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First Amendment Enclave: Is The Public University Curriculum Immune From The Sweep Of The Compelled Speech Doctrine?, Joseph J. Martins Feb 2014

First Amendment Enclave: Is The Public University Curriculum Immune From The Sweep Of The Compelled Speech Doctrine?, Joseph J. Martins

Faculty Publications and Presentations

Seventy years ago, in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, the United States Supreme Court eloquently held that the state could not compel public schoolchildren to salute the flag while reciting the Pledge of Allegiance. The decision has been heralded as one of the Court’s most significant free speech cases because it acknowledged expansive protection for freedom of conscience. But recently, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit held that Barnette’s protection does not extend to college students who challenge their public institution’s curriculum because university enrollment is “voluntary.” The impact of ...


Circuit Courts With Plenary Jurisdiction And Administrative Agencies With Exclusive Jurisdiction: Can They Peacefully Coexist In Missouri?, Paul M. Spinden Jan 2014

Circuit Courts With Plenary Jurisdiction And Administrative Agencies With Exclusive Jurisdiction: Can They Peacefully Coexist In Missouri?, Paul M. Spinden

Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper considers the serious threat to effective operation of administrative law in Missouri resulting from the Missouri Supreme Court’s abrupt change in analysis of administrative agencies’ jurisdiction. The court enunciated its analysis in primarily two decisions handed down in 2009, J.C.W. v. Wyciskalla and McCracken v. Wal-Mart Stores East, L.P. The paper explores the Supreme Court’s attempt to chart a “simple” approach to distinguishing jurisdictional adjudicatory rules from non-jurisdictional adjudicatory rules and the serious threat posed by the court’s applying this analysis to statutes governing the authority of administrative agencies.

By deciding that ...