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2006

Military, War, and Peace

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Articles 1 - 30 of 97

Full-Text Articles in Law

Differences Without Distinctions: Boyle's Government Contractor Defense Fails To Recognize The Critical Differences Between Civilian And Military Plaintiffs And Between Military And Non-Military Procurement, John L. Watts Dec 2006

Differences Without Distinctions: Boyle's Government Contractor Defense Fails To Recognize The Critical Differences Between Civilian And Military Plaintiffs And Between Military And Non-Military Procurement, John L. Watts

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Incentivizing And Protecting Informants Prior To Mass Atrocities Such As Genocide: An Alternative To Post Hoc Courts And Tribunals, Eric Talbot Jensen Dec 2006

Incentivizing And Protecting Informants Prior To Mass Atrocities Such As Genocide: An Alternative To Post Hoc Courts And Tribunals, Eric Talbot Jensen

Faculty Scholarship

International institutions are almost exclusively reactive to violations of international law. There are very few systemic methods of proactively trying to prevent egregious violations such as genocide; rather, international law seems to take punishing violators as its sole approach. In modern times, most of the punishment and post-event enforcement has come through international courts and tribunals. These courts and tribunals are astoundingly expensive and notoriously inefficient. More importantly, the threat of prosecution does not appear to act as an effective deterrent in preventing criminal acts. This is unacceptable. With hundreds of thousands of lives at stake, the international community must ...


Essay: Special Operations Forces And War Crimes By Guerillas, Gregory R. Bart Dec 2006

Essay: Special Operations Forces And War Crimes By Guerillas, Gregory R. Bart

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


A Re-Examination Of The United States-Japan Status Of Forces Agreement, Ian Roberts Mcconnel Dec 2006

A Re-Examination Of The United States-Japan Status Of Forces Agreement, Ian Roberts Mcconnel

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

On August 13, 2004, a United States Marine Corps helicopter crashed on the campus of Okinawa International University. The helicopter crash and the resulting U.S. military investigation served to reinvigorate pent up resentment and anger towards the U.S. military presence in Okinawa, threatening to destabilize the long standing relationship between the two nations. This Note discusses the U.S.-Japan Status of Forces Agreement which, among other things, apportions jurisdictional authority over off-base U.S. military accidents that occur on Okinawa. This Note argues that the U.S.-Japan Status of Forces Agreement (U.S.-Japan SOFA) should ...


Wrangling In The Shadows: The Use Of United States Special Forces In Covert Military Operations In The War On Terror, Michael Mcandrew Dec 2006

Wrangling In The Shadows: The Use Of United States Special Forces In Covert Military Operations In The War On Terror, Michael Mcandrew

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Following the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001, the United States Senate granted the use of all necessary and appropriate force to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the country. As part of this campaign against global terrorism, the United States Department of Defense sought an expanded role for Special Forces soldiers in covert paramilitary operations, a tactical responsibility traditionally within the domain of the CIA. In this Note, the author analyzes the protocol for authorizing covert activity and the ramifications under international law of utilizing formal United States military personnel to conduct such ...


Coercion And Terrorism Prosecutions In The Shadow Of Military Detention, Tung Yin Dec 2006

Coercion And Terrorism Prosecutions In The Shadow Of Military Detention, Tung Yin

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Iraq Paradox: Minority And Group Rights In A Viable Constitution, Makau Mutua Dec 2006

The Iraq Paradox: Minority And Group Rights In A Viable Constitution, Makau Mutua

Buffalo Law Review

On October 15, 2005 an Iraq ravaged by a civil war spawned by the 2003 American invasion and subsequent occupation voted to decide the fate of a permanent constitution for the country. Although many Sunni Arabs took part in the vote, the referendum lost in the three governorates where they form a majority. But the constitution was approved because opponents only succeeded in recording "no" votes larger than two-thirds in only two of Iraq's eighteen provinces, in effect one province short of a veto. A two-thirds rejection in three provinces would have doomed the charter and the transition to ...


Bin Laden's War, David A. Westbrook Dec 2006

Bin Laden's War, David A. Westbrook

Buffalo Law Review

The GWOT/Global Jihad is different from prior conflicts (including the ideological struggle of the Cold War), and these differences have important strategic consequences which are not reflected in current US policy. First, US strategy has proceeded on traditional, and inapposite, understandings of the politics that informs this war. Second, radical neofundamentalism is a new form of political organization, attuned to a globalized world, with a distinctive form of violence quite different from the violence organized by the bureaucratic apparatus of a modern professional military grounded in a nation state. Third, the politics of radical neofundamentalism has strategic consequences. On ...


A Complete Property Right Amendment, John H. Ryskamp Oct 2006

A Complete Property Right Amendment, John H. Ryskamp

ExpressO

The trend of the eminent domain reform and "Kelo plus" initiatives is toward a comprehensive Constitutional property right incorporating the elements of level of review, nature of government action, and extent of compensation. This article contains a draft amendment which reflects these concerns.


Boston And New York: The City Upon A Hill And Gotham, Shaun O'Connell Oct 2006

Boston And New York: The City Upon A Hill And Gotham, Shaun O'Connell

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article is about the author's experience with visiting New York during it's rebirth after 9/11. He speaks about the history of both cities and how they have each grown into their own to become places of future enterprise and cultural cohesiveness.


Searching For The Fourth Amendment: In A Post-September 11th World, Does The Rationale Of The Fourth Circuit In United States V. Jenkins Reduce The Fourth Amendment Protections Of Individuals On Military Installations?, Ryan Leary Oct 2006

Searching For The Fourth Amendment: In A Post-September 11th World, Does The Rationale Of The Fourth Circuit In United States V. Jenkins Reduce The Fourth Amendment Protections Of Individuals On Military Installations?, Ryan Leary

Campbell Law Review

This comment will begin by discussing how the Fourth Circuit's rationale in United States v. Jenkins could be interpreted as an exception to the Fourth Amendment's warrant and probable cause requirements on closed military installations. Next, this comment will establish the legal definition of a closed military base to determine the potential impact of any interpretation of the Fourth Circuit's decision in Jenkins. Then, this comment will analyze how Jenkins could be interpreted in both broad and narrow ways and why the narrower reading of the Jenkins opinion should be followed. This comment will then consider how ...


The Future Of Apologies, Aaron Lazare Oct 2006

The Future Of Apologies, Aaron Lazare

New England Journal of Public Policy

Aaron Lazare spoke on the topic of apologies at the inauguration of Chancellor Michael Collins at the University of Massachusetts Boston. This text is taken from Lazare’s 2004 book On Apology published by Oxford University Press and reprinted here with permission.


Unitariness And Myopia: The Executive Branch, Legal Process, And Torture, Cornelia Pillard Oct 2006

Unitariness And Myopia: The Executive Branch, Legal Process, And Torture, Cornelia Pillard

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: War, Terrorism and Torture: Limits on Presidential Power in the 21st Century. Convened by the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy and the Indiana University School of Law- Bloomington, prominent legal scholars, human rights advocates and government lawyers gathered in Bloomington on October 7, 2005.


Foreword To: War, Terrorism And Torture: Limits On Presidential Power In The 21st Century Symposium, Dawn E. Johnsen Oct 2006

Foreword To: War, Terrorism And Torture: Limits On Presidential Power In The 21st Century Symposium, Dawn E. Johnsen

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: War, Terrorism and Torture: Limits on Presidential Power in the 21st Century. Convened by the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy and the Indiana University School of Law- Bloomington, prominent legal scholars, human rights advocates and government lawyers gathered in Bloomington on October 7, 2005.


The Statutory Commander In Chief, Neil Kinkopf Oct 2006

The Statutory Commander In Chief, Neil Kinkopf

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: War, Terrorism and Torture: Limits on Presidential Power in the 21st Century. Convened by the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy and the Indiana University School of Law- Bloomington, prominent legal scholars, human rights advocates and government lawyers gathered in Bloomington on October 7, 2005.


Regulating The Commander In Chief: Some Theories, Saikrishna Prakash Oct 2006

Regulating The Commander In Chief: Some Theories, Saikrishna Prakash

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: War, Terrorism and Torture: Limits on Presidential Power in the 21st Century. Convened by the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy and the Indiana University School of Law- Bloomington, prominent legal scholars, human rights advocates and government lawyers gathered in Bloomington on October 7, 2005.


Finding Effective Constraints On Executive Power: Interrogation, Detention, And Torture, Deborah N. Pearlstein Oct 2006

Finding Effective Constraints On Executive Power: Interrogation, Detention, And Torture, Deborah N. Pearlstein

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: War, Terrorism and Torture: Limits on Presidential Power in the 21st Century. Convened by the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy and the Indiana University School of Law- Bloomington, prominent legal scholars, human rights advocates and government lawyers gathered in Bloomington on October 7, 2005.


Loaded Dice And Other Problems: A Further Reflection On The Statutory Commander In Chief, Christopher H. Schroeder Oct 2006

Loaded Dice And Other Problems: A Further Reflection On The Statutory Commander In Chief, Christopher H. Schroeder

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: War, Terrorism and Torture: Limits on Presidential Power in the 21st Century. Convened by the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy and the Indiana University School of Law- Bloomington, prominent legal scholars, human rights advocates and government lawyers gathered in Bloomington on October 7, 2005.


The War Powers Outside The Courts, William Michael Treanor Oct 2006

The War Powers Outside The Courts, William Michael Treanor

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: War, Terrorism and Torture: Limits on Presidential Power in the 21st Century. Convened by the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy and the Indiana University School of Law- Bloomington, prominent legal scholars, human rights advocates and government lawyers gathered in Bloomington on October 7, 2005.


Defense Of Superior Orders In International Criminal Law As Portrayed In Three Trials: Eichmann, Calley And England, Natalia M. Restivo Sep 2006

Defense Of Superior Orders In International Criminal Law As Portrayed In Three Trials: Eichmann, Calley And England, Natalia M. Restivo

Cornell Law School J.D. Student Research Papers

The paper is dedicated to the defense of superior orders in international law. The author discusses attempts to use this defense in three trials, - Adolf Eichmann's, William Calley's and Lynndie England's. The paper juxtaposes the trials and provides conclusions on the success of this defense in each case.


The Military Commissions Act And Its Impact On Our Justice System, Azra B. Zaidi Sep 2006

The Military Commissions Act And Its Impact On Our Justice System, Azra B. Zaidi

Buffalo Public Interest Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Redefining Torture In The Age Of Terrorism: An Argument Against The Dilution Of Human Rights, Miri Lim Sep 2006

Redefining Torture In The Age Of Terrorism: An Argument Against The Dilution Of Human Rights, Miri Lim

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Why The Court Said No, David Cole Aug 2006

Why The Court Said No, David Cole

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


American Military Justice And International Criminal Court Complementarity: The Case Of Ucmj Article 60, Allen J. Dickerson Aug 2006

American Military Justice And International Criminal Court Complementarity: The Case Of Ucmj Article 60, Allen J. Dickerson

ExpressO

Although the American military is effectively one of the most potent of international institutions, discussions of its regulation have been oddly domestic. The court-martial – the single most important institution for disciplining military forces, preventing atrocities and punishing offenders – has seen its jurisdiction and procedures hotly debated, but most often by those in uniform or individuals interested in domestic military policy. This paper aims to internationalize the discussion, recognizing that the discipline of American military forces is of major concern to both international law and U.S. foreign policy. By exploring the interaction between a major innovation in international law – the ...


Semper Disqualified: The Incongruity Between Federal And State Suffrage Protections For Certain Military Voters Seeking To Vote In State And Local Elections, And A Possible Legislative Remedy, Alexandra R. Harrington Aug 2006

Semper Disqualified: The Incongruity Between Federal And State Suffrage Protections For Certain Military Voters Seeking To Vote In State And Local Elections, And A Possible Legislative Remedy, Alexandra R. Harrington

ExpressO

It is axiomatic that members of the United States military forces at all levels and throughout the course of the nation’s history have fought for the essential freedoms which underlie the constitution – key among them the suffrage right. Over the course of its history, the suffrage right has seen controversy and change, which mirrored the social and political issues and changed realities of the country. As the right to vote has been extended to encompass more citizens, so too has the ability to serve one’s country as part of the military. In recognition of the importance of the ...


Ieepa's Override Authority: Potential For A Violation Of The Geneva Conventions' Right To Access For Humanitarian Organizations?, Jennifer R. White Aug 2006

Ieepa's Override Authority: Potential For A Violation Of The Geneva Conventions' Right To Access For Humanitarian Organizations?, Jennifer R. White

Michigan Law Review

This Note argues that, should the President exercise his override authority to prohibit or restrict the donation of humanitarian articles during an armed conflict involving the United States, the resulting prohibition or restriction would cause the United States to violate its obligations under the Conventions. This Note does not assert that the United States should not have the ability to put in place controls to prevent terrorists from benefiting from donations of funds and other humanitarian items; instead, it asserts that domestic law must tread as lightly and narrowly as possible where a widely accepted multilateral treaty exists and that ...


Military Commissions: Hamdan V. Rumsfeld: Testimony Before The S. Comm. On Armed Services, 109th Cong., July 19, 2006 (Statement Of Neal Kumar Katyal, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Neal K. Katyal Jul 2006

Military Commissions: Hamdan V. Rumsfeld: Testimony Before The S. Comm. On Armed Services, 109th Cong., July 19, 2006 (Statement Of Neal Kumar Katyal, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Neal K. Katyal

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


The Military Commissions Act, Coerced Confessions, And The Role Of The Courts, Peter Margulies Jul 2006

The Military Commissions Act, Coerced Confessions, And The Role Of The Courts, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Can Appropriation Riders Speed Our Exit From Iraq?, Charles Tiefer Jul 2006

Can Appropriation Riders Speed Our Exit From Iraq?, Charles Tiefer

All Faculty Scholarship

To explore the implications of riders - provisions added to appropriation bills that "ride" on the underlying bill - on the United States' continued military force in Iraq, the author draws three hypotheticals, each focusing on the debate surrounding the policy and political disputes raised by the use of such riders. A "withdrawal" rider, which would authorize funding only if there exists a plan to withdraw American ground troops by a set deadline, remains the most important - and controversial - rider. Riders may also significantly affect wartime policies, like those that limit the President's use of reservists in combat so as to ...


Modern Condottieri In Iraq: Privatizing War From The Perspective Of International Human Rights Law, Antenor Hallo De Wolf Jul 2006

Modern Condottieri In Iraq: Privatizing War From The Perspective Of International Human Rights Law, Antenor Hallo De Wolf

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

No abstract provided.