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Full-Text Articles in Law

Evidence Issues In Domestic Violence Civil Cases, Jane C. Murphy, Jane H. Aiken Jan 2000

Evidence Issues In Domestic Violence Civil Cases, Jane C. Murphy, Jane H. Aiken

All Faculty Scholarship

New laws and policies aimed at protecting victims of domestic violence have been adopted across the country over the last twenty years.The legal approaches taken to protect battered women and control family violence have resulted in significant changes in family law. New laws include statutes permitting civil protection or restraining orders, and laws requiring that domestic violence be considered in custody and/or visitation decisions. Both of these types of statutory reforms can provide protection to adult victims of domestic violence and their children. Evaluating a parent's fitness by considering past acts of violence to other family members ...


Understanding The Victim: A Guide To Aid In The Prosecution Of Domestic Violence, Jennice Vilhauer Jan 2000

Understanding The Victim: A Guide To Aid In The Prosecution Of Domestic Violence, Jennice Vilhauer

Fordham Urban Law Journal

As one of the most prevalent crimes in the country, domestic violence is one of the most frequently handled cases for prosecutors across the nation. Despite their commonality, however, domestic violence cases can raise the anxiety level of even the most experience prosecutors. There are several causes of such anxiety. First, domestic violence cases are often plagued by evidentiary problems that occur when a victim does not desire prosecution. Second, even in states where mandatory prosecution laws have been enacted, it can still be difficult to successfully prosecute a case when a victim is hostile, uncooperative and acting in direct ...


Women, Children And Domestic Violence: Current Tensions And Emerging Issues Jan 2000

Women, Children And Domestic Violence: Current Tensions And Emerging Issues

Fordham Urban Law Journal

A symposium in which the conference speakers give a clear and disturbing picture of how we ascribe a kind of omnipotence to mothers vis-a-vis their children. If children are hurt, it is assumed that those at fault must be the mothers, and they are likely to be blamed even when it is the father who strikes the blows, lands the punchers or terrifies the child. Somehow, we imagine they should have been able to snatch the children out of harms way. The answer to this problem ultimately lies in making sure the ways victims of domestic violence think about their ...


The Uccjea: What Is It And How Does It Affect Battered Women In Child-Custody Disputes, Joan Zorza Jan 2000

The Uccjea: What Is It And How Does It Affect Battered Women In Child-Custody Disputes, Joan Zorza

Fordham Urban Law Journal

The Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act ("UCCJEA") is the revised version The Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act ("UCCJA"), which states are now being asked to adopt immediately in its stead. The UCCJA was the original model act for states to determine when they have jurisdiction to decide a custody case and when they must give full faith and credit to the custody decrees of other states. When the National Conference of Commission on Uniform State Laws ("NCCUSL") wrote the UCCJA in 1968, it sought to correct two major problems of its day: child abductions by family members and jurisdiction ...


Charging Battered Mothers With "Failure To Protect": Still Blaming The Victim Jan 2000

Charging Battered Mothers With "Failure To Protect": Still Blaming The Victim

Fordham Urban Law Journal

Domestic violence harms children and families. In the past several years, efforts to recognize this harm have led to the passage of new state laws that allow for concurrent criminal and family court jurisdiction in domestic violence cases, mandate arrest in domestic violence situations and require courts to consider domestic violence as a factor in custody decisions. Unfortunately, the heightened awareness of the harm domestic violence causes children has also resulted in a punitive policy towards battered women in the child welfare system. Increasingly in New York City, abuse and neglect proceedings are brought against battered mothers. Their children are ...