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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Legislative Jurisdiction Of States Over Transactions In International Electronic Commerce, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 689 (2000), Tapio Puurunen Jan 2000

The Legislative Jurisdiction Of States Over Transactions In International Electronic Commerce, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 689 (2000), Tapio Puurunen

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

With increasing growth and development of E-commerce and a rapid increase in the number of Internet Users, government assessment of current protections granted to consumers in their states is encouraged. The author's purpose is to examine national legislation on e-commerce regulation and its limits, to resolve jurisdictional conflict of laws associated with e-commerce, and to propose possible solutions to these emerging problems. This article covers market functions between business and consumer transactions. First, government should not ignore consumer e-commerce since e-commerce trade is significant on both national and international levels. Secondly, the author pushes for an extensive effort to ...


Riaa V. Napster: A Window Onto The Future Of Copyright Law In The Internet Age, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 755 (2000), Ariel Berschadsky Jan 2000

Riaa V. Napster: A Window Onto The Future Of Copyright Law In The Internet Age, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 755 (2000), Ariel Berschadsky

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

This article uses the Napster controversy as a stepping stone to discussing copyright law in the Internet age. Section II of the article discusses music piracy over the internet and MP3 files. Section III of the article discusses the birth of Napster and its functions. Section IV details the allegations against Napster by the RIAA. Section V. discusses Copyright Law in the digital age. Various forms of copyright infringement such as direct liability, contributory liability, vicarious liability are fully assessed. Furthermore, the author discusses the response of legislative efforts to emerging copyright challenges on the internet. Section VI examines Napter ...


The Erosion Of American Copyright Protection: The Fairness In Music Licensing Act, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 791 (2000), Ralph Carter Jan 2000

The Erosion Of American Copyright Protection: The Fairness In Music Licensing Act, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 791 (2000), Ralph Carter

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

The author of this article begins by giving the reader a taste of the history of American copyright protection. A synopsis of the statutes, case history, and industry development are fully explained. Furthermore, the author criticizes the enactment of the Fairness in Music Licensing Act. The author further refutes arguments made by proponents of the Act and examines the underlying motives of restaurant lobbyists. This comment also shows the real victims of the Act's exemptions---the songwriters. The comment concludes by advocating the return of the "home use exemption" in the Copyright Act of 1976.


Big Brother Is At Your Back Door: An Examination Of The Effect Of Encryption Regulation On Privacy And Crime, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 825 (2000), Hillary Victor Jan 2000

Big Brother Is At Your Back Door: An Examination Of The Effect Of Encryption Regulation On Privacy And Crime, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 825 (2000), Hillary Victor

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

This article compares the need of individuals for privacy and the U.S. government's desire for encryption regulation. The impact that CESA on cyberspace security and crime are fully discussed. Furthermore, a brief background on the advantages and disadvantages of encryption are investigated. A history of legislative effort to provide decryption tools are examined and outlined. Next, the comment provides an analysis of CESA, its legal implications and issues involving its effectiveness are discussed. A solution proposed by the author to redraft and amend CESA provides individuals with privacy protection.


Lawyers Who Lie On-Line: How Should The Legal Profession Respond To Ebay Ethics, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 875 (2000), Mark E. Wojcik Jan 2000

Lawyers Who Lie On-Line: How Should The Legal Profession Respond To Ebay Ethics, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 875 (2000), Mark E. Wojcik

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

A recent scandal erupted in the press when a painting that was offered for sale on an Internet auction site was believed to be a lost contemporary masterpiece. The seller appeared to be a married man who was cleaning junk out of his garage, including a painting that his wife would not let him hang in the house. A bidding frenzy drove the price from the opening bid of 25 cents to more than $135,000 from a buyer in the Netherlands. After the sale was finished (it was ended by EBay when they learned he bid on the painting ...


Diana's Law, Celebrity And The Paparazzi: The Continuing Search For A Solution, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 945 (2000), Richard J. Curry Jr. Jan 2000

Diana's Law, Celebrity And The Paparazzi: The Continuing Search For A Solution, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 945 (2000), Richard J. Curry Jr.

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Celebrities and the media possess a unique relationship. Many celebrities skillfully use the media to market and advertise their movies, television shows, books, and records. They use the media to propel their careers and create a marketable celebrity image. Society is celebrity crazed and magazines, tabloids and other media forms such as Entertainment Tonight and Access Hollywood have combined to feed that craze. Our society's hunger for celebrities has spawned the existence of photographers known as the paparazzi. Armed with zoom lenses, high-powered microphones, and the promise of huge cash rewards for an exclusive celebrity expose, the paparazzi have ...


In Congress Electric: The Need For On-Line Parliamentary Procedure, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 963 (2000), Phil Reiman Jan 2000

In Congress Electric: The Need For On-Line Parliamentary Procedure, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 963 (2000), Phil Reiman

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Building a set of rules for operating an ordered, effective online association is the first step toward building virtual communities and the first step toward a democratic "e-government." Disputes online are not rare; they are just rarely resolved. Currently, online forums are watched over by a moderator, who is charged with keeping the discussion on track, and to keeping the debate from getting personal. Almost everyone who has been in an online discussion is aware of "Netiquette", the informal rules that govern chat room conversations. Everyone is equally aware that these rules are often ignored. While the exchange of ideas ...


Service Provider Liability For Acts Committed By Users: What You Don't Know Can Hurt You, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 591 (2000), Mitchell P. Goldstein Jan 2000

Service Provider Liability For Acts Committed By Users: What You Don't Know Can Hurt You, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 591 (2000), Mitchell P. Goldstein

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

This article probes into the liabilities that service providers may incur on the internet. Liabilities such as copyright infringement , pornography, and defamation are common sources of liability on the Internet. The author begins by discussing the different types of copyright infringement. These include direct infringement, contributory infringement, and vicarious liability. In response to these different types of infringements, Congress and the President signed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, DMCA. The author next investigates the issue of pornography on the Internet by giving a case history of the development of obscene pornography. This section of the article is concluded with a ...


Halve The Baby: An Obvious Solution To The Troubling Use Of Trademarks As Metatags, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 643 (2000), Dan Mccuaig Jan 2000

Halve The Baby: An Obvious Solution To The Troubling Use Of Trademarks As Metatags, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 643 (2000), Dan Mccuaig

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

In this article, the author proposes a solution to decide when metatags of other companies' trademarked terms should be allowed. First the author begins by describing the nature and function of metatags. A brief discussion of the relevant aspects of trademark law as they apply to trademark-metatags are fully investigated. The author then provides two significant cases in this field to support his contention. Following this discussion, the author proposes a solution to the use of trademark-metatags. Finally, the author ends this article with a discussion of anticipated market reactions to the "trademarks" metatag.


Falling Into The Gap: The European Union's Data Protection Act And Its Impact On U.S. Law And Commerce, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 981 (2000), Marie Clear Jan 2000

Falling Into The Gap: The European Union's Data Protection Act And Its Impact On U.S. Law And Commerce, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 981 (2000), Marie Clear

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

The European Union ("E.U.") has been economically consolidating for some time, but the US appeared to feel this new composite player was relatively benign. In the past few years, though, the E.U. Has started asserting itself and setting rules in the game of international commercial gamesmanship. Until recently, the rules were limited to specific products and practices. This year, however, the E.U. changed the rules about how it would do business and, more significantly, how it would not. The E.U.'s Data Protection Directive came into force early in 2000 and presented the US with a ...


Invasion Of The Information Snatchers: Creating Liability For Corporations With Vulnerable Computer Networks, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 1019 (2000), Sarah Faulkner Jan 2000

Invasion Of The Information Snatchers: Creating Liability For Corporations With Vulnerable Computer Networks, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 1019 (2000), Sarah Faulkner

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Computer hackers are a serious threat to businesses and their customers, particularly if those businesses operate complex computer networks or operate as on-line businesses. However, now that corporate telecommunication networks are becoming more sophisticated, a company's phone system may also be susceptible to invasion. These telephonic hackers, called phone phreaks (and telecom hacking itself is known as phreaking), can cause large monetary losses as well. The question of who is liable for these losses, losses that are specifically caused by illegal activity, is the subject of this comment. This comment addresses the issue of liability for monetary losses in ...


Privacy On Federal Civilian Computer Networks: A Fourth Amendment Analysis Of The Federal Intrusion Detection Network, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 1049 (2000), David Hueneman Jan 2000

Privacy On Federal Civilian Computer Networks: A Fourth Amendment Analysis Of The Federal Intrusion Detection Network, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 1049 (2000), David Hueneman

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

This comment explores the relationship between the privacy of the users of the federal non-public civilian computer networks and the government's power to monitor such networks. The background explains what a network is, how cyber-terrorists can greatly damage a system, what the government is planning to do about the problem, and the constitutional protections involved. The analysis moves on to examine the Fourth Amendment and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act and considers their respective effects on the implementation of FIDNet -- a proposed government system designed to protect America's infrastructure from cyber- attack. The FIDNet plan calls for the ...


Cultivating Our Emerging Voices: The Road To Scholarship, 20 B. C. Third World L. J. 77 (2000), Kevin Hopkins Jan 2000

Cultivating Our Emerging Voices: The Road To Scholarship, 20 B. C. Third World L. J. 77 (2000), Kevin Hopkins

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Corporate Transparency And Human Rights, 8 Tulsa. J. Comp. & Int'l L. 15 (2000), William B.T. Mock Jan 2000

Corporate Transparency And Human Rights, 8 Tulsa. J. Comp. & Int'l L. 15 (2000), William B.T. Mock

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Supreme Court's Iolta Decision: Of Dogs, Mangers, And The Ghost Of Mrs. Frothingham, 30 Seton Hall L. Rev. 846 (2000), Donald L. Beschle Jan 2000

Supreme Court's Iolta Decision: Of Dogs, Mangers, And The Ghost Of Mrs. Frothingham, 30 Seton Hall L. Rev. 846 (2000), Donald L. Beschle

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Finality Of Judgment And Sentence Prerequisite In The United States-Peru Bilateral Prisoner Transfer Treaty: Calling Congress And The President To Reform And Justifying Jurisdiction Of The Inter-American Human Rights Commission And Court, 15 Am. U. Int'l L. Rev. 1071 (2000), Ralph Ruebner, Lisa Carroll Jan 2000

The Finality Of Judgment And Sentence Prerequisite In The United States-Peru Bilateral Prisoner Transfer Treaty: Calling Congress And The President To Reform And Justifying Jurisdiction Of The Inter-American Human Rights Commission And Court, 15 Am. U. Int'l L. Rev. 1071 (2000), Ralph Ruebner, Lisa Carroll

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Science Fact Or Science Fiction? The Implications Of Court-Ordered Genetic Testing Under Rule 35, 34 U.S.F. L. Rev. 295 (2000), Anthony Niedwiecki Jan 2000

Science Fact Or Science Fiction? The Implications Of Court-Ordered Genetic Testing Under Rule 35, 34 U.S.F. L. Rev. 295 (2000), Anthony Niedwiecki

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Why Truth Is Not A Defense In Paternity Actions, 10 Tex. J. Women & L. 69 (2000), Diane S. Kaplan Jan 2000

Why Truth Is Not A Defense In Paternity Actions, 10 Tex. J. Women & L. 69 (2000), Diane S. Kaplan

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Blood, Sweat, And Tears: Toward A New Paradigm For Protecting Donor Privacy, 7 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 141 (2000), Kevin Hopkins Jan 2000

Blood, Sweat, And Tears: Toward A New Paradigm For Protecting Donor Privacy, 7 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 141 (2000), Kevin Hopkins

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Postman Always Rings 4,000 Times: New Approaches To Curb Spam, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 915 (2000), Credence E. Fogo Jan 2000

The Postman Always Rings 4,000 Times: New Approaches To Curb Spam, 18 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 915 (2000), Credence E. Fogo

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Before 1994, the average Internet user received little unsolicited commercial email, or "spam." But that all changed in April 1994, when enterprising Arizona lawyers Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel sent spam advertising their immigration law "services" to approximately 8,000 Usenet newsgroups reaching approximately 20 million people. It inspired irate Usenet users to flame Canter and Siegel in such great volume that the attorneys' ISP's computer crashed. The computer overloads Canter and Siegel's stunt caused also completely knocked out New Zealand's Internet access. But the ads must have worked because despite the fallout, Cander and Siegel persisted ...


Human Rights And Corporate Responsibility, 8 Tulsa. J. Comp. & Int'l L. 1 (2000), Mark E. Wojcik Jan 2000

Human Rights And Corporate Responsibility, 8 Tulsa. J. Comp. & Int'l L. 1 (2000), Mark E. Wojcik

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Constitutional Flaws In The New Illinois Religious Freedom Restoration Act: Why Rfras Don't Work, 31 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 153 (2000), Mary Jean Dolan Jan 2000

The Constitutional Flaws In The New Illinois Religious Freedom Restoration Act: Why Rfras Don't Work, 31 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 153 (2000), Mary Jean Dolan

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


2000 John Marshall National Moot Court Competition In Information Technology And Privacy Law: Brief For The Petitioner,19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 225 (2000), Matt Caligur, Mark Callender, Alexandra Smoots Hogan Jan 2000

2000 John Marshall National Moot Court Competition In Information Technology And Privacy Law: Brief For The Petitioner,19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 225 (2000), Matt Caligur, Mark Callender, Alexandra Smoots Hogan

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

No abstract provided.


The Case For A U.S. Privacy Commissioner: A Canadian Commissioner’S Perspective, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 1 (2000), William S. Challis, Ann Cavoukian Jan 2000

The Case For A U.S. Privacy Commissioner: A Canadian Commissioner’S Perspective, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 1 (2000), William S. Challis, Ann Cavoukian

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

The demands of social democratic government, the growth of electronic commerce, and the advance of technology have fueled the debate over internet privacy. Technology offers unprecedented opportunities but can also become tools of abuse. Debate in the United States centers around the conflicting interests of industry self-control versus government regulation. Technological and market-based solutions are ineffective because they lead to inadequate and inconsistent protection. Many user-driven privacy choices can impede the growth of consumer trust. Voluntarily adopted privacy policies are either extremely limited or easily circumvented with tracking technology that allows no consumer control over the collection of their personal ...


Recent Developments In Private Sector Personal Data Protection In Australia: Will There Be An Upside Down Under, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 71 (2000), Paul Kelly Jan 2000

Recent Developments In Private Sector Personal Data Protection In Australia: Will There Be An Upside Down Under, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 71 (2000), Paul Kelly

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Although the United States enacted the one of the first data protection laws, many Americans are suspicious of European data protection regulations. The U.S. and Japan are notable exceptions to the modern trend toward comprehensive informational privacy regulation. European data protection laws are stricter, more comprehensive, and more bureaucratic than non-European counterparts. Newer regulatory models, such as those introduced in Australia, provide an acceptable compromise between the American self-regulatory approach and the comprehensive European approach. Australia has a federal agency responsible for administering its information privacy laws and is moving towards a co-regulatory approach between government and the private ...


Protecting Individual On-Line Privacy Rights: Making The Case For A Separately Dedicated, Independent Regulatory Agency, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 93 (2000), Jack Karnes Jan 2000

Protecting Individual On-Line Privacy Rights: Making The Case For A Separately Dedicated, Independent Regulatory Agency, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 93 (2000), Jack Karnes

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Few issues have caused more legal consternation than the level to which individual online privacy rights should be protected. Modern equipment and software enables those who seek to violate privacy rights render a less knowledgeable citizen helpless. Traditional privacy protection is inadequate to protect a fundamental right. Neither Congress nor the courts have dealt with the issue in an effective manner like they have dealt with other areas like telephone and wireless phone communications. The online privacy dilemma is reaching a crisis point. Employers are able to monitor employees’ uses of equipment to prevent any and all personal uses of ...


Regulating The Free Flow Of Information: A Privacy Czar As The Ultimate Big Brother, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 37 (2000), Jonathan M. Winer Jan 2000

Regulating The Free Flow Of Information: A Privacy Czar As The Ultimate Big Brother, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 37 (2000), Jonathan M. Winer

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

The free flow if information is critical to open society. In the United States, the tradition of open information provides the intellectual oxygen for the development American freedom, knowledge, technology, and commerce. In contrast to the right to communicate and obtain information, privacy is not an established right in the United States, except with respect to physical trespass by the government and reproductive freedom. A federal privacy czar would necessarily limit the unauthorized collection, use, and dissemination of personal information. Privacy czars invariably become privacy advocates and take active stances to discourage the free flow of information about persons and ...


The De Facto Federal Privacy Commission, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 109 (2000), Steven Hetcher Jan 2000

The De Facto Federal Privacy Commission, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 109 (2000), Steven Hetcher

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

The United States is well on its way to having a federal agency that regulates online privacy. In the last five years, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has assumed increasing jurisdiction over online privacy. The FTC’s true intent to regulate online privacy became evident when it recommended that Congress enact legislation to strengthen its growing power to regulate internet privacy. The FTC uses threats of administrative enforcement actions to guide industry self-regulation through the use of unfair trade practices actions. The FTC acts because consumers feel entitled to data privacy and promotes Web site privacy practices through education and ...


Pornography, Privacy, And Digital Self-Help, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 133 (2000), Tom W. Bell Jan 2000

Pornography, Privacy, And Digital Self-Help, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 133 (2000), Tom W. Bell

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Pornography and privacy share a subtle relationship in internet law and policy. Legislation attempting to restrict online speech considered indecent or harmful to minors is subject to exacting scrutiny. Legislation that regulates online speech thought to be harmful to its readers because of privacy concerns should be subjected to the same level of scrutiny. The availability of self-help remedies should govern the scope of legislation affecting online privacy and the alternatives offered by digital self-help solutions makes state regulation constitutionally suspect and functionally inferior. Self-help can be more effective than legislation in protecting online privacy. Cookie management software, use of ...


Database Nation: Does Information Technology Of The 21st Century Pose A Daunting Threat To Personal Privacy In America, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 197 (2000), Robert S. Gurwin, Nicole D. Milos Jan 2000

Database Nation: Does Information Technology Of The 21st Century Pose A Daunting Threat To Personal Privacy In America, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 197 (2000), Robert S. Gurwin, Nicole D. Milos

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

In this book review of Simon Garfinkel's "Database Nation: The death of privacy in the 21st century," the author echoes George Orwell's prophetic vision of a totalitarian government prying on citizens' privacy in "1984." However, Database Nation presents a future where privacy has become a costly commodity: individuals fight dearly to hold such privacy from prying eyes. From the history of information age to advocating privacy protection legislations, the author discusses how Garfinkel pieces together the forming of the database nation. From health care providers to credit bureaus and from satellite surveillance to consumer purchasing habits, Garfinkel urges ...