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Motivations, Learning Activities And Challenges: Learning Mandarin Chinese In Australia, Xiaoping Gao Jan 2014

Motivations, Learning Activities And Challenges: Learning Mandarin Chinese In Australia, Xiaoping Gao

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Mandarin Chinese is ane of the priority languages in the Australian Government's {2012} 'Australia in the Asian Century' White Paper. However the number of Australian learners of Mandarin remains the smallest among six commonly taught foreign languages in Australia. What are Australian learners' motivations and preferred learning activities for learning Mandarin Chinese? What challenges do teachers face when promoting this language? To answer these questions, this study conducted surveys with 149 school students and with 18 principals and language teachers in New South Wales. Results show that the Australian students' study of Mandarin was primarily driven by extrinsic motivation ...


Southeast Asia's Maritime Piracy: Challenges, Legal Instruments And A Way Forward, Ahmad Amri Jan 2014

Southeast Asia's Maritime Piracy: Challenges, Legal Instruments And A Way Forward, Ahmad Amri

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Piracy is considered a critical maritime security threat in Southeast Asia. Whilst piracy has always been a perennial problem in the region, this threat has received increasing attention over the past few years. Reports published by the International Maritime Organization as well as the International Maritime Bureau show an alarming increase in acts of piracy on Southeast Asian waters over the past decade. In ancient times, the main drivers of piracy were raiding for plunder and capture of slaves; however, in modern times, developments in politics, economics and even military technology have drastically altered the universal crime of piracy. There ...


Transforming Management Of Tropical Coastal Seas To Cope With Challenges Of The 21st Century, Peter F. Sale, Tundi Agardy, Cameron H. Ainsworth, Blake E. Feist, Johann D. Bell, Patrick Christie, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Peter J. Mumby, David A. Feary, Megan I. Saunders, Tim M. Daw, Simon J. Foale, Phillip S. Levin, Kenyon C. Lindeman, Kai Lorenzen, Robert S. Pomeroy, Edward H. Allison, Roger Bradbury, Jennifer Corrin, Alasdair J. Edwards, David O. Obura, Yvonne J. Sadovy De Mitcheson, Melita A. Samoilys, Charles R.C Sheppard Jan 2014

Transforming Management Of Tropical Coastal Seas To Cope With Challenges Of The 21st Century, Peter F. Sale, Tundi Agardy, Cameron H. Ainsworth, Blake E. Feist, Johann D. Bell, Patrick Christie, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Peter J. Mumby, David A. Feary, Megan I. Saunders, Tim M. Daw, Simon J. Foale, Phillip S. Levin, Kenyon C. Lindeman, Kai Lorenzen, Robert S. Pomeroy, Edward H. Allison, Roger Bradbury, Jennifer Corrin, Alasdair J. Edwards, David O. Obura, Yvonne J. Sadovy De Mitcheson, Melita A. Samoilys, Charles R.C Sheppard

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Over 1.3 billion people live on tropical coasts, primarily in developing countries. Many depend on adjacent coastal seas for food, and livelihoods. We show how trends in demography and in several local and global anthropogenic stressors are progressively degrading capacity of coastal waters to sustain these people. Far more effective approaches to environmental management are needed if the loss in provision of ecosystem goods and services is to be stemmed. We propose expanded use of marine spatial planning as a framework for more effective, pragmatic management based on ocean zones to accommodate conflicting uses. This would force the holistic ...


Dispute Settlement In The Law Of The Sea Convention And Territorial And Maritime Disputes In Southeast Asia: Issues, Opportunities, And Challenges, Lowell Bautista Jan 2014

Dispute Settlement In The Law Of The Sea Convention And Territorial And Maritime Disputes In Southeast Asia: Issues, Opportunities, And Challenges, Lowell Bautista

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) provides for a dispute settlement regime that establishes a compulsory and binding framework for the peaceful settlement of all ocean-related disputes. In Southeast Asia, despite the long-standing myriad of territorial and maritime disputes, there appears to be a general reluctance to utilize the dispute settlement provisions of LOSC. The region has very little experience in international litigation involving territorial and maritime disputes, and a reluctance to utilize the dispute settlement provisions of LOSC.While the LOSC legal framework offers some options, the highly complicated nature of the disputes ...


Combating Maritime Piracy In Southeast Asia From International And Regional Legal Perspectives: Challenges And Prospects, Ahmad Amri Jan 2013

Combating Maritime Piracy In Southeast Asia From International And Regional Legal Perspectives: Challenges And Prospects, Ahmad Amri

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Piracy is considered a critical maritime security threat in Southeast Asia. Whilst piracy has always been a perennial problem in the region, this threat has received increasing attention in the region over the past few years. Reports published by the International Maritime Organisation as well as the International Maritime Bureau show an alarming increase in acts of piracy on Southeast Asian waters over the past decade. In ancients times, the main drivers of piracy were raiding for plunder and capture of slaves; however, in modern times, developments in politics, economics and even military technology have drastically altered the universal crime ...


Bringing Up Bilingual Children: Choices And Challenges, Liz Ellis, Lidia Bilbatua Jan 2013

Bringing Up Bilingual Children: Choices And Challenges, Liz Ellis, Lidia Bilbatua

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Introduction: family language choices This paper explores a migrant mother’s struggle to pass on her language to her children; a struggle which Li (2007) claims is shared by “souls in exile”. It is one of thousands of stories in Australia which speak of the importance of passing on the gifts of bilingualism and biculturalism to children. The data on which it is based comes from the mother’s journals and recorded discussions with the researchers over a period of ten years.


One Step Forwards, Two Steps Back? Progress And Challenges In The Delimitation Of Maritime Boundaries Since The Drafting Of The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea, Clive Schofield Jan 2013

One Step Forwards, Two Steps Back? Progress And Challenges In The Delimitation Of Maritime Boundaries Since The Drafting Of The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea, Clive Schofield

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea dealing with the delimitation of maritime boundaries are limited and open to varied interpretation. Nevertheless, the advent of the Convention had a significant impact on ocean boundary making. Subsequent developments have also arguably led to a clearer approach to maritime boundary delimitation. These evolutions are traced and contemporary challenges highlighted


Australia's Maritime Challenges And Priorities: Recent Developments And Future Prospects, Robin M. Warner Jan 2012

Australia's Maritime Challenges And Priorities: Recent Developments And Future Prospects, Robin M. Warner

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

Australia, witb its lengthy coastline, vast maritime jurisdiction and multiple offshore territories, undoubtedly fits the description of a maritime nation: but it was not until the issue of Australia's Oceans Policy in 1998 Ihat a comprehensive statement of Australia's maritime challenges and priorities emerged at the Federal Government level. The Oceans Policy arliculated a diverse array of challenges and priorities relating to Australia's maritime interests, including the conservation of marine biological diversity, the maintenance of ecologically sustainable fisheries, the prevention of marine pollution, the development of lhe offshore petroleum and minerals industry, the definition or Australia's ...


Post-3.11 Australia-Japan Co-Operation: Facing Non-Traditional Security Challenges: Items Of Sentimental Value, Anne A. Collett Jan 2012

Post-3.11 Australia-Japan Co-Operation: Facing Non-Traditional Security Challenges: Items Of Sentimental Value, Anne A. Collett

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

To those for whom this talk and the photographs that accompany it may cause distress, I apologise, and hope that what I have to say will be taken in the spirit intended - that is, as a tribute to those who worked to find ways to alleviate distress, heal wounds, offer comfort and repair damage. This talk offers me (and I hope you as an audience) an opportunity to think through the meaning of 'connection', and the meaning of photographs, their relationship to collective memory and community, and their capacity to allow survivors and those who witness tragedy intimately or from ...


New Challenges For Maritime Security In The Indian Ocean - An Australian Perspective, Sam Bateman, Anthony Bergin Jan 2011

New Challenges For Maritime Security In The Indian Ocean - An Australian Perspective, Sam Bateman, Anthony Bergin

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

The Indian Ocean region is growing in strategic importance. It is facing the risks of growing strategic competition, particularly between China and India. However, the region tends to be neglected by Australia despite extensive interests in the region and the possibility of threats to Australia’s security emerging from the region, including the risks of intrastate conflict, terrorism, smuggling in all its forms, and illegal fishing. Climate change, sea-level rise and natural disasters are other non-traditional security threats evident in the region. The northwest of Australia is particularly exposed to these challenges to maritime security and requires more attention in ...


Benefits And Challenges Of Mpa Strategies, Caitlyn Toropova, Richard Kenchington, Marjo Vierros, Imen Meliane Jan 2010

Benefits And Challenges Of Mpa Strategies, Caitlyn Toropova, Richard Kenchington, Marjo Vierros, Imen Meliane

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

During the 1950s and early 1960s, as coastal and marine ecosystems became increasingly degraded by human activities and heavily exploited by fishing, the calls for management and protection of the marine environments and resources became more stressing. The iinternational community started to develop a response to the need for effective conservation and management of coastal and marine systems. National and global policies were developed around concepts of integrated marine resources and environmental management, and were fostered by several international initiatives, including the United Naitons Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972. (United Nations 1972), the protracted negotiations ...


Boundaries, Biodiversity, Resources, And Increasing Maritime Activities: Emerging Oceans Governance Challenges For Canada In The Arctic Ocean, Clive H. Schofield, Ian Townsend-Gault, Tavis Potts Jan 2009

Boundaries, Biodiversity, Resources, And Increasing Maritime Activities: Emerging Oceans Governance Challenges For Canada In The Arctic Ocean, Clive H. Schofield, Ian Townsend-Gault, Tavis Potts

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

The Arctic region is undergoing rapid environmental and socioeconomic change. As one of the most rapidly warming places on the planet, the Arctic is experiencing dramatic climate change-related impacts, such as a severe downward trend in sea ice cover. The scientific community projects that this trend could result in a sea ice-free summer by as early as 2020. As conditions warm, the retreat of sea ice is driving an expansion of political and economic activity. Recent world media attention has been focused on the Arctic to an unprecedented extent. Much of the discourse has been devoted to a perceived Arctic ...


The Philippines As An Archipelagic And Maritime Nation: Interests, Challenges, And Perspectives, Mary Ann Palma Jan 2009

The Philippines As An Archipelagic And Maritime Nation: Interests, Challenges, And Perspectives, Mary Ann Palma

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

The geographic nature of the Phillipines as well as its numerous activities in relation to the sea, are integral to the identify of the country and critical in securing its maritime interests.


Prompt Release Procedures And The Challenge For Fisheries Law Enforcement: The Judgement Of The International Tribunal For The Law Of The Sea In The 'Volga' Case (Russian Federation V Australia), Warwick Gullett Jan 2003

Prompt Release Procedures And The Challenge For Fisheries Law Enforcement: The Judgement Of The International Tribunal For The Law Of The Sea In The 'Volga' Case (Russian Federation V Australia), Warwick Gullett

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

On 23 December 2002, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea ('ITLOS') ordered the prompt release of the Russian 1ongline fishing vessel Volga, at the time detained by Australian authorities in Fremantle, upon the posting of a bond or other security of A$l 920 000. The Volga was arrested for allegedly fishing without authorisation by a boarding party from the Royal Australian Navy frigate HMAS Canberra in the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone ('EEZ') surrounding Heard and McDonald Islands in the Southern Ocean on 7 Februarv 2002. At issue in the ITLOS proceedings was not whether the activities ...