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2006

Theses/Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Best Practices Within Mediation Programs, Warren L. Hills Dec 2006

Best Practices Within Mediation Programs, Warren L. Hills

Dissertations

Mediation Centers have been introduced to college and university campuses in recent years as a cost effective method to deal with a variety of conflict issues. These centers offer a variety of services to students, faculty, and staff including mediation, facilitation, and training. Campus mediation centers that report various levels of success and growth serve as an example for operations to their peer institutions. Yet for a lack of previous research, little information is known about the actual operations of campus mediation centers and the systems and processes they follow.

An internet-based survey was sent to campus mediation centers staff ...


Problem-Based Learning: An Attitudinal Study Of Police Academy Students, Gregory P. Vander Kooi Dec 2006

Problem-Based Learning: An Attitudinal Study Of Police Academy Students, Gregory P. Vander Kooi

Dissertations

Policing strategies have gravitated toward a consensus paradigm model, commonly referred to as "community policing." This is a significant paradigm shift, yet most police academies continue to use traditional lecture-based pedagogical methods to train police officers. One possible alternative to passive lecture-based teaching is a more active problem-based learning. Problem-based methodologies consist of presenting ill-structured problems whereby an instructor facilitates and directs the students in active inquiry toward possible solutions for a specific problem.


Policy Analysis Of The Victim Offender Restitution Program, Veronica Damon, Marie Bostick, Lamont Mcgary Jul 2006

Policy Analysis Of The Victim Offender Restitution Program, Veronica Damon, Marie Bostick, Lamont Mcgary

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Both the criminal justice and the juvenile justice systems have experienced increased strain due to criminal acts committed by juveniles. Many experts suggest that one way to ease the burden of the courts can be found in the theory of restorative justice. Most often the juvenile justice system is most concerned with the risk and needs of youthful offenders without significant consideration for the victims. A key component in the restorative justice theory is victim offender mediation which seeks to reduce the impact of crime on victims and the community. Clark County, Nevada has one such program, the Victim Offender ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Human Rights Laws In The United States And Australia, Emily F. Chalifoux Apr 2006

A Comparative Analysis Of Human Rights Laws In The United States And Australia, Emily F. Chalifoux

Honors Theses

Discrimination does not make good business sense; it causes tension and a decrease in productivity. Even though human rights laws vary from country to country, conforming with these laws makes business more cohesive and productive. Some of the many benefits include:

  • Increase the pool of potential employees and, therefore, the chances of getting the best person for the job,
  • Build morale and productivity of employees
  • Minimize complaints, disruptions and legal wrangles, leaving employees to focus on their work, and
  • Add to the bottom line and build the company's reputation in the community.

The purpose of this paper is to ...


The Reinvention Of Nato, Robert M. Antis Apr 2006

The Reinvention Of Nato, Robert M. Antis

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

In 2006, NATO is operating well out of area and conducting missions beyond the collective defense limits of its founding Treaty. NATO increasingly supports humanitarian relief operations, while also engaged in Afghanistan, the Mediterranean, and African crisis spots.

These changes provide the reason to examine the thesis: only if NATO is able to effectively transform will it be able to continue in its role as the primary European security institution. This transformation of the Alliance is a process, and one that could yet come to an untimely conclusion following any crisis. How NATO has adapted so far, and the potential ...


The Good Governance Agenda Of International Development Institutions, Kerry L. Hofheimer Apr 2006

The Good Governance Agenda Of International Development Institutions, Kerry L. Hofheimer

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

International development institutions (IDIs) have increasingly emphasized good governance and democratic reform in the provision of foreign assistance. This is especially apparent with respect to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank, European Union (EU), and United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This project describes and explains the good governance and democracy promotion program of each institution.

Previous studies have accounted for IDIs' good governance and democracy promotion in the 1990s in a generalized way. They have taken into consideration external international changes such as the fading of the Cold War and increased global interdependence between the North ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Copyright Law Of The Kingdom Of Thailand And The Copyright Law Of The United States Of America : Within The Context Of International Trade, Sutee Iamcharoenying Apr 2006

A Comparative Analysis Of The Copyright Law Of The Kingdom Of Thailand And The Copyright Law Of The United States Of America : Within The Context Of International Trade, Sutee Iamcharoenying

Theses and Dissertations

Over the past twenty years, the Kingdom of Thailand's role in international trade has considerably increased. Concurrently, Thailand has been rapidly absorbing and utilizing advanced technology from the developed countries. Along with these favorable consequences, have come concerns regarding intellectual property protection. In fact, intellectual property matters have become one of the focal concerns for the United States, Thailand's most important trading partner. The United States has proclaimed that, to compete with other players in the world, Thailand must develop a sound copyright law reform to sustain its socio-economic development.

The fact that international copyright norms have been ...


The Law Of The World Trade Organization And Its Domestic Implementation: With Special Reference To The People's Republic Of China, Hongliu Gong Apr 2006

The Law Of The World Trade Organization And Its Domestic Implementation: With Special Reference To The People's Republic Of China, Hongliu Gong

Theses and Dissertations

On January 15, 1995, a new international economic organization came into being. The creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO), of which the tenth anniversary recently passed, marks "a watershed moment for the institutions of world economic relations reflected in the Bretton Wood system." Through a decade of existence, the WTO has grown into a "common institutional framework for the conduct of trade relations," serving to "develop an integrated, more viable and durable multilateral trading system."

Like many international economic organizations that emerged after World War II, the WTO is a treaty-established inter-governmental institution. "Treaties are often an awkward albeit ...


The 1998 Rome Statute Of The International Criminal Court: Scope Of The Subject Matter And Personal Jurisdiction Of The Court Towards Individual Criminal Accountability, Remigius Oraeki Chibueze Mar 2006

The 1998 Rome Statute Of The International Criminal Court: Scope Of The Subject Matter And Personal Jurisdiction Of The Court Towards Individual Criminal Accountability, Remigius Oraeki Chibueze

Theses and Dissertations

The principle of individual criminal responsibility evidences the recognition by the international community that crimes against international law are committed by individuals, not abstract entities and only by punishing individuals who commit such crimes can the provisions of international law be enforced.

This principle which was first propagated by the Nuremberg tribunal has now been confirmed and codified by the international community in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The Rome Statute established a sui generis permanent international criminal court and unequivocally provides that a person who commits a crime within the jurisdiction of the Court shall be ...


International Law Principles Of Continental Shelf Delimitation And Sino-Japanese East China Sea Disputes, Ying Cai Jan 2006

International Law Principles Of Continental Shelf Delimitation And Sino-Japanese East China Sea Disputes, Ying Cai

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Economics Of Maritime Environmental Regulations On Oil Pollution Liability : Linking Theory To Practice, Zhirong Tan Jan 2006

Economics Of Maritime Environmental Regulations On Oil Pollution Liability : Linking Theory To Practice, Zhirong Tan

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The State Of Play As Regards The Allocation Of Places Of Refuge In The Baltic Sea, John Howard Ohlson Jan 2006

The State Of Play As Regards The Allocation Of Places Of Refuge In The Baltic Sea, John Howard Ohlson

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Risk Communication And Maritime Safety Legislation, Anish Arvind Hebbar Jan 2006

Risk Communication And Maritime Safety Legislation, Anish Arvind Hebbar

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


What Constitutes A Package Or Unit For The Purpose Of Determining The Package Limitation In Carriage Of Goods By Sea [Cogsa]?, Fodil Tighilt Jan 2006

What Constitutes A Package Or Unit For The Purpose Of Determining The Package Limitation In Carriage Of Goods By Sea [Cogsa]?, Fodil Tighilt

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Study On The Legal Problems Related To Places Of Refuge, Wenzhi Yang Jan 2006

A Study On The Legal Problems Related To Places Of Refuge, Wenzhi Yang

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Legal And Practical Implications Of The Draft Convention On Wreck Removal (Dwrc), Zhongzhou Fan Jan 2006

The Legal And Practical Implications Of The Draft Convention On Wreck Removal (Dwrc), Zhongzhou Fan

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Integrating Maritime Industry And Coastal And Ocean Management : An Assessment Of The Situation In Portugal, Goncalo Carneiro Jan 2006

Integrating Maritime Industry And Coastal And Ocean Management : An Assessment Of The Situation In Portugal, Goncalo Carneiro

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Post 9-11 Security Measures On Small, Aspiring And Export-Dependent Maritime States : Mixed Blessings For The Caribbean, Paul Wayne Wright Jan 2006

The Impact Of Post 9-11 Security Measures On Small, Aspiring And Export-Dependent Maritime States : Mixed Blessings For The Caribbean, Paul Wayne Wright

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Study On The Legal Problem Of Places Of Refuge From The View Of Marine Environmental Protection, Maofeng Li Jan 2006

A Study On The Legal Problem Of Places Of Refuge From The View Of Marine Environmental Protection, Maofeng Li

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Regime Of Boarding Ships In International Maritime Law, Salam Khadim Baghdad Al-Khafaji Jan 2006

The Regime Of Boarding Ships In International Maritime Law, Salam Khadim Baghdad Al-Khafaji

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Study On The Effect Of The Port Law On The Development Of Chinese Ports, Li. Yuqi Jan 2006

Study On The Effect Of The Port Law On The Development Of Chinese Ports, Li. Yuqi

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study On The Legal System Of Arrest Of Ships In China, Haifeng Lin Jan 2006

A Comparative Study On The Legal System Of Arrest Of Ships In China, Haifeng Lin

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Selective Capacity Of The Likely To Become A Public Charge Clause In The Visa Issuance Process, Camila Morsch Jan 2006

The Selective Capacity Of The Likely To Become A Public Charge Clause In The Visa Issuance Process, Camila Morsch

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

This paper provides an empirical examination of how the Likely to Become a Public Charge Clause (LPCC) is used in the American visa issuance process. This work covers literature on the logic and usage of the LPCC since the late 1800’s to present, suggesting administrative use of the LPCC expands according to different circumstances beyond its intended purposes. The quantitative portion of this work evaluates the use of the LPCC (for both immigrant applicant and nonimmigrant applicant populations) from 1966 to 2002 to ascertain the effect of economic and security conditions on the use of the LPCC. Applied Statistical ...


Public Humiliation As A Mitigator In Criminal Sentencing, Barbara Benoliel Jan 2006

Public Humiliation As A Mitigator In Criminal Sentencing, Barbara Benoliel

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

This study examined the relationship between the public humiliation and shaming of offenders in the sentencing portion of a criminal trial and the subsequent severity of the sentence the offender receives. Judicial moral shaming of offenders is returning to popularity in the courts, influencing the final sentence outcome as an under-identified mitigator, that substitutes for judges’ other punitive sanctions. Support for this shaming is found in Heider’s attribution theory and in Homans’ theory of social exchange; however Braithwaite found this form of shaming is overly punitive and ineffective. This four phase study used a sequential, mixed method, exploratory research ...


The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali Jan 2006

The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many countries claim that foreign cultural goods threaten their national identities and culture and engage in protectionism. In this dissertation, I analyze the economics of trade protection in cultural services, focusing on domestic cultural content protection in terrestrial television and radio broadcasting, and cultural tariffs in the movie industry. My the first essay considers the impact of cultural quota imposed of radio stations in increasing consumption of domestic programs. Domestic content requirement may reduce (increase) consumption of domestic programs when consumer's demand is highly elastic (inelastic), the degree of preference for foreign content over domestic content is high (low ...


States Of Agreement: A New Look At Law Clerks And Consensual Norms In State Supreme Courts , Andrew John Fay Jan 2006

States Of Agreement: A New Look At Law Clerks And Consensual Norms In State Supreme Courts , Andrew John Fay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis attempts to answer what causes dissent in state supreme courts. It also approaches the normative questions of whether dissent in state supreme courts is good or bad for democracy. Within I review relevant literature on state supreme courts, judicial voting behavior and dissent. I also conduct my own study of state supreme courts. I find that limited resources affect nonconsensual opinion writing on state supreme courts. I do this by creating an OLS regression model showing that the employment of law clerks causes more nonconsensual opinions and a larger caseload causes less nonconsensual opinion writing. I also find ...


International Air Carrier's Liability To Passengers Under The Warsaw Convention 1929 And The Montreal Convention 1999, Jiang Bo Jan 2006

International Air Carrier's Liability To Passengers Under The Warsaw Convention 1929 And The Montreal Convention 1999, Jiang Bo

Theses and Dissertations

The Warsaw Convention 1929, officially referred to as the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Transportation by Air, established and elaborated, as one of its major tenets, the principle of the air carrier's liability for damage caused to passengers, baggage and goods, and also for damage caused by delay.

The rules of the Warsaw Convention are being applied all over the world and have demonstrated their reliability and usefulness. The passenger knows that, wherever and whenever he flies, there is a certain degree of uniformity in the rules governing the carrier's liability, while the ...


Networks And Narratives: An Exploration Of Their Relationship And Potential For Understanding The Actual Experiences Of Women With Hiv/Aids, Purity N. Irungu Jan 2006

Networks And Narratives: An Exploration Of Their Relationship And Potential For Understanding The Actual Experiences Of Women With Hiv/Aids, Purity N. Irungu

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

This study set out to examine literature relating to social network theory and narrative theory in order to explore how their potential connection could be used in future to understand and improve the actual life-experiences of women infected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The thesis was done entirely by library research using secondary sources but is original in its intent. It includes a critical examination of some of the work of earlier researchers, including Lockhart's (2000) anthropological study of the social construction of `risk' of AIDS in urban Tanzania. Much previous research ...


Where Are The Active Citizens Of Tomorrow? We Need Them Now..., Margaret E. Piasecka Jan 2006

Where Are The Active Citizens Of Tomorrow? We Need Them Now..., Margaret E. Piasecka

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

In 1997, Hindess labelled the gap between governments and citizens the democratic deficit. This gap, or deficit, has arisen over a long time period as a result of public scandals, perceptions of poor performance and poor economies. Local governments around the world are now attempting to regain community respect and support - the unstated mandate for governance - and seeking to implement government policies relating to concepts variously described as community engagement, capacity building, active citizenship or public/citizen participation. This thesis has identified a methodology for finding people who are motivated to act in the public interest in one local government ...


The Obstacles In Women's Pathway To Principalship, Mahshid Pirouznia Jan 2006

The Obstacles In Women's Pathway To Principalship, Mahshid Pirouznia

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

The research problem is to investigate the obstacles of women seeking the principalship in public education; and also to explore major changes of different obstacles to women's principalship because women's roles have changed over time. Different obstacles in women's pathway to principalship are: low selfimage; lack of encouragement; myths about women's work; sex stereotyping; lack of aspiration; role conflict; low self-esteem; family responsibilities; lack of mobility; and hiring and promoting practices. The research questions are: 1. what are the barriers for women who did not obtain a principalship or assistant principalship. 2. what are the barriers ...