities Act (October 9)

13 pages.

Includes bibliographical references


Aerospace And Antitrust: How The European Union Supports Its Interests To The Detriment Of United States' Companies, Jason Thompson Oct 2006

Aerospace And Antitrust: How The European Union Supports Its Interests To The Detriment Of United States' Companies, Jason Thompson

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


U.S. And U.K. Approaches To The War On Terror: The Surveillance Of Religious Worship, Jodie A. Kirschner Oct 2006

U.S. And U.K. Approaches To The War On Terror: The Surveillance Of Religious Worship, Jodie A. Kirschner

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Plan B Contraceptive And The Role Of Politics In Medicine: A Comparative Analysis Of The "Switch" Of Emergency Contraception From Prescription To Non-Prescription In The United States, France, The United Kingdom, And Canada, Mary E. Armstrong Sep 2006

Plan B Contraceptive And The Role Of Politics In Medicine: A Comparative Analysis Of The "Switch" Of Emergency Contraception From Prescription To Non-Prescription In The United States, France, The United Kingdom, And Canada, Mary E. Armstrong

ExpressO

Of the approximately 6 million pregnancies in the United States each year, almost half are unintended. Of these unintended pregnancies, approximately four in ten will end in abortion. Plan B emergency contraception is a drug that has the potential to reduce the number of abortions performed each year in half. Despite contentions from various religious and political sects, Plan B is not an abortifacient. It acts by preventing a pregnancy from starting rather than terminating a pregnancy that is already established. On December 16, 2003, a panel of medical and scientific experts gathered by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA ...


Through The Looking Glass: What A Comparison With The New Polish Legal Framework Of Arbitration Reveals About The U.S. Legal Framework Of Arbitration, Adam J. Sulkowski Sep 2006

Through The Looking Glass: What A Comparison With The New Polish Legal Framework Of Arbitration Reveals About The U.S. Legal Framework Of Arbitration, Adam J. Sulkowski

ExpressO

In Poland, domestic and international arbitrations are regulated by the Civil Procedure Code. A completely new set of regulations concerning arbitration went into effect in October, 2005. A comparison of the Polish and American legal frameworks of arbitration reveals many similarities and a few key differences. The differences involve the powers of arbitrators to decide upon their own jurisdiction, the arbitrability of employment disputes and the consequences of failure to consider applicable national law. Comparing how similar cases would be resolved under the new Polish standards and U.S. standards raises the question of how U.S. standards evolved and ...


Enforcing Foreign Summary/Default Judgments: The Damoclean Sword Hanging Over Pro Se Canadian Corporate Defendants? Case Comment On U.S.A. V. Shield Development, Antonin I. Pribetic Sep 2006

Enforcing Foreign Summary/Default Judgments: The Damoclean Sword Hanging Over Pro Se Canadian Corporate Defendants? Case Comment On U.S.A. V. Shield Development, Antonin I. Pribetic

ExpressO

Following the 2003 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Beals v. Saldanha, where the “real and substantial connection” test is otherwise met (i.e. consent-based jurisdiction, presence-based jurisdiction or assumed jurisdiction) the only available defences to a domestic defendant seeking to have a Canadian court refuse enforcement of a foreign judgment are fraud, public policy and natural justice. The 2005 Ontario decision in United States of America v. Shield Development Co., presents an opportunity to critically analyze the defence of natural justice through a juxtaposition of American and Canadian procedural law. The thesis is that procedural justice mandates that “form ...


The Headscarf As Threat? A Comparison Of German And American Legal Discourses, Robert A. Kahn Aug 2006

The Headscarf As Threat? A Comparison Of German And American Legal Discourses, Robert A. Kahn

ExpressO

In this article I compare how American and German judges conceptualize the harm the headscarf poses to society. My examples are the 2003 Ludin case, in which the German Federal Constitutional Court held that the civil service, in the absence of state regulation, could not reject a woman from a civil service teaching position solely because she would not remove her headscarf while teaching; and State v. Freeman, in which a Florida court held that a woman could not pose for a drivers license wearing a garment (the niqab) that covered all of her face except her eyes. While judges ...


Striker Replacements: A Human Rights Perspective, Lance A. Compa Jul 2006

Striker Replacements: A Human Rights Perspective, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] United States labor law on workers' right to strike meets international human rights standards—up to a point. The law does not ban strikes in the private sector. Unlike many countries that nominally allow strikes but create onerous procedural obstacles (Mexico is a prime example), the United States, aside from modest notice requirements, lets workers decide to strike. In a handful of states, public-sector workers can strike.

So far, so good. But beyond this point, U.S. labor law and practice deviate from international standards. In the public sector, most strikes are prohibited even with no threat to public ...


Church And State In The United States: Competing Conceptions And Historic Changes, Douglas Laycock Jul 2006

Church And State In The United States: Competing Conceptions And Historic Changes, Douglas Laycock

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

This article, originally written for a French audience, attempts to explain the American law of church and state from the ground up, assuming no background information. Basic legal provisions are explained. The relevant American history is periodized in three alignments of religious conflict: Protestant-Protestant, Protestant-Catholic, and religious-secular. Some frequently heard concepts are explained, distinguished, and related to each other-separation, voluntarism, equality, formal and substantive neutrality, liberty, toleration, and state action. Finally, the principal disputes over religious liberty are assessed in three broad areas-funding of religiously affiliated activities, religious speech (with and without government sponsorship), and regulation of religious practice. These ...


Laïcité In The United States Or The Separation Of Church And State In Pluralist Society, Elisabeth Zoller Jul 2006

Laïcité In The United States Or The Separation Of Church And State In Pluralist Society, Elisabeth Zoller

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

No abstract provided.


Religious Expression And Symbolism In The American Constitutional Tradition: Government Neutrality, But Not Indifference, Daniel O. Conkle Jul 2006

Religious Expression And Symbolism In The American Constitutional Tradition: Government Neutrality, But Not Indifference, Daniel O. Conkle

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

In this article, I describe and analyze three principles of First Amendment doctrine. First, the Establishment Clause generally forbids governmental expression that has the purpose or effect of promoting or endorsing religion. Second, and conversely, private religious expression is broadly defined and is strongly protected by the Free Speech Clause. Third, as an implicit exception to the first principle, the government itself is sometimes permitted to engage in expression that seemingly does promote and endorse religion, but only when the expression is noncoercive, nonsectarian, and embedded within (or at least in harmony with) longstanding historical tradition. Comparing these three principles ...


Globalization And The Secularization Of Immigration Policy: Competing Influences On Immigrant Integration Policy In Germany, France, Britain And The United States, Pamela Irving Jackson, Roderick Parke Jun 2006

Globalization And The Secularization Of Immigration Policy: Competing Influences On Immigrant Integration Policy In Germany, France, Britain And The United States, Pamela Irving Jackson, Roderick Parke

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This article examines the extent to which anti-racist policy development is on the front line of the struggle between the denationalizing forces of global economic integration and the renationalization efforts inherent to the securitization of immigration policies. Sassen (1999) contends that global economic integration has stimulated labor demands and migration patterns that have fostered the transnationalization of immigration policy and provided some protections to immigrants. Jacobson (1996) and Hollifield (1992) have demonstrated global convergence in human rights standards. But national governments have responded to the supra-national influences in anti-racist and minority integration policy development by substituting internal security goals for ...


Slides: Adapting To Climate And To Climate Change, Roger S. Pulwarty Jun 2006

Slides: Adapting To Climate And To Climate Change, Roger S. Pulwarty

Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions (Summer Conference, June 7-9)

Presenter: Roger S. Pulwarty, Research Scientist, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/CIRES, Boulder.

50 slides.


Slides: Beyond Kyoto: Climate Change And International Law, Fabio Feldmann Jun 2006

Slides: Beyond Kyoto: Climate Change And International Law, Fabio Feldmann

Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions (Summer Conference, June 7-9)

Presenter: Fabio Feldmann, Executive Secretary, São Paulo Forum on Global Climate Changes and Biodiversity, Brazil.

55 slides.

Contains references.


Slides: Federal Law And Climate Change: Possible Future Directions, Kyle Danish Jun 2006

Slides: Federal Law And Climate Change: Possible Future Directions, Kyle Danish

Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions (Summer Conference, June 7-9)

Presenter: Kyle Danish, Van Ness Feldman, Washington, DC.

18 slides.


Slides: The Real Biofuel Cycles And The Earth, Biofuels, And Reality, Tad W. Patzek Jun 2006

Slides: The Real Biofuel Cycles And The Earth, Biofuels, And Reality, Tad W. Patzek

Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions (Summer Conference, June 7-9)

Presenter: Tad W. Patzek, Professor of Petroleum Engineering, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA

2 pages and 29 slides.

Contains footnotes.


Global Warming And Transportation System Planning, Bob Yuhnke Jun 2006

Global Warming And Transportation System Planning, Bob Yuhnke

Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions (Summer Conference, June 7-9)

Presenter: Bob Yuhnke, Robert E. Yuhnke & Associates, Boulder, CO.

4 pages.


Slides: The Moral And Political Challenges Of Climate Change And Ethics And Climate Change, Dale Jamieson, Michael (Mickey) Glantz Jun 2006

Slides: The Moral And Political Challenges Of Climate Change And Ethics And Climate Change, Dale Jamieson, Michael (Mickey) Glantz

Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions (Summer Conference, June 7-9)

Presenter: Dale Jamieson, Professor, New York University, New York NY.

Commentator: Michael (Mickey) Glantz, Center for Capacity Building, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO.

9 pages and 13 slides.

Contains references.


Slides: Climate Change And … The Future Of The American West, Michael (Mickey) Glantz Jun 2006

Slides: Climate Change And … The Future Of The American West, Michael (Mickey) Glantz

Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions (Summer Conference, June 7-9)

Presenter and Commentator: Michael (Mickey) Glantz, Center for Capacity Building, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO.

15 slides.


Positively Punitive: How The Inventor Of Scientific Criminology Who Died At The Beginning Of The Twentieth Century Continues To Haunt American Crime Control At The Beginning Of The Twenty-First, Jonathan Simon Jun 2006

Positively Punitive: How The Inventor Of Scientific Criminology Who Died At The Beginning Of The Twentieth Century Continues To Haunt American Crime Control At The Beginning Of The Twenty-First, Jonathan Simon

Faculty Scholarship

The article presents a historical interpretation of changes in the penal system of the U.S. Penology is linked with incarceration rate outcomes. Rhetoric is considered in consistency with penalty themes and rehabilitation. The practice of positivist criminology is reflected when proponents viewed themselves as opposition to legal officials' crime control policy ideas.


The Clear And Present Danger Test In Anglo-American And European Law, David G. Barnum May 2006

The Clear And Present Danger Test In Anglo-American And European Law, David G. Barnum

San Diego International Law Journal

This Article will examine the role that the danger test has played in the decisions of American courts and, more recently, in the decisions of British courts and the enforcement organs of the European Convention. Part I will briefly trace the immediate Anglo-American constitutional background from which the danger test emerged. It particular, it will examine the way in which the common law offense of seditious libel was defined by British judges and judicial commentators in the late nineteenth century. Part II will focus on the evolution in American law of judicial attempts to articulate both a "content-based" and an ...


Money Talks: The Influence Of Economic Power On The Employment Laws And Policies In The United States And France, Carole A. Scott May 2006

Money Talks: The Influence Of Economic Power On The Employment Laws And Policies In The United States And France, Carole A. Scott

San Diego International Law Journal

Money talks. Money changes everything. There is nothing money cannot buy. These are all familiar phrases used to describe the desirable, and undesirable, effects of money. Money can also mean power, and more specifically, economic power. Indeed, economic power is becoming an increasingly important concept for a wide range of academic disciplines. For example, the concept of economic power has heavily influenced a new theory of international relations, namely globalization. Many globalization theorists argue that economic power is replacing military power in global politics. Other scholars contend that globalization is creating a new world order where economics are the central ...


Circumventing The Supremacy Clause? Understanding The Constitutional Implications Of The United States' Treatment Of Treaty Obligations Through An Analysis Of The New York Convention, Amber A. Ward May 2006

Circumventing The Supremacy Clause? Understanding The Constitutional Implications Of The United States' Treatment Of Treaty Obligations Through An Analysis Of The New York Convention, Amber A. Ward

San Diego International Law Journal

The United States participation in treaties and other international agreements is becoming more necessary and an increasingly prevalent occurrence as a result of globalization. The rapid pace of technological innovation and more effective means of transportation have caused our world to shrink, making countries even more interconnected. The corresponding explosion of international business and commercial transactions has resulted in high levels of risk and uncertainty due to a complex mix of laws, monetary factors, politics and cultures that vary across countries. For global players, it has become essential to have international agreements that can mitigate the risks inherent in international ...


Same Old, Same Old: Scientific Evidence Past And Present, Edward K. Cheng May 2006

Same Old, Same Old: Scientific Evidence Past And Present, Edward K. Cheng

Michigan Law Review

For over twenty years, and particularly since the Supreme Court's Daubert decision in 1993, much ink has been spilled debating the problem of scientific evidence in the courts. Are jurors or, in the alternative, judges qualified to assess scientific reliability? Do courts really need to be concerned about "junk science"? What mechanisms can promote better decision making in scientific cases? Even a cursory scan of the literature shows the recent explosion of interest in these issues, precipitating new treatises, hundreds of articles, and countless conferences for judges, practitioners, and academics. To this literature, Professor Tal Golan adds Laws of ...