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Full-Text Articles in Law

Optimal Warning Strategies: Punishment Ought Not To Be Inflicted Where The Penal Provision Is Not Properly Conveyed, Murat C. Mungan Dec 2013

Optimal Warning Strategies: Punishment Ought Not To Be Inflicted Where The Penal Provision Is Not Properly Conveyed, Murat C. Mungan

Scholarly Publications

Law enforcers frequently issue warnings, as opposed to sanctions, when they detect first-time offenders. However, virtually all of the law and economics literature dealing with optimal penalty schemes for repeat offenders suggest that issuing warnings is a sub-optimal practice. Another observed phenomenon is the joint use of warnings and sanctions in law enforcement: person A may receive a sanction, whereas person B is only warned for committing the same offense. This situation can be explained through the use of hybrid warning strategies, a concept not yet formalized in the law enforcement literature, where law enforcers issue warnings to x% sanctions ...


Unilateral Reordering In The Reel World, Jake Linford Dec 2013

Unilateral Reordering In The Reel World, Jake Linford

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Legal Diversification, Kelli A. Alces Nov 2013

Legal Diversification, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

The greatest protection investors have from the risks associated with capital investment is diversification. This Essay introduces a new dimension of diversification for investors: legal diversification. Legal diversification of investment means building a portfolio of securities that are governed by a variety of legal rules. Legal diversification protects investors from the risk that a particular method of minimizing agency costs will prove ineffective and allows investors to own securities in a variety of firms, with each security governed by the most efficient set of legal rules given the circumstances of the investment. Diversification of investment by legal rules is possible ...


Abusive Constitutionalism, David Landau Nov 2013

Abusive Constitutionalism, David Landau

Scholarly Publications

This paper identifies an increasingly important phenomenon: the use of mechanisms of constitutional change to erode the democratic order. A rash of recent incidents in a diverse group of countries such as Hungary, Egypt, and Venezuela has shown that the tools of constitutional amendment and replacement can be used by would-be autocrats to undermine democracy with relative ease. Since military coups and other blatant ruptures in the constitutional order have fallen out of favor, actors instead rework the constitutional order with subtle changes in order to make themselves difficult to dislodge and to disable or pack courts and other accountability ...


Dirty Silver Platters: The Enduring Challenge Of Intergovernmental Investigative Illegality, Wayne A. Logan Nov 2013

Dirty Silver Platters: The Enduring Challenge Of Intergovernmental Investigative Illegality, Wayne A. Logan

Scholarly Publications

This Essay addresses a longstanding concern in American criminal justice: that law enforcement agents of different governments will work together to evade a legal limit imposed by one of the governments. In the past, with the U.S. Supreme Court in the lead, courts were prone to closely scrutinize intergovernmental investigative efforts, on vigilant guard against what the Court called improper “working arrangements.” Judicial vigilance, however, has long since waned, a problematic development that has assumed added significance over time as investigations have become increasingly multijurisdictional and technologically sophisticated in nature.

The Essay offers the first comprehensive examination of this ...


The Hidden Structure Of Fact-Finding, Mark Spottswood Oct 2013

The Hidden Structure Of Fact-Finding, Mark Spottswood

Scholarly Publications

This Article offers a new account of legal fact-finding based on the dual-process framework in cognitive psychology. This line of research suggests that our brains possess two radically different ways of thinking. “System 1” cognition is unconscious, fast, and associative, while “System 2” involves effortful, conscious reasoning. Drawing on these insights, I describe the ways that unconscious processing and conscious reflection interact when jurors hear and decide cases. Most existing evidential models offer useful insights about the ways that juries use relevant information in deciding cases but fail to account for situations in which their decisions are likely to be ...


Reverse Payments, Perverse Incentives, Murat C. Mungan Oct 2013

Reverse Payments, Perverse Incentives, Murat C. Mungan

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Secondary Speech And The Protective Approach To Interpretive Dualities In The Roberts Court, Nat Stern Oct 2013

Secondary Speech And The Protective Approach To Interpretive Dualities In The Roberts Court, Nat Stern

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Informal Collateral Consequences, Wayne A. Logan Oct 2013

Informal Collateral Consequences, Wayne A. Logan

Scholarly Publications

This essay fills an important gap in the national discussion now taking place with regard to collateral consequences, the broad array of non-penal disabilities attaching to criminal convictions. In the wake of the Supreme Court’s landmark 2010 decision in Padilla v. Kentucky, efforts are now underway to inventory collateral consequences imposed by state, local, and federal law. Only when the full gamut of such consequences is known, law reformers urge, can criminal defendants understand the actual impact of their decision to plead guilty.

The increased concern over collateral consequences, while surely welcome and important, has however been lacking in ...


The Future Of Philanthropy: Questioning Today's Orthodoxies, Re-Affirming Yesterday's Foundations, Rob Atkinson Oct 2013

The Future Of Philanthropy: Questioning Today's Orthodoxies, Re-Affirming Yesterday's Foundations, Rob Atkinson

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Transitive Counterparty Risk And Financial Contracts, Manuel A. Utset Jul 2013

Transitive Counterparty Risk And Financial Contracts, Manuel A. Utset

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Rational Criminal Addictions, Manuel A. Utset Jul 2013

Rational Criminal Addictions, Manuel A. Utset

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


How Modern Choice Of Law Helped To Kill The Private Attorney General, Erin O'Hara O'Connor Jul 2013

How Modern Choice Of Law Helped To Kill The Private Attorney General, Erin O'Hara O'Connor

Scholarly Publications

It is a great honor to be asked to deliver the second Annual Brainerd Currie Lecture at Mercer University School of Law. Brainerd Currie was an immensely influential law professor who is recognized as the leading scholar of conflict of laws in the twentieth century. Mercer has the distinction of being both Currie’s law school alma mater as well as his first academic appointment, probably the two most significant intellectual influences on any scholar. More recently, Mercer has attracted other influential conflicts scholars and cheerleaders of the topic, including Dean Gary Simson, Larry Ribstein, Hal Lewis, and Bruce Posnak ...


Women's Rights On The Right: The History And Stakes Of Modern Pro-Life Feminism, 1968 To The Present, Mary Ziegler Jul 2013

Women's Rights On The Right: The History And Stakes Of Modern Pro-Life Feminism, 1968 To The Present, Mary Ziegler

Scholarly Publications

Recently, pro-life advocates have popularized claims that abortion harms rather than helps women. The best known of these arguments are the woman-protective arguments—contentions, such as those endorsed in Gonzales v. Carhart, justifying abortion restrictions on the basis of the physical or psychological harms supposedly produced by the procedure. Woman-protective claims, however, represent only one part of a much larger strategy that this Article calls pro-life feminism. The Article follows pro-life activists’ use of the term “feminist” or “feminism.” As the Article makes clear, activists on competing sides of the abortion issue have contested the meaning of “true” feminism. Taking ...


Abortion And Disgust, Courtney Megan Cahill Jul 2013

Abortion And Disgust, Courtney Megan Cahill

Scholarly Publications

This Article uses disgust theory — defined as the insights on disgust by psychologists and social scientists — to critique disgust’s role in abortion lawmaking. Its starting point is a series of developments that independently highlight and call into question the relationship between abortion and disgust. First, the Supreme Court introduced disgust as a valid basis for abortion regulation in its 2007 case Gonzales v. Carhart. Second, psychologists have recently discovered a sufficiently strong association between individual disgust sensitivity and abortion opposition to suggest that disgust might drive that opposition. They have also discovered that “abortion disgust” appears to be unrelated ...


International Trade And Investment Law And Carbon Management Technologies, Shi-Ling Hsu, Nigel Bankes, Anatlole Boute, Steve Charnovitz, Sarah Mccalla, Nicholas Rivers, Elizabeth Whitsitt Jul 2013

International Trade And Investment Law And Carbon Management Technologies, Shi-Ling Hsu, Nigel Bankes, Anatlole Boute, Steve Charnovitz, Sarah Mccalla, Nicholas Rivers, Elizabeth Whitsitt

Scholarly Publications

Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases will require the developing carbon management technologies that are not currently available or that are not currently cost-effective. While market mechanisms, such as carbon pricing, must play a central role in stimulating the development of these technologies, governmental policy aimed at fostering carbon management technologies and lowering their costs must also play a part. Both types of policies will form part of an optimal greenhouse gas control portfolio. This article develops a framework of international trade and investment law insofar as they may affect carbon management technologies. While it is commonly perceived that international trade ...


Canons To Create Ties And Canons To Break Them, Steve R. Johnson May 2013

Canons To Create Ties And Canons To Break Them, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

The human spirit can be deeply stirred by art for its own sake, but there is special magic when the esthetic combines with the practical. It was in this sense that Charles W. Eliot, for decades president of Harvard University, once declared that he found great beauty in the shape of the handle of an American ax. In the same fashion, beauty resides in well-made statutory interpretation arguments.

Over the millennia, scores of principles of construction have evolved, all of them useful in the right contexts. Usually, more than one principle can plausibly be maintained to apply to the given ...


Advancing An Adaptive Standard Of Strict Scrutiny For Content-Based Commercial Speech Regulation, Nat Stern, Mark Joseph Stern May 2013

Advancing An Adaptive Standard Of Strict Scrutiny For Content-Based Commercial Speech Regulation, Nat Stern, Mark Joseph Stern

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Inchoate Crimes Revisited: A Behavioral Economics Perspective, Manuel A. Utset May 2013

Inchoate Crimes Revisited: A Behavioral Economics Perspective, Manuel A. Utset

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


A Conservative Approach To Environmental Law: Be Data Driven, Shi-Ling Hsu Apr 2013

A Conservative Approach To Environmental Law: Be Data Driven, Shi-Ling Hsu

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Unheard Voices Of Domestic Violence Victims: A Call To Remedy Physician Neglect, Nat Stern, Karen Oehme, Ember Urbach Apr 2013

Unheard Voices Of Domestic Violence Victims: A Call To Remedy Physician Neglect, Nat Stern, Karen Oehme, Ember Urbach

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Financial System Engineering, Manuel A. Utset Apr 2013

Financial System Engineering, Manuel A. Utset

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Trademark Owner As Adverse Possessor: Productive Use And Property Acquisition, Jake Linford Apr 2013

Trademark Owner As Adverse Possessor: Productive Use And Property Acquisition, Jake Linford

Scholarly Publications

There is an ongoing debate over whether or not a trademark is “property,” and what the appropriate boundaries of such a property right might be. Some scholars assert that rules and justifications developed to handle rights in real property are generally a poor fit for intellectual property regimes and for trademark protection in particular. Others respond that a unified theory of property should be able to account for both real and intellectual property. Neither approach fully recognizes that property regimes are multifaceted. A close look at the critical features of particular regimes can pay unexpected dividends.

This Article reveals how ...


Towards A Moral Agency Theory Of The Shareholder Bylaw Power, Jay B. Kesten Apr 2013

Towards A Moral Agency Theory Of The Shareholder Bylaw Power, Jay B. Kesten

Scholarly Publications

Corporate bylaws are the new leading edge of a decades-long struggle between shareholders and managers over the allocation of decision-making authority in public companies. Bylaws are the only method by which shareholders can unilaterally restrict the powers and discretion of the board. Yet the scope of this statutory authority remains notoriously uncertain. Corporate law scholars generally agree that there is a limited domain in which shareholders can restrict managerial authority, but disagree on the appropriate boundary. The Delaware Supreme Court recently confronted this issue for the first time in CA, Inc. v. AFSCME Employees Pension Plan, but that decision is ...


Preemption And Choice-Of-Law Coordination, Erin O'Hara O'Connor, Larry E. Ribstein Mar 2013

Preemption And Choice-Of-Law Coordination, Erin O'Hara O'Connor, Larry E. Ribstein

Scholarly Publications

The doctrine treating federal preemption of state law has been plagued by uncertainty and confusion. Part of the problem is that courts purport to interpret congressional intent when often Congress has never considered the particular preemption question at issue. This Article suggests that courts deciding preemption cases should take seriously a commonly articulated rationale for the federalization of law: the need to coordinate applicable legal standards in order to facilitate a national market or to otherwise provide clear guidance to parties regarding the laws that apply to their conduct. In situations where federal law can serve a coordinating function but ...


The 'Things Of The Same Nature' Canon In State Tax Construction, Steve R. Johnson Jan 2013

The 'Things Of The Same Nature' Canon In State Tax Construction, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

This installment of Interpretation Matters explores one of the most widely used canons of statutory construction: the ejusdem generis (“of the same kind or class”) principle. “If general words follow the enumeration of particular classes of things, the rule of ejusdem generis provides that the general words will be construed as applicable only to things of the same general nature as the enumerated things.”

To take a simple example, a statute prohibited persons placing on the streets “dirt, rubbish, wood, timber, or other material of any kind” tending to obstruct the streets. The ...


A Game-Theoretic Model Of International Climate Negotiations, Shi-Ling Hsu Jan 2013

A Game-Theoretic Model Of International Climate Negotiations, Shi-Ling Hsu

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Reforming Federal Tax Litigation: An Agenda, Steve R. Johnson Jan 2013

Reforming Federal Tax Litigation: An Agenda, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

King Vertigorn, it is said, wished to build a castle to defend Britain against invaders. Each day, his mason raised and set the stones. Each night, however, the earth would rumble, bringing the work crashing to the ground. Vexed, Vertigorn asked Merlin for an explanation. Merlin’s mystical divination revealed that, in a cavern far below the surface, there resided two foes, a red dragon and a white dragon. In their perpetual struggle for dominance, first one dragon then the other would gain temporary ascendancy. Their jostling unsettled the ground, rendering all construction temporary.

In federal tax procedure, the red ...


Auer/Seminole Rock Deference In The Tax Court, Steve R. Johnson Jan 2013

Auer/Seminole Rock Deference In The Tax Court, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


The End Of Cash, The Income Tax, And The Next 100 Years, Jeffrey H. Kahn, Gregg D. Polsky Jan 2013

The End Of Cash, The Income Tax, And The Next 100 Years, Jeffrey H. Kahn, Gregg D. Polsky

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.