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Full-Text Articles in Law

An American Original, Ronald L. Carlson Dec 1998

An American Original, Ronald L. Carlson

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This is one of many articles tributing Judge Myron H. Bright in recognition of thirty years of service on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. This article describes Professor Carlson's relationship with Judge Bright and details Judge Bright's career.


De Minimis Discrimination, Rebecca H. White Oct 1998

De Minimis Discrimination, Rebecca H. White

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Is there any basis for a de minimis exception to our employment discrimination laws? This Article suggests a way of analyzing the issue of de minimis discrimination that comports with the language of and policies underlying Title VII and also with judicially developed disparate treatment theory. It approaches this project from a normative and doctrinal, not a deontological, perspective. Congress has enacted laws prohibiting discrimination in employment, and the appropriate question, in the first instance, is how those statutes should best be interpreted. Although the focus is on Title VII, the analysis undertaken here may be usefully applied to other ...


Challenging Defamatory Opinions As An Alternative To Media Self-Regulation, James F. Ponsoldt Oct 1998

Challenging Defamatory Opinions As An Alternative To Media Self-Regulation, James F. Ponsoldt

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This Essay analyzes defamation law as it applies to the media. Part I summarizes the state of defamation law prior to the 1990 Supreme Court decision in Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co., when opinion was presumed immune from liability. Part II examines the holding in Milkovich, which suggests the potential liability for recklessly defamatory statements couched as or in the context of opinion. Part III reviews post-Milkovich decisions during the 1990's. This Essay concludes that the predictions of Milkovich were accurate in many jurisdictions and could apply to televised allegations during the coverage of the Clinton affair. The ...


Mend It Or End It? What To Do With The Independent Counsel Statute, Julian A. Cook Oct 1998

Mend It Or End It? What To Do With The Independent Counsel Statute, Julian A. Cook

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The tenure of Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr has generated much debate among scholars, politicians, and the media in recent years regarding the efficacy of the independent counsel statute, which is scheduled to expire in June 1999. Enacted in response to the Watergate saga, and particularly the infamous “Saturday Night Massacre,” the independent counsel statute was designed to remove politics from the prosecution of executive branch officials and to foster public confidence in the prosecutorial process. Advocates claim that the statute, though flawed, is the best system available to address alleged criminal wrongdoing by high-ranking executive branch officials, as well as ...


Constitutional Remedies, Section 1983 And The Common Law, Michael L. Wells Sep 1998

Constitutional Remedies, Section 1983 And The Common Law, Michael L. Wells

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Constitutional tort law marries the substantive rights granted by the Constitution to the remedial mechanism of tort law. The sweeping language of 42 U.S.C. 1983 provides that "[e]very person who, under color of any [state law] subjects, or causes to be subjected, any [person] to the deprivation of any [constitutional rights] shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress." Constitutional tort suits raise, in a new context, many tort-like remedial questions relating to causation, immunity, and damages--and therein lies a problem. The usual source ...


Remedies For The Misappropriation Of Intellectual Property By State And Municipal Governments Before And After Seminole Tribe: The Eleventh Amendment And Immunity Doctrines, Paul J. Heald, Michael L. Wells Jul 1998

Remedies For The Misappropriation Of Intellectual Property By State And Municipal Governments Before And After Seminole Tribe: The Eleventh Amendment And Immunity Doctrines, Paul J. Heald, Michael L. Wells

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Part I of this Article addresses relief available to intellectual property owners under the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment. Before Congress's express abrogation of state sovereign immunity in 1992, federal, state, and local governments were nonetheless potentially liable for misappropriations of intellectual property that constituted takings without just compensation. This examination of the Supreme Court's Fifth Amendment jurisprudence is also key to answering the critical question of whether federal patent, copyright, and trademark laws establish rights in “property” for the purposes of the Fourteenth Amendment, for only under section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment may Congress abrogate ...


Tort Claims Against The State: Georgia's Compensation System, R. Perry Sentell Jr. Jul 1998

Tort Claims Against The State: Georgia's Compensation System, R. Perry Sentell Jr.

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The State's immunity from liability for the torts of its officers and employees claims legendary status in American law. Indeed, immunity's history now looms as daunting as the doctrine itself. As with most epochal accounts, this history varies according to version--versions, assuredly, for many tastes. In sum, nevertheless, the offerings attest to a legal principle persisting as (at least) the point of departure in most jurisdictions. Anchored in both history and rationale, therefore, state tort immunity long dominated the law of the United States. Over time, indeed, the doctrine's durability proved unequal only to that of its ...


Folsom V. Marsh And Its Legacy, L. Ray Patterson Apr 1998

Folsom V. Marsh And Its Legacy, L. Ray Patterson

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The fair use doctrine has become so important in American copyright law that it is somewhat surprising to learn that the case credited with creating it, Folsom v. Marsh, was so poorly reasoned that it may be entitled to first place in the category of bad copyright decisions. The case was a bill in equity for copyright piracy, the style of which comes from plaintiff, Folsom, Wells and Thurston, printers and publishers, and defendants, Marsh, Capen and Lyon, booksellers.

If one of the characteristics of a bad legal decision is that it gives rise to a myth as to what ...


State And Local Taxation Of Electronic Commerce: Reflections On The Emerging Issues, Walter Hellerstein Apr 1998

State And Local Taxation Of Electronic Commerce: Reflections On The Emerging Issues, Walter Hellerstein

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When Ed Cohen honored me with the invitation to present the principal paper on state and local taxation of electronic commerce for this conference, I was pleased to accept, but with one caveat. Because most of my waking hours over the past year seem to have been consumed by the preparation of papers addressed to state taxation of electronic commerce, I warned Ed that much of what I might have to say would not be new -- at least to me. But a funny thing happened on the way to this forum. When I set about my task to prepare yet ...


The Structure Of Blackstone's Commentaries, Alan Watson Apr 1998

The Structure Of Blackstone's Commentaries, Alan Watson

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Duncan Kennedy's view of Sir William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England as the first systematic attempt to present a theory of the whole common law system is interesting but wrong. Blackstone himself listed his predecessors, "those who have laboured in reducing our laws to a System": Glanville, Bracton, Britton, the author of Fleta, Fitzherbert, Brook, Lord Bacon, Sir Edward Coke, Dr. Cowell, Sir Henry Finch, Dr. Wood, Sir Matthew Hale. Certainly their arrangements are not free from defects. In particular, as Blackstone pointed out, the arrangement of Fitzherbert and Brook was alphabetical, and Bacon purposely avoided ...


Sunbeam Products, Inc. V. The West Bend Co.: Exposing The Malign Application Of The Federal Dilution Statute To Product Configurations, Paul J. Heald Apr 1998

Sunbeam Products, Inc. V. The West Bend Co.: Exposing The Malign Application Of The Federal Dilution Statute To Product Configurations, Paul J. Heald

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Some judicial opinions lack persuasive authority because they are poorly written. Others establish dangerous precedent or enshrine pernicious attitudes into law. Still others twist the language of prior opinions or misuse legislative history. Although a focus on rhetorical structure, effect on society, or quality of legal reasoning is helpful in identifying what constitutes a very bad judicial opinion, this essay will instead expose the blander evils of indifference and inattentitveness. My “worst” opinion -- Sunbeam Products, Inc. v. The West Bend Co. -- will not have a catastrophic effect on American life and culture, but rather provides an important illustration of how ...


Civil (Tort) Litigation: The Search For Data Continues, Thomas A. Eaton Apr 1998

Civil (Tort) Litigation: The Search For Data Continues, Thomas A. Eaton

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What do we "know" about tort litigation in Georgia? How many tort suits are filed? What kinds of cases are filed? How many settle and how many go to trial? Do jurors tend to rule in favor of one party or the other? What are the typical damages awarded in cases in which the plaintiff prevails? How often are punitive damages awarded?


Civil Rights Division Association Symposium: The Civil Rights Division At Forty, Howard Glickstein, Stephen J. Pollack, Brian Landsberg, Harold Greene, St. John Barrett, Paul F. Hancock, Muriel Spence, Michael Middleton, James A. Turner Jan 1998

Civil Rights Division Association Symposium: The Civil Rights Division At Forty, Howard Glickstein, Stephen J. Pollack, Brian Landsberg, Harold Greene, St. John Barrett, Paul F. Hancock, Muriel Spence, Michael Middleton, James A. Turner

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No abstract provided.


Fragments On The Deathwatch, Louise Harmon Jan 1998

Fragments On The Deathwatch, Louise Harmon

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No abstract provided.


Legal Services Lawyers And The Influence Of Third Parties On The Lawyer-Client Relationship: Some Thoughts From Scholars, Practitioners, And Courts, Samuel J. Levine Jan 1998

Legal Services Lawyers And The Influence Of Third Parties On The Lawyer-Client Relationship: Some Thoughts From Scholars, Practitioners, And Courts, Samuel J. Levine

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Among the challenges facing the lawyer who renders legal services to clients with limited means are ethical and professional questions relating to the influence of third parties on the lawyer-client relationship. Although all lawyers may potentially face ethical dilemmas involving third parties, legal services lawyers are particularly vulnerable to such issues because, unlike most lawyers, legal services lawyers generally rely on the financial support of someone other than their client. These challenges may take many forms, affecting a variety of ethical and professional considerations. Levine examines a number of areas in which bar association committees, scholars, and courts have addressed ...


Medtronic V. Lohr: For Want Of A Word, The Patient Was Almost Lost - Fixing The Mischief Caused In Cipollone By Dividing The Preemption Stream, Suzanne Darrow Kleinhaus Jan 1998

Medtronic V. Lohr: For Want Of A Word, The Patient Was Almost Lost - Fixing The Mischief Caused In Cipollone By Dividing The Preemption Stream, Suzanne Darrow Kleinhaus

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No abstract provided.


How Does The New York Constitution Compare To The U.S. Constitution? (Annual Issue On New York State Law: Trends And Developments), Eileen Kaufman, Leon Friedman Jan 1998

How Does The New York Constitution Compare To The U.S. Constitution? (Annual Issue On New York State Law: Trends And Developments), Eileen Kaufman, Leon Friedman

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No abstract provided.


Employment Discrimination And Presidential Immunity Cases, Eileen Kaufman Jan 1998

Employment Discrimination And Presidential Immunity Cases, Eileen Kaufman

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No abstract provided.


Does New York's Death Penalty Statute Violate The New York Constitution? (Symposium: New York State Constitutional Law: Trends And Developments), Richard Klein, Hon. Stewart F. Hancock, Jr., Christopher Quinn Jan 1998

Does New York's Death Penalty Statute Violate The New York Constitution? (Symposium: New York State Constitutional Law: Trends And Developments), Richard Klein, Hon. Stewart F. Hancock, Jr., Christopher Quinn

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No abstract provided.


Reevaluating Substantive Due Process As A Source Of Protection For Psychiatric Patients To Refuse Drugs, William M. Brooks Jan 1998

Reevaluating Substantive Due Process As A Source Of Protection For Psychiatric Patients To Refuse Drugs, William M. Brooks

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No abstract provided.


The Joke In Critical Race Theory: De Gustibus Disputandum Est?, Dan Subotnik Jan 1998

The Joke In Critical Race Theory: De Gustibus Disputandum Est?, Dan Subotnik

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No abstract provided.


What’S Wrong With Critical Race Theory?: Reopening The Case For Middle Class Values, Dan Subotnik Jan 1998

What’S Wrong With Critical Race Theory?: Reopening The Case For Middle Class Values, Dan Subotnik

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No abstract provided.


The Brady Act: Shot Down By The Tenth Amendment, Patricia A. Rooney Jan 1998

The Brady Act: Shot Down By The Tenth Amendment, Patricia A. Rooney

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No abstract provided.


Rethinking The Supreme Court’S Hands-Off Approach To Questions Of Religious Practice And Belief, Samuel J. Levine Jan 1998

Rethinking The Supreme Court’S Hands-Off Approach To Questions Of Religious Practice And Belief, Samuel J. Levine

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In recent years, the United States Supreme Court has shown an increasing unwillingness to engage in deciding matters that relate to the interpretation of religious practice and belief. While the Justices have articulated valid concerns concerning these cases, courts should not allow these concerns to deter them from making decisions vital to the effective adjudication of Free Exercise and Establishment Clause cases. In fact, it appears that as a result of the Court's increasing refusal to consider carefully the religious questions central to many cases, the Court often tends to group together religious claims and practices, regardless of the ...


Halacha And Aggada: Translating Robert Cover’S Nomos And Narrative, Samuel J. Levine Jan 1998

Halacha And Aggada: Translating Robert Cover’S Nomos And Narrative, Samuel J. Levine

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Levine takes a look at Robert Cover's 1983 Harvard Law Review article, Nomos and Narrative. Nomos is characterized by its heavy reliance on Jewish sources as a basis for analyzing contemporary American legal theory. The basis of narrative is the thesis that no set of legal institutions or prescriptions exists apart from the narratives that locate it and give it meaning, so law becomes not merely a system of rules to be observed, but a world in which we live. Cover's explanation of these ideas coincided with and influenced the emergence of what has become known as "legal ...


Introductory Note: Symposium On Lawyering And Personal Values – Responding To The Problems Of Ethical Schizophrenia, Samuel J. Levine Jan 1998

Introductory Note: Symposium On Lawyering And Personal Values – Responding To The Problems Of Ethical Schizophrenia, Samuel J. Levine

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In recent years, legal practitioners and scholars alike have identified a growing crisis in the legal profession. Increasingly, lawyers feel dissatisfied with the roles they are expected to play and the conduct demanded of them. In particular, many lawyers see a widening gap between their personal values and those employed in legal practice. In response to the dichotomy between personal and professional values, some lawyers attempt to develop a corresponding dichotomy in their personalities, separating the “professional self” from the “personal self.” Such a response, however, may lead to a kind of “ethical schizophrenia,” a condition in which an individual ...


Claims For Damages For Violations Of State Constitutional Rights – Analysis Of The Recent Court Of Appeals Decision In Brown V. New York; The Resolved And Unresolved Issues, Martin A. Schwartz Jan 1998

Claims For Damages For Violations Of State Constitutional Rights – Analysis Of The Recent Court Of Appeals Decision In Brown V. New York; The Resolved And Unresolved Issues, Martin A. Schwartz

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No abstract provided.


Goodbye To The Sat, Lsat? Hello To Equity By Lottery? Evaluating Lani Guinier’S Plan For Ending Race Consciousness, Dan Subotnik Jan 1998

Goodbye To The Sat, Lsat? Hello To Equity By Lottery? Evaluating Lani Guinier’S Plan For Ending Race Consciousness, Dan Subotnik

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No abstract provided.


Time To Try Mediation Of International Commercial Disputes, Harold Abramson Jan 1998

Time To Try Mediation Of International Commercial Disputes, Harold Abramson

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No abstract provided.


Unenumerated Constitutional Rights And Unenumerated Biblical Obligations: A Preliminary Study In Comparative Hermeneutics, Samuel J. Levine Jan 1998

Unenumerated Constitutional Rights And Unenumerated Biblical Obligations: A Preliminary Study In Comparative Hermeneutics, Samuel J. Levine

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In his 1986 Yale Law Journal article, Robert Cover wrote of an explosion of legal scholarship placing interpretation at the crux of the enterprise of law. As part of the continuing emphasis on hermeneutics in constitutional interpretation, a body of literature has emerged comparing constitutional textual analysis to Biblical hermeneutics. This scholarship has been based on the recognition that, like the Constitution, the Bible functions as an authoritative legal text that must be interpreted in order to serve as the foundation for a living community. Levine looks at a basic hermeneutic device common to both Biblical and constitutional interpretation, the ...