Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Law

Recent Developments: The Uniform Arbitration Act, Gregory K. Barnes, Cynthia R. Bradley-Bishop, Michele Carroll, Richard W. Fischer Jul 1990

Recent Developments: The Uniform Arbitration Act, Gregory K. Barnes, Cynthia R. Bradley-Bishop, Michele Carroll, Richard W. Fischer

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Arbitration as a forum for dispute resolution has been a part of the American common law heritage for at least the past one hundred fifty years. However, until recently, state law was almost uniformly biased against arbitration.2 The theory at common law was that either party to an agreement to arbitrate future disputes could void the agreement at any time.3 This legal environment rendered the institution of arbitration impotent in any situation in which one of the parties decided that their interests would be better served if the dispute was resolved in a more traditional court setting


Consumer Problems And Adr: An Analysis Of The Federal Trade Commission-Ordered General Motors Mediation And Arbitration Program, Arthur Best Jul 1990

Consumer Problems And Adr: An Analysis Of The Federal Trade Commission-Ordered General Motors Mediation And Arbitration Program, Arthur Best

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Article evaluates a controversial mediation and arbitration program established by General Motors (GM) for owners of certain cars. It began in 1984, under the terms of a Federal Trade Commission (FTC) consent order settling charges that GM had deceptively failed to inform buyers that particular models of cars contained components that had unusually low durability. When the settlement was proposed, debate centered on whether the public interest would be served best by: 1) creation of mediation and arbitration opportunities for individual owners; or 2) prosecution of a single action seeking uniform compensation for all owners. One commissioner feared that ...


Arbitration Awards In Uninsured And Underinsured Motorist Insurance Provisions: Which Public Policy To Apply - Mendes V. Automobile Insurance Co. Of Hartford, L. Dean Wilson Jul 1990

Arbitration Awards In Uninsured And Underinsured Motorist Insurance Provisions: Which Public Policy To Apply - Mendes V. Automobile Insurance Co. Of Hartford, L. Dean Wilson

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Note examines how the Connecticut Supreme Court handled a case involving an automobile insurance policy that called for arbitration of disputes concerning uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage, but allowed either party to demand a trial de novo if unsatisfied With the arbitration award.


Constitutionally Recognizing Court Mandated Arbitration: Paradise Found Or Problems Abound - Firelock Inc. V. District Court, Scott M. Badami Jan 1990

Constitutionally Recognizing Court Mandated Arbitration: Paradise Found Or Problems Abound - Firelock Inc. V. District Court, Scott M. Badami

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Note will argue that notwithstanding any criticism of the court-annexed arbitration procedure, the Colorado Supreme Court is taking a leadership position in upholding and expanding the role for arbitration, by recognizing that this form of alternative dispute resolution is less expensive, saves judicial time, provides for confidentially, and most importantly, provides the parties with a sense of fairness in the outcome.


Book Reviews, Michele S. G. Hermann Jan 1990

Book Reviews, Michele S. G. Hermann

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Two new introductory books on mediation have been published within the last year. ANATOMY OF MEDIATION1 is co-authored by veteran labor arbitrator Sam Kagel, who has been practicing and writing about resolving labor-management disputes for 45 years,2 and Kathy Kelly, also a labor arbitrator and author in the field.3 MEDIATE, DON'T LITIGATE4 is written by Peter Lovenheim, a New York lawyer who is former legal counsel and program director for the Center for Dispute Settlement, a public mediation center in Rochester, New York


Context, Properties, And Constitutionality Of Nonconsensual Arbitration: A Study Of Four Systems, The, John R. Allison Jan 1990

Context, Properties, And Constitutionality Of Nonconsensual Arbitration: A Study Of Four Systems, The, John R. Allison

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The purpose of this article is to analyze the context, properties, and constitutionality of these instances of nonconsensual arbitration. Although FIFRA data arbitration and the constitutional challenges to which it has been subjected will receive the most extensive study, the other examples also will be explored in some detail. It is first necessary, however, to lay some groundwork. Each of the nonconsensual arbitration systems to be studied, including FIFRA data arbitration, draws the inspiration for its design and operation from contract-based commercial arbitration. To aid in the understanding of the former, Part II discusses the fundamental nature and legal framework ...


Bridging The Procedural Gap: Arbitration Decisions As A Basis For Collateral Estoppel - Benjamin V. Traffic Executive Association Eastern Railroads, Robert M. Bain Jan 1990

Bridging The Procedural Gap: Arbitration Decisions As A Basis For Collateral Estoppel - Benjamin V. Traffic Executive Association Eastern Railroads, Robert M. Bain

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Courts have long used the doctrine of collateral estoppel to preclude relitigation of previously determined issues. The fora for the previous determination is of importance in deciding whether to apply the doctrine. This Note will examine the application of the doctrine of collateral estoppel to arbitration decisions. In deciding the question, the courts' major consideration is the degree of procedural differences between the arbitration proceeding and a judicial proceeding. The more closely an arbitration resembles litigation in the procedural safeguards employed, the more likely that the arbitral decision will be accorded a preclusive effect. Unfortunately, as arbitration proceedings become more ...


Coordinated Transnational Interaction In Civil Litigation And Arbitration, Peter F. Schlosser Jan 1990

Coordinated Transnational Interaction In Civil Litigation And Arbitration, Peter F. Schlosser

Michigan Journal of International Law

About fifteen years ago, an English shipowner chartered his vessel, the Mareva, to time charterers. After a while, the charterers discontinued payment on the charter and the shipowner instituted court proceedings against them. The plaintiff, concerned about the ability and willingness of the defendants to satisfy an expected judgment, simultaneously applied for a preliminary injunction restraining the defendants from disposing of a subcharter which had been paid into their London bank account. The injunction was granted. Since then, injunctions of this kind have been denominated "Mareva injunctions," although it was the second, rather than the first, case where such an ...


Securities Arbitration Appeal: An Oxymoron No Longer?, C. Evan Stewart Jan 1990

Securities Arbitration Appeal: An Oxymoron No Longer?, C. Evan Stewart

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Arbitration And The U.S. Supreme Court: A Plea For Statutory Reform, Thomas E. Carbonneau Jan 1990

Arbitration And The U.S. Supreme Court: A Plea For Statutory Reform, Thomas E. Carbonneau

Journal Articles

This Article argues for stabilizing and preserving arbitration's necessary and valuable vocation in dispute resolution. It outlines the basic stages in the evolution of the American law of arbitration and studies the underlying motivation of each of its historical phases. It attributes vital significance to the legislative and decisional law developments that led to an early rehabilitation of arbitration in American law, beginning with the enactment of the United States Arbitration Act (FAA) in 1925 and continuing with the ratification of the New York Arbitration Convention and the elaboration of a "hospitable" federal caselaw. Eventually, these developments gave rise ...


Consequential Damages In Contracts For The International Sale Of Goods And The Legacy Of Hadley, Arthur Murphey Jan 1990

Consequential Damages In Contracts For The International Sale Of Goods And The Legacy Of Hadley, Arthur Murphey

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Pitfalls Of Public Policy: The Case Of Arbitration Agreements, Jeffrey W. Stempel Jan 1990

Pitfalls Of Public Policy: The Case Of Arbitration Agreements, Jeffrey W. Stempel

Scholarly Works

As the juxtaposition of these quotations suggests, judges have long held disparate views on the legitimacy and value of “public policy” considerations as a basis for legal decision making. The popular notion posits that Justice Holmes and legal realists carried the day, making public policy analysis an ordinary part of the adjudication process. The story, of course, is more complex than this legal version of Don Quixote. Many judges and lawyers, including Justice Holmes in other writings, continued to speak of adjudication in more formalist and positivist terms, with most laypersons in apparent agreement. Judge Burroughs' view of public policy ...


Afterword To Chicago-Kent Law Review, Theodore J. St. Antoine Jan 1990

Afterword To Chicago-Kent Law Review, Theodore J. St. Antoine

Articles

A unifying theme of this Symposium is as old and enduring as the common law: when and how can a well-established, successful adjudicative institution be adapted to meet the demands of new and substantially different situations? There have been splendid triumphs of transference, such as Lord Mansfield's appropriation of the law merchant in the eighteenth century as a major building block of modem commercial law. There have also been embarrassing failures, like the abortive effort to transport American labor law concepts en masse into the alien British environment of the early 1970s. The common question confronting the participants in ...