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2003

Constitutional Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 436

Full-Text Articles in Law

Searches, Seizures, And Warrants: A Reference Guide To The United States Constitution, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

Searches, Seizures, And Warrants: A Reference Guide To The United States Constitution, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Updates Editor: Chapters 3, 6, 31-36, 81, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

Updates Editor: Chapters 3, 6, 31-36, 81, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Quale Etica Per I Guidici?, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Quale Etica Per I Guidici?, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Normativité Et Biomédecine Aux Etats-Unis, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Normativité Et Biomédecine Aux Etats-Unis, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Suicide Médicalement Assisté: L'Exemple De L'Oregon, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Suicide Médicalement Assisté: L'Exemple De L'Oregon, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Progressivist Origins Of The 2003 California Gubernatorial Recall, Kira L. Klatchko Dec 2003

Progressivist Origins Of The 2003 California Gubernatorial Recall, Kira L. Klatchko

ExpressO

Progressivist Origins of the 2003 California Gubernatorial Recall, was written in Sacramento in the midst of the first statewide recall of an elected official in California. The paper explores the nature of the recall procedure and its implementation in the state, and is chiefly an inquiry into the relatedness of the current incarnation and its Progressivist root. It focuses particularly on the recall of Governor Gray Davis, and details how shifting attitudes towards public participation have altered the procedure over time.


Brief Amicus Curiae Of Joseph R. Grodin As Amicus Curiae Supporting Neither Party (Vacatur), Elk Grove Unified School District V. Newdow, No. 02-1624 (U.S. Dec. 19, 2003), ., Neal K. Katyal Dec 2003

Brief Amicus Curiae Of Joseph R. Grodin As Amicus Curiae Supporting Neither Party (Vacatur), Elk Grove Unified School District V. Newdow, No. 02-1624 (U.S. Dec. 19, 2003), ., Neal K. Katyal

U.S. Supreme Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


Exacting Tests: Determining When A Taking Is Unconstitutional, John R. Nolon, Jessica A. Bacher Dec 2003

Exacting Tests: Determining When A Taking Is Unconstitutional, John R. Nolon, Jessica A. Bacher

Pace Law Faculty Publications

In the past, courts generally deferred to legislatures when determining whether a law constitutes a regulatory taking. However, not all regulations are treated equal, and different tests apply to different types of regulations. Types of land use actions with a lower threshold of constitutionally include exactions, and regulations that apply fixed fee schedules to private landowners. This article combs both federal and New York law to come to the clear determination that universal standards exist for each type of regulation.


You Can't Ask (Or Say) That: The First Amendment And Civil Rights Restrictions On Decisionmaker Speech, Helen L. Norton Dec 2003

You Can't Ask (Or Say) That: The First Amendment And Civil Rights Restrictions On Decisionmaker Speech, Helen L. Norton

Faculty Scholarship

Many antidiscrimination statutes limit speech by employers, landlords, lenders, and other decisionmakers in one or both of two ways: (1) by prohibiting queries soliciting information about an applicant's disability, sexual orientation, marital status, or other protected characteristic; and (2) by proscribing discriminatory advertisements or other expressions of discriminatory preference for applicants based on race, sex, age, sexual orientation, or other protected characteristics.

This Article explores how we might think about these laws for First Amendment purposes. Part I outlines the range of civil rights restrictions on decisionmaker speech, while Part II identifies the antidiscrimination and privacy concerns that drive ...


Injustice Casts Shadow On History Of State Executions, John Bessler Dec 2003

Injustice Casts Shadow On History Of State Executions, John Bessler

All Faculty Scholarship

This article, published in the StarTribune of Minneapolis, discusses the history of lynchings and executions in the State of Minnesota. It specifically discusses miscarriages of justice that have taken place in Minnesota, along with highlighting other problems associated with capital punishment.


La Necesidad De Tipificar Las Infracciones A La Constitución De Los Altos Funcionarios Públicos, Daniel Soria Luján Dec 2003

La Necesidad De Tipificar Las Infracciones A La Constitución De Los Altos Funcionarios Públicos, Daniel Soria Luján

Daniel Soria Luján

No abstract provided.


Valuation Averaging: A New Procedure For Resolving Valuation Disputes, Keith Sharfman Dec 2003

Valuation Averaging: A New Procedure For Resolving Valuation Disputes, Keith Sharfman

Rutgers Law School (Newark) Faculty Papers

In this Article, Professor Sharfman addresses the problem of "discretionary valuation": that courts resolve valuation disputes arbitrarily and unpredictably, thus harming litigants and society. As a solution, he proposes the enactment of "valuation averaging," a new procedure for resolving valuation disputes modeled on the algorithmic valuation processes often agreed to by sophisticated private firms in advance of any dispute. He argues that by replacing the discretion of judges and juries with a mechanical valuation process, valuation averaging would cause litigants to introduce more plausible and conciliatory valuations into evidence and thereby reduce the cost of valuation litigation and increase the ...


Privacy Rights Versus Foia Disclosure Policy: The "Uses And Effects" Double Standard In Access To Personally-Identifiable Information In Government Records, Michael Hoefges, Martin E. Halstuk, Bill F. Chamberlin Dec 2003

Privacy Rights Versus Foia Disclosure Policy: The "Uses And Effects" Double Standard In Access To Personally-Identifiable Information In Government Records, Michael Hoefges, Martin E. Halstuk, Bill F. Chamberlin

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

The U.S. government maintains a vast amount of personally-identifiable information on millions of American citizens. Much of this information is contained in electronic databases maintained by federal agencies. Various Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requesters, such as journalists, marketers, and union organizers seek this information for different purposes including investigative reporting and targeted solicitations. These kinds of uses are known as "derivative uses" because this government-compiled information is requested for purposes other than the official purposes for which the information was originally gathered. These and other derivative uses of personally-identifiable information often implicate privacy concerns. Conversely, restrictions on public ...


The Jurisprudential Revolution: Unlocking Human Potential In Grutter And Lawrence, Wilson Huhn Dec 2003

The Jurisprudential Revolution: Unlocking Human Potential In Grutter And Lawrence, Wilson Huhn

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Voter Knowledge And Constitutional Change: Assessing The New Deal Experience, Ilya Somin Dec 2003

Voter Knowledge And Constitutional Change: Assessing The New Deal Experience, Ilya Somin

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Say Cheese: The Constitutionality Of State-Mandated Airtime On Public Broadcasting Stations In Wisconsin, Andrew D. Cotlar Dec 2003

Say Cheese: The Constitutionality Of State-Mandated Airtime On Public Broadcasting Stations In Wisconsin, Andrew D. Cotlar

Federal Communications Law Journal

Last year, the State of Wisconsin passed legislation which would require statechartered public broadcasting television networks to carry political advertising for candidates free of charge. In this article, Andrew Cotlar raises many concerns about the wisdom of such legislation and the impact this trend may have on public broadcasters throughout the nation. The author begins by analyzing the current position of the law on political access requirements, at both federal and state levels, and then argues that the public television stations should continue to be free to exercise substantial editorial discretion. The Article proceeds to critique the Wisconsin statute as ...


Telric Vs. Universal Service: A Takings Violation?, Stuart Buck Dec 2003

Telric Vs. Universal Service: A Takings Violation?, Stuart Buck

Federal Communications Law Journal

While the Telecommunications Act of 1996 has had a profound positive impact on many sectors of the communications industry in the United States, local phone companies have recently faced a serious dilemma under a provision of the Act known as TELRIC. In this article, Stuart Buck presents a current analysis of the position of the telephone company and its struggle to meet costs under the TELRIC structure. The author argues that by forcing regional phone operators to grant wholesale pricing to competitors under TELRIC, while simultaneously maintaining Universal Service requirements of reduced-rate phone access to remote customers, the local phone ...


Summary Of Seres V. Lerner, 120 Nev. Adv. Op. 95, Sally L. Galati Dec 2003

Summary Of Seres V. Lerner, 120 Nev. Adv. Op. 95, Sally L. Galati

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The sister of a manslaughter victim, on her mother’s behalf, brought an action against the felon, who wrote a book regarding the killing of the victim, seeking to recover the felon’s book proceeds under the Nevada “Son of Sam” law. The district court found the applicable Nevada statute to be unconstitutional and dismissed the plaintiff’s action. Plaintiff appealed.


The "Horizontal Effect" Of Constitutional Rights, Stephen Gardbaum Dec 2003

The "Horizontal Effect" Of Constitutional Rights, Stephen Gardbaum

Michigan Law Review

Among the most fundamental issues in constitutional law is the scope of application of individual rights provisions and, in particular, their reach into the private sphere. This issue is also currently one of the most important and hotly debated in comparative constitutional law, where it is known under the rubric of "vertical" and "horizontal effect." These alternatives refer to whether constitutional rights regulate only the conduct of governmental actors in their dealings with private individuals (vertical) or also relations between private individuals (horizontal). In recent years, the horizontal position has been adopted to varying degrees, and after systematic scholarly and ...


Equal Justice Under The Law: Why Iolta Programs Do Not Violate The First Amendment, Hillary A. Webber Dec 2003

Equal Justice Under The Law: Why Iolta Programs Do Not Violate The First Amendment, Hillary A. Webber

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


What The Supreme Court Could Learn About The Child Online Protection Act By Reading Playboy, Shaun Richardson Dec 2003

What The Supreme Court Could Learn About The Child Online Protection Act By Reading Playboy, Shaun Richardson

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Due to the ease of Internet searching, Congress has passed the Child Online Protection Act to protect children from sexually explicit material. Although the Supreme Court has not directly decided the issue, it has hinted that the Act may survive a First Amendment challenge. In this Note, the author argues reasons why the Act should not survive a First Amendment challenge, and that measures such as parental empowerment via government-facilitated use of Internet filtering software are preferable


"Critical Stage": Extending The Right To Counsel To The Motion For New Trial Phase, Jonathan G. Neal Dec 2003

"Critical Stage": Extending The Right To Counsel To The Motion For New Trial Phase, Jonathan G. Neal

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Racial Profiling And Terrorism Debate With Mark Levy Of The Cato Institute, Randall Coyne Nov 2003

Racial Profiling And Terrorism Debate With Mark Levy Of The Cato Institute, Randall Coyne

Randall Coyne

No abstract provided.


America After 9/11: Freedom Preserved Or Freedom Lost: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On The Judiciary, 108th Cong., Nov. 18, 2003 (Statement Of Viet D. Dinh, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Viet D. Dinh Nov 2003

America After 9/11: Freedom Preserved Or Freedom Lost: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On The Judiciary, 108th Cong., Nov. 18, 2003 (Statement Of Viet D. Dinh, Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Viet D. Dinh

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Gender, Sexual Preference And Capital Punishment, Randall Coyne Nov 2003

Gender, Sexual Preference And Capital Punishment, Randall Coyne

Randall Coyne

No abstract provided.


A Defining Faith: "True" Religion And The Establishment Clause, Jeffrey Shulman Nov 2003

A Defining Faith: "True" Religion And The Establishment Clause, Jeffrey Shulman

ExpressO

This essay examines two trends in modern church-state law. Parts I and II review the history of the Supreme Court's Establishment Clause cases. It is a history that can best be understood as a series of jurisprudential maneuvers by which the Court has sought to make room for religion in civic life. The accommodations made by the Court to religious belief and conduct have, in effect, allowed for discrimination against non-religion, and have edged the court toward a nonpreferentialist perspective on disestablishment. But the Court’s accommodating attitude amounts to more than a preference for the many varieties of ...


Imposing Inequality On Law Schools, Kent Greenfield Nov 2003

Imposing Inequality On Law Schools, Kent Greenfield

Kent Greenfield

No abstract provided.


Delusions Of Grand Juries, Niki Kuckes Nov 2003

Delusions Of Grand Juries, Niki Kuckes

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Too Close To The Rack And The Screw: Constitutional Constraints On Torture In The War On Terror, Seth F. Kreimer Nov 2003

Too Close To The Rack And The Screw: Constitutional Constraints On Torture In The War On Terror, Seth F. Kreimer

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


War And American Constitutional Order, Mark E. Brandon Nov 2003

War And American Constitutional Order, Mark E. Brandon

Vanderbilt Law Review

In their introduction to a fine new edition of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America, Harvey C. Mansfield and Delba Winthrop claim that "[i]f the twentieth century has been an American century, it is because the work of America... has been to keep democracy strong where it is alive and to promote it where it is weak or nonexistent." By "democracy" they doubtless intend something akin to "constitutional democracy," "liberal democracy," or "republican government." I take each of these to be a rough proxy for a constitutionalist system that includes (1) institutions authorized by and accountable to the ...