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1992

Labor and Employment Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 111

Full-Text Articles in Law

A Bargaining Analysis Of American Labor Law And The Search For Bargaining Equity And Industrial Peace, Kenneth G. Dau-Schmidt Dec 1992

A Bargaining Analysis Of American Labor Law And The Search For Bargaining Equity And Industrial Peace, Kenneth G. Dau-Schmidt

Michigan Law Review

In this article, I present an alternative economic analysis of unions and collective bargaining that utilizes recent advances in labor economics and some simple applications of game theory to address the deficiencies of the traditional monopoly model.

The article proceeds in four parts. In Part I, I provide a brief primer on the economic analysis of unions and collective bargaining. I discuss the various possible sources of union wage increases, possible employer responses to union wage demands, and alternative models of the costs of collective bargaining. In Part II, I outline the traditional monopoly theory of unions by combining the ...


Labor Certification: Six Different Ways And Reasons For Establishing Dissimilarity Between Two Employment Positions, Lorna Rogers Burgess Nov 1992

Labor Certification: Six Different Ways And Reasons For Establishing Dissimilarity Between Two Employment Positions, Lorna Rogers Burgess

San Diego Law Review

In alien employment certification and labor condition attestation, a distinction between two jobs must be established if an alien's previous experience with the same employer is to be used as a qualifying credential in labor certification. Two jobs must also be distinguished when challenging a state wage determination. A successful challenge often requires establishing a dissimilarity between the job offered and those to which it is compared. What makes two jobs different in these circumstances is difficult to determine. This Article explores the methodology applied by the Department of Labor in distinguishing between jobs in contexts including utilization of ...


The Impact Of Federal Labor Policy On The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990: Collective Bargaining Agreements In A New Era Of Civil Rights, David S. Doty Nov 1992

The Impact Of Federal Labor Policy On The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990: Collective Bargaining Agreements In A New Era Of Civil Rights, David S. Doty

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Vol. 9, No. 4, R. Theodore Clark Jr. Oct 1992

Vol. 9, No. 4, R. Theodore Clark Jr.

The Illinois Public Employee Relations Report

Contents:

Illinois Public Sector Labor Law and Issues of Appropriate Forum, by R. Theodore Clark, Jr.

Recent Developments, by the Student Editorial Board

Further References, compiled by Margaret A. Chaplan


An Administrative Battle Of The Forms: The Eeoc's Intake Questionnaire And Charge Of Discrimination, Laurie M. Stegman Oct 1992

An Administrative Battle Of The Forms: The Eeoc's Intake Questionnaire And Charge Of Discrimination, Laurie M. Stegman

Michigan Law Review

This Note argues that the EEOC's interpretation of Title VII as reflected in its regulations is consistent with underlying statutory intent and strikes an appropriate balance between the needs of employers and employees. Therefore, Congress should amend section 706(b) of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to provide that a charge must be verified prior to the commencement of an EEOC investigation but not necessarily within the statutory filing period. Part I examines the legislative history of Title VII and its integrated procedures for obtaining administrative and judicial relief. Part II critiques the various ways ...


Dulling A Needle: Analyzing Federal Employment Restrictions On People With Insulin-Dependent Diabetes, Mark L. Baylor Oct 1992

Dulling A Needle: Analyzing Federal Employment Restrictions On People With Insulin-Dependent Diabetes, Mark L. Baylor

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Fetal Hazards, Gender Justice, And The Justices: The Limits Of Equality, David L. Kirp Oct 1992

Fetal Hazards, Gender Justice, And The Justices: The Limits Of Equality, David L. Kirp

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


You've Built The Bridge, Why Don't You Cross It? A Call For State Labor Laws Prohibiting Private Employment Discrimination On The Basis Of Sexual Orientation, David E. Morrison Oct 1992

You've Built The Bridge, Why Don't You Cross It? A Call For State Labor Laws Prohibiting Private Employment Discrimination On The Basis Of Sexual Orientation, David E. Morrison

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

The call for legal reform to prevent discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation has been prevalent since at least the 1970s. Part I of this Note examines sexual orientation as a protected status at the federal and state level. Tracing the development of case law interpreting Title VII, it is evident that current federal laws have been of little use to gay men and lesbians. As a result, employment discrimination against homosexuals has been widespread. Part II of this Note discusses how the foundation for reform already has been created at the state level. This foundation began with state ...


In-House Counsel's Wrongful Discharge Action Under The Public Policy Exception And Retaliatory Discharge Doctrine, Raymis H.C. Kim Oct 1992

In-House Counsel's Wrongful Discharge Action Under The Public Policy Exception And Retaliatory Discharge Doctrine, Raymis H.C. Kim

Washington Law Review

Most courts hold that in-house counsel have no cause of action under public policy or retaliatory discharge exceptions to the at-will employment rule. This is true even when they are discharged in contravention of a clearly mandated public policy. These courts have rationalized that such recognition would be contrary to the at-will nature of attorney-client employment and would have an adverse effect on the attorney-client relationship. This Comment proposes that courts should extend the public policy exception and retaliatory discharge doctrine to in-house counsel to protect the public from illegal corporate acts and provide relief to in-house counsel.


Deterring Egregious Violations Of Public Policy: A Proposed Amendment To The Model Employment Termination Act, Dawn S. Perry Oct 1992

Deterring Egregious Violations Of Public Policy: A Proposed Amendment To The Model Employment Termination Act, Dawn S. Perry

Washington Law Review

The Model Employment Termination Act (Model Act), if enacted by state legislatures, would provide good cause protection to private sector employees. In exchange for this increased job security, the Model Act limits the range of remedies available for wrongful discharges. This Comment compares the remedies available under common law to those embodied in the Model Act and concludes that the Model Act does not adequately deter abusive discharges in violation of public policy. By amending the Model Act to include a capped punitive damages provision for egregious violations of public policy, state legislatures can achieve deterrence without undermining the compromise ...


Swedish Parental Leave Policy And Its Lessons To The U.S., Jon Kosich Sep 1992

Swedish Parental Leave Policy And Its Lessons To The U.S., Jon Kosich

Penn State International Law Review

No abstract provided.


Adea Front Pay Awards: Who Should Determine The Amount?, B. Todd Bailey Sep 1992

Adea Front Pay Awards: Who Should Determine The Amount?, B. Todd Bailey

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The “Social Dimension” Of Ec 1992: Implications For U.S Labor-Management Relations, Leonard Bierman Aug 1992

The “Social Dimension” Of Ec 1992: Implications For U.S Labor-Management Relations, Leonard Bierman

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Injunctive Relief For Constitutional Violations: Does The Civil Service Reform Act Preclude Equitable Remedies?, Elizabeth A. Wells Aug 1992

Injunctive Relief For Constitutional Violations: Does The Civil Service Reform Act Preclude Equitable Remedies?, Elizabeth A. Wells

Michigan Law Review

This Note argues that the federal courts retain power to furnish equitable relief for constitutional violations to ensure adequate protection of federal employees' rights. Statutory procedures and remedies available under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (CSRA) and related legislation should preempt judicially created equitable relief only where the government or federal agency affirmatively demonstrates that these procedures are constitutionally sufficient. Part I canvasses the current lower court response to the question of preclusion and notes the various routes taken by the courts in inferring congressional intent to preempt. This Part discusses varying interpretations of the Civil Service Reform ...


The Preclusive Effect Of Unemployment Compensation Determinations In Subsequent Litigation: A Federal Solution, Ann C. Hodges Jul 1992

The Preclusive Effect Of Unemployment Compensation Determinations In Subsequent Litigation: A Federal Solution, Ann C. Hodges

Law Faculty Publications

This article examines the use of the doctrine of collateral estoppel to preclude litigation of statutory and common law actions challenging employee discharge based on determinations in unemployment compensation proceedings. First, the article reviews the history of the doctrine of collateral estoppel and examines the policies underlying its application. Next, the article reviews unemployment compensation law and analyzes the cases that have considered whether unemployment compensation determinations have preclusive effect in later litigation. After examining the existing law, the article engages in a comparative analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of according preclusive effect to unemployment compensation determinations, in light ...


Advocacy Versus Analysis In Assessing Employment Discrimination Law, John J. Donohue Jul 1992

Advocacy Versus Analysis In Assessing Employment Discrimination Law, John J. Donohue

John Donohue

No abstract provided.


Vol. 9, No. 3, Michael Newman Jul 1992

Vol. 9, No. 3, Michael Newman

The Illinois Public Employee Relations Report

Contents:

The Inadequacy of Remedies Under Illinois Public Sector Labor Relations Law, by Michael Newman

Recent Developments, by the Student Editorial Board

Further References, compiled by Margaret A. Chaplan


Statistics For Wage Discrimination Cases: Why The Statistical Models Used Cannot Prove Or Disprove Sex Discrimination, James T. Mckeown Jul 1992

Statistics For Wage Discrimination Cases: Why The Statistical Models Used Cannot Prove Or Disprove Sex Discrimination, James T. Mckeown

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Smokers' Rights Legislation: Should The State "Butt Out" Of The Workplace?, Thomas W. Sculco Jul 1992

Smokers' Rights Legislation: Should The State "Butt Out" Of The Workplace?, Thomas W. Sculco

Boston College Law Review

No abstract provided.


State Taxation Of Nonresidents' Pension Income, Walter Hellerstein Jul 1992

State Taxation Of Nonresidents' Pension Income, Walter Hellerstein

Scholarly Works

This article examines the issues raised by the efforts of some states to tax the pension income of their former residents and of the proposed congressional legislation to forbid such taxation. While there may be sound policy reasons for forbidding state taxation of nonresident pension income, they have yet to emerge clearly from the rhetoric that has thus far dominated the debate over the pension tax issue. The goal of the article is to examine the questions raised by the controversy over state taxation of nonresident pensions in the hope that dispassionate analysis of the problem may contribute to a ...


Testimony Of J. Clay Smith, Jr., In Support Of The Nomination Of Professor Madeijyn C. Squire For Reappointment As A Public Member Of' The Public Employee Relations Board, J. Clay Smith Jr. Jun 1992

Testimony Of J. Clay Smith, Jr., In Support Of The Nomination Of Professor Madeijyn C. Squire For Reappointment As A Public Member Of' The Public Employee Relations Board, J. Clay Smith Jr.

Selected Speeches

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court As Risk Manager: An Analysis Of Skinner, Todd F. Volyn, James F. Mogan, Lisa M. White Jun 1992

The Supreme Court As Risk Manager: An Analysis Of Skinner, Todd F. Volyn, James F. Mogan, Lisa M. White

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Examining a recent case in which the U.S. Supreme Court approved the collection of blood and urine samples from railroad employees, the authors conclude that, in attempting to improve railroad safety, both majority and minority opinions reflected undue emphasis on technical issues and inadequate attention to the intangible social values underlying traditional Constitutional rights to privacy.


Book Review, Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette Jun 1992

Book Review, Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Review of the following: ELAINE DRAPER, Risky BUSINESS: GENETIC TESTING AND EXCLUSIONARY PRACTICES IN THE HAZARDOUS WORKPLACE. (Cambridge University Press 1991) [315 pp.] Index of names and subjects, glossary, notes, references. LC 90-28112; ISBN 0-521-37027-2 (cloth $49.50); ISBN 0-42248-5 (paper $15.95). [40 W. 20th St., New York NY 10011.]


Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Osha's General Duty Clause And The Need For An Ergonomics Standard, David J. Kolesar Jun 1992

Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Osha's General Duty Clause And The Need For An Ergonomics Standard, David J. Kolesar

Michigan Law Review

This Note argues that neither the Act nor its underlying policies supports OSHA's current use of the general duty clause to prosecute alleged ergonomics violations and that the only way to protect workers from CTDs fairly and effectively is through the promulgation of an ergonomics standard. Part I examines the purposes of the Act, as well as the function of the Act's general duty clause. Part II analyzes the four requirements of the general duty clause in the context of CTDs and finds that the clause does not apply to CTDs. Part III argues that the Act's ...


Criminal Prosecution Of Workplace Safety Violations, Michael T. Cimino Jun 1992

Criminal Prosecution Of Workplace Safety Violations, Michael T. Cimino

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Hospital Liability Related To Understaffing Of Nursing Services: Walking The Fine Line Between Respondeat Superior And Corporate Negligence, Carmen D. Rasmussen Jun 1992

Hospital Liability Related To Understaffing Of Nursing Services: Walking The Fine Line Between Respondeat Superior And Corporate Negligence, Carmen D. Rasmussen

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Further Thoughts On Deferral To Private Dispute Resolution Procedures: A Response, Leonard Page, Daniel W. Sherrick Jun 1992

Further Thoughts On Deferral To Private Dispute Resolution Procedures: A Response, Leonard Page, Daniel W. Sherrick

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

We would first like to respond to one aspect of Levy's Article before discussing our proposal. Levy seems to argue as a general matter that "joint committee" determinations should not receive the same deference as arbitral resolutions. After establishing some of the basic analytic parameters in Part I of this Response, we argue in Part II that Levy's distinction between joint committees and arbitral resolutions has no relevance to disputes concerning contractual rights, and is useful only in the context of disputes concerning statutory rights. In Part III, we outline a framework for analyzing internal union review procedures ...


Deferral To The Intraunion Appellate Process: A Response, Paul Alan Levy Jun 1992

Deferral To The Intraunion Appellate Process: A Response, Paul Alan Levy

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

In their recent Article on the deferral policy of the National Labor Relations Board (Board or NLRB), two attorneys for the United Auto Workers (UAW), Leonard Page and Daniel W. Sherrick, argue that the Board has adopted "an indefensible double standard" by applying its policy of "deferral to arbitration" only to contractual dispute resolution processes but not to intraunion review procedures. By deferring to intraunion procedures, they contend, the Board would further many of the same policy objectives it now achieves by deferring to arbitration, with the added benefit of advancing the interest in democratic union self-government. Moreover, by drawing ...


Reflections On Labor Law Scholarship And Its Discontents: The Reveries Of Monsieur Verog, Matthew W. Finkin May 1992

Reflections On Labor Law Scholarship And Its Discontents: The Reveries Of Monsieur Verog, Matthew W. Finkin

University of Miami Law Review

No abstract provided.


Which Side Are You On?: Trying To Be For Labor When It's Flat On Its Back, John Edward Connelly May 1992

Which Side Are You On?: Trying To Be For Labor When It's Flat On Its Back, John Edward Connelly

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Which Side Are You On?: Trying to Be for Labor When It's Flat on Its Back by Thomas Geoghegan