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Tax Benefits Of Government-Owned Marijuana Stores, Benjamin Leff Dec 2016

Tax Benefits Of Government-Owned Marijuana Stores, Benjamin Leff

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This Article is the first to address whether independent governmental affiliates that sell marijuana are exempt from federal income tax under section 115 of the Internal Revenue Code. It argues that such entities should easily pass the IRS's current interpretation of the three requirements for tax-exemption under section 115: (i) that exempt income be derived from "the exercise of any essential governmental function"; (ii) that such income "accru[e] to a State or any political subdivision thereof"; and (iii) that the income "not serve private interests[.]" In addition, this Article argues that though selling marijuana is illegal under federal ...


Nontechnical Disclosure, Jonas Anderson Nov 2016

Nontechnical Disclosure, Jonas Anderson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

One of the primary goals of the patent system is the broad dissemination of technical knowledge. But, as this Article argues, there is also an underappreciated amount of nontechnical knowledge contained in a patent, information that may in certain cases be more valuable to readers than the technical disclosure contained in a patent. This Article looks at various types of nontechnical disclosure to argue that appreciating the nontechnical aspects of patent disclosure can increase our understanding of what information patents are disseminating to the general public.


Supreme Court Amicus Brief Of Law Professors In Support Of Petitioner Lee V. Tam, No. 15-1293 (Filed Nov. 16, 2016), Christine Farley, Rebecca Tushnet Nov 2016

Supreme Court Amicus Brief Of Law Professors In Support Of Petitioner Lee V. Tam, No. 15-1293 (Filed Nov. 16, 2016), Christine Farley, Rebecca Tushnet

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

The Federal Circuit’s ruling that the § 2(a) disparagement provision is unconstitutional, if upheld, could allow for numerous provisions of the Trademark Act to be overturned, dismantling the modern trademark system. The trademark system is premised on evaluating speech and making content-based determinations. Granting a trademark registration requires content-based determinations, though not viewpoint-based, as words are evaluated independent of applicants’ individual viewpoints.In no way does the refusal to register a trademark prevent its use or diminish public debate. Rather than facilitating public debate, a trademark registration is a government-issued document that makes it easier for its owner to ...


Intellectual Property And Related Rights In Climate Data, Michael Carroll Apr 2016

Intellectual Property And Related Rights In Climate Data, Michael Carroll

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This chapter focuses on the ways in which intellectual property law can act as a barrier to data sharing. Intellectual property laws supply exclusive rights that can enable a researcher, employer or funder to ‘own’ data; they can then bring legal claims against persons who access or reuse data without permission. Some of these rights attach automatically to data, data sets, or databases, and thus must be managed properly to enable robust data sharing in climate science. Other rights are created by contract, and the policies around such privately created rights must be understood and analyzed. This chapter briefly describes ...


The Historical Realization Of The Americans With Disabilities Act On Athletes With Disabilities, Michael W. Carroll, Michael Cottingham, Don Lee, Deborah Shapiro, Brenda Pitts Jan 2016

The Historical Realization Of The Americans With Disabilities Act On Athletes With Disabilities, Michael W. Carroll, Michael Cottingham, Don Lee, Deborah Shapiro, Brenda Pitts

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 has been one of the most powerful tools used by persons with disabilities in the fight for access and equality. Significant case law demonstrates the impact of the ADA on disability sport participation and access, but little is known regarding how the ADA has impacted athletes with disabilities. Thus, the purpose of this study was to gain the perspective of elite athletes with disabilities who competed before and after the ADA's enactment. Participants were interviewed, and the data were transcribed and analyzed. Findings indicated that participants generally felt physical barriers were ...


The Death Penalty And Mental Illness In International Human Rights Law, Richard Wilson Jan 2016

The Death Penalty And Mental Illness In International Human Rights Law, Richard Wilson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Introduction: This symposium primarily focuses on the extraordinary legal and personal saga of one man, Joe Giarratano, his decades-long heroic struggle to overturn his death sentence and, ultimately, to obtain his release and exoneration. Prior to the conference, my only acquaintance with the Giarratano case was the decision in Murray v. Giarratanol-the U.S. Supreme Court decision holding that the Sixth Amendment right to appointed counsel does not extend to the post-conviction stages of death penalty litigation. The symposium provided a much broader perspective on the saga of Joe Giarratano, whose own legal skills parallel those of the many lawyers ...


The Olmstead Imperative: The Right To Live In The Community And Beyond, Robert Dinerstein Jan 2016

The Olmstead Imperative: The Right To Live In The Community And Beyond, Robert Dinerstein

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Of the 20 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) cases that the United States Supreme Court has decided in the 25 years of the statute’s existence, Olmstead v. L.C. by Zimring is without doubt the most significant for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Olmstead is the only Supreme Court ADA case that specifically addresses the rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, but its importance goes well beyond this specific fact. In this essay, I set out the holding of the Olmstead decision, its connection to, and extension of, prior case law, the extent of its subsequent ...


The Court And The Cannonball: An Inside Look, Stephen Wermiel, Lee Levine Jan 2016

The Court And The Cannonball: An Inside Look, Stephen Wermiel, Lee Levine

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

As lawsuits over the right of publicity proliferate among athletes and other celebrities, there is renewed interest, by litigants and judges alike, in the one decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that addresses a tort action arising from a "publicity" related claim, Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. Although the 1977 ruling is often cited as holding that the right of publicity tort survives constitutional scrutiny under the First Amendment, an examination of the case and of the Supreme Court justices' available papers shows that the Court did not view the case as presenting the type of claim that has ...


Independence And Immigration, Amanda Frost Jan 2016

Independence And Immigration, Amanda Frost

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


The Fact Of The Matter, David Spratt Jan 2016

The Fact Of The Matter, David Spratt

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Why The Hurry To Regulate Autonomous Weapon Systems-But Not Cyber-Weapons?, Kenneth Anderson Jan 2016

Why The Hurry To Regulate Autonomous Weapon Systems-But Not Cyber-Weapons?, Kenneth Anderson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


The Global Struggle For Lgbtq Rights: Legal, Political, And Social Dimensions, Macarena Saez Jan 2016

The Global Struggle For Lgbtq Rights: Legal, Political, And Social Dimensions, Macarena Saez

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Judicial Lobbying, Jonas Anderson Jan 2016

Judicial Lobbying, Jonas Anderson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Abstract: Judges who lobby Congress for legal reform tread into an ethical gray area: lobbying is legally permissible, but generally frowned upon. Currently, there are no legal or ethical constraints on judges speaking publicly regarding proposed legislative changes, only an ill-defined norm against the practice. Scholars have largely dismissed judicial lobbying efforts as the result of haphazard, one-off events, driven by the unique interests, expertise, or ideology of the individual judge involved. According to scholars, there is nothing that should be done-not to mention little that could be done-to restrict judges from lobbying. Judicial lobbying occurs, in large part, when ...


The External Dimension Of Eu Investment Law, Fernanda Nicola Jan 2016

The External Dimension Of Eu Investment Law, Fernanda Nicola

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

EU trade and investment policy is in flux. The rate at which the global trade and investment architecture is evolving through the mega-regional Free Trade Agreements ("FTAs") is unprecedented. In this context, we explain how European lawyers and trade negotiators are addressing the newly acquired investment competence, while at the same time reforming investment arbitration and proposing new systems of dispute resolution at the international level. EU trade negotiators have put forward transformative proposals for investment chapters in their FTAs to safeguard, above all, the autonomy of the EU legal order in its relationship with international arbitration law. By mapping ...


Applying The Health Justice Framework To Diabetes As A Community-Managed Social Phenomenon, Lindsay Wiley Jan 2016

Applying The Health Justice Framework To Diabetes As A Community-Managed Social Phenomenon, Lindsay Wiley

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

INTRODUCTION: In East Harlem, it is possible to take any simple nexus of people -the line at an A.T.M., a portion of a postal route, the members of a church choir -and trace an invisible web of diabetes that stretches through the group and out into the neighborhood, touching nearly every life with its menace.Ten years ago, the New York Times published "Bad Blood," a series of articles examining the impact of diabetes on the residents of New York City. In the years that followed, New York pioneered a series of groundbreaking legal interventions, including implementing measures ...


Aids Activists, Fda Regulation, And The Amendment Of America's Drug Constitution, Lewis Grossman Jan 2016

Aids Activists, Fda Regulation, And The Amendment Of America's Drug Constitution, Lewis Grossman

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This Article explores how AIDS activists, desperate for access to potentially life-saving pharmaceuticals, permanently transformed America’s “drug constitution.” Their advocacy altered the FDA’s interpretation and application of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) so as to expedite the availability of new, unproven drugs for critical illnesses, thus enhancing individual patients’ autonomy to make therapeutic choices without government interference.The FDCA is more than simple set of instructions to a federal agency — it is a source of vitally important and deeply entrenched institutional and normative frameworks. Like major civil rights, antitrust, and environmental statutes, the FDCA should ...


Emerging International Trends And Practices In Guardianship Law For People With Disabilities, Robert Dinerstein Jan 2016

Emerging International Trends And Practices In Guardianship Law For People With Disabilities, Robert Dinerstein

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

In this article, the authors identify current trends in promoting supported decision-making as an alternative to guardianship for people with disabilities. Support for supported decision-making (SDM) and other reforms to guardianship can be found in international conventions and declarations (notably, Article 12 of the CRPD); Concluding Observations and General Comment No. 1 issued by the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; and in various countries (or states/provinces/localities within those countries), including the United States, where developments in state legislation, state court cases (including the Jenny Hatch case, in which one of the co-authors was counsel ...


Can't Get There From Here: Recalculate Into Better Legal Writing, Heather Ridenour Jan 2016

Can't Get There From Here: Recalculate Into Better Legal Writing, Heather Ridenour

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Law Enforcement Access To Data Across Borders: The Evolving Security And Rights Issues, Jennifer Daskal Jan 2016

Law Enforcement Access To Data Across Borders: The Evolving Security And Rights Issues, Jennifer Daskal

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Appropriability Defenses For The Exclusionary Conduct Of Dominant Firms In Innovative Industries, Jonathan Baker Jan 2016

Evaluating Appropriability Defenses For The Exclusionary Conduct Of Dominant Firms In Innovative Industries, Jonathan Baker

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

In response to antitrust cases challenging the exclusionary conduct of dominant firms, some dominant firms offer an “appropriability defense.” This defense is the claim that prohibiting the challenged conduct would lessen the dominant firm’s return to investment in research and development (R&D), undermine that firm’s incentive to innovate, and harm the prospects for industry innovation. An appropriability defense should be questioned, and often rejected, if the dominant firm would be expected to increase its own R&D effort in response to increased R&D by its rivals after liability on a dominant firm is imposed. An analytical ...


Liability For Mobile Health And Wearable Technologies, Lindsay Wiley, Nicolas Terry Jan 2016

Liability For Mobile Health And Wearable Technologies, Lindsay Wiley, Nicolas Terry

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Most of the legal commentary regarding mobile health has focused on direct regulation leveraging existing laws and regulators such as HIPAA privacy through HHS-OCR or device regulation by the FDA. However, much of the mobile health revolution likely will play out in lightly regulated spaces bereft of most of the privacy, security, and safety rules associated with traditional health care. This article examines the potential for common law liability models to bridge these gaps (even on a temporary basis). Part II of this paper provides an introduction to the terminology used, and presents a brief typology of the apps appearing ...


Why Delaware Courts Should Abolish The Schnell Doctrine, Mary Siegel Jan 2016

Why Delaware Courts Should Abolish The Schnell Doctrine, Mary Siegel

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


#Lawyeringpeace: The Role Of Lawyers In Peacebuilding, Paul Williams, Christin Coster Jan 2016

#Lawyeringpeace: The Role Of Lawyers In Peacebuilding, Paul Williams, Christin Coster

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Based on the Public International Law & Policy Group’s (“PILPG”) two decades of experience assisting countries and clients in conflict situations, it is clear there are a number of ways for lawyers and international law to promote peacebuilding. This article condenses information shared during the International Law Weekend panel, “International Law and States in Emergency: Responses and Challenges.” The focus of the presentation was how lawyers can and should make a difference in peacebuilding and post-conflict constitution drafting. The world needs more lawyers to “lawyer peace” by assisting countries and clients involved in ongoing conflicts or in peace negotiations. In ...


State-Enabled Crimes, Rebecca Hamilton Jan 2016

State-Enabled Crimes, Rebecca Hamilton

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

International crimes are committed by individuals, but many – from genocide in Rwanda to torture at Abu Ghraib – would not have occurred without the integral role played by the State. This dual contribution, of individual and State, is intrinsic to the commission of what I term “State-Enabled Crimes.” Viewing international adjudication through the rubric of State-Enabled Crimes highlights a feature of the international judicial architecture that is typically taken for granted: its bifurcated structure. Notwithstanding the deep interrelationship between individual and State in the commission of State-Enabled Crimes, the international legal system adjudicates the responsibility of each under two entirely separate ...


Predictive Prosecution, Andrew Ferguson Jan 2016

Predictive Prosecution, Andrew Ferguson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Police in major metropolitan areas now use “predictive policing” technologies to identify and deter crime. The early successes of predictive policing have led a few prosecutor’s offices to adopt quasi-“predictive prosecution” strategies. Predictive prosecution involves the identification and targeting of suspects deemed most at risk for future serious criminal activity, and then the use of that information to shape bail determinations, charging decisions, and sentencing arguments. This type of “Moneyball” prosecution has begun in New York City and Chicago, and this essay addresses the promise and peril of this new technology.This essay for the Wake Forest Law ...


Training For Bargaining, Jenny M. Roberts, Ronald F. Wright Jan 2016

Training For Bargaining, Jenny M. Roberts, Ronald F. Wright

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

While plea bargaining dominates the practice of criminal law, preparation for trial remains central to defense attorneys’ training. Negotiation is still peripheral to that training. Defense lawyers enter practice with little exposure to negotiation techniques and strategies in the plea bargaining context, the most significant skills they use every day.

Empirical research on plea negotiations has concentrated on outcomes of negotiations rather than the process itself. Our multi-phase field study examines the negotiation techniques that attorneys use during plea bargaining, as well as their preparation and training for negotiation. This Article explores the data on the training aspects of our ...


Talking Foreign Policy: The Iran Nuclear Accord, Paul Williams, Milena Sterio, Avidan Cover, Mike Newton Jan 2016

Talking Foreign Policy: The Iran Nuclear Accord, Paul Williams, Milena Sterio, Avidan Cover, Mike Newton

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


The Prosecutor's Ethical Duty To End Mass Incarceration, Angela J. Davis Jan 2016

The Prosecutor's Ethical Duty To End Mass Incarceration, Angela J. Davis

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


International Environmental And Resources Law 2015 Annual Report, David Hunter Jan 2016

International Environmental And Resources Law 2015 Annual Report, David Hunter

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


How International Law Can Eradicate Torture: A Response To Cynics, Juan E. Mendez Jan 2016

How International Law Can Eradicate Torture: A Response To Cynics, Juan E. Mendez

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.