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2000

Human Rights Law

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Articles 121 - 142 of 142

Full-Text Articles in Law

Critical Race Theory And Autobiography: Can A Popular Genre Make A Serious Academic Contribution?, Sylvia R. Lazos Jan 2000

Critical Race Theory And Autobiography: Can A Popular Genre Make A Serious Academic Contribution?, Sylvia R. Lazos

Scholarly Works

This Essay reviews “Notes of a Racial Caste Baby, Colorblindness and the End of Affirmative Action” by Bryan K. Fair, “How Did You Get to Be a Mexican? a White/Brown Man's Search for Identity” by Kevin R. Johnson, and “To be an American: Cultural Pluralism and the Rhetoric of Assimilation” by Bill Ong Hing. This Essay examines the potential contributions each book makes to legal scholarship and the popular press. The Essay first describes how each author uses the autobiographical narrative and what these narratives accomplish. The Essay examines each book's legal agenda and assesses how well ...


Globalization Or Global Subordination? Latcrit Links The Global To The Local And The Local To Global, Sylvia R. Lazos Jan 2000

Globalization Or Global Subordination? Latcrit Links The Global To The Local And The Local To Global, Sylvia R. Lazos

Scholarly Works

Professor Lazos introduces the fifth and final cluster of this LatCrit IV Symposium, International Linkages and Domestic Engagement, which includes five important contributions to LatCrit IV's focus on global issues by Professors Timothy Canova, Gil Gott, Tayyab Mahmud, Ediberto Roman, and Chantal Thomas. The introduction below sketches out, by way of illustration only, how some of the work already presented in this symposium cultivates the linkage between local racial formation and global market dynamics. The introduction then explores LatCrit's contribution to the critique of globalism.


Election Monitoring: The International Legal Setting, Gregory H. Fox Jan 2000

Election Monitoring: The International Legal Setting, Gregory H. Fox

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Is America A Systematic Violator Of Human Rights In The Administration Of Criminal Justice?, Stephen C. Thaman Jan 2000

Is America A Systematic Violator Of Human Rights In The Administration Of Criminal Justice?, Stephen C. Thaman

All Faculty Scholarship

This article focuses on vast American violations of human rights in the administration of criminal justice. It traces the development of these rights in the context of the two most pernicious human rights violations plaguing the United States: the death penalty and racism in the enforcement of criminal laws. The author calls attention to the politicization of the American justice system and its devastatingly negative impact on America’s preservation of human rights.


Book Note, Fatma E. Marouf Jan 2000

Book Note, Fatma E. Marouf

Scholarly Works

Tortured Confessions presents an innovative perspective on the relationship between torture and propaganda. Abrahamian’s persuasive account exposes the intrinsic limitations of arguments that try to explain torture as simply the result of a “traditional” regime, a desire for social discipline, or a search fro security information; he binds torture instead to ideological warfare and political mobilization, the fundamental goals of military propaganda.


Building Bridges Iv: Of Cultures, Colors, And Clashes--Capturing The International In Delgado's Chronicles, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol Jan 2000

Building Bridges Iv: Of Cultures, Colors, And Clashes--Capturing The International In Delgado's Chronicles, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol

UF Law Faculty Publications

Sex, race, gender, sexuality, color, religion, language, nationality, ethnicity, culture, poverty - socially constructed categories, social tropes that relegate "others" to subordinated positions in the varied and various cultural and economic marketplaces of both global and local societies. Richard Delgado's transformational work engages all of these tropes insightfully, disturbingly, and illuminatingly. His rich literature conceptualizes persons as multidimensional, complex beings and exposes society as the pre-fabricated stage in which diverse interactions evolve. Delgado's epistemological stance is fluid, non-rigid, and grounded on subjectivity.

In this essay I will focus on Delgado's latest book When Equality Ends: Stories About Race ...


Preemption & Human Rights: Local Options After Crosby V. Nftc, Robert Stumberg Jan 2000

Preemption & Human Rights: Local Options After Crosby V. Nftc, Robert Stumberg

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In June 2000, the Supreme Court held in Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council (NFTC) that federal sanctions against Burma preempted the Massachusetts Burma law. With its "Burma Law," Massachusetts sought to replicate the anti-Apartheid boycott, one of the most successful human rights campaigns in history. Massachusetts' Burma law authorized state agencies to exercise a strong purchasing preference in favor of companies that do not conduct business in Burma unless the preference would impair essential purchases or result in inadequate competition.

In Crosby, the Court held that Congress preempted the Massachusetts Burma law when it adopted federal sanctions on Burma ...


Democratic Transitions And The Future Of Asylum Law, Peter Margulies Jan 2000

Democratic Transitions And The Future Of Asylum Law, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

The United States's commitment to protecting refugees is dying a slow death. Two developments have contributed to its demise. The first, widely heralded, is the United States Congress's evisceration of procedural safeguards such as judicial review. The second development is more insidious: expansion of the asylum law doctrine, which holds that changed country conditions can defeat an otherwise valid asylum claim. In an age in which democracy seems triumphant throughout the world, the combination of severely curtailed judicial review and mechanical application of the changed conditions doctrine relegates refugees, as well as asylum law itself, to an uncertain ...


A Kinder, Gentler System Or Capitulations? International Law, Structural Adjustment Policies, And The Standard Of Liberal, Globalized Civilization, David P. Fidler Jan 2000

A Kinder, Gentler System Or Capitulations? International Law, Structural Adjustment Policies, And The Standard Of Liberal, Globalized Civilization, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


The Rise Or The Fall Of International Law?, Edith Brown Weiss Jan 2000

The Rise Or The Fall Of International Law?, Edith Brown Weiss

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This Article argues that traditional international law is healthy in the sense that there are more international agreements than ever, and States continue to serve important roles in the international system. It is falling, however, as the sole focus of international legal efforts. It is necessary to redefine international law to include actors other than States among those who make international norms and who implement and comply with them, and to include legal instruments that may not be formally binding. These developments raise three important issues: the need for the new actors to be accountable and for the new norms ...


Women's Rights And The Public Morals Exception Of Gatt Article 20, Liane M. Jarvis Jan 2000

Women's Rights And The Public Morals Exception Of Gatt Article 20, Liane M. Jarvis

Michigan Journal of International Law

The public morals exception in Article XX of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) could and should be interpreted in accordance with evolving human rights law on women's rights. This clause provides an exception to the general rule that members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) cannot take measures against other Members that would restrict trade. Under Article XX, WTO members may restrict trade for a variety of social reasons, including protecting the environment, preventing prison labor, and otherwise promoting "public morals.” This Note will argue in particular that a nation should be allowed to invoke the ...


America As Pattern And Problem, Carl E. Schneider Jan 2000

America As Pattern And Problem, Carl E. Schneider

Articles

Since the days of Tocqueville, foreign observers have seen America as both a pattern and a problem. They still do, and in ways that illuminate the way law deals with bioethical issues both here and abroad. America was long exceptional in having a written constitution, in allowing its courts the power of judicial review, and in letting courts exercise that power to develop and enforce principles of human rights. Today, that pattern looks markedly less exceptional. After the Second World War, Germany and Japan were persuaded to adopt constitutions that included human rights provisions and that endowed courts with the ...


Nativism, Terrorism, And Human Rights -- The Global Wrongs Of Reno V. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol Jan 2000

Nativism, Terrorism, And Human Rights -- The Global Wrongs Of Reno V. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol

UF Law Faculty Publications

The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee decision (American-Arab or AADC) is the most recent U.S. Supreme Court pronouncement regarding the intersection of immigration regulations and fundamental constitutional rights enjoyed by foreign subjects present within the United States. In American-Arab, the U.S. government commenced deportation proceedings against two legal permanent residents and six temporary visa holders on the basis of an ideological bias: the plaintiffs were alleged to be members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (Popular Front or PFLP) -- a charge all the plaintiffs denied. The Supreme Court's ruling endorsing the legality of the government's ...


Gender Politics In Global Governance, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol Jan 2000

Gender Politics In Global Governance, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol

UF Law Faculty Publications

Prof. Hernández-Truyol reviews the book Gender Politics in Global Governance from editors Mary K. Meyer and Elisabeth Prügl. Given the emergence of multilateral institutions in this century, the mobilization of women against "male supremacy" has taken an internationalist turn; it seeks to shape "the agendas of international organizations and the normative practices of global governance." In an effort to understand and analyze this movement and its impact, the editors have compiled a volume drawing new research together exploring gender politics in global governance that is also "attentive to historical and contemporary modes of women's organizing from the local to ...


Refugee Rights Are Not Negotiable, James C. Hathaway, Anne K. Cusick Jan 2000

Refugee Rights Are Not Negotiable, James C. Hathaway, Anne K. Cusick

Articles

America's troubled relationship with international law, in particular human rights law, is well documented. In many cases, the United States simply will not agree to be bound by international human rights treaties. For example, the United States has yet to ratify even such fundamental agreements as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. When the United States does agree to become a party to an international human rights treaty, it has often sought to condition its ...


Open Heart Surgery: Reform Of Labour Mediation Regime In Sweden, Reinhold Fahlbeck Dec 1999

Open Heart Surgery: Reform Of Labour Mediation Regime In Sweden, Reinhold Fahlbeck

Reinhold Fahlbeck

No abstract provided.


Kyrkans Sociallära - En Lära För Vår Tid? [Social Teaching Of The Catholic Church – A Teaching For Our Time?], Reinhold Fahlbeck Dec 1999

Kyrkans Sociallära - En Lära För Vår Tid? [Social Teaching Of The Catholic Church – A Teaching For Our Time?], Reinhold Fahlbeck

Reinhold Fahlbeck

No abstract provided.


"Culturing" Survival : Afro-Caribbean Migrant Culture And The Human Rights Of Women Under Globalization, Hope Lewis Dec 1999

"Culturing" Survival : Afro-Caribbean Migrant Culture And The Human Rights Of Women Under Globalization, Hope Lewis

Hope Lewis

These remarks were delivered at the 93rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law (24-27 March 1999, Washington, DC) for a panel on the rule of law vs. cultural authority. The reality for working-class Afro-Caribbean women migrants (called "lionheart gals" by one Caribbean feminist organization) is that both "the rule of law" and "cultural authority" can enhance, or undermine, the protection of fundamental human rights. For lionheart gals, the choice is not between a liberating rule of law and a static, cocoonlike cultural authority. For them, the primary imperative is to use law and culture in a creative ...


Sweden. National Monograph, Reinhold Fahlbeck Dec 1999

Sweden. National Monograph, Reinhold Fahlbeck

Reinhold Fahlbeck

No abstract provided.


Employee Loyalty In Sweden, Reinhold Fahlbeck Dec 1999

Employee Loyalty In Sweden, Reinhold Fahlbeck

Reinhold Fahlbeck

No abstract provided.


"Franco's Spain, Queer Nation?", Gema Pérez-Sánchez Dec 1999

"Franco's Spain, Queer Nation?", Gema Pérez-Sánchez

Gema Pérez-Sánchez

This Article discusses how, through its juridical apparatus, the Spanish dictatorship of Francisco Franco sought to define and to contain homosexuality, followed by examples of how underground queer activism contested homophobic laws. ... Part III illustrates the social and cultural legacy of queer activism against Francoist laws on homosexuality through an analysis of Eduardo Mendicutti's novel Una mala noche la tiene cualquiera Anyone Can Have A Bad Night and the young, urban culture, post-Franco context of supposed historical amnesia in which it was produced. ... As the power of Francoism and its institutions waned during the last years of the dictatorship ...


Humanitarian Intervention At A Crossroads, Bartram Brown Dec 1999

Humanitarian Intervention At A Crossroads, Bartram Brown

Bartram Brown

No abstract provided.